Discussion:
Gunduz Aktan: "Is our problem with Greece insolvable because it is cultural?"
(too old to reply)
m***@yahoo.com
2005-06-17 18:11:04 UTC
Permalink
"Is our problem with Greece insolvable because it is cultural?" asks
Gunduz Aktan in his articel below.

I ask: Is Turkey's problem with Greece and Europe insolvable because it
is cultural?"

I would say: I hope not. But so far I see no improvement in Greece's
and Europe's unconditional racism and disrespect against Turks and
Turkey.




http://www.atmg.org/GreekHatred.html

Origins of Greek hatred

A prominent Turkish thinker Gunduz Aktan, writing for Radikal
newspaper, analyses the pathological aspects of Greek antagonism for
anything Turkish in his article published on 5 March, 1999:

We have very serious issues with Greece relating to Aegis and Cyprus.
This country, unlike many others, is not satisfied with bringing these
particular issues to the agenda and argue for her cause. These issues,
which are basically foreign policy items, transform into other
phenomena when modified by their illusions about Turkiye. They become
insolvable!

The Greek people see us like this: A country which is 6 times larger
than Greece. Despite her oriental mentality and disabilities, it keeps
growing at an alarming rate. Military has an important role in
administration despite the guise of democracy. Has no respect for human
rights. Turkiye can never change and improve because she is not
Christian and Western. There is an ambition to expand, even revive the
old Ottoman Empire. She is ready to attack at any moment.

In other words, Turkiye is a dark menace growing economically every
day.

On the other hand, even the Western powers are not protecting small,
democratic, peace loving, civilised, Western and Christian Greece.
Because Turkiye is making use of her Geostrategic position. Otherwise
the West knows that Greece is justified in her attitude towards the
issues with Turkiye.

What can Greece do?. She can not negotiate with an unjust but powerful
and ruthless country as this will mean compromise from her rightful
claims.

Entrance of Turkiye into EU means closer ties with the West. This means
the relinquishing the only weapon against her. Besides, when EU becomes
a military force in the future, she may use brute force to impose upon
Greece. Entrance of Turkiye into EU should, therefore, be vetoed at any
cost.

Like every other brute force, Turkiye can only appreciate force.
Therefore Greece needs to be more powerful, be ready for war and show
force once in a while. That's why Greece is goading Turkiye constantly
with small flashpoints(such as occupying small islets in the Aegean,
crossing the green line in Cyprus, disallowing NATO flights over
Greece, installing S300s in Aegean islands, provoking Pontus issues,
repressing Turkish population in Western Thrace...Editor)

Like every other country that relies on crude force for internal order,
Turkiye is bound to generate tensions in the society. It is prudent to
use these tensions to weaken Turkiye. Ottoman Empire collapsed this way
as well. Therefore it is a good idea to support PKK(Greece has
allocated several military facilities for the training of Kurdish
terrorists. Names and locations of these facilities have been published
in the Western media .. Editor)

The relations with Greece are greatly influenced with these attitudes.
These defects in Greek approach, albeit unacceptable for us, would have
met with some understanding. Unfortunately Greek policy toward Turkiye
contains pathologically flawed and irrational aspects.

Greece was born out of the ashes of Ottoman Empire. Her only difference
with the other countries that arose from the ashes was that she claimed
to inherit the archaeological remnant of Byzantium; Hellenism. In other
words, she claimed to have unspecified share in Ottoman lands. Her
identity would not be complete without annexing large proportion of
Anatolia. Turkiye, on the other hand, stopped Greece from having her
share with Turkish War of Independence(and repelled Greek onslaught
into Turkish homeland in 1920s .. Editor)

Greece considered this response as an attack on her rights - she still
does.

Turkiye has to disintegrate if Greece is to complete her identity.
Luckily for them, history is helping them. Greek national independence
struggle was greatly assisted by terrorists called Klept. There were
those called Armatol who were supporting Ottoman domination fighting
the Klepts. External support for Klepts ensured their eventual victory.


In other words, unconditional Greek support for terrorist organisations
like PKK stem from their historical experience.

Greek hatred and fear towards Turkiye is best illustrated in the book
'Letters to El Greco' written by Kazancakis. The author identifies
Greece with Virgin Mary and Turkiye with Satan during his visit to a
church when he was a child. His mind visualises these identities as the
cosmic clash between good and evil.

It is apparent that Greeks still live with these categories in their
psyche today.

Christianity contains remnants of ancient religions which state that
evil is not in God's control. Whereas in our tradition, we believe
Satan has a role to play in eternal order. Therefore we do not feel the
need to claim the Good for ourselves and allocate Evil to the others.
We do not understand those who do.

Is our problem with Greece insolvable because it is cultural?
Panta Rhei
2005-06-17 20:08:42 UTC
Permalink
Another episode in Mark Rivers', the hapless Turkish spammer's, life:

Mark Rivers, the brave pizza boy!

TAMPA, Fla. - A robbery attempt by a masked man and a gunshot wound to the
ass didn't stop a pizza delivery man from making his rounds, pies in hand.
Mark Rivers, a guest worker from the republic of Turkey said dedication to
his job at Hungry Howie's Pizza kept him on the job after a struggle with
a robber Saturday night left him bleeding from a bullet wound in his left
bun.

Rivers arrived at a home only to realize it was vacant, police said. The
masked man approached Rivers pointed a gun and demanded money. Rivers
being the miserly curmudgeon that he is said he fought with the man, he
claims to be a Pkk, Armenian, Greek terrorist and two shots were fired.
One hit Rivers in the arse but he did not immediately notice(fat ass).

The "so-called" terrorist eventually fled with a second man, according to
Rivers' account. "There is suspicion that Rivers the pizza boy is being
duplicitous or engaging in hyperbole to hide the fact that he may have
shot himself in the ass and was afraid that he might be in trouble from
carrying a weapon without a license or appearing stupid", said police
spokesman Joe Durkin, "we are looking at all possibilities to this macabre
tale."

Rivers finally noticed his wounded ass. His cell phone wasn't working, so
he drove to his next delivery address, dropped off the pie and called his
boss to ask him to call the police. Rivers went on to make three more
deliveries.

"It bled a little bit, not much, and the terrorists could not keep a tough
Turk down", said Rivers in his typical paranoid fashion. He was treated
and released from a hospital. No arrests have been made, but police have
identified several suspects, and possibly Rivers, Durkin said.
Mhtsos
2005-06-17 23:19:19 UTC
Permalink
Post by m***@yahoo.com
"Is our problem with Greece insolvable because it is cultural?" asks
Gunduz Aktan in his articel below.
I ask: Is Turkey's problem with Greece and Europe insolvable because it
is cultural?"
In Samos the entire Greek population was murdered on orders of the
Turkish pasha.
Crete, Kakodiki:
One Greek man killed in a fight a Turkish men.
The Turkish court ruled that all males above the age of 5 should be
murdered.
And so it was done.
My grandfather had to flee Izmir or otherwise he would have been murdered.
Half million Greeks could not escape to the islands and so they where
murdered.
Where my grandfather lived ( a village 3 kilometer outside of what is
now Izmir ) his ancestors where living for thousands of years.
It was Greek for a few thousand years.
It's Turkish now.
Someday it will belong to Greece again like Constaninople and Troja.
I don't hate the Turks but we will take the land back again.
North Cyprus was the last land robbery of the Turks.
The Kurds will get their land some day back too.
And the Armenians.
I know Turks are the " victim " everybody hates for " no reason ".
Meanwhile they try to sell the houses and villas they stole from Greeks
in 74 to Brits and other nationalities..
m***@yahoo.com
2005-06-18 02:23:58 UTC
Permalink
Totally fabricated garbage!!!

There was never a "Turkish pasha" in the entire hostory of Turkish
Nation/. There was no democratic Republic of Turkey until October 29,
1923 after the Turkish subjects of Ottoman Empire won their
independence war kicke the Greek and other invaders out of their
country. Turkish subjects of Ottoman empire did never democratically
elected or supported their oppressors, the Ottomans. Ottoman Empire was
never a democratic represantative of Turkish Nation, nor did it ever
pursue the wellfare, natioanl aspiration, culture or language of
Turkish Nation.
Post by Mhtsos
Post by m***@yahoo.com
"Is our problem with Greece insolvable because it is cultural?" asks
Gunduz Aktan in his articel below.
I ask: Is Turkey's problem with Greece and Europe insolvable because it
is cultural?"
In Samos the entire Greek population was murdered on orders of the
Turkish pasha.
One Greek man killed in a fight a Turkish men.
The Turkish court ruled that all males above the age of 5 should be
murdered.
And so it was done.
My grandfather had to flee Izmir or otherwise he would have been murdered.
Half million Greeks could not escape to the islands and so they where
murdered.
Where my grandfather lived ( a village 3 kilometer outside of what is
now Izmir ) his ancestors where living for thousands of years.
It was Greek for a few thousand years.
It's Turkish now.
Someday it will belong to Greece again like Constaninople and Troja.
I don't hate the Turks but we will take the land back again.
North Cyprus was the last land robbery of the Turks.
The Kurds will get their land some day back too.
And the Armenians.
I know Turks are the " victim " everybody hates for " no reason ".
Meanwhile they try to sell the houses and villas they stole from Greeks
in 74 to Brits and other nationalities..
Mhtsos
2005-06-18 08:01:21 UTC
Permalink
Post by m***@yahoo.com
Totally fabricated garbage!!!
There was never a "Turkish pasha" in the entire hostory of Turkish
He was a Turk. How about ottoman pasha?
So the Turks who where living on the island of Crete where no Turks
then? They were ottomans? Greeks referred to them as Turks and there was
no Turkey then but the ottoman empire. The Turks of that time spoke
turkish and not ottoman.
Post by m***@yahoo.com
Nation/. There was no democratic Republic of Turkey until October 29,
1923 after the Turkish subjects of Ottoman Empire won their
independence war kicke the Greek and other invaders out of their
country. Turkish subjects of Ottoman empire did never democratically
elected or supported their oppressors, the Ottomans. Ottoman Empire was
never a democratic represantative of Turkish Nation, nor did it ever
pursue the wellfare, natioanl aspiration, culture or language of
Turkish Nation.
Post by Mhtsos
Post by m***@yahoo.com
"Is our problem with Greece insolvable because it is cultural?" asks
Gunduz Aktan in his articel below.
I ask: Is Turkey's problem with Greece and Europe insolvable because it
is cultural?"
In Samos the entire Greek population was murdered on orders of the
Turkish pasha.
One Greek man killed in a fight a Turkish men.
The Turkish court ruled that all males above the age of 5 should be
murdered.
And so it was done.
My grandfather had to flee Izmir or otherwise he would have been murdered.
Half million Greeks could not escape to the islands and so they where
murdered.
Where my grandfather lived ( a village 3 kilometer outside of what is
now Izmir ) his ancestors where living for thousands of years.
It was Greek for a few thousand years.
It's Turkish now.
Someday it will belong to Greece again like Constaninople and Troja.
I don't hate the Turks but we will take the land back again.
North Cyprus was the last land robbery of the Turks.
The Kurds will get their land some day back too.
And the Armenians.
I know Turks are the " victim " everybody hates for " no reason ".
Meanwhile they try to sell the houses and villas they stole from Greeks
in 74 to Brits and other nationalities..
m***@yahoo.com
2005-06-18 02:27:10 UTC
Permalink
Look who actually murdered who:





"It should also be pointed out that when the Greek army invaded Turkey
between 1919 and 1922, it carried out a conscious policy of ethnic
cleansing with the purpose of killing and/or driving out all
inhabitants of western Turkey who did not share Greek nationality and
religion, causing those Muslims and Jews who survived to flee to the
areas under Turkish nationalist control. This policy was eloquently
reported in a detailed report presented by an International Commission
of Investigation chaired by American Admiral and High Commissioner Mark
Bristol, and including representatives of Italy, France and Great
Britain, as well as Greek and Turkish observers, by a Red Cross report
written by the Red Cross representative in Turkey, Maurice Gehry, and
by historian Arnold Toybee in a series of articles published at the
time in the Manchester Guardian and later summarized in his book, 'The
Western Question in Greece and Turkey.' As a result, Great Britain cut
off all military and financial assistance to the Greek invasion, a
major reason for its ultimate defeat by the armies of Mustafa Kemal
Ataturk."

-- Professor Stanford
Shaw




Following their military defeat in 1922, after having attacked,
tortured, raped and massacred the Turks, Jews and others in Western
Anatolia and destroyed their country after Ottoman Empire collapsed
after WWI, the Greeks executed six Cabinet ministers of their own whom
they thought responsible for the humiliating failure.

One was brought on a stretcher to the execution ground, being too sick
to walk. Another died of a heart attack in the van taking him from his
prison cell. The sick and the dead were propped up alongside the others
and shot.

Being dead of heart attack was not dead enough for the Greeks; they
still wanted to kill him more(!) by shooting his already dead body.
Killing a sick man, too sick to walk, and shooting a dead body is
another dimension of Greek crulety, blood-thirstiness and savagery
against fellow human beings.

But the ultimate Greek crulety, blood-thirstiness and savagery against
fellow human beings, which is very rarely seen elsewhere, is this: The
six Greek goverment ministers (one was too sick to walk, another was
alread dead of a heart attack) were executed for failing to massacre
and/or drive out all inhabitants of western Turkey, Moslems, Jews and
others, who did not share Greek nationality and religion.

It is exactly like an organized crime syndicate punishing by executing
its member thugs and murderers failing to committ crimes. Mafia does
this all the time.




http://www.greekmurderers.net/documents.html


DOCUMENTED MASSACRES BY GREEK GOVERMENT IN TURKEY DURING 1919-1922


In 1919, Greeks entered Anatolia with the support of Entente Powers in
order to kill Turkish people living in Anatolia. To reach their goals,
they didn't hesitate to kill unarmed civilian people, even children.
We are publishing the documents which first appeared in Historical
Documents Magazine. The magazine compiled the documents from General
Directorate of Government Archives. The magazine includes particularly
the Greek atrocities, massacres, rapes, arson targeting unarmed Turkish

people and their sacred values between 1919-1922, a period in which the

Greek occupation of Western Anatolia took place.

Now we have a question: Do Greeks have any right to bring out the "Asia

Minor" genocide while they have committed all these massacres, rapes,
murders, and plunders against Turkish and Muslim people?


Below, you can see the original documents which prove all of the
massacres,
robberies, rapes of Greeks.

Date of The Document Summary:

May 20, 1919 The report of Izmir Gendarmerie Division to Gendarmerie
General Headquarters about the invasion, the murders, rapes, insults of

Greeks against Turkish people during the occupation of Izmir

May 20, 1919 The report of the Denizli Gendarmerie Division about
murders
and invasion of Greeks

July 3, 1919 The report of Aydin Central Command to 57th Division
Command
informing about the organization, formation and murders of "Aydin
Massacre"

July 7, 1919 The report of 57th Division Command to 2nd Army Inspectors

about the cruelly murdered Muslim people who happened to escape from
the
"Burning of Aydin"

July 7, 1919 The report of 57th Division Command to 2nd Army Inspectors

about burning of Aydin, killing of civilian people and the head
officer,
the attorney general and the judge by Greeks

August 1, 1919 The notes about the massacre of people in Cuma quarter
during the Battle of Aydin

August 30, 1919 The article by the office of Aydin Governor to
Lieutenant
Colonel Kadri Bey about murders, insults and robberies of Greeks around
Izmir

September 13, 1919 The petition of her father and doctor report about
the
rape of an 8-year-old girl by Greek soldiers

September 13, 1919 The statement of a girl raped by Greek soldiers

September 13, 1919 The statement of a brother whose sister was raped by

Greek soldiers

October 31, 1919 The writing of Heyeti Temsiliye stating that more than
five
hundred Muslim people in Odemis, Bergama, Tire and Salihli districts
have
been arrested and tortured with pretext of aiding national forces.

November 7, 1919 The report of Military Police Organization concerning
crimes
commited by Greeks such as murders, robberies, fire starting, insults
against
mosques and even Koran in Yenisehir and surrounding villages.

January 30, 1921 The report prepared by the Military Police Bozüyük
Directorate
and presented to the Western Front Headquarters about the atrocities of
Greeks
such as theft, plunder, and rape committed against people of Bozüyük
and Sögüt.

April 8, 1921 The help request of the Western Front Headquarters from
General
Staff concerning the fires of Bilecik, Sögüt, Bozüyük, the massacre
of the
Turkish people, including the müfti of Bilecik, and the suffering of
the survivors.

April 10, 1921 The testimony of the captured Greek Lieutenant Teodoros
Pedlis
about the fire of Bozüyük.

April 11, 1921 The orders of the Western Front Headquarters about the
participation
of the French writer Madam Glois to the committee formed to investigate
the Greek
atrocities and destruction in the Western Front region.

October 4, 1921 The letter from Abdülkadir Bey, who medically treated
Sidika,
burnt by Greek soldiers in Horti Village, to Halide Edip (Adivar) Hanim
concerning
the event.

November 15, 1922 The report by the 2nd Army Headquarters presented to
the
Western Front Headquarters about the imprisonment of Turkish villagers,
about
their mistreatment as POWs and about beheading of some villagers and
exhibiting
their heads to others.

December 1, 1922 The telegraph from 1st Army Headquarters informing the
Western
Front Headquarters that in Böceklik, Greek soldiers have burnt 380 of
the 1500
people near the station and 30 people in prison.

March 3, 1922 The list prepared by Saruhan Head Office showing the
names of
Greek soldiers and officers who participated in the atrocities and
massacres in
Manisa province.

November 22, 1923 The list of the names, prepared by Saruhan Head
Office and
presented to the Court-martial Presidency, of the Greek soldiers and
officers
who participated in the atrocities and massacres in Saruhan district
during the
invasion.



References:

Kadir MISIRLIOGLU; Yunan Mezalimi, 1972, Istanbul

Halide Edip, Yakup Kadri, Falih Rifki; Izmir'den Bursa'ya, 1338 (1922),
Deraadet (Istanbul)

Trakya Cemiyetleri Nesriyatindan, Sarki Trakya'da Yunan Zulümleri,
1338 (1922)
Post by Mhtsos
Post by m***@yahoo.com
"Is our problem with Greece insolvable because it is cultural?" asks
Gunduz Aktan in his articel below.
I ask: Is Turkey's problem with Greece and Europe insolvable because it
is cultural?"
In Samos the entire Greek population was murdered on orders of the
Turkish pasha.
One Greek man killed in a fight a Turkish men.
The Turkish court ruled that all males above the age of 5 should be
murdered.
And so it was done.
My grandfather had to flee Izmir or otherwise he would have been murdered.
Half million Greeks could not escape to the islands and so they where
murdered.
Where my grandfather lived ( a village 3 kilometer outside of what is
now Izmir ) his ancestors where living for thousands of years.
It was Greek for a few thousand years.
It's Turkish now.
Someday it will belong to Greece again like Constaninople and Troja.
I don't hate the Turks but we will take the land back again.
North Cyprus was the last land robbery of the Turks.
The Kurds will get their land some day back too.
And the Armenians.
I know Turks are the " victim " everybody hates for " no reason ".
Meanwhile they try to sell the houses and villas they stole from Greeks
in 74 to Brits and other nationalities..
Mhtsos
2005-06-18 08:22:37 UTC
Permalink
I wonder what become of all those nations that lived in Asia minor
before the arrival of the turks?
Some become turks.
Like better becoming a turk then becoming dead.
Many become dead while others like the Kurds are still fighting for
independence.
The Turks coming from central asia were the invaders and not people like
the armenians or kurds who where living there thousands of years BEFORE
there were any turks there.
Mhtsos
2005-06-18 08:29:56 UTC
Permalink
ECUMENICAL PATRIARCHATE



THE BLACK BOOK





OF THE

SUFFERINGS OF THE GREEK PEOPLE

IN T U R K E Y

FROM THE ARMISTICE TO THE END OF 1920













CONSTANTINOPLE

PRESS OF THE PATRIARCHATE

1920



Web Edition Note



At the conclusion of the 1914-1918 World War I, Turkey , which had sided
with Germany and the other Central Powers and had been defeated by the
Allies (including Greece ), was the first to sign in October 1918 an
Armistice. Between the signing of the Armistice and the publication of
this book late in 1920, i.e. within about 2 years, the number of Greek
Christian citizens of Turkey put atrociously to death in some of the
Diocese only, which are dealt with in this Book, exceeded 2.500
citizens, according to existing records. These brutal acts were decided,
planned and directed by the Turkish central authorities and were aimed
at cleansing lands under Turkish control from non Muslim citizens. They
constituted Genocide and were perpetrated systematically and repeatedly
through the years 1890-1974 in many areas under Turkish rule, in
accordance with the political doctrine “ Turkey for the Turks”. It can
be understood that, since the perpetrators of such crimes always take
meticulous care not to leave traces and to cover up any incriminating
evidence, the actual number of Christian citizens who perished
systematically, is very much larger. This book, published at first in
Greek in 1920, refers in Part A to individual cases of Genocide victims
within the above 2 year period in various Diocese of Pontus; in Part B
it referrs to victims of the Central and Western Asia Minor and in Part
C it referres to victims of Eastern Thrace. Casualties of similar brutal
acts in other regions under Turkish Rule are not dealt with in this
book. In view of such atrocities, occurring in Turkey , not only during
the 1914-18 War, but continuing even after the Armistice, the Allies
decided in April 1919 to land Greek Army units at Smyrna , for the
protection of the Christians. The landing took place in the first days
of May 1919.However, the persecution of Christians continued.



PREFACE



After the conclusion of the Armistice, the Christian world of the East
believed that its sufferings were at an end; that the tyrant's hands and
feet were at last fettered for ever; that the murderous dagger and the
horrid scimitar of the criminal had been put into the scabbard; that
Christian life, honour and property had been secured; in a word that a
breeze of true liberty would caress every brow.

But it was mistaken! It had forgotten for a moment that the mode of life
and the general character of a nation, formed and crystallized through
several centuries, cannot be changed so abruptly. The Turkish nation had
again remained the same as before the Armistice and it shall yet
continue to be the same for a long time. The proof of this assertion is
based on the horrible atrocities which the Turks, whether private
citizens or government officials, have committed from the time of the
Armistice to this day, by plundering, torturing, mutilating, burning
alive and massacring women and children and aged people and turning into
waste cemeteries, communities of Christians, which only yesterday were
flourishing and prosperous. The Turks committed these criminal acts
respecting neither their signature on the document of the Armistice, nor
the presence of the Allied troops and the universal outcry of the whole
civilized world against them.

The reader of this Black Book — the second published, constituting a
continuation of the book issued in April 1919, which related the
sufferings and persecutions endured by the Greek people of Turkey from
the time of the Balkan War to the day of the Armistice — will surely
shudder with horror and start with indignation the readers, who will see
the same ferocity still prevailing in the bloodthirsty instincts of the
tyrants; be they ordinary Turks or Kemalist leaders. Taking especially
into consideration the fact that, due to the interruption of
communications with the interior of Asia Minor, the Bishops and
Communities under the Kemalist authorities could not inform the
Patriarchate of the sufferings of the Christians, the reader will
doubtless justify the anxiety of our National Central Authority, in its
fears for the worst, with respect to the fate of the Christians still
living in Anatolia.

We heartily hope that such fears may prove groundless. But even in such
a case, the crimes officially reported to the Patriarchate corroborate
once more the truth of the statement, that the Turkish people, dominated
as it is by such savage instincts and having a character well known to
all, cannot by any means open a road towards progress and can much less
be a paradigm to others.





PART A





THE MARTYRDOM

OF THE GREEK POPULATION

AT PONTUS



PROVINCE OF AMASSIA

The atrocities which will be described here and which have taken place
in this ecclesiastical district after the signature of the Armistice,
prove that no change whatever took place in the governing system of the
provinces and that the big pre-existing chaos, local tyrants widened
more and more, by continuing their mischievous acts for the complete
extermination of the last remnants of the Orthodox Greek population,
which has suffered a real martyrdom.

On the first days after the Armistice, Turkish troops went into the
village of Foutoudjak and plundered many houses, killing at the same
time inside the church Papa Lazaros, senior Priest of the village.

And again, Ali Ghalib, the Kaymakam of Tcharshamba, who two years ago,
when he was Kaymakam of Pafra, had completely annihilated that district
by setting fire to it and had exiled to Kastamouni all the male
population from 14 to 90 years of age, went to the village Kazantsoulou,
at the head of a military detachment and gendarmes, and killed there
Messrs Theodore I. Poulatoglou, Eustache Karaghiozoghlou, Jean Savva
Karaghiozoghlou and Yovanaki Karaghiozophlou. The gendarmes, on the
pretext that all these persons were military deserter, have cut of their
heads and brought them before the Kaymakam, who, although he could see
that the heads were of old men and minor boys, instead of punishing
them, rewarded the crime by saying “Well done, my children, this is the
way you must fulfil your duties”. After this encouragement, the
gendarmes have attacked the women and, like satyrs, they have satisfied
their criminal instincts, raped many girls and violated more than 56
married women. The answer which the Kaymakam gave to those protesting
for these crimes was simply: “Well done! This is what you, the guiaours,
deserve”.

In the village Kavak, a Turk, named Ekrem, who was placed during the War
by the Government at the head of 50 irregular troops (bashibozouks), has
plundered completely all the surrounding villages, massacred whomever he
wished, compelled all those who wanted to avoid military service, to pay
each month heavy taxes. This way he contributed to the increase of the
number of fugitives, and thanks to this scheme, he became exceedingly
rich. Further, in association with the Moudir and with his acolytes
Mehmed Pehlivan and Nedjib, he was stealing publicly the beasts and
other goods of the Greeks; he terrorised that district by arresting and
locking up Greek women in his Haremlik, and after satisfying brutally
his instincts, he would release them. This tyrant had received
unofficial orders to arm a band of his men and continue his civilizing
mission!

In the district of Pafra, the Moslem Albanians established themselves in
the by then evacuated Christian villages. Expecting that they would be
compelled some day to re-abandon the villages, they left the fields
uncultivated, demolished the houses and sold the timber to the
neighbouring Turkish villages. Those Greeks, who returned, not only
could not take back their stolen goods, tools and beasts, but they did
not even dare to go near their villages, because they were threatened to
be killed by the Moslem Albanians, who were armed to the teeth. Thus,
Jean Kavaklioghlou accompanied by his son Savva and his nephew Manoli,
who were going to visit their village Sourmeli, were literally
slaughtered by the Albanians. Anastas Savoglou, from the village
Kaitalaba, was killed between the villages Peitourlou and Kiosseli.
Haralambos Papayorgoglou was killed between Knilalaba and Tsiriklar.
Many others were killed in a similar manner. These Albanians, being
under the protection of the chief brigand and Kaymakam of Pufra, the
Albanian Hakki, and with a view of terrorizing the place and of obliging
the citizens to scatter themselves into the mountains, were firing
during the night at the windows of the houses.

The same things happened in the district of Nevien. In the middle of
December, Panayoti Tontonoglou from Kupoukaya and 5 women, all of whom
were returning to their homes, were killed by the Turks of the village
Sarbin,

In the same month, Avraam Peftouloun, Totoroglou and Panayoti
Constantine Emanet, who where returning from Vezir-Kioprou to their
village Kapoukaya, were killed by Hadji Karahamdji and Kel Tanadjioglou,
both Turks of Sarbin.

In the same month, Constantine Tsolak from Kouzala (Pafra), was killed
by the Turks of the village Kirleycn near Vezir-kioprou. Two other
Christians coming from the interior were killed in the same month by
Turks on the banks of the river Alys near Kapoukaya.

Three other Greeks, Tryphon, from the village Kara-Hussein, Ketseli,
from Kafza and Yovan Kovavloglou from Kapoukaya, having bought some
beasts in the village Kiolitse-Agatch, were killed by Turks in an
ambush, when they were returning.

And again Mr. Miltiadis Kaladjoglou, from the burned village Devrend,
who was the only support of 13 orphans, and who was working in the
Turkish village Gazi-Beili, was assassinated in the house of Molla
Hussein, in the presence of several Turks.

In the same month, near Samtoun, a certain Nazim Tchaoush, Custom’s
official of Tckekyoi, went to the village Tsinik and thrashed Mr. Anesti
Papouloglou, wounding him in his nose, ears and other places and
plundered his house. His poor wife was so much frightened that she died
the next day. The same man has also plundered the house of Hadji Gavrili
Gavriloglou, and just for mere pleasure killed a woman from Sari-Klissp,
who was going to her village, as well as a man named Christo
Kazandjoglou, from the village Sinema-Tash.

In the village Falsa a military detachment, under the orders of the Arab
officer Mouftah, killed Mr. Zaharias Deliyannides, from the village
Sinan (Keras-sounde), the two brothers George and Jean Varitimoglou,
from Sinavli, village of Ordou and Mr. George Andreoglou, from
Guiavous-Bouki, another village of Ordou. The officer had cut off the
heads of all these men, on the pretext of being deserters, and had sent
them to the bloodthirsty Kaymakam of Tcharskamba. The above mentioned
officer is at the same time the hero of many other crimes and murders.

On December 15th, 1918 , the troops staying in Dourouk llan at Kavak,
went to the village Kara-Dayh, in the company of some Laz and Turks
irregulars (bashibozouks). At the moment when Christian citizens were
coming out of the church, where a wedding had taken place, they opened
fire and killed Mr. Symeon Tshaoushoglou. Then, they entered into the
village and plundered all the houses, robbing clothing, food, furniture,
etc.

On January 14th , 1919 a military detachment went to Taflan-kyoi to
pursue deserters and killed there Mr. Hercule Eleftheriou, a 10 years
old boy named Hercule Pandeli, a 20 years old young lady named Eleni
Yeorghiou, and another man, Eleftherios Ermenides. Then, they plundered
many houses robbing as many beasts as they could, together with all the
corn-crops. They tore the holy Gospel and robbed all the ornaments,
vessels, vestments, frontals, etc.

On the January 15th , 1919, Hadji Agha Bey, from the village Teke-kyoi
and President of the Committee for Union and Progress, accompanied by
his 3 sons and his 3 brothers and also by Kessif Pehlivan, Hassan Kokoz
Ali, Kartali, Hassan Pehlivan, Mouhazer Hakki, Ali Ibrahim and Kiritli
Memet, all of whom were armed, accompanied also by two local gendarmes,
Rechid and Ali, and by many others, went into the village of Tchinik,
where they opened fire, killed a boy, Vassilios Ioannou, 15 years of
age, plundered many houses, and then returned quietly back to their village.

On the January 16th, 1919 , troops were sent to Tchinik to make
inquiries for the events of the previous day. These troops however,
killed the widow, Sofia Christou Bekiaroglou, 23 years old, whose
husband had fought in the Amcle-Tabouroit, and had died of hunger,
terribly tyrannised; they practically cut into pieces the poor woman's
body, and went away. The peasants wanted to transport the corpse to
Samsoini, but when Riza Bey, chief of the Gendarmerie of this city,
learned that Mr. Harty, an honourable British officer, had arrived at
Samxoun, he did not allow such a thing.

On the January 21st, 1919, Ahmed Tchaoush, who together with others had
the duty to look after the security of the place Djumbuz-Han, attempted
to kill the coachman, Antonios Dem. Mouratoglou, from the village
Kara-Day, while shouting at the same time "Up to this day I have killed
50 infidels; I will kill you too. There is no one to enquire about it”.

On the January 22nd, 1919 , at a distance 15 minutes away from Merzifoon
and near the Turkish village Fiikfi, Turks have killed Mr. Katirdji
Anastas, who was coming from the village Eisandik-Kafza.

On January 27th, 1919, the Metropolitan of Amassia, Mgr. Germanos,
wrote: “It is impossible to find out and describe all the crimes taking
place openly in this place, because the peasants, who have been
repeatedly robbed, disgraced and killed for many centuries and more so
in the last years, got finally tired and desperate, since they cannot
find justice, because the authorities leave all crimes committed by
Turks unpunished. The peasants are therefore compelled to bear silently
all these monstrous deeds, as all protestations against or prosecutions
of the murderers, remain without result.”

“When such things happen under the eyes of the representatives of the
victorious Powers, one can imagine what is taking place in the interior,
where there is no control or any kind of inspection, and the Raya
(Ottoman subject), is abandoned to become the victim of despotism and
barbarous instincts of the first irregular soldier or gendarme he meets.”

“We do not receive any more news from our representatives in the
interior, because they are tired of writing in vain and reporting
persecutions and martyrdom. It is only today that I have been able to
find out that the brigands have entered also in the cities, forcing and
plundering the shops of all the Greeks. Thus, in the city Erbaa, (
province of Neocecarea ), brigands forced a Greek shop, which they
plundered altogether; the value of all the goods was 5000 liras. In the
village Kavak they forced the shop of the Greek Mr. Jordan Kademoglou
and robbed everything in it, worth about 1200 liras.”

“We do not get any more news from the districts Ladic, Vezir Kioprou,
Tsoroum, Tokat, etc., because the Greek population there became
hopeless, after the two terrible massacres: the red massacre of the
Armenians and the white massacre of the Greeks. They are something like
a herd of beasts, ready to be slaughtered, terrorised and all gathered
in one place, see their flock decimated every day by the butchers, and
are anxiously expecting from hour to hour to suffer the same fate as
their brothers…..”

“While we were expecting upon the termination of the War and the signing
of the Armistice which followed, an improvement of this state of things,
on the contrary, the tyrant became bolder and more impudent. After the
political change and the downfall of the Unionistic Government, the
Committee of Union and Progress continues to have the control in its
hands and the power to impose itself omnipotent every where. This fact
is quite natural and easily explained from a psychological point of
view, when we presume that this Committee is the expression and
incarnation of the Turkish soul itself. The Turkish people in the face
of the Committee have recognized the incarnation of their desiderata,
their dreams and their ideals. But on the other hand the Committee too,
being an offspring of this people, and consequently in a state to know
better than any body the popular psychology, has drawn up a program
entirely in conformity with its tendencies and instincts, with a view of
strengthening and extending itself in as greater an area as possible.
Talaat, this highest representative of the Turkish soul, has publicly
expressed himself about the Greeks, saying that he will reduce them to
beggars by robbing their properties and distributing it to the Turks.
And indeed, the property of the expelled Greeks of Thrace , of Asia
Minor and of Pontus , amounting to several hundreds of millions of
liras, was distributed among the Turks.”

“Deli Raafet Pasha, the murderer and incendiary of the district of
Samsoun, during the persecution of the Greeks of Pontus , expressed
himself in the sense, that he will turn the Greeks to boatmen and
porters (hammals). In reality, after the Turks had plundered the
property of the expelled Greeks, and burned their houses, those Turks
who up to that moment were boatmen and hainmals, became millionaires,
whereas the Greeks, who up to that time were very well off and rich,
died or nine tenths of them were killed or forced to leave their
motherland. Those Greeks, who somehow have managed to return to their
homes, not only they do not find any of their belongings, but they are
swept off every day by hunger....”

Such being the psychological dispositions of the Committee of Union and
Progress, one must not be surprised to hear me say that this Committee
is still dominating our place, and is intending to bring about new
catastrophes, resulting in the complete destruction of the remaining
ruins, heaped up by the fanaticism and barbarism of recent years. For
the last two months this Committee continues to arm the Turks of all the
cities and villages from the coast, to the interior of Asia Minor .
Rifles and ammunition of the Government are distributed every day to the
Turkish population. The rifles of the demobilized troops at Batoum have
been and are still given to the villagers of all the districts of
Samsun, Pafra, Tcharshamba, Ordou, Kerassund etc.

The same things take place in the interior of Anatolia . Thus, in the
city of Sivas, the ex-Vali of Sivas and Konia, Sivuzli Emin Kcltflywylou
Hull Bey, the faithful acolyte of the notorious assassin Mouaver Bey, as
well as Gani Bey, the representative of the Committee there, Emir
Beyoglou Elem Bey and Sakirdji Zadelev & Co. are publicly distributing
rifles in the city and in the villages, and armed to the teeth are going
about everywhere giving arms also to the Sandjaks of Tokat, Amassia,
Merzifoon, Erbaa, Ladik etc.

In the light of this new armed preparation and systematic organisation,
which is going on most methodically among the Moslem population, the
Greek people are in great terror and agony, not knowing what will happen
to them. Many of those who could manage, came from the interior to our
City, and others are getting ready to flee. All these unfortunate beings
are perfectly right. The big wounds of the Nation are still fresh. They
have not been yet cured and they cannot be. The murders, the robberies,
the disgraces and violations committed by the Turks have become the
order of the day. On the other hand, the injustices, crimes and
corruptions of the governors of Baffra, Hakki Bey and Tcharshamba Galib
Ali and others, who committed the deportations and usurpations of the
property of the Greeks, not only remained unpunished by the Turkish
Authorities. Consequently, the perpetrators became even more audacious
and turned to be the chief-brigands of the place and the tyrants of the
Christians. Every piece of property of the Christians is found in the
hands of these monsters. The honour of the women becomes the prey of the
first aggressor and there is no safety of life, property or honour.

In the city of Samsoun alone, 178 young men were hanged in the middle of
the market, 210 villages were burned down to ashes, and 70,000
inhabitants of the villages of Samsoun were deported and scattered about
in the Turkish villages, hungry and naked; 90 % have died the worst kind
of death. About 203 of our schools were burned, about 350 of our
churches were plundered and then burned, our houses, religious places
and everything sacred were ruined and smashed to pieces, our life is
intolerable.

On February 1st, 1919, soldiers have killed Hadji Elia of Kerassound,
Persefs K. Zaifoglou and Hriste Tsigaroglou, all of them in the village
Tsinik; and although they had declared that they surrender, nevertheless
they were fired at, and Ghristo, seriously wounded, hid himself in a
corner, where he died, and the other two were arrested and taken
somewhere out of the village, where they were slaughtered. Then the
soldiers cut off their heads and rejoicing, brought them to Teke-kyoi
and hung them for 8 whole hours in front of the shop of the President of
the Union and Progress Committee, Hadji Aya Bey. It has not been allowed
to have the corpses buried. They had left them to be eaten up by the
dogs and the crows. The Metropolitan of Amassia wrote a lakrir and
complaint about the crime to the Governor, who of course has done nothing

A report from Bafra, dated February 4th, 1919, states that on February
2nd, in the village Issaakli, a suburb of Bafra, while a wedding was
taking place in a house, a Turk named Sarimin Ismail, has fired through
the window at those inside the house and killed a young man 25 years
old, Lazar Prassaoglou, and a girl, Despina Kalaoglou, from the village
Kain-lalabci, wounding at the same time a Demetrios Panaoglou, a Yovan
Pandeli and a girl. Although the perpetrator was arrested, he was
released two days later, on the ground that there was no proof. However,
all those who were present, recognised him, and so, in his place the
wounded persons were imprisoned.

According to another report from the representative of the Metropolitan
at Gavza, dated also February the 4th, the refugees who were returning
to Bafra, were killed by Turks of the village Surbin, near the Kaza of
Bafra, and the corpses were speared and set up on prominent places.

A 16 year old boy, Panayioti K. Anastasoghlou, and Mrs. Katina, wife of
Kyriake N. Alessoglou, both from Kapoo-Kaya, as well as Averkio Papa
Paraskevaoglou, from the Christian village Tolioalar, were also
assassinated. The witness of these assassinations was Sava Antonoglou,
from Donooz-Alan, who miraculously succeeded to save himself.

A bride, wife of a tailor from the village Kabou-hlou Esmc, kaza of
Vezir Kioprou, who was going to Amassia to visit her imprisoned for
political reasons husband, was carried away by the Turks of the village
Essin Bey. She was taken to the house of Pits Ahmed Oglou, where she was
violated by the Police Magistrate and his secretary, who happened to be
found in the house. After this base action and in order to have their
crime concealed, all three of them sent her to Zeintounlouk, one of the
wildest Turks….

A report from Kavza, dated February 10th, 1919 , stated:—The day before
yesterday, Saturday, at about midnight the infamous Moulazim Memdouh
Bey, with sufficient troops, surrounded Kiosroufi, a village which
suffered a great deal and in which two weddings were taking place. They
attacked with mittrailleuses the houses where the people were
celebrating and proceeded with violations and plunderings, and then with
thrashing to death every single person. Memdouh Bey killed with his own
hands the father of the bridegroom, Isaak Karabadjakoglou, carrying away
all the booty with the horses and being proud for their deeds. The
following day he came back once more to the same village with his troops
and surrounded it again.

Of the two weddings mentioned above, one bride had to go to Knvza. Here
however nobody knew anything of the events which took place at
Kiosroufi. Therefore many people set off from there, with eight
carriages and about 50 horses, to go and receive the bride. Thus all of
them, men and women, fell in the trap, and a pandemonium followed. Every
single person was imprisoned in the stables etc. Cryings and horror fell
throughout the village, because Memdouh the murderer had ordered that
the best-man, Basile Kiossoglon, and Cotso K. Antonoglou should be at
once shot.

On February 15th, 1919 , Turkish bands arrested outside of Erbaa, two
brothers, Eleftherios and Stylianos Kalaidjoglou, and carried them to be
massacred. At a certain moment however, both of them run away and
although repeatedly fired at from behind, they were miraculously saved.

On February 21st six young men from the village Hallab-Kogliaz, this
side of Tsoroum, who had completed their military service and were
returning from Angora to their homes, were arrested by the Turks of the
above village, and three of them, Nicolas P. Simeon from Merzifoon,
Jioannis Semer-djoglou from Hadjikeuy, and Stavros from Kiosrouf, were
killed, while the other three seriously wounded.

On February 22nd Memdotih Bey, Gendarmery Commander at Merzifoon,
renowned for his monstrosities against the Greeks of Vezir-Kioprou, who
with one shot had killed 18 Greek boys, by placing all of them in a row,
the one behind the other, came in the village Kiosroof, kaza of Kavza,
and killed Isaak, a sixty years old quiet peasant.

On February 23rd Turks entered in the house of Haralambos Hristou, in
the village Terpez (Oinoi), and literally stripped it. The most
notorious of the bands, raging all these districts, is that of Terme
Pits Ahmed, composed of 150 murderers, who are plundering and killing
every day the remnants of already ruined villages.

On February 26th, near Kessillou a Mehmed Pehlivan, ex guard of the
village, attacked Christo Photoglou and mortally wounded him. While the
poor victim was expiring, he said to Harilaos Avraam, from
Tsikour-Yatak, who happened to pass by, that the above mentioned Turk is
his murderer. The perpetrator now lives in Samsoun, quite undisturbed.

On February 27th, the renowned Commander of Gerdarmery at Merzifoon,
attacked with gendarmes and Bashibozouks a wedding procession, which was
going from Hadjikeyj (kaza of Amassia), to the village, and a fighting
of 20 minutes took place, during which three Christians were wounded.

On March 2nd, two Christians from Kirezli, of Baffra, who were returning
to their village, were killed at midday , near the village Toum-Soiigluts.

On March 4th, five Greeks from Phulsn, who were going with kaiks back to
their country, were arrested near Tcharshamba by pirates, who carried
away goods worth 4000 liras. The pirates have not touched at all the
kaiks transporting Turkish goods, checking carefully whether the goods
were belonging to Christians or to Moslems.

On March 7th Osman Tchaoush, the Police Commander of Platano thrashed
mercilessly the priest Lazaros.

On March 8th in the village Sounoussa Arpa Deressi, Kaza of Ladik, six
Greek soldiers, returning from their military service, were massacred
with axes by Turkish peasants.

On March 9th the Laz-Turks who on January 10th had entered in Tsalnl
Armootkyoi, robbed everything from the house of Samsounlou Panayot,
whose ear they have cut, and arresting Anthimos Vassiliou, ordered him
to get ready for them 1000 liras, otherwise he would be killed.

On March 10th seven cavalry gendarmes met near the village Dere
Tchiflikt (Frbaa), five Greeks going to their village Teke and firing
against them, they killed one of them.

On March 12th two young Greeks of Kurd-Dere of Oinof, who had been
exiled to the village Kirez-Tepe, were engaged as servants of the Aga
(chief) of the village Tayar, who then asked them to take charge of
guarding, as it were, the house of his son Hassan, against a probable
attack by the Armenians. Without suspecting anything the two poor Greeks
went there and they were assassinated at midnight .

On March 14th Turks arrested the priest George, who was returning from
Russia to his village Tsan-gueri (Onoi) and after thrashing him they
took from him 300 liras, which he had with him.

On March 16th at about midnight , Fethi, son of the gendarmerie
Commander at Oinoi, has forced the door of the coffee-shop Sava-Mavi and
entering in the shop, fired at him, wounding him mortally. He died after
a few days.

On March 18th the priest Mihail, from the village Youha Yapou of
Amassia, who was going with his companion Vassilios Papa Kyriakou to
Merzifoon, was attacked near the village Alala by Ahmed Imamoglou, from
Kiork-kyoi, who robbed them and then shot Yassilios at his right breast.
He also fired at the priest, whom he wounded in his neck. The priest
pretending to be dead, fell and so saved his life. The assassin went
away, after ascertaining that both of his victims died.

On March 20th in the village Ersandik (Vezir-Kioprou), a band of 23
bashibozouks and 10 soldiers, have asked a woman to give them bread. The
woman gave them the only loaf she had with her. The bashibozouks began
cursing her, which made her husband come out of his house and intervene.
A little later, however, came reinforcements with mitrailleuses and many
other Moslems from the neighbouring Turkish villages and attacked the
whole village, killing the priest George and 14 women and children.

On March 21st, the infamous brigand Kasik Mehmed, from the village Rash
Alan near Kavak, had gone with his acolytes to the village Souloudjak
Pitsindjik, killed Anastassios Kyriakoglou, Demetrios Yeorgiou, loannis
Constantinou, Costi Yeorgiou and Panika Vassiliou, and robbed all their
mony and clothes. Besides, he also committed several other crimes, and
when he was leaving, he gave such a blow on the skull of Sofia Anesti
Panteloglou, that the next day she died. The Metropolitan of Amassia
officially protested this murder, but the Moutessarrif gave no notice to
this denunciation and let the perpetrator go free, without asking
anything concerning this crime.

On March 22nd, in the village Mouxid (Kavza), Turks killed John
Eleftheriou and Philippe Sava, both from Ttredjik.

On March 23rd, George Haralambassoglou from Ordou, who was working in
the Turkish village Tsivril, has sent his employee, Paul Ioannou
Tsamadjoglou to Samsoun for work. The latter was arrested outside the
village and killed by the Turks, sent there for the purpose.

On March 25th, the gendarmes of Tekekyoi arrested in Andrialos two
peasants from Tsawalan, on the ground of being deserters. But instead of
taking them to the Konak, they slaughtered them like sheep, and
rejoicing, carried their heads to Tekekyoi.

On March 26th several women came from the village Karadjakyoi of Siuopo
with wounded heads and limbs, describing in very black colours the
tortures they suffered by the gendarmes, in addition to their privation
and other ill treatment, after their return from exile. The commonest
phases which the Government functionaries are using against the
unfortunate Ottoman Greeks, are “You, Ghiaours, (infidels), you still
dare to talk, and you are still living; in one evening we shall sweep
you away”.

On March 27th Turks entered at night in the village Tarkandag, arrested
two Christians and killed them. After these crimes were committed, Kara
Dimit, chief of a band, entered in the Turkish villages Ahourlou,
Smonssik and Kdlik, the populations of which were armed by the
Government and disarmed, them without killing a single person.

On March 28th Turks killed in his mill a Greek, George the mill-keeper,
from the village Poulaman (Phatsa), with a view to take over his mill
with all the surrounding fields, which they were cultivating, as their
own, during the exile of the true owner.

On March 29th, three Christians from the village Tsinglur were arrested
by Turks on their way to Samsoun. The Turks literally cut them into
pieces. The Christians of the village Tangarlou found and brought the
corpses to their village. They then informed the widows and the orphans,
who weeping and lamenting came to take the corpses and bury them in
their village. The persons so cruelly murdered, were Nicolas Samloglou,
Archangele Samloglou and 14 years old boy Savva Tachtadji.

On March 31st, between the Turkish villages Carli and Emirli, four
Greeks from the villages Karakostalar were massacred by Turks; they were
called Constantine Karacasoglou, Cost. Dimitriou, Paul Papazoglou, and
Tarahtchi, son-in-law of Hadji Lazaros.

On April 2nd, in the Turkish village Tsolah Kaza of Ladik (Amassia),
murderers have killed the son of Kosma, Ktradjom a young man 20 years
old, and also the son Pavlos, a young man 18 years old. The first was
shot and the second was literally slaughtered.

On April 7th, near the Turkish village Alionrlou Surkish bands have
arrested and killed in the road G. Philiposoglou, and Aposlolos
Mouhtaris, two Greeks from the village Doumuz-Agli. At the head of the
band was the infamous Laz Mehmed, who had robbed about 30 women and
children passing from that place, and carried away clothes, monies and
everything else the unfortunate creatures had with them. On the same
day, in the village Kadedi, Hadji Mehmed Tchaoushoglou with his acolytes
and assisted by the gendarmes of Tekektyoi, arrested at night the
following persons who were working there: Christo Papazoglou, a boy 13
years old, Kyriako Yeo-ika, 45 years old, Theokhari Moumdji, Kosti
Termeli 25 years old, and three other tinmen. All of them were from the
village Tsinik. From them one, named Thokhari and a further tinman,
succeeded to escape, but all others were massacred.

On April 8th, about 50 Turks under the leadership of Kurdoglou Mehmed
Redjeb, surrounded at 3 o'clock in the morning the little village
Kertchembe, comprising 10 houses and situated only half an hour's away
from Samsoun. At first they blockaded the house of a 17 year old young
man, J. Vassiliou, who for three whole hours was courageously resisting
the band, without surrendering his home to the brigands. In the
meantime, a Greek, Christo Triantafillides, came out of his house, to
assist his countryman, who was in danger, but he was cruelly killed; his
wife, Parthena, and a Lazaros Vassiliou, were mortally wounded.

On April 13th, the teacher Haralambos Yeorghiadis, in the company of
George Ilia Tsinoglou and the 17 years old son of Hadji Panayoti, as
well as Anastase Tombouli, left the village Kiztl-Giul lo come to
Samsoun. All of them were arrested near Indje-Sou by Turks and massacred.

On April 14th, the corpses of two Greeks, who were strangled on the road
of Bagdad , were brought to Samsoun.

On the same day, about 200 bashibozouks assisted by gendarmes, blockaded
the village Tosoaz of Amassia, killed four peasants and slaughtered a
good many children, who had escaped to the mountains.

On April 27th, near Katnmoul, about 50 soldiers and bashibouzouks, were
arresting all those passing from the central main road. Among those
arrested, was Anastasios Vassiloglou from the village Omer-Guioylou, who
having served as soldier for seven whole years, had returned from his
military service. This man was killed by the above mentioned
bashibozouks. On the same day, in a place called Tsorljouk-Bogan, a
Greek, Kyriakos, from Enguiz-Tepc (PMra), was put to death,

On April 28th, at Tchikour-Alan (Krwzu), Turks have killed Paulos Koja
Biyikoglou; they have cut off his head, put it on a pole and used it as
a target for shooting practice.

On April 30th , at Pekerli (Al-tcham), a widow was murdered, leaving
four minor orphans. On the same day the Greek J. Anatasiou from the
village Ormanos, while returning from Bafra to his village, was attacked
by a band of 15 brigands and put to death.

On May 1st, about 200 armed Turks firing against all the Greek villages
in the vicinity of Sepija, have hilled Ilia Etikwuzuylott, a tobacco
merchant from Inje Keris. On the same day at Erbna a Greek Chief named
Yakovos, who after the Armistice was handed over to the Authorities and
later on he was left free, while going to the house of Mr. X.
Kojamanidou, was shot dead at midday in the centre of the city. Many
Turks participated in this crime, but those who have shot him were
Kurkji Euzeyir, kurd Hassan and Poughamali Ali Shan.

On May 2nd, the Chief of the Gendarmerie Detachment, Corporal Sari
Mehmed from Asarjim, invited the Greek N. Hadji Sava from Karamough, to
go and see him. Hadji Sava took with him the teacher Lazaros, from
Teke-kyoi, and went to see the corporal. When they arrived there they
saw that the corporal had with him a few armed well known brigands, who
a few minutes later left and hid themselves in a spot, about 15 minutes
away from the station. When the two Greeks were returning to their
homes, these brigands fired at them; Hadji-Sava succeeded to escape, but
the poor teacher was killed.

On May 5th, a band of brigands arrested near Kavadjik 3 Greeks,
kidnapped them and their horses, took them to an unknown destination and
then exterminated them. On the same day a band of 25 Lazes and others,
entered the Turkish village Kousktshoulat (Baffra), arrested the Greeks
Eleftherios Parasoghlou, from Tekcmljik, Isaak Daniiloglou, and
Kallinikos Yacow, who were working in the village, and killed them.
Further on the same also day, a band of Lazes and Turko-Albanians
attacked the village Enguis-Tepe (Baffra). Women and children scattered
about and the brigands having plundered all houses, killed Kyrillos
Demirdji, Alexandre Kesseli, Costi Papaioannou, Styliano Mihailoglou and
the carpenter Haralambos from Ineboli, all of whom have been unable to
escape.

On May 6th near Kavadjik (Samsoun), another band kidnapped and put to
death G. Theodorou, J. Savva, and Christo Panayotin, all natives of
Chaldea . The crimes took place before the eyes of the guard-soldiers of
the main road, who where simply admiring the scene.

On the 8th of the same month, another band attacked the village Petes
Bafra, plundering the house of Apostolos Sagiroglou, who was kidnapped
to the mountains and disappeared ever since. The robbed goods were found
in the houses of Oflou Zade Risa, Tahir Aga Zade, Hadji Bey Kerzeli
Oglou Redjeb all, of whom were arrested, but released a little later.

On the 9th of May, several peasants of Sira-Kendir (Ladik), and of other
villages, while going to the bazaar of Ladik between the Turkish village
Hamid Kyoi and Kiodec Kyioi, have fallen into a snare of a band composed
of 12 brigands. One of the travellers, Panika Vomankozoglou, was put to
death. On the same day another band arrested and carried away to the
mountains Stylianos Bodosoglou, from the village Lenyieiti (Baffra).
After a few days his body was found near the village Sounnrli, next to
the corpse of another unknown Greek; the heads of both of them were cut
off and placed under their own armpits.

On the 13th of May, the Greek chief Pits Vassili, in the company of his
wife, was going from Kaxza, where he used to live, to his native
village. Although after the Armistice he had surrendered to the
Authorities and was living a private life and he was under supervision.
He fell into the ambush of a Turkish band near the village Sivri Klisse.
Somehow he saved his life, but his wife was killed. On returning to
Havza he reported the crime, but he was arrested and put into jail.

The Metropolitan of Amassia, Mgr. Germanos wrote the following on May
13th, 1919 ,: — “The evil has increased in the littoral districts of
Bafra Teharshamba, Ounia and Phalza. Every day new bands of Lazes are
landing. The peasants are in a desperate situation. The Greeks in the
City see the brigands and murderers coming and going with blood-stained
hands. They are unable to find the least protection from anyone. They
therefore began to seriously think about emigrating, because they
foresee massacres and they are quite right. The government itself is at
the head of all this and organises bands of mischievous element, which
are doing nothing else except kill every day and prepare a new blow
against the Christians. The same things take place in the interior too,
in the districts of Ladik, Erbaca, Kavak Merzifoon, Amassia,
Vezir-Ktoprou, Kawza and elsewhere. There is chaos everywhere, there is
no Government. The Christians are considered to be outside any law. The
Turkish bands, organised and armed by the Government, are working
according to the extermination program. In every city and with the
Government’s consent, organisations establish themselves are hold
regular meetings, call peasants and other mischievous elements, form
bands, and send them against peaceful Christians, in order to commit all
sorts of crimes, such as plundering, kidnapping, killing, disgracing and
violating fearlessly property, honour and life of innocent and civilised
people. These Christian citizens are considered as criminals, only
because they survived their martyrdom, remained faithful to their
national traditions and refused with the greatest obstinacy to become
Muslims..”

The same Metropolitan wrote on May 31st. —“The evil is continuing during
the month of May as well, robberies, kidnappings, murders and terrorism
are now quite ordinary phenomena and the Lazes under the protection of
the Government are landing around Samsoun and preparing to massacre the
Christians. The place is full of criminals. The Turks of the cities are
organising themselves and directing bands with the knowledge of the
Government. These bandits go freely about the cities and at night go up
to the mountains. They are plundering and destroying and return
undisturbed to receive new instructions and perpetrate new crimes….”

At the beginning of August 1919 regular troops with bashibozouks
attacked the village Kouloudjata, which was completely and literally
plundered. A similar attack took place on the 21st of August against the
village Teknedjik.

On August 4th, the Greek Pavlos Panayotoglou from Kizyl Yol, while
returning from Samsoun to his village, was robbed and killed at
Indie-Sou, by the band of Mehmed Effendi. Although the Authorities have
arrested one of the murderers, he was afterwards released, through the
intervention of the chief of the band in question.

On September 18th, the son of the shepherd Bessim Tchaouch, from the
village Alaichak, has killed at Zeintounglou another Greek shepherd,
grandson of Yovani Hadji Badjanaghi.

On September 23rd, several peasants from the village Alan and Sernitch
going to Ladik, where robbed. Three of them accompanied by a girl were
carried away, and were later found dead, lying in a ditch, with tied
hands and feet. The poor girl was mortally wounded under the ears. The
gendarmerie did nothing for the arrest and punishment of the criminals.

On Obtober the 5th, a big sailing vessel carrying tobacco from Alatcham
with several passengers on board, was attacked by Lazes, who robbed the
ship; the damages were more than 6000 liras. About the same date a
Greek, Savvas Pavlou, from the village Tougssnuskyoi in company of his
servant, was coming back home from his mill; on the way they were
attacked and killed. Also another Greek, Porlika Papazoglou, and his son
Lazaros, were killed on the same day.

On February 21st, 1920 , while Papa-Nicolaos, Eleni Constantine
Tastsoglou, Paraskevi Ilia Keskin, Lazaro Cyriakoglou and his wife,
Maria, were going from Samsoun, to their native village Tafian-Keuy,
they were attacked by a Turkish band and all of them killed. The corpses
of four of them only were found and they were terribly massacred. At the
same time 15 other Greeks were killed, from the villages Zannas and
Foundoukli of Amassia, as well as from the villages Kirk-Harman, Ilidje
and Feriz Dagh of the Kaza of Erbaa. The following five persons were
also killed, viz: Sava Hadji-Yovanoglou, Gregorios Zanali and his wife,
Yanni Davoultsioglou, and another, whose name could not be found. All
were natives of Zana. The murderers belonged to the band of Molla Bekir,
from the Turkish village Yihilgan.

On April 7th, the following persons were killed by Turks of the village
Inbat, ten minutes away from the city Erbaa, where they had gone
shopping: Dimitrios Grigoriou Abbazoglou, and Stefanos Yeorghiou
Abazoglou, natives of the village Fadura, and Kyriakos Pandelioglou,
Savas S. Sariparoglou, and Savas Sekir Lambi, natives of the village
Hadji Bey.

On May 17th, Alexander Mamatidis, living at TeM-Kyoi, disappeared; it
was found out later, that he had fallen into a snare of Lazes, and was
killed.

On May 28th, Constantine Yovanoglou, Eleftherios Dimitroglou, Nicolas
Chrissoglou, Efraim Phot. Kiossekehaya and Paraskeva Demirdjsglou, all
natives of Knrabounar (Baffra), while returning from Majifoon, sustained
and attack near the Turkish village Tshal (Kaza of Kioprou). The first
three were killed, and the other two wounded.

On June 28th, one of the leaders of Tsbroum named Astos Ouraktsoglou was
strangled in the prison of Alalscham.

On July 19th, bashibozouks killed two Greeks of the village Yatjli
Pussan, named Yorika Yerz. Xenitoglou and loannis Amanetoglou. On the
31st seven Lages carried away and killed near Eski Idissc, Panayoti
Hadji Yeorghiou, native of the village Christi (Bafra), and his
son-in-law, Kyriako Kara Demirdtoglou.

On August 1st, soldiers killed at Yagla Keris, the Greek Aleco
Minasoglou, a native of the village Kapa Djeviz. On the 19th of the same
month, the Greek Antonios Karakostali, native of the village
Kara-Koushitshoular (Ladik), while returning to his village was killed
near the Turkish village Kol-Alan, by Ouzoun Ali Oglou Ahmed and his
acolytes. On the 23rd, armed Turks of the Turkish village Mamalzi,
attacked the quarter of Adji-sou (Kodja Dagh), killed four, Layaros
Kemendjepji, Sofia, wife of Iordanis Savoglou, Stavroula, wife of
Nikolaos Hizardji, Eleni, wife of Pavlos Dimitroglou, and wounded Yanko
Lazarou. And again in the quarter Tsikour Yatak, they killed Photios and
Panayoti Aridjoglou, Yorika Parassi, the son of Yanko Photoglou, and
wounded Evyenia Theodorou.

On September 1st, Stavro Savoglou, Panayoti Photoglou, Simeon and
Anastas Nizanoglou, all natives of Kourou, were coming to Bafra. On the
way they were arrested by armed Turks, and the first two were wounded
mortally by dum-dum bullets, while the other two were killed on the
spot. On the 23rd of the same month, Turkish brigands entered the garden
of Periklis Kalpaktsoglou , situated 18 minutes away from Baffra, and
killed his mother-in-law, Elissavet.

On October 5th, at Tsakalli, on the road to Kavak, Turks knocked at the
door of the house of Ioannis Tomazoglou. When the latter opened to see
who had come, he was shot dead.

The Kemalists, numbering 4.000, are pursuing the Circassien Hassan
Tchaouch, and since last August begun to ruin and burn to ashes the
Greek villages of the district, so that the above mentioned Hassan may
not be welcomed and there. Sixteen houses of the villages Sernitcch,
four houses of the village Kadir-Alan, (Kaza of Erbao), and again two
houses in the village Sahardja and two houses at Karamouch, (Kaza of
Ladik), and the churches were completely plundered and everything sacred
were trampled. As Hassan Tchouch found refuge in the district of the
Kaza Vehir Kioprou, the Kemalists proceeded to ruining of the following
Greek villages: Ersandouk, Saradjik, Kaplan, Kodja, Daout Yourd,
Poutsouk and Tchift. In the village Kaplan 12 Greeks were killed,
amongst whom, were the mouchtar of the village, Panayoti Hadji Mihail,
Yanni Hodja and his brothers Theodoros, Haralambos and Pavlos Papazoglou.

All crimes, plunderings and violations were chiefly committed by
bashibozouks of the districts of Kavza and Kioprou. They were encouraged
in their deeds by the presence of regular troops and so they thought of
using the occasion and cause a complete catastrophe wherever they could.





PROVINCE OF NEOCESSAREA

Since the very first days of the Armistice, the Turkish Government
officials, as well as all other private Turks, have adopted a menacing
attitude against the Christians. Rumours about imminent massacres were
going about every day, and the terrorised Christians did not dare to
come out of their houses and attend to their ordinary agricultural work.
This anxiety was continuously increasing in consequence of the fact that
the local Authorities had begun to publicly furnish arms to the Turks.

On March 29th 1919 , a Turkish band attacked between Phalsa and Oinoi,
several refugees, who were returning to their homes from Oinoi, Ordou
and Kerassund. One of these refugees was pitilessly thrashed and
wounded, while all the rest were completely robbed. On the 31st of the
same month, in the village Elez-kyoi, (Kaza of Ordou) and at the place
called Boulama, Turks killed the Greek George Tsilinguiroglou, in his
own mill.

During the month of September of 1919, the Greek John Panayot Reis, was
cut to pieces between Samsoun and Oinoi. In the middle of the same
month, Aristidis Simitos, a native of Oinoi, was returning from Ratoum
on board his own motor-boat and he moored in the bay of Kerasund . The
following day he intended to continue his journey to Oinoi; but the
Turks forced him to tug with his motorboat, another boat with six Lazes
on board and take them to Ordou. No sooner they had left port, the Lazes
began shooting heavily against the motorboat. Under this rain of
bullets, the helmsman, Kyriako Pambou, from Oinoi, fell dead, mortally
wounded in his head and another Turk together with an Armenian were also
wounded. The captain cut off the ropes and going full speed, he
succeeded to save himself.

In the middle of October 1919, the 3rd Turkish Army Corps instructed
telegraphically the Municipal Prefect of Oinoi to try and persuade the
Greeks to sign documents refuting all crimes committed by the Turks
against the Christians and stating that in the interior of the district
reins perfect lawfulness and tranquillity. The Metropolitan of
Neocesarea however, gave the due reply, at a moment when from all parts
of the Province news were reaching him of violations and plunderings
committed by Turkish bands. Such a state and even worse continued in the
following months.

On June 6th 1920 , armed Lazes attacked the village Sinanli, plundered
all t clothes, provisions and beasts of the peasants, and went away. On
June 8th, the same things happened in the village Annaiclf, which the
Turks have ruined completely, not failing to wound two peasants at the
same time. A few days later, the Greeks Andreas Efthimiou Orphanides,
Panayotis Har. Batzaktsoglou, Michael Nic. Batsaktsoglou and Constantine
S. Orphanides, all natives of Aria, were killed by Turkish bands between
Kabatooz and Pakadjak. Likewise, Stylianos Efst. Terpsenides, natives of
Alitsen, Anastasios Geor. Kalaidjoglou, Angelos X. A. Karipoglou,
natives of Armaleli, Haralambos K. Manousarides, native af Guiavouriki,
and Kyriako Karipides, native of Mcsssudie and two other boys, were
literally slaughtered by Turkish bandits, while going to Messoitdie.

On June 25th, about 3000 antikemalists have made an assault against the
Kemalists at Ziles and by putting fire to the city, have burned down to
ashes all of it, including six houses belonging to Greeks.

About the middle of September Kemalists burned and ruined the Greek
villages of the Kaza of Erbna. Seven houses in the village Entik-Pounar,
six houses in the village Heriz-Dagh, four in the village
Guiok-Tssukour, three houses in each of the villages Guiol-Ognou,
Fadara, Hadji Bey and Kil-Yoldouren, and two houses in each of the
villages Djebrail and Kelemiz, were all burned down. Besides many human
losses are to be reckoned.

In a report of the Greek community of Falsa dated October 19th, states:
“The oppressions, the tyrannies and persecutions against the Greek
element from the Nationalists are always continued systematically and
premeditatedly.... We are under full anarchy …. About a month ago Greek
families coming here from the interior, were robbed on the way. Their
losses amount to more than 10,000 liras. Besides, two Greeks were
murdered. A few days ago in the centre of the City shops and houses were
plundered. The losses amount to 3,000 liras. Three days ago Turks have
stolen the motor-boat of a Greek, which was lying in the bay of Oinoi ,
and have killed three Greek sailors. We are terrorized. At night we are
shut inside our houses, not knowing what may happen the following day.
We are continuously sitting on the top of an active volcano…..”

Mgr. Policarpos, Metropolitan of Neocesarea, while returning back to his
diocese in the middle of October, he was compelled to go back to
Constantinople , because the Police Authorities did allow him to land
neither at Inebolit or at Ounie, or at Ordou.





PROVINCE OF TREBIZONDE

The plunderings and murders against Christians became very frequent from
the very first day of the Armistice in the Vilayet of Trebizonde, to
such an extent, that the peasants abandoning everything were compelled
to find refuge to Trebizonde to save their honour and their lives. There
was a complete lack of security.

On the evening of July 14th 1919 , the Greek Panayoti Efstratiou
Petridis, was shot dead in the village Okhtcha. He was doing his
military service and was the support not only of his own family,
comprising 10 members, but also of the family of his brother.

On the night of July the 5th Turkish brigands slaughtered the Greek
Aristidis Frangoulidis in his own chop, situated in the quarter Pelras
of the village Tsikoli, at Sourmena. On the night of the 19th the same
month, a band of ten Turkish brigands, entered the house of Apostolos
Foundoukoglou, situated at Kelonissa, of Sourmena, forcing the gate, and
after thrashing him pitilessly, they robbed all his money, furniture, etc.

On July the 22nd, three Greeks, Apostolos Nicolaidis, a grocer from the
village Assou, Dimitrios Frangoulidis, a grocer from the village
Tsikoli, and Spiridon Gourzoulidis, a blacksmith from Tsikoli, all of
them working in the small bazaar of Assou, after closing their shops in
the evening were returning to their houses at Tsikoli, about twenty
minutes away from the bazaars. On entering to their village, four armed
Turks waiting in ambush, fired at them, and killed Apostolos Nicolaidis,
wounding the other two. Of these, Spiridon Gourzoulidis also would have
been shot dead, if he had not fallen down and pretended to be dead. As
for Dimitrios Frangoulidis, he was wounded in his belly and if he had
not creped to avoid the bullets fired against him, he also would
doubtless been killed. The murderers, appeared to be only four, but in
reality they had other armed acolytes as well. After the attack have all
left perfectly unmolested.

On August 2nd, the Greek, John Har. Moumoulidis, from Tsikoli, while
going to his shop, at Assou-han, and only twenty minutes away from the
village, was repeatedly fired at, by several unknown persons, lying in
ambush on the road, and seriously wounded on his shoulder.

The continuous murders of the Christians were terrorising the whole
Community of Sourmena and particularly the inhabitants of the village
Tsikoli, population of Sourmena dit not know what to do for the safety
of their lives. Robberies and even occasionally violations of women were
openly committed every day on the main road of Trebizond-Argyroupolis,
four hours away from Trebizonde.

The Metropolitan of Trebizonde wrote on August 11th: “The situation
becomes every day worse and worse, partial security little by little
disappears, and the hatred against the Greek element is continuously
increasing. According to our information, whole bands of armed local
Turks are continuously coming up from Sourmena. The day before yesterday
two Greek young men were most tragically killed at Kromni. The situation
at Galliani and generally in Matsouka, is very troubled and precarious,
becoming every day worse and more problematic. All the Turks are ready
to rise up for internal revolutions. One half of the Moslem population
at Matsouka has already been armed and the other half, coming in groups,
receives arms and ammunition in the city of Trebizond, both from other
Moslems and from the Government Authorities. Four days ago an armed band
of well known Turks entered at night in the village Tsimcrcu Moudjeni of
Toroul and literally plundered it. The situation at Sourmena gets
likewise worse and worse. On the 9th of September, the day on which the
bazaar of Houmiourkian takes place, while the Greek Petro Kazandjidis
was going to that market, was attacked in the middle of the street by a
band of brigands, who were waiting in ambush. The band arrested him and
kidnapped him to an unknown destination and at the same time fired ten
bullets in order to frighten the crowd of the people and keep them far.
The plan was premeditated. We have at once informed the Captain of the
Gendarmerie, who only two whole hours after the kidnapping, has ordered
enquiries to be made. The fate of Kazandjides, who perhaps was killed,
remains unknown. It is rumoured that many other Christians will be ill
treated. Three days ago, a band of brigands plundered at night five
Christian shops in Assou-han, although there is a Gendarmerie station
and there, as well as night-watchmen... On the first days of the same
month, the infamous murderer Souleyman Kalfa, entered in the village
Sourmanoi (Galliani), with 15 of his acolytes and other gendarmes, and
pitilessly thrashed a Greek named Ilia.”

Messona, of the village Yemoura, Kaza of Tre-bizond. On September 7th,
1919 , the Greek, Avraam Kimonidis, a native of the village Santa, was
shot dead near his mill, situated in the quarter Varvara of the village
Alessona.

Sourmena. On the night of the 4th—5th of September, a band of brigands
approached the house of Sotirios Salonikides in the village Assou.
Sotirios' wife opened the window to see what happens outside. At that
moment one of the brigands caught her hand; she began to cry out and her
husband ran to her. Then another brigand fired at him and wounded him so
seriously, that he died two hours later,

Hodj Kerassea. On the 9th of the same month, two armed Turks came to the
house of Nico Metaxa in the evening and kidnapped his son John, leaving
at the same time a letter by which they were demanding a ransom of 2000
liras, to be paid within three days...

Herriana. (Caza of Arghiroupolis). About the same month, the Greek
Vasilios Tazidis, watchman of the village Upper-Tarsus arm, was shot
while he was inside the village. In the villages of Herriana, in which
Christians had fled from the interior for refuge, the provisions and
beasts of those poor men, which were given to them by the American
Relief Committee, were taken away. It was made known that the Government
took them, in order to secure the collection of arreared debts of the
Christians to the Authorities.

Kapikyoi Kondou. On September 12th, 1919 , while Nicolas Bektassidis was
grazing the sheep of his uncle Panayoti, the Commanding Officer of
Arghiroupolis sent seven cavalry gendarmes, who took by force 28 sheep
and carried them to Djevizlik.

Sourmena-Arukli. At daybreak of September 13th a motor boat in the port
of Arakli Sourmcna , caught fire and was burned. The vessel belonged to
a few Greeks from Kerasund and had on board 13 Greek young men, of well
known families of Trebizonde and Kerasund. The boat was anchored in the
bay and in the meantime Turkish brigands taking advantage of the
darkness, killed every single man on board, took the cargo, which they
sold at Aragli, and then set fire to the vessel, to make belive that an
accident had taken place. The perpetrators of this crime are the
infamous brothers Ismail Tsepioglou, a renowned old family of
Janisaries. All crimes committed in that district were due to that
family. Everything else committed by others, was due to the instigation
of those monsters.

Kouhla. On the evening of Friday October the 9th Greek John Leoussidis,
was wounded with a pistol in the elbow of his right hand, in his right
leg while he was in his house by Temel Ouzoun Mehmedoglou,

Tiroul—Mouzena—Tsimera. On October 11th two men and three women were
going from Trebizonde to their village Tsimera. As they were passing
over the mountain Altas, there were repeatedly fired at by two brigands,
who compelled them to stop. After robbing them, the brigands killed
Lazaros Moshopoulos and wounded one woman called Mari Gueivenidis and
the other man called George Moshopoulos

Mahmad-Bogazi of the village Acrid, Kaza of Plalana. On October 19th
some Turks attacked the Greek Theodoras Kandjidis, a musician and
wounded him with a pistol. On the 26th, the poor man died.

Rizeon. On the evening of October 30th, Ismail Kiveloglou Yehiya, who a
year ago had killed the Greek, John Adamidis, from Rizound, went to the
house of Stavrianos Makridis and asked to see him personally. The
son-in-law of Makridis with two other Greeks, had been wildly
assassinated four months before. Ismail Yehiya had previously visited
Makrides and by threatening to kill him, had succeeded in obtaining some
money. This time Makridis was in his garden and only his wife and his
daughter were in the house. The girl, having suspected the violent
intentions of the murderer, informed her father, as he was coming back
from the garden, to get away. The mother of girl asked the murderer the
reason he wanted to see her husband. In reply the brigand attacked her
and hit her on her head with his bayonet. The poor woman fell shrieking
in pain and at that moment the murderer shot her dead. The mother-in-law
of the killed woman heard the cries from the next house and ran to see
what transpired. As she saw what happened to cry out, three bullets
were fired at her, and she fell dead

Hodj-Tamassea. On November 2nd, 1919 , at night, about 20 armed Turks
blockaded the house of Christoforos Parigori. The latter's wife began to
cry out, when the brigands opened fire at the house.

Komera (of the village Yemoura, Kaza of Trebizond ). On November 9th the
Greek, Isaak Koufadji, from Santa, having come from Trebizond ,
disappeared as he was returning in the evening to Komera.

Dirha (Caza of Trebizond ). On the evening of November 15th, eight armed
Turks from neighbouring villages, came to Dirha and entered the house,
carrying away with them every single thing.

In a report written by the Metropolitan of Trebizond, dated April 7th,
1920, it was stated among other things that: “The state of the Greeks
here and in the provinces is most critical, because the only Authority
ruling here is, the Committee of Union and Progress. This alone is, we
think, sufficient to give an idea of the situation…”

On June 19th, 1920 , it was communicated from Sourmena, that the
inhabitants of the Turkish village Zavli had imposed a personal tax on
the Christians, threatening them in case they even disclose the fact.
During this period, the Turkish villages Bation, Tsimilit, Kelema and
other villages, were robbing Christians. The band under Toursoun
Kantsoglou, of the village Ration, was doing the greatest mischief.





DIOCESE OF RODOPOLIS

The state of the villages of this diocese was very anomalous ever since
the first days after the Armistice. Nowhere was it safe with respect to
life and property. Bands of armed Turks appeared and the peasants did
not venture to move from one village to another, fearing they may fall
into these hands. Daily the country-police ill treated and even tortured
Christians, stealing from them whatever it desired, whilst the
governmental machinery was in a state of disorganization and in dissolution.

On October 30th, 1918 , an armed Turkish band attacked the village of
Livadia , literally plundered it and killed a lady named Zoe A. Vassiliadou.

On November 1st, 1918 , another band of Turkish robbers attacked and
sacked the village Cotylia.

On the first days of January, 1919, the Turks living around the
“Kremasti” nunnery (run by the Monastery of Vazelon) broke into the
establishment, removed whatever they could from it, even the doors and
windows and then destroyed it. At this same time, a strong Turkish band,
including natives of the villages Tsicanoe and Yaghmoordere as well as
of other areas, attacked a company of Santaeans numbering about 100 men
and women in all, as they were going from Trebizond to Santa. They
robbed them, when they reached a place called “Kimisli” and left after
killing seven men and three women.

Contemporary to the above was the finding of the corpses of Gabriel
Passalidis and of another man, both Santaeans, who had been killed by
robbers, natives of the Turkish villages of Ashia and of Kolosia, laying
on the road joining them.

In the district of Galiaene as well as all over the diocese, numerous
assaults and acts of violence and murder were made by robbers and bands.
These bands violated also the holy Monastery of Vazelon. Armed soldiers
assailed the Metropolitan Bishop of Rodopolis on his way to the said
monastery and robbed him of all his money. On another occasion his
Episcopal residence in the village of Yiannacanta was besieged by
similar outlaws.

Toward the and of the same mouth, the villages Mantanton, Kostorton and
Hava Dzindzin (of the neighbourhood of Spelia) were surrounded by Turks
of the villages of in same neighbourhood. John Pargorides and Parthena
Tolphidou were killed, Christodoulos Terpsides was wounded and the
peasants underwent an exhaustive pillage.

On March 7th, 1919 , a Turkish gang attacked a group of two men and
women (natives of Pistofanta, district of Santa), who were going to the
village Ouz of Ghempoura, massacred them and stole whatever they possessed.

Simultaneously with the above, murderous assaults and robberies were
committed in all the remaining districts of the diocese and particularly
in the villages of Scalita and Sachnoe. All thirteen villages of the
Galliana district were destroyed, after been plundered and oppressed
with particular persistence. The village of Romanos (Tsangar) was
completely demolished.

On the 8th of July 1919, a Turk, named Hussein, was murdered at
Kirli-Klisse near the Djevizlik-Hamsi-Kieui road. The murderers were
Turkish robbers, but the Turks attributed the crime to the inhabitants
of the Christian village Hortocopi and with this pretext they resorted
to all kinds of acts of violence theft and adultery. The Bishop of
Rodopolis wrote about these events on July 9th: “On the day following
the murder, three hours before sunrise, country-guards came to Hortocopi
from Djevizlik and on an order from its Governor, asked for three of its
notables. When they took one of them and were proceeding to the house of
the next notable K. Evghenides, suddenly came reports of gun burst from
the center of the village. The moment of the massacre of the villagers
had come and in great terror they took their wives and children to a
neighbouring forest, where they hid themselves. Fifteen minutes had
hardly elapsed, when about 100 Turkish Tsets (irregulars) coming from
afar and from neighbouring Turkish villages, entered the Christian
village, pillaged the houses and beat mercilessly those of the
inhabitants who had stayed behind, nine of whom after been tortured in
several ways, were conducted away to Djevizlik prisons, where they were
beaten for three days in succession. Such wild desire for vengeance
possessed the Tsets when they broke into the village, that they cruelly
beat and wounded Palassa Papagherides, George Papagherides, Constantine
Havianitis, Kyriaki Carayannidou, Aristocles Hadji Petrou, Apostolos
Hadjidakis, Sophia Apostolides, Elizabeth Hadji-Panaghi, Anastasios
Lamprianides, Anasta Carteridou, Christopher Caraghiozides, Anastasios
Michaelides, Apostolos Christophorides, Kyriaki Caffedzoglou, Anasta
Vassiliadou and Paressa Tsa-houridou. Many ladies and virgins were
dishonoured. Among them were Kyriaki Papagheridou, Calliopi Apostolidou
and Kyriaki Carayannidou. The aforesaid murder gave the Turks inhabiting
of my diocese, a chance to show very openly their bad dispositions
towards the unarmed and peace-loving Christians of my villages. The
heads of my communities saw that bands were being formed and all the
Turks were being armed, preparing themselves for new attacks on my
villages. Thus they found it necessary to inform the British and French
commissions at Trebizond about these dangers and asked that necessary
measures be taken for the safety of their life, honour and property.”

The penal law-court of Djevizlik condemned Kyriakos Amanatides, (of
Sachnoe), John Calaidjoghlou (of Daniacha) and Panayotis Marmanides (of
Hamouri) as perpetrators of the murder mentioned above. But on the 27th,
of August 1919, the three men were acquitted by the superior law-court
of Trebizond and were consequently set free. Panayotis Mannanides, one
of the three, went home where he received a visit by Hassan, a nephew of
Hussein who had been murdered. Hassan was accompanied by another Turk.
When they had been entertained and they were taking leave of their host,
they fired at the people in the house and killed Panayotis and his
father Evstathios. On the 12th of the same month, the Bishop's
representative in the district of Skelia was killed in his field, half
an hour's distance away.

On November 23rd, 1919 , a band of robbers entered the house of John
Tagtevernides in the village Romanes and killed him. He was the Bishop's
representative of the district of Galliana. This band, headed by
Moustapha Ghetimoli, committed regularly undisturbed acts of violence
and exacted money from the peasants of this district. On January 1920
they tortured frightfully Apostolos Emmanuelides of Koutsilanta village,
burning his hands and feet to compel him to give them the sum of Ltqs
100 they demanded from him.

A report of the 3rd of March, 1920 , accused the military functionaries
Bachri and Ali, staying in the village Hapsikeui, of insulting, beating,
wounding and plundering peasants. This state of things was more
pronounced particularly in the district of Galliana, where government
officials and Turkish citizens cooperated to this effect. A report on
May 23rd, 1920 , undersigned by the notables of many communities of this
diocese, depicts the situation as follows: “It is a question of
existence for us. The pending danger of our complete extermination
obliges us to toll the bell of despair. Ever since the re-occupation,
neither honour nor property, has been left to us and a thousand
atrocities have been committed on us by force of threats, of slander and
of treacherous tricks. This situation is going from bad to worse. We
have no hope of its amelioration and we raise our cry of despair asking
for our safety or for our free exit from these districts, where those in
power consider us as beasts, not as men. We, as peace loving people,
have undergone exactions, thefts, arbitrary seizures, damages, fire, in
short, all kinds of pillaging. We have showed ourselves generous, hoping
that we would at least be allowed to live like animals. Our hope was to
meet with disappointment. Gangs of deserters and of robbers, whose
organization is due to the government's negligence to dissolve them
promptly, steal and sack, day and night. And instead of the criminals,
they arrest the farmer in his field, the workman in his shop and by
means of sophisms accuse us of the perpetration of these crimes. Lately
at Koushane, a band attacked some carts. A man from Tsirabanta,
travelling with the cart’s divers, was arrested as culpable and another
person from Zavera, although veryfied by many witnesses that he was in
his shop, and two persons from Hortocopi. They succeeded in having the
carts divers bear testimony against these men and killed Apostolos
Karypides of Counaka ou his way to his field, considering him as a spy.”

A Turk was murdered by unknown persons and at the beginning of June
1920. A number of soldiers were sent to Santa to arrest the so called
Santaean murderers. The soldiers stayed there for more than 2 1)2 months
arresting, imprisoning and beating Christians to death. Only toward the
middle of August were the local authorities convinced of the innocence
of the quiet loving Santaeans and the soldiery were removed.





DIOCESE OF CHALDAEA

The acts of violence and the murderous assaults continued with the same
vigour all over this diocese. The Turks' insolence and fanaticism grew
more threatening, chiefly in the open country. The Government was
incapable of imposing the law, with its instruments distinguishing
themselves in the persecutions of Christians. The supporters of the
Union and Progress Party prevented the repatriation of the refugees, by
accusing them of crimes during the Russian occupation. The court-martial
of Erzeroum accepted these charges without making inquests and ordered
that the accused be presented iron-bound before it.

In March 1918, governmental officials and police-officers together with
many Turkish citizens, natives of Ak Dagh maden, Boghazlian, of Yozgat
(Vilayet or Angora) and of Yeni Hani (Villayet of Sivas), accused of
having participated in the Armenian massacres and the pillaging of the
property of Christians, formed a gang and attacked the Christians of the
above districts, plundering and sacking their property completely.

In April 1919, John Spyrou and George Dimitriou of Boghoulan village
(Keskin section), were accompanying, together with others, five newly
married couples, going to a neighbouring village. Armed Kurds fell on
them on the way, bound up the men's eyes and led the brides elsewhere to
violate their honour.

Towards the middle of the same month, Abraham Bodossoglou of the village
of Tsati Kim er (Ak Dagh Maden), was thrown into prison on a slanderous
accusation and died of the tortures to which he was put.

A gang of robbers headed by Topouz Oghlou Ahmed of Ordoti molested the
Christians between Boulandjaki and Abdal.

In May, 1920, the Kerassurde-Karahissar highway communication was
stopped. Bands, armed in the vicinity of Tripolis, terrorized the
Christians of Kerassunde, Boulandzaki and of the country round.

On August 13th, 1920 , armed Turks beat and oppressed many peasants of
the villages of Tzanghoul and Divan until they handed over to them a
good deal of precious metals, food supplies and clothing.

In October 1920, armed Turks took prisoner some women and children and
the following men: Kyriakos Psomiades, Savas and Elias Pime-nides,
George Havianides, Panayotis Cotsides, and Elias Pimenides, all of the
village of Aghalik maden. After beating them, they stripped them naked.
Two women and a child died of fright.

On October 27th, the peasants Pandelis Dzemahides, Panay Castanides,
Elias Pimenides and Kyriakos Emanuelides were going from Kerassunde to
Espen in a boat. Opposite Caledjik they were fired at by Turks, who were
in another boat. Kyriakos Emanuelides was killed. At the same time
Turkish policemen killed Lazaros Abadjiades of Tokouz (Ak Dagh Maden
district while he was at Kourtenimi.

A report of November 26th, 1920 , from Arghiroupolls mentions that
murders, thefts and plunderings were the order of the day; that the
situation became worse and two months earlier (September 1920) a
Christian was killed in the middle of the market by a Turk who was
afterwards helped to escape from prison. On the 28th of the same month,
K. Mourat and K. Pelkimbachi of Kouscaya village and George J. Kotoglou
of Yamourdja village on their way home from Kerassunde were assailed by
the followers of Koti Ibrahim near the Poghatsaki Mill. The last one of
the three was killed.

In April 1920, assaults, acts of dishonour, of violence and of theft,
took place in the communities of Poulantzaki, Kguskaya and Yaghlidere.

In May 1920, the mayor of Kerassunde, Osrnan Agha, a savage persecutor
of Christians, making the tour of the Christian villages armed,
committed all kinds of acts of cruelty and massacred 15 Christian
peasants of Goreli and Courouk in a most atrocious manner.

On July 5th, 1920, robbers led by Kior-Salih of Vesserna entered the
villages of Upper Kermont, Castrineta and Soutou and after beating the
peasants and robbing their property departed, conducting away five men
whom they massacred.

The surroundings of Kerassunde were plundered and oppressed by Osman
Agha. In July 1920, the members of the National Defence who were at
Boulandjaki, one night summoned before them Jordan J. Pastourmadji and
slew him, on the pretext that it was not in the interest of their
district to have educated youths among the Turks. Later on they arrested
25 other young men who it was said they have sent to labour in the
defence projects around Kerassunde. On April 20, from the same also
community, youths were arrested for the same purpose and Panayotis
Mihailidis and his wife were killed.





DIOCESE OF COLONIA

(KARA HISSAR CAHRKI)

This destructive work of the “Young Turks” during the War did not end
after the Armistice. The governmental officials, always adhering to the
“ Union and Progress” Party and subject to instigations from higher
circles, continued their activities in trying to excite the fanaticism
of the Turkish populace for the annihilation of the remaining Christian
elements.

On April 24th, 1919 , George and Eleftherios Tsiranides of Troupsi, on
their way to neighbouring villages to sell cloth, were robbed and killed
by Cara Mehmed of Firetoukse.

The district of Epesiou was tried quite hard. A report of May 1919,
mentioned that the Christians expelled by the Turks, upon returning from
exile, were killed. This happened in the villages of Troupsi, Paltsena,
Epola and Kiamissi, where the families of Eleftherios Toroman, George
Tekes and Michael Apostolou were slaughtered by Tsataloglou Mehmed,
Tapanoglou Halil and Sai'd as soon as they reached home.

On June 29th, 1919, John Aracadjoglou, Elias Berberoglous Lazarus
Tongharoglou, Savas Keshishoglou and John Tongharoglou went to get food
supplies from Koliasar; eight hours' distance from their village. They
were savagely slaughtered with axes near the Kurdish village Zarghona.
This monstrous crime was discovered ten days later and caused a panic
among the Christian inhabitants of Kovadzouk, the native village of the
victims. They prepared to emigrate to some other place.

On July 8th, 1919 , Nicolas Papadopoulos, his brother Peter and his
nephew Christos of Inayet village, Tourouch district, who were working
near the Iman of Tsatal Tsam village (Kerassunde Mutes-sartflik),
suddenly disappeared. On the 10th of the same month Theodore Potouridis
disappeared. He was a native of Litsasa (Kara-Hissar section), a
peace-loving man and a good head of a family. His disappearance occurred
as he was going to the pasture-lands near Eghri-Pel mountain on the
Kerassunde Kara-Hissar highway. On the 18th of the same month, Nicolas
Semerdjides, Pandelis Costanoglou, and Anastasios Biticoglou of
Deirmen-Tache village, were beaten mercilessly and stripped of whatever
they had with themselves, on the Messoudie Koliassar road.

At the beginning of November, 1919 two young ladies, Sophia Christou
Demirdji and Catherine Sava Demirdji, both of Karadja village,
(Karahissardistrict), were accompanied by Christians from Kerassunde to
Kara-Hissar. Three policemen posted on the highway, near Ayou Tepe
(because of the systematic thefts and robberies committed in the
district) detained the girls by force, after beating fiercely the men
accompanying them, and them violated their honour, leading them away to
an unknown direction.

The above incident justly grieved the Christians of Kara Hissar, who for
five entire years had seen many similar victims seized from the refuge
of their Christian homes. They were all the more grieved because in this
case government organs of Kerassunde were incriminated, to whom the
protection of the life, the honour and the property of the travellers
had been entrusted.

It must be noted that during this time the Kerassunde-Kara-Hissar
highway became a robbers' nest, whose presence not only interrupted
communication for several days at a time, but also rendered impossible
every commercial enterprise. The policemen guarding this highway had
been recruited from that class of people, who had not spared their
services in the application of the program for the destruction of the
Christian element. Hence they were the most significant and the fiercest
initiators in the robberies committed on this highway. The honour and
the property of the Christians continued to be the target of the
incorrigible Turkish element in the provinces.

From the first days of May 1920, a real reign of terror of the mayor of
Kerassunde Osman Agha Feridinoglou reigned over this diocese. When he
arrived at Kara-Hissar, he did not respect even the post and the garb of
the patriarchal representative there, Bishop Ghervasios of Sivas . A
report dated May 29th , 1920 , mentions the following: “The Mayor of
Kerassunde Topal Osman Feridinoglou made a tour on the pretext of
arresting escaped prisoners. The truth was that he got together a gang
of varoius criminal elements numbering 170 men and went around the
diocese of Colonia, burning, slaying and sacking, dishonouring youths
and girls and driving away innumerable cattle. He went to Kara-Hissar on
the pretext of seizing guns and ammunition. There he met with
Kel-Hassan, a terrible criminal, whose adherents he took with him, thus
forming a terror inspiring gang, which the local military and police
authorities did no endeavour to drive off and which took to plundering
the houses and shops of the Christians. The destruction began on May
23rd and lasted 4 whole days. Osman's adherents became savage horse
riders, having stolen horses and money from the Christians. They
attacked the Holy Metropolitan Residence, beat Bishop Ghervaasios
mercilessly, and obliged him to sell the oxen bought with American
relief funds and pays Osman 303 Turkish liras, in addition to the price
of the cattle driven away by the latter. Besides this, the outlaws
dishonoured many virgins and newly married young ladies, killed 17
Christians and then went away. They obliged Kel-Hassan to organize a
band of 30 men, to sack the flourishing Greek community of Merkez
(Alondjera). Communication between Nicopolis and Kerassunde was stopped
for fear of Topal Osman. The Bishop was always confined and a panic
seized the inhabitants.

From the 12th of July to this day, Halil Topanoglou and his accomplice
Serif Ali, as well as the instruments of the persecutor of the
Christians Osman Agha, have killed in the village of Paltsane the priest
Panaretos Papadopoulos, Thomas Thomaides Panayotis Toumanides, together
with his wife and mother, Theodore Sideropoulos, Panayotis Carayannides
and George Djeiloglou. At Carakevelet, they killed Pan. Poursaitas, John
Hotipanides and St. Hozanitas. At Trouptsi they killed Pan. Paramelides,
whose daughter in law they took away and Michael Semerdjis. At Habavla
they killed Or. Pascalides, led away Semeli, daughter of John Hourmides,
and violated the honour of Parthena Tsedeme, of Anastasia Toumanides and
of Helen Demirdjoglou.





DIOCESE OF KERASSUNDE

It has not been possible for the Patriarchate to be informed on events
in this diocese, on account of the lack of regular communications with
it. But it is known with certainty that since the conclusion of the
Armistice the terror has incessantly been reigning over it. Osman Agha
Feridinoglou, the Satrap of Kerassunde had full freedom and absolute
right to do whatever his savage soul dictated to him, always having
Hakki Bey Lardjin Zade as his assistant and adviser. What the Christians
of this community have suffered under him is indescribable. His crimes
could make up an entire volume. We limit ourselves to the following for
the present. Even the Turks could not conduct their bisiness, unless
they promised to give him the lion's share of their profits. Otherwise
they were prevented from loading their goods for sale. He tore down a
whole row of buildings, newly built and for their greater part belonging
to Greeks, on the ground that he wanted to widen the street, but in
reality he wanted to raise the value property he had bought near by. He
was the cause of many losses to Greek alcohol manufacturers, for he
confiscated and poured into the sea thousands of okes alcohol. He drove
out numerous Greeks from shops they rented and replaced them with Turks.
He obliged those who had bought property from Turks before the war, to
restore it to them, receiving the equivalent in paper money of what they
had paid at the time of the purchase. The local administrative judicial
and ather authorities were functioning according to his nods,
imprisoning or acquitting at the notifications or orders of the tyrant.
He obtained great sums of money from the Greeks, for having the
coast line guarded against any landing of foreign troops there. He
terrorized the Christian population of the city with bands of robbers,
which he sustained until they became the scourge of the Christians,
beating and robbing whomsoever they pleased.

About the middle of June 1920, a Greek motor boat of 400 tons, coming
from Batoum had to stop at Kerassunde because of engine damage. The crew
of the boat, consisting of captain Marinos Mariades with his French
wife, two Russians, possessing some eight or nine millions roubles and
nine other persons were caught as prisoners of war by Osman Agha and put
into jail 20 or 25 days. Later he sent them to the interior with the
exception of the French wife of the captain. The men were killed at a
distance of two kilometers from Kerassunde and the French lady was sent
to Constantinople to be informed as they told her of her husband's fate.

Toward the end of the same month Osman Agha Feridinoglou killed
Thomaidis, the only Greek physician of the city, in the following tragic
way: He had him invited to be present together with three other Turkish
physicians at the birth of a child. On reaching the house they were told
that they had to examine an insane person. They all went in, Thomaides
accompanied by his father, who suspected some danger. They were received
by a cut-throat, armed to the teeth. Two of the Turkish doctors escaped,
by jumping out of a window. Thomaides and the third doctor were killed
by the murderer, together with Totnaides' father, who had run to his
son's assistance. The event was immediately reported to the governor of
Trebizond and he ordered the murderer to be taken there. Meanwhile
Osman's organs presented the criminal as insane and before he reached
Trebizond , helped him escape from the boat he had embarked on.

After a diligently woven up calumny about the violation of a Mohammedan
girl's honor by a certain Greek named Panayotis, f rom fifty to sixty
Christians bearing this name and fifteen women were arrested and beaten
pitilessly by the organs of Osman. Two of the men, named Panayotis H.
Sekirkenides and Panayotis A. Seitanides were led away to a villa of
Osman Agha where they were slaughtered after undergoing the cruellest of
tortures.

At the beginning of August 1920, a rumour spread in Kerassunde, that
allied men-of-war were on their way there. Satrap Osman Agha immediately
sent the Turkish inhabitants to the interior, leaving the Christians in
the city. Then he asked a few Turks, who still remained there and
certain Christian notables, to confer in common about confronting the
enemy. The Christians knew the real purpose of the invitation and they
did not show up. On the day after, a systematic search was made in the
Christians homes and persons hiding were discovered. These were to be
sent to koulak-Kaya, where Osman Agha had his victims slaughtered.
Wailing and crying followed the Agar's decision. Women come to him in
tears and on their knees beseeched him to change his mind, for they knew
that slaughter was awaiting those arrested. Osman was convinced, it is
not known how and he spared them but he confined 500 of them in the
school as hostages, who he swore solemnly to massacre if the infidels
(Englishmen, Frenchmen, and Greeks) dared land at Kerassunde. These 500
were guarded by custodians, murderous instruments of Osman Agha and were
allowed in groups of 10-12 to see their families now and then and return
to the school again.

A report received in August, 1920, contained among other points, the
following: “The financial condition of the inhabitants of Kerassunde is
frightful. The horrors of famine threaten all the Christians. They come
as the natural consequence of taxation, surpassing all limits, heavily
oppressive, sucking the very blood of the unlucky people. What a
deplorable situation! For need of money, they sell the last jewels,
articles of furniture and the like, which they have left, in order to
satisfy the greed of the Ottoman gluttons. Undergoing constantly the
most straining exaction, lacking the necessary means to make up for a
part at least of their financial privations, having always before them
the picture of daily arrests and of exile, they avoid leaving their
homes to look for means of living. The few owners of shops stay at home
for the same reasons and their shops remain shut except for a few hours,
according to the will of the monster, Osman Agha, so that his heroes may
have a chance to lay hands on what they may like to appropriate for
themselves."

The news received at the Patriarchate during the last days certifies
that the situation of the Christian population of Pontus is more than
dangerous. Between the 23rd and the 28th of October 1920, all Greek
citizens of Trebizond , Kerassunde, Ordou, Sinope, Partenion and
Inebolis were sent to exile. On November 4th the Greek citizens of
Amissos suffered the same fate. The property of all these people was
about to be confiscated.





PART B



OF CENTRAL AND

WESTERN

ASIA MINOR





DIOCESE OF CAESAREA

From the beginning, robberies had taken such an extent in all the
districts of Ceasarea, that communication between the different villages
had completely stopped.

On April 1919, Stephen Charalambous and Savas Anastasiou from Koumourtse
were killed. The latter was in company of his son. They were returning
from Sis, in the province of Adana , where had gone for provisions.

Nicolas Tserah, returning from Azizie, province of Sivas, was killed
between the two villages of Kourbali and Ouzoun Bounar and stripped of
all he had with him.

In the community of Urkub the exciseman of Eyub, for a small amount owed
by the community, beat cruelly the Sexton of the Church of S. John and
then entered the Church, took away all the holy objects from the Altar
and sold them in a public auction.

On the 20th of May, 1919 , Theognosia Ab. Pamboutsoglou and some other
women left New Shehir with their children for the Capital. They fell in
the hands of highwaymen, who tortured them and took away what they had.

On 25th of May 1920, about a thousand Circassiens entered Yosgast and
held it for 14 days. On the 21st of June, when the town was occupied
again by the Kemalist troops, the Circassiens, under the supervision of
their commander Edhem Bey, began first to plunder and then to massacre
all Greeks and Armenians. The slaughter took place in the market-place,
so no one could be saved. Many girls were violated, many houses were set
on fire and many were wounded. Their corpses after four days were
gathered and by cleaning “caits” and without any religious ceremony,
were thrown into a ditch outside the town. Among the killed is Rev. John
Architectonides, Parish-Priest of Keugloukioi in the province of Amissos
. He was killed because he refused to point out the rich of the town.
The other fifty massacred were: Michael Kohiroglou, Abraham and John
Choudaverdoglou, Athina Papazoglou, Charalambos Kesisoglou, Anesti his
son in law, Kyriakos, Anastasios Prokopiadis, Charalambos his son and
his wife, teacher Anastasios, John Arzoumanides, George Sarafides,
Thomas Papazoglou, Philip Papazoglou, Savas Savaides, Jordan Anastasios
Tsakirides, George Efinoglou, Gregory Efinoglou, Savas Artizoglou,
Gabriel Taiploglou, Anastasios Adosides, George Butcher and his son
Michael, Charalambos Charapasides, Constantin Tyamouglou and his wife
Helen, Theologue Gregory, Nicolas Ananiades, Elias Mouratoglou, Larzaous
Saviades, Cyprian Jordanides, Basile Kazezoglou, Elias Kazezoglou and
his father Prodromos, Eleutherius Tsaousoglou, Mary Chatzi Anastasiou,
Joanakis Serafimidis, Theologue Sarafidis, Hatzi Maria, Gregory
Saatsoglou, Avitas, Charalambos Tachtzoglou, Ghothsimani, Paul Panoglou,
Stylianos Lanyer, Ananias Manoglou, Stylianos Kesisoglou and Sophia
Sarafoglou.

On the 8th of September, 1919, the regular Kemalist army, under the
leadership of the infamous for his cruelty officer Djemil, entered the
village of Otsoglou (two hours away from Yosgat), and caused all the
villagers, 280 in number, and all Greek, to gathered in the church.
Then, after violating beastly all the women and girls in the presence of
their fathers, husbands and brothers, he killed them. Then he killed all
males, not excepting small babies. One baby was found killed, sucking
his slain mother. From this terrible slaughter only 24 people could
escape, having run away before the arrival of the troops. As the
Kemalist army had the intention to invade and massacre all the
surrounding villages, the poor inhabitants were obliged to leave their
homes and to go to the mountains, where many of them perished.

The situation in this district had always been unbearable and every day
was getting worse.

On January 5th, 1919 , in Malakopi, a girl under age, named Eirini
Michael Topoglou, was kidnapped by a Turk, Noury Islamoglou. She was
converted to Islam and then she was obliged to marry him. In February of
the same year, the adjutant of the 20th Battalion, went to a performance
given in the hotel “ Bagdad " in the community of Eregli, where he
ordered his soldiers to beat the watchmaker Apostolaki, who was wounded
by bayonet.

On 14th of March, Agapios Ghianoglou from Permate, was killed near his
house in Konia , while he was drawing water. About the same time some
Turks from Caraman, entered the house of a Greek lady to steal and
having found her strangled, they then stabbed her. On the 30th of the
same month, in Nigdi Rifad, Zade Galil Bey seriously wounded with a
stick in the public market Basile Amfilochiadi, the school master of the
community. In April of the same year, Basile Atlamatis of Kelveri, was
killed between Kelveri and Nigdi.

At the end of May, 1919, some Christians from New Sehir, who had
benighted near Ak-Serai, were robbed, beaten and mutilated. In the same
month, Turkish brigands robbed all those passing from Eregli to
Ouloukisla ( Adana ). They killed two men and wounded twenty.

On the 27th of July, 1919 , in the courtyard of the Cathedral of Konia
and in some Christian houses the following threatening letter, signed
“Young Turkish Soldier”, was distributed: “Cursed goad! Fanatic infidel!
You have been fed with Turkish bread and in return you spread poison in
this country. It is known that for your sake Armenian women and children
have been killed. The rest ask to go to England for refuge, but been
unsuccessful, they complain to Europe through their representation in
Constantinople . But all in vain! You will be killed by our knives.
Don't believe that Djemal Pacha is dead. His partners are present. We
see that you prepare to establish your own state here. It is time that
the two thousand Christians here, die. Don't waste your time, because
your end is near.”

In September 1919, in Pozkir, Chrisafis Arslanoglou and mason George
where killed. Mason Pantelis, his wife Despina, the widow of the barber
George, her son Jordan, Socrates Ghiavroglou, his wife Rebeca and two
other masons were wounded.

On the 5th of October, 1919 , the shepherd Basile Christou from Antabak
(Kaire) was killed by the fanatic Turkish men Apaglou Djemal, Hakki, Kel
Mehmed Latif and Tsaouch Nedjib. On the 6th of the same month, Nicolas
Katrantzis from Kervali, returning from the Turkish village of lliso,
was killed by Turks, who afterwards extracted his eyes.

The Nationalist movement of Moustafa Kemal inspired the Turks hate and
fanaticism against everything Christian and Greek. Consequently the
Greeks, fearing to be massacred, tried to escape danger, by immigrating
to other countries.





DIOCESE OF ANGORA

Brigandage did not cease in the district of Angora and particularly in
Kaza of Haimana, where all business transactions among the non-Moslem
population were consequently completely paralyzed. The brigands remain
unpunished, because the Government Authorities claimed their gendarmerie
force was insufficient.

In July 1919, the miller George Vassiloglou was murdered at a spot, two
hours away from the station of Alpou Keuy, beyond the city of Eski Shehir .

The Christian communities were terrorized. The male Christians of Eski
Shehir were deported from the town, after being imprisoned and heavily
taxed. Violations and murders were perpetrated, details of which have
not yet been received. Houses of Christians were robbed of their
furniture and even of their windows.

Children 10 to 12 years of age were mercilessly beaten as they were
conducted to the military headquarters to be questioned if their
fathers, uncles or brothers were hiding and to disclose where they could
be found. Irregular and regular soldiers drove people out of their homes
and entering the Christian houses, carried away everything they wanted.

The town of Kutahia was the scene of indescribable atrocities, from the
day on which the fanatical Kemalists Tserkess Edhem Bey and Major Ismail
Hakky Bey arrived there. The latter followed by 150 chosen Albanians,
found no great difficulty in obtaining the assistance of the Turks of
Kutahia. After consulting with them, planned the annihilation of the
Greek and the other Christian elements, himself presiding in all those
acts of horror. He ordered that all Greeks be disarmed. His agents
searched the houses of several people. Two double-barreled guns were
found in the house of Anastas Abajoglou and the poor man was arrested.
While taken to the military headquarters, two hand-bombs were put by the
guards into his bag, which he was compelled to take along. He was then
brought into the presence of Edhem Bey, who ordered the poor man to be
hanged at once.

Some people in the district of Kutahia were called to enlist and the
Greek community of that town was asked to deliver 245 military rifles
with proportionate quantities of ammunition, for their exemption from
military service. But the Greeks of that town had no rifles and had to
purchase them. A committee was then formed by Messrs Anastasios
Symeonidis, a lawyer, and Yannakos Papadopoulos, a merchant, who were
given passes by Ismail Hakky Bey himself and went to the surrounding
villages to buying fire-arms. At the same time Ismail Hakky sent the
chieftain Pehlivan, at the head of a band of irregular soldiers to the
same villages. The aforesaid Anastasios Symeonidis and Yannakas
Papadopoulos, with their coach-driver Ilia Sakidji, were aprehended in
the middle of July by a band of rebels and were carried to Tcham-lidja,
a neighboring grove of pine-trees, near the village of Ova-Keuy, where
all three were tied with popes and killed after horrible tortures. The
bodies of the unfortunate men, with the assistance of villagers of
Ova-Keuy, were found by some Greeks four days after the crime, lead by
the dogs of the village. Anastasios Symeonides had his right thigh
pierced by a red-hot iron and had a deep bayonet wound in his stomach.
The toes of both his feet were separated by deep cuts and the soles of
his feet had wide wounds caused by a sharp tool. Yannakos Papadopoulos
and the coachman Ilias Sakidjis had deep wounds in their chests caused
by a sharp tool. These two men had apparently not been tortured. The
bodies were brought to the Greek cemetery of Kutahia, placed into a
casket and buried after a fourth victim, Constantinos Takinakoglou, was
added to their member, who had been killed in the outskirts of the town
on the previous day. The real perpetrators of these crimes were Edhem
and Ismail Hakky. To a committee of Greeks, which called upon them to
ask about the men who had not returned home, these officers replied that
they were sent to invite the Greek army to come and take possession of
Kutahia. They moreover threatened the committee with imprisonment.

Repeated murders followed the above mentioned crimes. Two Greeks,
Constantinos Demerdjis and Nicolas Abajis were murdered in a mill near
the town. Five others, Pandelis Karagiorzis, Haralambos Karabournis,
Anastasios Seraphimidis and two others whose names have not been
ascertained, were murdered by Tevfik Bey, Edhem Bey's brother, near the
village Tourgoutlar, after being tied by their hands at their backs with
a rope. These men's bodies had remained unburied. Lazaros Mihailidis and
three others were murdered by a Band of irregulars in a village where
they had gone to repair a Mosque. Costis Zeibekoglou, Dimitrios Akbabas
and three others, Armenian coachmen, were seized by Kemalists and forced
to go to the front at Getis. There the coaches and horses were taken
from them and the men were ordered to go back to where they had come
from. But only after walking a few steps, they were shot from behind and
killed.

Another measure of gradual annihilation was used against the defenseless
Greek population of Kutahia, as if all these crimes were not sufficient.
On the 28th of August, 27 notables of the Greek community were arrested
and following a plan, well organized beforehand, they were joined by
other men from the Armenian and Armeno-Catholic communities. Then they
all were unjustly displaced to Eski Shehir and thence to the district of
Angora. On the following day, a public herald announced that all
Christian males, above the age of 15, should assemble at an appointed
place, under penalty of death for disobedience. On assembling, all those
who could not walk, as well as the lame, blind and old, were thrown into
railway carriages and sent to Eski Shehir, while the remaining men, 543
Greeks and a few Armenians and Armeno-Chatolics, were marched off under
escort of gendarmes and irregulars. This last convoy was met near the
village Sofdji by a section of a regiment, which, while lead to Bolou by
Ismail Hakky Bey, had mutinied and killed all the Albanians entrusted by
him. The fierce Ismail Hakky was also severely wounded. On meeting the
mutineers this wretched convoy of the deported men, they killed the
escorting gendarmes and irregulars and ordered the Christians to return
to Kutahia. Panic seized the Christians hearing gun shots. Some of the
remaining attempted to run away, but they were fire at by the mutineers
and three of them were killed: Haralambos Kodjagas, Vassilios Koulakli,
and Kyriakos Papailiou, while two others were wounded. Most of the
others returned to Kutahia, after many vicissitudes, and hid themselves
in their homes. About forty men are missing from this convoy, their fate
being still unknown. Those sent to Eski Shehir were sent back to Kutahia
by railway by order of Ali Fuad Pasha. But Edhem's brother, Tevfik Bey,
to spite Ali Fuad Pasha, sent them back to Eski Shehir, and thence to
Angora .







DIOCESE OF PISIDIA

This district and some particular regions in it, were terrorized in an
incredible manner.

In October 1918, Matheos Constantinides of Varla, went to Polavatin
(district of Afion Cara Hissar) and was murdered in the house of Sari
Ahmed Agha. In the same month Vassilios Yeorghiou Lazaroglou, barely 18
years of age, was killed at Karamik (a town in the district of
Polavatin) by Ibrahim Osman Tchavoushoglou, whose sheep he was keeping.

On December 10th, 1918 , Dr. Theokritos Satyridis, from Constantinople ,
and Diogenes Thomaides from Bourdour, while travelling to Diner, were
waylaid by Turkish brigands at the village of Kishla (near Bourdour).
The brigands literally stripped them of all they had, beat them
mercilessly, and then they tried to cut their throats with a razor. The
two men barely escaped death after receiving serous wounds.

In a report from Adalia, dated August 16th, 1919, the following
statement was included: “Besides the 3 Greeks, who some time ago
disappeared between Adalia and Stanaz, 8 more Greeks are missing; 3 at
the mill of Doryan three weeks ago, and within five or six days 7 more,
i.e. an Armenian and 6 Greeks, disappeared at Kumnitza (near Phoenix).
Brigands attacked that village in broad daylight and after much looting
of goods and money, they carried off those 7 Christians to some unknown
destination. No Christians are left in the surrounding villages. None of
our people dare go to the Turkish villages to work, and the farmers have
abandoned their fields to their fate. Some days ago Turkish gendarmes
have murdered on the quay of Macri the physician of the Greek Red Cross
in that town.”

On September 9th, 1918 , Turkish brigands at Tchibouc Boghazi caught and
beat cruelly the brothers Misail and Gavriel Misailoglou from Sparta .
At the same period, many Christians from the villages Tekadir, Doiran,
Stanaz, Koumnitza,Tshonbeki and Tekir Ova were abducted by Turks. A 12
year old boy from Cyprus was found murdered at Tekir-Ova.

Mustafa Kemal's hordes, after their retreat from the “Meander” front,
settled in the district of Pisidia. At Sparta , the notorious Hafiz Bey,
a well known blood-thirsty criminal and chief organizer of the lately
constituted “Iron Regiment” (Demir Alai ) established his headquarters
there. He had as his assistant and subordinate the terrible Mahmoud Efe,
known as “Demirdii Mehmed Efe”, infamous for his crimes of women and
children at Denizli. He also had various other assistants, Circasians,
Lazes, and Yuruks, all known for their savage and sanguinary instincts
and especially notorious in the massacres of Nazli, Denizli and Serai
keuy. Many oppressions and violations were committed by this criminal,
with victims the unfortunates Greeks of Sparta and the surrounding district.

Mr. Damianos Kahramanoglou, one of the Greek notables of Sparta, a much
esteemed citizen and head of a respectable family, and also a woman,
called Kyriakoula Hodjekoglou, both died of their wounds. The former
having being cruelly beaten and the latter after being shot with a pistol.

Demirdji Mehmed Efe, the infamous butcher of the Christians of Denizli
ordered that all the treasures of the Churches of the Jjreek community
of Sparta should be given up. The sacred implements of the churches and
the precious offerings on the images were delivered to the notorious
Efe, including four magnificent candelabras, of great value and beauty,
weighing about 800 okes, and a golden cross weighing 6 okes, a Byzantine
relic of inestimable value, for which even European tourists had
expressed their admiration. The Efe also searched the houses and seized
the jewels of the ladies of Sparta . The Greek community of Sparta was
also compelled to pays within 20 days a war tax amounting to 300,000
Turkish liras.

From September 1920, the condition of the Greeks in these districts got
worse and worse. Since a section of the “Iron Regiment” settled in
Sparta and Hafiz Bey, and the chieftain of that regiment returned from
the National Assembly at Angora, the regular government authorities of
the districts were suppressed and replaced by followers of Mustafa Kemal
and the “Union and Progress” Committee.

Sparta was and still is closely blockaded by the Kemalists and no
Christian is allowed to travel. The Turks who travel from and to that
town are made to swear that they shall say nothing of what happens at
Sparta , in case they go to Smyrna .







DIOCESE OF EPHESUS

Desire for security and order was noticeable in places inhabited by
Christians. Fanatical Turks, particularly Turks from Crete , were
terrorizing the Christians, violating their country houses, robbing or
destroying the agriculture implements and other objects and killing
every Greek they happened to meet.

In October 1918, some Turks at Ahmedli (of the district of Kassaba,
Government of Magnessia) went to the house of Polycarpos Papadopoulos,
situated near the Government house and killed his 14 old year son
Benjamin and his brother-in-law Dimitrios, after tying them. Then they
robbed the house and went away. In the same month, Sevastos Bakalyorgis,
a notable of Axar, was murdered by Turks.

On the 24th of November, 1918 , some Turks went to the field of Georgios
Papanikita, at the place called Semikler near Cordelio, and killed him
and his 18 year old son John, after tying them hand and foot. The
Government released the criminals immediately after they were arrested.

On the 4th of January, 1919, the chief of the police at Vourla, Hussein
Effendi, a well known Christian hater, on learning the hiding-place of
H. Mytaras, a deserter from the army, took a policemen and 15 gendarmes
and hastened to apprehend him. When a policeman entered the hiding
place, he was shot by the deserter and fell dead. The local authorities
then giving political significance to the incident, besieged the town of
Vourla with a significant military force, asking that the deserter be
given up within half an hour. On the expiration of this time, as the
demand was not complied with, in the evening of January 8th the town was
attacked from all sides by machine-guns and hand-bombs, both by soldier
and irregulars. The attack lasted 24 hours. Five innocent Christians
were killed and six others were severely wounded. The attack was stopped
on the arrival in the harbour of Vourla of two Britich torpedo-boats.
The destruction of the town was prevented through the efforts of the
Metropolitan of Ephesus . The chief of police was given a position in
Smyrna and promoted to a high rank. The deserter H. Mytaras was killed
on the 25th of January in the village of Gulbazi , outside the town of
Vourla .

In the same month, near the village of Kushjular, district of Vourla,
Dimitrios Krasas, 18 years old, while carrying food to his father,
staying in the country, was killed by two Turks, named Hussein and
Nouri, from the above village. After this crime, the same men caught
another Greek, named Markos Hadji Nicoli, near the place Tchakallar and
robbed him. They let him go only after ascertaining that the man was a
servant of a Turk.

At midnight of the 26th January, 1919 , the same soldiers entered the
prison of Vourla and cruelly beat the Greeks, who were imprisoned there.

On February 22, 1919 , Georgios Kirlis of Azizie, while returning home
from Scalanova, where he has gone on business, was attacked by Turks on
the road between Scatenova and Azizie, and was killed. He leaves a wife
and 8 small children. On the 24th of the same month February, while
Alexios Costi, Georgios Kyriakou and Efstratios Kastritsis were have
having a picnic with their families in the neighbourhood of Axar, they
were attacked by 14 gendarmes who beat them cruelly. Alexios Costi lost
an eye by the blows he received. On the same day four brigands forced
their way into the house of Georghios Meimaroglou of Menemen and tied up
him and his wife, demanding all their valuables and threatening them
with knives and revolvers. They went away after looting the house and
leaving the owners half dead.

In June 1919, the Archdeacon of the Bishopric of Ephesus , Joachim
Gounaris, died a real martyr's death. Since he was acting as
representative of the Bishop of Heliopolis , he was at Aidin on the day
the Greek Army of occupation left that town. In the atrocities which
followed the departure of the Greek Army, more than 3.000 Greeks men
women, and children lost their lives, as martyrs of their faith and
race. The Archdeacon himself was brutally and ignominiously treated, but
he unfortunately accepted the proposition made to him of conducting the
deported Greeks to the town of Denizli . The leaders of this expulsion
had promised that the Greeks would remain at Denizli entirely
unmolested. They would thus escape certain death, for it was said that
the rebels at Aidin intended to burn the Government house and the crowd
gathered in it. During the march to Denizli, some brutal Zeibeks made
their appearance between the stations of Shamli and Kondjele and
demanded to take away some maidens from the crowd. The Archdeacon then
interfered, trying to convince them to desist from their shameful
intentions, but the brutes savagely killed him with knives and bullets
and then threw his body on the railway line. Later, a passing train cut
the unfortunate clergyman's body to pieces.

On the night of June 6th to 7th of the same year 1919, Turkish brigands
carried off and hanged three Greeks from the village of Baltcha (between
Axar and Yayakeuy), Mihail Kyrillou, Nicolaos Diakoumis and Stylianos
Nathanail.

On the 7th of June, 1919 , the same brigands carried off and killed 2
Greeks from Yayakeuy, viz. Stefanos loannou and his son-in-law
Nikiphoros. Then they seized 16 others Greeks working in their fields
and burned them alive.

The condition of the Christians living outside the Greek zone of
occupation is continually critical owing the oppressive measures of all
kinds taken against them by the “Nationalist Organization”. The heaviest
form of the oppressions exerted is the intolerable and continuous
taxation of the Greeks, because the enormous sums demanded are entirely
out of proportion and beyond the financial position of the Greek
communities. The object of such a heavy taxation is the complete
financial exhaustion of those communities.

Greek army's advance has liberated all the remaining districts of this
diocese, except Scalanova. The Christians of the latter district are
cruelly oppressed and the community in the above town is in danger of
dissolution, owing to the threatened confiscation of all its real
estates and property.







DIOCESE OF ANEON

(SOKIA)

This district was terrorized by a gang of Turks who even after the
Armistice, carried on with their criminal work, out of hostility for the
Greeks inhabitants. Many Greeks were murdered and much property was
robbed. The following list or murders perpetrated in the district of
Sokia from the time of the conclusion of the Armistice to the end of
August 1919, is a true picture of the terrorization and the destruction,
which continues in this district. Further information was not received,
owing to the interruption of all communication between this diocese and
the Patriarchate of Constantinople .

On January 9th, 1919 a blind man, Neokratis Vlessas, native of Smyrna ,
who had a coffee-house in the railway station of Kamarya, was killed in
his house with a Mauser rifle, by Turkish peasants. On the same day the
woman Sophoula Validou of Scalanova, servant of Neokratis Vlessas, was
savagely killed with an axe by the same criminals.

On February 19th, 1919 , Stylianos Pandeli from Aidin was savagely
killed with knives by four Turkish Cretans, only ten minutes away from
the railway station of Sokia.

On February 20th, a charcoal dealer, loannis Xanthias from Macri, was
killed by gendarmes, as he was working in the country.

On March 13th, the carter Manouel Lazos from Scalanova, carrying a load
from Sokia to Scalanova, was caught by Turkish peasants on the way and
killed.

On April 11th, Mihail Protoclitou from Sokia was killed by Turkish
peasants at the place called “Yourdani”, between Sokia and Kelembesh.
His body was thrown into the Meander and after a few days it was washed
out by the river.

On April 28th, loannis Nasos of Yeronda was killed by brigands near the
Turkish village Bafi.

On May 28th, Athanasios Spyroglou of Ak-keuy, a sergeant of the Greek
army, visiting Sokia on leave, was killed near the Italian barracks.

On May 29th, Joakim G. Deres, a notable farmer of Kelembesh, was killed
by Turkish peasants together with the woman Theodora Parasskeva, at the
place called Gumenes. On the same day Thrasyvoulos Bedelis of Vagarasi,
was kiled in his farm near the village Vagarasi.

On May 30th, Evangelos Kambour Andoni was killed at the farm of the
brothers Gavriloglous, where he was at work.

On June 2nd, Thomas Saroglou and Pandelis Mavrou from Sokia, were killed
by Turks at a place called Bounarakia near Sokia, as they were
returning home from their work. On the same day the Greeks Georgios
Margietis, Emmanuel Kanayos and Efstathios Efstathiou were killed at
Tchangli by Turkish Cretans.

On June 3rd, Emmanuel Tsakiris, his grandson Nicolas and Nicolaos
Tsamouris were savagely cut to pieces, while sleeping in the meadow of
the sheep-pen of the Turkish Cretan Garib Hussein. On the same day
Yannakos Boyadjis of Sokia was killed at the farm of the brothers
Fourneti. His body has disappeared. Yet on the same day, Nicolas
Bateskas, a notable of the village of Vagarasi , was killed near the
Meander, by his Turkish companions, while he was on his way back from
Sokia to Vagarasi.

On June 4th, the Christians Athanassious Sotirakis, loannis
Tsakourellis, Andonios Tsakourellis, Theodoros Alevras and Emanuel
Kabasakaloglou were savagely cut up to pieces at the place Sari Tchai
twenty minutes away from the village of Vagarasi. On the same day
Pythagoras I. Katsayannis of Kelembech was killed by Turkish Cretans
while on his way to Sokia.

On June 6th, Evangelos Bayoukas was killed by Turkish brigands at the
place Zia Bey Tchiflik.

On June 8th, loannis Goumalatsos from Samos , was killed by Turkish
Cretans at the place Siner Boghaz, while at work in the tobacco field of
Evrysthenis Bagtchevanakis. On the same day loannis Milassianos from
Sokia was killed by Turkish Cretans at the place Boghag in the tobacco
field of lonnis Kalis.

On June 10th, Pandelis Pericleous from Sokia and Vassilios Andonion of
Domatia, while tending their oxen at the place called Kamarya, were
killed by Turkish peasants and their bodies were thrown into the river
Meander.

On June 12th, Theodosios Mammis from Scalanova, a miller in the town of
Kamarya , was killed by Zeibeks.

On June 14th, Dimitrios Rondos, a gardener from the island of Cos , was
killed by Turkish peasants at the village of Kamarya . On the same day,
the woman Anastasia Savva from Sokia, was killed by Zeibeks near the
bridge of the village Kamarya.

On June 16th, Hadji Georgios Haloutsos from Scalanova, was killed on the
way from Sokia to Scalanova. On the same day, Georgios Karabetsos of
Vagarasi was killed with gun and knifed at the place called Giol Boghaz,
twenty minutes away from the village Vagarasi.

On June 13th, Michail Dal Panayoti from Sokia was killed by Turkish
Cretans with a gun, while at work in Evrysthenis Bagtchevanakis tobacco
field.

On June 25th, Marcos Vlachos, Evangelos Koulias and Manouel Nikitoglou
were killed outside the village of Domatia . On the same day Dimitrios
Arapis of Vagarasi was killed in the neighourhood of Varka Meandrou
while working in the farm of a Turk.

On June 26th Georgios Karaiskos from Vagarasi, was killed at the place
called “Islam Vagarasi”, while at work in the farm of the Turk Omer Aga.
On the same day Georgios Tsipnis from Vagarasi was killed by Turkish
peasants outside the village of Vagarasi .

On June 27th, loannis Rodios from Vaarasi, was killed by Turkish
peasants outside Vagarasi.

On July 3rd, Emmanuel Masakas from Sokia, was killed by Turkish Cretans
at Deirmen Dere, while at work in the mills there.

On July 3rd, Sotirios Kirkitzotis of Kelembesh, working in the sheep-pen
of Xenophon Anastasiadis was killed by Turks from the village of Oz
Bashi , about an hour away from Kelembesh.

On July 11th, Aslanis Vasiloglou from Sokia was killed by gendarmes at
the place called Kapakli Bounarnear Kelembesh.

On July 15th, Constantinos Melembiscou was killed in his sheep-pen by
Turks from the village of Oz Bashi .

On July 22nd, Constantinos Xiropsomis and his wife Morphi, from
Kelembesh, were killed by a Turkish sergeant and gendarmes at the
village of Koibeni , an hour away from Kelembesh.

On July 22nd, the women Calliopi Argyriou, Urania Tsardoulia, Despina
Tsardoulia, Maria Spanou Argyro Spanou and the 10 year old boy Georgios
Tsardoulias were carried off by Turkish Cretans from the tobacco fields
of Kerim Arnaout, where they were at work, and they were killed after
being violated.

On August 1st, Constantinos Vikos from Neohori, was killed in the
country by Circassians at a place only half an hour distant from the
village. The same criminals badly wounded in the thigh a widow from
Neohori, Efthymia Theodosiou.

On August 122th, Georgios N. Hadji Iliadis, while returning with two
Armenians from Scalanova to Sokia, was killed with his companions at Kranta.

On August 14th, Constantinos Zambioglou from Kelembesh, leading sheep to
Kelembesh and escorted by two Turkish gendarmes, was killed at a place
called Oz Bashi.

On August 27th, Georgios N. Tsangliotou, loannis K. Vouta and Stylianos
Hiotatis from Sokia, who had gone to cut wood, were killed by Turkish
Cretans at Karaoghlan, an hours away from Sokia.

On August 23rd, Grigorios Kambouroglou from Neori, working in the
sheep-pen of the Turkish Cretan Kior Ali, in Zia Bey's farm, disappeared
and no trace of his body has been found. On the same day, Demosthenis
Philippou from Cyprus , was killed by Turkish peasants, while on the way
from Sokia to Scalanova.

On August 30th, Georgios Zeibekis and his son Panayis, who had gone to
the village of Oz Bashi to search for their robbed cattle, were both
killed by the peasants of that village.







DIOCESE OF HELIOPOLIS

Particular attention is invited to the fact that this district has
received the hardest and wildest blows of Turkish ferocity. It witnessed
the annihilation of its Christian population, which was not mandated by
any purely military reasons. It heard the wailings and the distressed
cries of countless Christians carried away to exile and to slaughter.
When the political situation clears up, the civilized world will be
horrified to find out all that the Christian population has suffered in
the hands of the Turks, whether government officials or private individuals.

We shall, for the present, confine ourselves to the complete destruction
of the town of Aidin after the retreat of the Greek army and the
occupation of the town by the Turks. Arsons, massacres, violations and
abductions were the principal means by which the savage Turkish hordes,
that had temporarily recovered Aidin, punished the inoffensive and
peaceable Christian population of that town. Beautiful Aidin was almost
entirely destroyed by fire and the greater part of its inhabitants were
killed, some being shot, others pierced with red hot irons, others cut
to pieces and others put to death with the cruelest tortures, The
inhabitants' property was plundered, virgins were carried off to the
mountains, and now Aidin is as vast cemetery.

After the destruction of Aidin, 800 women and children were sent off by
railway to Nazli and Denizli, on June 18th and 19th, 1919. During the
deportation a number of the people were killed, among them Archdeacon
Joachim Gounaris, as already stated above. When the unfortunate people
were installed in the place of exile, they were tortured in various
ways. Some of them were compelled to work without pay, others had their
clothing and covers taken away, though they were the only objects they
had. Nine of them who had stayed at Nazli were shot by order of the
brigand chief, the bloodthirsty Yuruk Ali. This villain went into a
Christian house opposite the church and tried to shoot down the cross on
the roof of the church. As he missed it, he became furious and ordered
all prisoners to be put to death. His order was about to be executed
when the Mufti of Nazli, moved by really humane sentiments, appeased the
brigand's fury, by delivering to him 9 of the youngest and richest
prisoners. Among those who then perished at Nazli, was the Archimandrite
Matheos Pavlidis of the Church of Jerusalem , who thus suffered a
martyr's death.

But the suffferings of the miserable prisoners of Nazli and Denizli were
not yet at an end. Such wild scenes of horrors are seldom to be met in
history. An official report based on correct information, give the
following narration:

“On the evening of June 11th, 1920 , the notorious rebel chieftain
Demirdji Efe, on hearing of the advance of the Greek army, demanded 8000
gold liras from the Greek community for them to buy their safety. He
then ordered the Christians to assemble and prepare for departure.
Demirdji's men, some in soldier's uniforms and others dressed as
brigands, went through the Greek quarter in the previous evening,
apprehending those who did not wish to leave their homes and conducted
them to their chief. While this was going on, officers of the Turkish
army and of the gendarmerie, as well as various other irregular soldiers
or deserters, staying at Nazli, joined the peasants of Lower Nazli in
looting the Christian shops and houses. The Turkish inhabitants of the
upper quarter, abandoned during this time their houses and carried their
belongings away. Men and women hiding in their houses during the
looting, were killed, as soon as they came out. Their disfigured corpses
were subsequently recognized by 40 Greeks who were later rescued by the
Greek army. Those rescued had being hiding in various places, such as
caves, fields and other spots in the neighbourhood of the town. At 10
o'clock exactly on the 12th of June, when the looting was completed,
Turkish soldiers and rebels, directed by officers of the Turkish army
and gendarmerie set fire with inflammable materials to various points of
the Greek quarter. Thus houses and shops were consumed by fires, which
lasted for two days. More than 60 Greeks, hiding in their houses, were
burned to death and their charred bodies were found afterwards. The
unfortunate people could not save themselves, both because of the fire
and also due to their assault by irregular soldiers, who killed those
who sought protection, after cruelly torturing them. The whole of the
Greek quarter and market was consumed, with the exception of 70—80
houses at the northwestern part of Upper Nazli .”

On June 13th to 16th , 1920, Turco-Cretan rebels and Turkish
inhabitants of Nazli, speaking Greek and wearing Greek military
uniforms, went through the Greek quarter and called out to the hiding
Christians to leave their houses, for the Greek army, they said, had
entered Nazli and they were Greek soldiers. Those who believed the
deceiving calls and left their hiding places, were seized and put to
death with horrible tortures.

Fifty-nine Greek workmen, working on the bridge of Ak-Tchai on the
Meander and on the road to Bozdogan, were also carried away on June 12th
and probably put to death.

After the events at Aidin of June 1919, a crowd of 7.000 Greeks, coming
from Aidin, Omourlou, Akdje, Kiosk, and other towns of the Aidin,
district had gathered at Nazli. The losses of the Greek population of
that district up to the time of the Turks' departure from Nazli may be
stated as follows:

(1) From June 17th, 19l9 to June 11th , 1920 , about 300 Greeks were put
to death by Turkish soldiers and irregulars or by the Turkish authorities;

(2) From June 11th to 18th, 1920 , 38 men, women, and girls were killed,
their bodies being recognized later;

(3) 60 persons, mostly women and children, whose men were long ago
murdered, were burned alive, and their charred remains were found and
recognized;

(4) 59 Greek workmen were carried away, probably thrown into the river
Meander;

(5) 4 Greeks were tortured and murdered and their bodies were thrown
into the river Meander on the evening of the 12th of June by the brigand
chief Dikouzoun Hassan Hussein and his 8 followers;

(6) 40 Greeks who remained at Nazli were found;

(7) The remaining Greek inhabitants of Nazli were deported to Denizli,
Davazon etc., and 20 of these, mostly women, were massacred on the road
from Nazli to Kouyoudjak.

“But this tragedy”, writes Mgr. Chrysostomos, Bishop of Philadelphia ,
on August 11th, 1920 , “was unfortunately not destined to end here. For
the Greeks who were deported to Denizli and the neighbourhood, had to
suffer additionally. Demirdji Efe, who remained with his men at the
station of Kondjeli near the ancient Laodicea, sent to Denizlf the
bloodthirsty Sokiali Mehmed, in order to get hold of the money in the
Government Treasuries and in the Ottoman Bank, and to take the
Christian men and youths from among the refugees and conduct them to no
one knows where. The inhabitants, with the Governor at their head,
resisted, and in the fighting which followed, Sokialy Mehmed and his
followers were killed. Demirdji Efe on hearing this went mad with fury
and hurried to attack the town. He took possession of it, and after
massacring 150 of the most noted Moslems, he ordered the looting of the
town by his followers and by the peasants of the neighbouring villages,
who he invited using special heralds. Separating the male Christians of
the communities of Denizli and Chonae (the ancient Colossae ) down to
the age of 14 from their families, he exiled them to Diner, Olou-Borlou,
Bourdour, Sparta , and Egerdir. An entire Christian population,
numbering by most moderate accounts about 15,000 souls, to which 3,000
inhabitants of Sarakeuy similarly treated should be added, are in danger
of complete extinction...”

The next day after the “Iron Regiment” arrived at Denizli, the
Archdeacon Xenophon Raptakis, barefoot and without his clerical cap and
robe, was brought before the commander of that regiment. The latter gave
a pair of scissors to the Archdeacon and compelled him to cut his beard
and hair and threw them away. After that he sat near the Archdeacon and
said mockingly to him: "See how handsome you now look. The only thing
left for you now, is to deny your Christ, to wear a turban, and to
become a Musulman. You will be a noted man among the faithful”. But the
Archdeacon scornfully rejected the proposition saying that he preferred
to die than to deny Christ. The bloodthirsty commander, furious at such
a reply, ordered the Archdeacon to be tortured and beheaded. The
courageous clergyman died a martyr's death.

The predatory bands of the “Nationalist organization”, attempted four
times to penetrate into the town of Kotcharli , in order to plunder the
property of the Christians, burn their houses and massacre them. A band
under their chief Davazli Ibrahim, numbering 300 brigands, was the first
to besiege the Christian quarter, but the Mohammedan notables Hadji
Hafiz, Hadji Koniali, and Tcherkess. Tahir Tchaousch dissuaded them from
their objectives by giving them rich presents offered by the Christians.
Two months later, another brigand chief, sur-named Dedish, came with 80
followers from the neighbouring town of Vagarasi , bent on the same
scheme. The same notables, by using the same method of the gifts,
averted the danger. But this brigand, getting into the habit of making
money easily, came back again and again, until he was at last driven
away by the Italian troops that were stationed there.

Though the danger threatening the body of the Christian community was
thus averted, isolated crimes against individual Christians did not
cease. For instance, Younous Mehmed, president of the local
“Nationalist” organization, had fallen in love with the pretty daughter
of the Greek notable Georgios Veopoulos. Orders were given to the men of
the “Nationalist” organizations, and the unfortunate father, who did not
consent to such an odious union, was carried away with his friend
Sophocles Baxevanis. Both were killed between Katcharli and the river
Tchina, after being put through many cruel tortures.

On the Sunday before Lent, the members of Council of the “Nationalist”
Organizations arrested 14 Greek notables and condemned them to death
without trial. Italian soldiers intervened at the moment when the men
were brought to the square of the town to be hanged. Meanwhile agents of
these organizations murdered Yannacos Milionis an old man, notable of
Aidin, Dr. Hardalotipas, a dentist, and 3 others from Sokia. Mr.
Sapoudjis from Yambis, the brothers Antonios and Joannis Symeon
Baxevani, Theodoros Bakalis, Statnatios Karathanasiou and many other
Greeks, were conducted from Sokia and the neighbouring villages to the
Court Martial of Demirdji Efe at Nazli, but were killed outside of
Kotcharli.

The brigand chief Yuruk Ali, entering by force into the mill of Mihail
Astypaliotis, violated his daughter Efthymia. Another brigand chief
Koulaksiz, accompanied by eight followers of Yuruk Ali, forced his way
into the house of Dimitrios Tenekedjis and violated his three daughters
Maria, Eleni and Irini. The Managing Council of the “Nationalist”
Organizations of Kotcharli was composed of the following men, all
notorious for their criminal instincts and their anti-Christian
sentiments: Hadji Yunus Mehmed, President; Husni Bey, Vice-President and
Treasurer; and the members Sarioglou Mevlout, KaraOmaroglou Nazim,
HafizTefvik, Kolmemourou Kadir, Molla Dourmoush, Emin Effendi, Fuad Bey
of Aid>n, and Kiamil ex-mayor of Kara Bounar.







DIOCESE OF PHILADELPHIA

This district has also suffered considerably from the savage instincts
of the Turks, at first immediately after the Armistice, but chiefly
after the military operations in Ionia , began.

A secret provisional government was organized at Philadelphia ( Ala
Shehir) by the fiercest and most fanatic notables: Mousta, Akif, Galib,
Hapji Ali, and Omar Beys. This government sent its disreputable agents
to the various villages as far as Afion Kara Hissar and Bali Keser and
mustered volunteers by paying large sums of money. In a short time all
those criminals gathered in the side around Philadelphia . Their ideal
is to persecute Christians, to rob and to plunder.

These brigands were walking armed to the teeth in the streets of
Philadelphia and Salihli, spreading terror not only among the
Christians, but even among the Moslems. No one dared go out into the
open country, especially since the day when these criminals stealthily
attacked and killed six Christians working in the vine yards.

The Government authorities secretly assisted these “Nationalist”
Organizations by various means. But the situation had become so
desperate, that even the Moslems of Philadelphia could no longer stand
it. Consequently they applied for protection in early September to the
believed to be a man of less violent temper brigand chief Edhem Bey,
then staying at Salihli. Edhem Bey came to the rescue. After a fierce
several hour fight, he entered Philadelphia , broke up the provisional
government of the “Nationalists”, established a new government under the
moderately disposed Tevfik Bey and hanged the ringleaders. Unfortunately
he was not successful in establishing law and order, because his own
followers were of the same temperament as the other men. He was himself
accustomed to a life style of robbery and bloodshed, and he was known to
have no regard for law and human rights. The misfortunate Christians
were so much oppressed and tormented, that they were obliged to flee
from their homes in large numbers.

Under the pretext of installing Mohammedan refugees, Fdhem Bey
arbitrarily seized most of the Christian houses with everything in them,
and imposed heavy taxes on the Christian population for sustaining the
“Nationalist” troops. He moreover imposed many humiliations on the
ill-fated Christians, by beating, insulting, imprisoning and exiling
them. He condemned to death several Greeks, particularly strangers to
the place, who were stopping there on their way to their homes, on
various trifling charges. These men, considered to be Greek spies, were
annihilated without any sort of trial.

Such was the condition, when the Greek army began its attack last
February at Odemish and Sardis . The Christians remaining at Salihli
suffered all kinds of oppressions. Eight men were murdered, many women
and girls were violated, houses were looted, and the people were obliged
to abandon everything and take refuge in Philadelphia , where they found
real brotherly treatment from the Greeks of that place. But the Greeks
of Philadelphia were by this time beginning to live under intolerable
tyranny. There was scarcely a Greek house not seized for military
purposes or for the shelter of Musulman refugees and one can easily
guess the sufferings undergone by the Greek population. The Greeks were
compelled to pay a third of their income to the “Nationalist”
Organizations for the support of their troops, besides other sums of
money that the suffering Christians had to give up on various pretexts.

Hatred against the Greeks was kept up and inflamed by preachers and
speakers specially sent from Angora, by theatrical plays, by public
lectures, by boycotting and other unlawful and arbitrary measures.

The sufferings of the town and district of Philadelphia ceased on the
24th of June 1920 , when they were liberated by the advancing Greek army.

A terrible tragedy, however, took place in other parts of this district.
The Greek army, advancing from Salihli in the latter days of July 1920,
occupied Demirdji, where about 90 Christians remained after their last
persecutions. The Mohammedan inhabitants of the town of Simav , had
become desperate on account of the Kemalists' intolerable oppression.
Foreseeing that the Greek army would eventually advance to their town,
they rebelled and drove the Kemalist authorities away and hoisting the
Greek flag on the Government house, they formed a Committee of
Mohammedans and Christians for governing their town in the name of the
king of Greece . Then they sent a committee to the Greek commander
informing him of the events in their town and inviting him to come and
take over of their town. But the Greek troops had no orders to advance
there. The result was that Kemalists, who had been driven out, collected
as many forces as they could, by associating with brigands and murderers
of the surrounding country, made an attack on Simav and occupied it
after a brief resistance. Two hundred anti-Kemalist Mohammedans were
hanged and 15 Greek notables were stabbed to death. On the next day,
July 29th, they gathered all 240 Christian inhabitants in the public
square of the town and deported them to Kutahia. At a distance, however,
of five minutes from Simav, they attacked the unfortunate Christians,
killing them in great numbers. Only 25 people escaped this massacre. A
prosperous, though small, Greek community, was thus swept out. It was a
community supporting schools and a church, being an oasis in the desert
of the barbarity.

Note 1. The districts of Smyrna and Aivali suffered cruelly from
oppression by the Turkish police and gendarmerie up to the time of their
liberation by the Greek army. Aivali has moreover been particularly
boycotted by the Turks.

Note 2. The people of district of Tcheshme had been deported en mass and
returned to their homes, only after the liberation of the town by the
Greek army.

Note 3. The Communities of Biza and Lambsacos in the diocese of
Dardanelles were all the more terrorized, owing to the violent hostility
between the “Nationalists” and the Turkish populations of the district.
The people of the town of the Dardanelles found themselves under the
protection of the Allies, on returning to their homes. The people of the
other communities of the diocese have also begun to return to their homes.









DIOCESE OF CYZICUS

It is particularly noted, that immediately after the Armistice, the
Turks in this district, whether Government officials or private
citizens, were hostile and threatening to the Christian population.

The Turkish newspapers published at Bali Keser and sent gratuitously to
the Turkish villages around the district, contained inflammatory
articles exciting the fanaticism of the Turks and their enmity against
the Christians. On the other hand, brigands roaming in the open country
and pirates sailing along the coast of the Peninsula of Cyzicus , robbed
all those who came in their way and carried off any merchandise they had.

On February 2nd, 1919 , pirates seized the ship of Christo Hadji
Antoniou, moored in the harbour of Dracous (of the Peninsula of Cyzicus
). After robbing all the goods contained in the ship, valued at more
than 3.000 liras, they obliged its owner to pay another 500 liras in
paper notes.

Around Erdek and particularly on the road between Erdek and Panderma,
bands of brigands made their appearance from the neighbouring Turkish
villages of Hamamli and Edindjik, during all the spring and summer of
1919. These bands were under the command of the Circassians Mustafafa
and Refik and robbed travellers or Christians going to work in their fields.

In July 1919, the Moukhtar of Kermasti, Constantinos Soukadjidis and his
friend Anastasios Fatsos, while returning to Panderma, were waylaid by a
Turkish band of six brigands near the village Kadikeuy of the district
of Mihalitch. The first saved himself by giving up all he had in
clothing and in money, but the second was killed because he had no money
to give.

On August 7th, 1919 , Turkish brigands attached the village Koum Keuy.
They took various sums of money from the villagers and wounded Georgios
Mitrou. The Priest of the village was more seriously wounded with a
club. On the 27th of the same month, a girl 18 years of age, Eleni
Yancou Hadji Nicoli, was shot dead by a Turk of that village named
Mehmedoglou Kiazim.

On August 8th, 1919 , Georgios Valtiros from the village of Ivrindi ,
was carried away by Turks, who tortured and cut him to pieces. On the
6th of the same month, the Turks Salihoglou Talih, Deli Youssoufoglou
Aii, Psihouoglou Ismail, Abdullahoglou Ibrahim, Kara Mustafaoglou Osman
and others from the village of Ivrindi, robbed the miller MihailKouros
and then cruelly beat him to death.

In early October of 1919, some gendarmes caught the Priest Photios
returning from Erdek to Vathy and beat him mercilessly asking for money.

Towards the end of September of 1919, some gendarmes forced their way
into the Monastery of the Phaneromeni, broke the sacred utensils and
other articles in the church, tore the sacerdotal robes, took off the
silver cover from the image of the Virgin Mary, destroyed all they could
find in the monastery, beat the superintendent Priest Alexios and killed
Yovannaki son of Costa Papadaki.

On January 19th, 1920 , a band of brigands attacking the village of Roda
seriously wounded two women with hand-bombs. At about the same time a
band of 40 Circassians from the village of Yapidji Keuy penetrated into
the village of Gonia of the Peninsula of Cyzicus and kept busy for six
hours robbing the villagers of all goods and beating many of them.

In February 1919, brigands from the Turkish village of Tchaoush Keuy
went to the neighbouring village of Mousatsa and mercilessly beat to
death the “Moukhtar” of the village Christos Vlysmas.

On April 18th, 1919, gendarmes went to the villages of Gedje and
Sycaminea, where they looted houses and goods, beat the villagers and
forcing their way into the church of Gedje, carried away all that they
found in silver. Similar maltreatment experienced the village of
Koursoulou .

On June 1st, of 1919, a detachment of troops commanded by the Governor
of Erdek and the gendarmerie chiefs of Erdek and Pandermawent went to
the village Ano Neochori, where they committed various atrocities. They
beat cruelly Sotirios, the Priest of the village and savagely massacred
the following men: loannis, the Priest's son, Kosmas Milidis, Thomas
Tsakirisjoannis S. Milidis, loannis Chr. Milidis, Thomas Tsakiris,
loannis Zakkas, Dimitrios and Constantinos Evangelou, Yannakis Kostas,
Sotirios Kostas, Christos Karavelas, Nicolaos Stephanou, Sotirios
Kafedjis, Photios Koutois, Yacoumis Kodjas, Kostis, loannis
Georgiou, Mitros Nicolaos Koukouledakis and Constantinos Djourakis.
The mutilated bodies of these men were found in the mountain defiles.









DIOCESE OF PROKONNISOS

The people of this district, who were almost in their entirety deported
during the war and suffered cruelly, were not left unmolested after they
returned to their homes. The Turkish villagers of Araplar were chiefly
those who joined the Laz pirates and other brigands, in order to attack
the Greek communities of the islands of the Marmara Sea, which form this
ecclesiastical district. These communities, and particularly the
community of the island of Afyssia , were sorely oppressed and
terrorised. In the island of Afyssia , the Greek Costis Hadji Georgiou
was murdered by Turkish soldiers, and its Priest Constantinos barely
escaped death, after repeated menacing from a Turk of the same island,
named Feredoum.







DIOCESE OF BROUSSA

The situation in this district was never entirely satisfactory, but it
became really intolerable in the days of Gumuldjinali Ismail Hakky Bey,
the fanatic governor of the province, who was the organizer of marauding
bands and as he had openly declared, that his task was not to govern:
“But to act as a «gazetadji, firkadji and comitadji» (journalist, party
man, and political intriguer)”.

On July 3rd, 1919 , the Christians Nicolaos Evgenidis, Kotsos
Parpatsolias, and Athanasios Arabadjis from Demirdesh, were beaten and
robbed by Turkish brigands. On the 15th of the same month, a young man
Stavros Dimitriou, native of Tahtali in the district of Nicomedia, was
killed by the Turkish gendarme Davouldji Mustafa.

On August 18th, 1919, the sergeant Safet Tchaoush, accompanied by
gendarmes, caught the Greek Theologos Apostolou, returning from the
village of Sousourlouk and beat him cruelly. He robbed him of his money
and then let him go. On September 8th of the same year, Dimitrios Hadji
Georgiou was murdered with his 13 year old son Alexandros, at Tepedjik,
by Turks from the village of Panair Keuy .

On October 18th, 1919 , Turkish brigands caught between Akdje Keuy and
Alishar Vassilios Karakassis from the vllage Demirdesh and after
torturing him for two days, they let him go. They took a considerable
sum of his money and cut off his right ear and right cheek.

On the 10th of March 1920 , inside the city of Broussa , in the quarter
of Kaya Bashi, three “Nationalist” Turks attacked Georgios Hadji Naoum
and seriously wounded him saying that they wanted to drink an infidel's
blood. In June of the same years the merchant Vassilios Roumoglou,
coming from Angora , was arrested in Broussa and thrown into prison.
After ten days in prison, he was given to a policeman, named Moustafa
Nazmi, on the pretext to be exiled, but in reallity to be taken out of
Broussa and killed. A few days later the unfortunate merchant's bare
bones were found near Tomanli Agha, half an hour's distance from
Broussa, as the flesh had been completely eaten up by carnivorous animals.

On the 12th of July, 1919 , the Christians Lazaros Constantinou, Ilias
Symeon and Georgios loannou were caught by Kemalists on the road to
Inegiol and beheaded there.







DIOCESE OF NICAEA

This district had for a long time been terrorised by Turkish and
especially Laz bands. Robberies in the streets, raids of Christian
communities and abductions of Christian notables, were none but too
frequent.

On May 27th, 1919 , in plain daylight, Christos Kehayoglou of Hudi and
his son were abducted, their ears were cut off and their nails pulled
out. He had to pay a ransom of Ltqs. 3.000 and give an I. 0. U. for
another 3.000.

On June 12th, 1919 , more then 60 Laz brigands raided the village of
Kupi , killed Theodore Cosmaoglou and Elia Ocoumoushoglou, after
extracting their eyes and cutting off the latter's nose and ears. They
then began firing at the houses and the villagers ran away to the
neighbouring woods. Two days later a third man was found dead with a
bullet in his head and two young men, drowned in the river Sangarius.
The same day a force of nearly 300 gendarmes and bandits, under the
leadership of the renowned Laz brigand Zaroglou, attacked the village of
Paboujak, beat the Priest George and other notables, raided the houses,
robbing them of everything that could be taken away and left, taking
with them and leading to the jail Yenisheir, the Bishop's delegate and
several notables.

The community of Mihalitch underwent martyrdom under the very eyes of
the officials, who repeatedly attempted to Islamise young girls, who had
not yet come of age.

Towards the end of July 1919 gendarmes fired several rounds at farmers
working in the small plain of Kios, wounding Demetros Matselli. At the
same time five Turkish brigands carried away Leonidas Polydorou
Garyfali, as well as two Armenians, to the Turkish village of Kouseia ,
where they beat them mercilessly.

In August, Spyros Artakenos went to work in an olive wood near Kios. He
never came back.

In January 1920, Turks from Mejikeh killed Demetros Nicologlou,
Stylianou Stoyanoglou and Mich. Anastassoglou from Paboujak-Dervent.

In March 1920 began and in July ended the horrible tragedy of the once
flourishing community of Ortakey and of its homonymous region. This
tragedy is described thus, in a report dated Aug. 7:

First Attack: On March 13th, third day of Easter, the Kemalist division
- commandant Mahmout Bey - accompanied by Col. Moustapha, Major Samy,
his chief of staff Samy Bey, 700 soldiers, two pieces of artillery and
two machine guns, armed Turks from the villages Estseler, Akkaya,
Sarajadi and Kurfalar and by the brigand corps of Tarakli, surrounded
Ortakeuy and opened fire against the town. The inhabitants sent begging
for a ceasefire and asking for the reasons of the siege. The Turks,
however, continued the fire under the pretence of disarming the
inhabitants. The latter in their despair put up a defence for three
days, after which, their means being exhausted, they surrendered. The
besiegers had hardly entered the village, when the pillaging of the
richest houses began, accompanied by the robbing of all met in the
streets, as well as by beatings, violations and the murders. 38 houses
were destroyed by fire. Then, the chief of the assailants called the
Priests and the notables and forcibly collected from the inhabitants: 1)
1450 liras as a war indemnity, 2) 1000 liras as a war contribution and
3) 4000 liras for taxes in arrears of the preceding and running year.
The pillage lasted for three days. After the departure of the army, the
Turks of the neighbouring villages continued the sacking for another ten
days, carrying away 300 horses, 700 oxen and 1300 sheep and goats. So
rich were the spoils, that it was said by the soldiers, that though they
had often pillaged Armenian villages, they had never seen such wealth as
that at Ortakeuy. The army departed carrying also away 38 notables and
the two Priests of Ortakeuy, who were later taken to court-martial in
Eski-sheir.

Second Attack: On June 9th, 1920 , Etem Bey's band of 3000 bandits,
returning from Ada Bazar, was divided into two bodies. The main body of
1700 went to Ortakeuy and burned to the ground its 1000 houses and the
church of St. George . The remaining smaller band of 300, raided the
Armenian village of Emin near Gheiveh, robbed the inhabitants, killed
three of them, and violated several of the women. In Ortakeuy, during
the second attack ,270 were killed and 70 disappeared. After the burning
and destruction of the town, the inhabitants ran away to the woods and
hills and for days the brigands and the Turkish crowd were carrying off
the spoils to their own villages.

Third Attack: In July, 1920, the famous brigand Ghiavour Ali leading a
band of 200, arrested over 70 Greeks and Armenians living in the Railway
Station of Gheiveh, shot them all dead and threw their bodies in the
river Sangarius. He then went to Grtakeuy.

At the same time the gendarmerie at Gheiveh arrested the Greek and
Armenian government officials, robbed them of the money and books, of
which they were in charge, cast them into prison and later killed them
all, men, women and children outside Gheiveh in the presence and with
the assistance of the Public Debt Guard Ali Riza, Ridvan Tchaoush and
ten soldiers of the Turkish reserve. Then Ghiavour Ali went to Ortakeuy,
Goudi, and Burhanieh and under the pretence that the deportation of the
Greeks to Tavackli had been decided, arrested all the inhabitants, men,
women and children. Then led them in three groups to the bank of the
Gallus, a tributary of the river Sangarius, and after robbing them of
everything precious, slaughtered them all. Their bodies were either
thrown in the shallow brook nearby or were sprinkled with petroleum and
burned. The remaining 150 houses of Ortakeuy were set on fire. 50 women
and children shut up in the Armenian church, were devoured by the
flames. The brigands had surrounded the church, barring any escape.

Several detachments were later on sent to the woods and set them on
fire, to burn all who had taken refuge in them. Those who had succeeded
in getting away, were hunted down with the aid of bloodhounds and were
caught and slaughtered at Kara Jam.

Ghiavour Ali picked out for himself the prettiest of the most beautiful
young girls. 10 of them he sent to prominent Kemalists in Gheiveh, as
presents. Some of those girls were killed after they had suffered all
kinds of violence and shame and others were led to Turkish harems.

The unfortunate wife of the Greek named Kakos, was violated by eight
Turks in succession and then torn asunder. The genital organs of several
men and the breasts of women were cut off. Their bodies were cut open
and their intestines taken out and scattered. Arms and legs were cut off
of poor people who were then burnt alive. The heads of children and
babies were smashed against rocks or walls. In other cases little
children were taken to the bank of the river and ordered to wade across.
The poor things wanting to avoid drowning tried to return to the bank,
but then they were bayoneted. The body of one of them bore the distinct
marks of 11 such bayonet wounds.

In Goudithe, said Ali stood on the Altar and having the women and
children around him, proclaimed himself their God, whose wrath was to be
appeased only through money and abundant blood of infidels. He
slaughtered them all. Such was the horror, that mothers killed their own
babies for fear of the worst.

The fate of Ortakeuy was shared by the historic burghs of Nicaea and of
Leuke. An extensive report to the Patriarchate of H. E. the Archbishop
of Nicaea Basil describes all the crimes committed by the Kemalic hords,
which did not even respect the historical Cathedral of the Holy Virgin
in Nicaea . We read in that report:

“We visited the famous church and we found it in ruins. The Altar was
brought down. The famous Altar marble slab was broken to pieces. The
church mosaics, except those too high for the profane to reach, were
destroyed. Several of the many and ancient icons were broken and their
valuable dedicative jewels robbed. The strong and thick glass of two
large icons of the Virgin and their gold-plated frames were smashed.
They were votive offerings of the late Patriach Joachim III. All the
lamps, candlesticks and holy vessels were either stolen or broken to
pieces. All the ecclesiastical books, archives, a record, bearing the
names of the Priests of the church from its very foundation, were torn
to pieces and thrown into the streets. The large and famous sarcophagus
in the south wall of the church, another in the north wall and the
quaint archaic larnax in the wall of the Holies, suffered irreparable
damage. The two well-known black columns, precious relics of Byzantine
art and the large cross on the dome, do not exist any more. The ground
was dug up by the sacrilegious Kemalists, in the hope of finding hidden
treasure. In a word no sacrilege was left undone.”

“The Turks, not satisfied with the destruction of the historical
Christian Cathedran, preceded to the annihilation of the Greek
inhabitants of Nicaea . By midnight of August 13th, men, women and
children were forced out of their houses and led through the gate of
Leuke to their place of martyrdom. On the way, some of them could not go
on, especially the children, and the monsters killed them on the spot
and threw some of them in wells near by, while others were covered up
with a little earth. Their bodies could be seen for quite a long time
afterwards. Three wells by the roadside were filled with half dead.
Later on they were covered with earth, to stop the odour coming out of
them. The remaining victims were led to their place of execution, which
was outside a large and deep cave and near a smaller one, a little
farther away. They were killed outside these caves and then thrown in
them, one upon another. Several bodies were found horribly mutilated,
those of the women, whose breasts were cut off and their bellies cut
open. A young girl was found crucified on a tree; she was afterwards
buried by some Greeks of a village near by.”

“While the above tragedy was taking place and the two caves were being
filled with the dead mutilated bodies of Greeks, a horrible scene was
happening in the city and within the court of the church. Some women
escaping the persecutions took refuge inside the church, where Nicaea 's
only Priest, named Jordan, was present. The women were all slaughtered
and their bodies were thrown in the well of the church court, where
blood marks can still be seen. The Priest, with a bridle in his mouth,
was forced to go about the town on all four, carrying a Turkish boy
astride on his back. He then was led to the large cave outside the city,
where he was killed, like the rest of his congregation.”

“From the house of the late Sophronius Stavrides, Exarch in Nicaea , his
son and his fiancee Wilhelmine, daughter of Sevastos from Leuke, as well
as Soterios’ mother and sister Sapho, were carried away. Sotirios was
killed, trying to defend the women's honour. Of the latter, Wilhelmine
was destined for Djemil's revelries and Sapho for those of his
lieutenant Ali Haveki. Both of them were later on killed at Leuke.”

“Only one Greek soul survived, Olga Thomas Valessoglou of Leuke, a
victim of Djemal's shameless passion. She now is in Kios, under the
protection of the Greek staff. She informed me of some of the events
that took place in Nicaea between the 6th and 19th of September.”

The villages of Vezikhan, Kuplia, Bashkeuy, Adakeuy, Kizil Kavak, Aktchi
Sehir' Peltes and Suyut had the same fate in the hands of the Christian
and Greek haters. Papoujak Dervent escaped, losing only 50 men, while
the remaining 1503 were saved and they are now residing in Zouncouldack,
near Broussa.

After the destruction of Nicaea , Djemal's herds turned against Leuke,
where they robbed all houses and each Greek, of everything valuable.
They then proceeded and massacred all Greeks, by carrying them off at
night and by slaughtering them like sheep, cutting off their carotids.

These crimes terrified the desperate Greeks. A native “Hodja” took the
opportunity and pressured them to turn Mohammedans, to save their lives.
The great danger for their existence, made them accept Mohammedanism, in
the hope that if they thus survived, they might later on be able return
to the faith of their forefathers. But all was in vain, for they had
already been doomed. All of them disappeared within a fortnight. It has
been said that very few girls and some women escaped death, by being
carried off to Turkish harems.







DIOCESE OF NICOMEDIA

Numerous bands of brigands had held this region in terror. They had
raised panic by raids on the Christian villages, frequent shootings and
merciless beatings, as well as by all kinds of ill treatments, to which
they subjected the notables of those villages and even the village
Priests. They also went about pillaging and robbing the houses of all
that could be moved. The local gendarmes often took an active part in
these atrocities.

In February 1919, the gendarme Arif beat and mortally wounded a
Christian named Stylianos, who was on his way from Nicaea to Heracleia
(Tepe-Keuy). The same month Turks from Keur-Keuy murdered Constantine
Hadji-Sava and Michael Terzioglou. Again in the same month a
Turkish-Albanian and Laz band, which had been preying in the district of
Karamousal, imposed an arbitrary tax upon its villages. The Turkish
officials did not intervene, but advised the Christians to take the
brigands as their field-and vineyard guards!

In March 1919, a band under the leadership of the sons of certain Beys
of the villages Hainsiz, Pri-mikir, and Djambaz, killed an old man named
John Malea, murdered also John Papagheorghiou from Kekeia and submitted
to horrible torture the Mouhtar of the village Theodore Kazi, who was
thrown into a fire and was barely saved. Yanni Panton and George
Hadjuli, were mercilessly beaten and died of their wounds.

On May 5th, 1919 a Turkish-Albanian band of eight, raided the grocery of
Michael Zasos in railroad station of Herekeh, wounded him mortally add
robbed his store.

On May 29th, 1919 , Andronikos Karyfollou working in the Yalova baths,
was killed a short distance from that establishment. During the same
month Abram Bezopoulos from Safram was killed as he went to a forest to
chop wood,

On June 3rd, 1919 , the young child of the owner of a flour-mill,
situated at Chili, 5 miles from Ada Bazar, was murdered. The murder was
committed by a Turk, wishing to revenge himself. He hated the miller,
because he had sued him for theft of goods belonging to deported
persons. The murdered boy was to appear before the court as a witness.
At about the same time a certain Greek, named Demetrius, was murdered in
Kadikeuy of Yalova.

On July 17th, the gendarmes of the prison of the island of Kalolimnos ,
most shamelessly violated Constantine Nicolaou, then in jail.

On July 20th, a Turkish-Laz band of 15, murdered Michael Antonoglou and
John Vassiloglou on their way from Elmali to Ak-keuy. Five days later
another band robbed Nicolas Vlissitoura's grocery in Courtkeuy and
carried him away. His body was found by chance, at a short distance from
the village on August 5th.

On August 22nd, Georges Eliou from St. Kyrake (Ya-lova), was found dead
near Tchinar (Yalova)

On August 15th young Paul D. Vassiloglou was murdered on his way from
Nicomedia (Ismit) to his village Sari-Suk.

On October 1st, an Albanian band murdered the miller Pericles Daidinis
two miles away from Tepe-Keuy.

On November 5th, Anastassios John Papadopoulos of Kirk Hamam was
murdered just outside the Turkish village Hamidie.

On November 29th, an Albanian band, under the notorious Yahya literally,
cut to pieces two men from Mi-halitch on their way to Kandra. On
November 1st, the same band, cut to pieces, near Kaimaja Hadjigeorge,
Jadji Demetrios, from Mihalitch.

On November 25th, bandits wounded the night guard of the village
KaraTepe Theodore Tzalividis, leaving him half dead.

In Febrouary 1920, near the Armenian village Tefizli, 12 miles off Ada
Bazar, John Papanicolaou and John Cary,das were murdered, along with two
more men, as they were returning home from Ada Bazar.

On April 11th, the gardener John returning from Sapanja to Ada Bazar was
murdered by Turco-lazes.

After the occupation by Kemalists of Ada Bazar, as well as of the
surrounding districts, and due to the continuation of the pillage by
numerous Turkish-Laz bands, the inhabitants of several Christian
villages outside the war-zone of Ismit, began abandoning their houses
and gathering in Nicomedia (Ismit). The refugees of Sapanja, Fundeklu
and Kara-Tepe arrived first. Pillages and robberies by bands and
Kemalist officials became more frequent every day, while taxing and
rasoming of Christian communities grew unbearable. The community of Ada
Bazar was especially tried.

In the first days of June 1923 the remaining troops of the
Constantinople government, retreating after a skirmish with the
Kemalists, plundered the little burgh of Mihalitch, an hour's distant
from Ismid. What the Kemalists left undone, was completed by the
government troops. The community church was badly damaged, the icons
broken to pieces, the Priests insulted. Elias Demetriou, Anastassios
Nicolaou and a little girl, Eugenia Demetriou were bayoneted, while 10
other villagers were murdered and 7 disappeared. The remaining
inhabitants panic-stricken and deprived of everything, gathered at Ismid.

On June 8th, the Priest Anastasios Donaxides, the Bishop's delegate
Paraskevas Gheorghiou, Kara Antonis and George Demetriou were hanged.

On June 23rd, the “Kaimakam” of Karamoussal Kemal, leading a detachment
of soldiers and accompanied by Alaheddin Mehmed, Ajento, Ismail, Riza
Zeibek and Faik Tchaoush, raided Foulajik, carried away the cattle and
all they could lay hands on. Then opening fire on the crowd, arrested
all inhabitants, especially the men. Afterwards they locked up inside
the church all arrested. Then they demolished the church with bombs and
machine-guns and killed the people locked inside. Those who, in their
despair, tried to escape, were shot down or bayoneted by Kemalist.
Several women were violated and many young girls were abducted by the
Nationalists. The Priests were tortured most fiercely. A few, who
succeeded in escaping, took refuge in the hills.

On June 16th, robbers went into the village of Arman , where they beat
and robbed the inhabitants and forced them to abandon their houses in a
panic.

On July 23rd, the inhabitants of Esme, threatened with massacre, left
their homes in terror. Similarly, the Christian inhabitants of the Laz
villages beyond Ada Bazar, were driven away. Four of those villages,
Kiregli, Kastania, Bounar, Tzoban Yatak and Kash Bashi were burnt to the
ground. The survivors ran away to the hills, where they were mercilessly
hunted down by the Kemalists, who sought their annihilation.

The community of Ada Bazar suffered a great deal. Its Christian members,
taking advantage of the temporary withdrawal of the Kemalists, started
leaving for Ismid, where they could feel secure. Their property was
later on plundered by the returning hordes.

In September, the village of Kiz Dervent , having being sacked, was set
on fire. Its inhabitants ran off to the hills; many died, while the
survivors took refuge in Kios and the district of Yalova.

On September 19th, the brothers Hip. and Pan. Stylianou Areni from
Heraclion were massacred. After the crime the other inhabitants of the
village crossed to Herekeh.









DIOCESE OF CHALCEDON

The conclusion of Αrmistice brought no peace to this diocese. Government
officials and private Turks competed with each another in the
ill-treatment of Christians.

Towards the end of 1918, the fanatic governor of Pontoheracleia closed
the community school there, while an inspector of public schools shut
down the one in Dousja.

In December, the students of the Turkish orphanage at Tchenghelkeuy went
into the chapel near by, and filled it with filth. In January 1919 they
broke all the wooden and marble crosses of the community churchyard.

On January 22nd, 1919 , a young man, N. Drakos, broke a window glass in
a coffee-house in the course of merry-making. The chief of the
gendarmerie Daout Tchaouch asked the young man to follow him to the
police station. Upon the young man's refusal to comply with the order,
Daout Tchaouch accompanied by gendarmes and other field guards, returned
to the coffee-house, and shot at the young man dead on the spot.

At the beginning of the same year, 1919, the Turkish villagers of the
district of Ghevzeh commenced arming themselves and adopting a
threatening attitude towards the Christians of upper and Lower Neohorion
, of Chili, who had just returned home. The government invited Albanians
from the country around Ismid and formed them into bands, which robbed
the Christian shepherds and villages. The Kaimakam of Ghevzeh Fend Bey
was the especial patron of such a band.

In February 1919, the military police at Chalki beat many of the
Christians, leaving Andrew Zozos half dead.

On February 12th, the Albanian band patronized by Ferid, attacked a
flour-mill of the village Kioselez, a distance of 10 miles from Ryssion,
and horribly tortured Paleologos Demetriou and his uncle, both from
Neohorion. On the 16th of the same month, the same band carried away
Christos Tzakissis from the village Zahtalar; he never came back.

On February 21st, the same band tortured the shepherds Meletius and
Christo Tzakevoglou. On the 22nd the band seriously wounded and robbed
Demetrios J. Raphi from Ryssion.

On February 26th, at about midnight, a band of Circassians in military
uniform, attacked the village Asa-keuy of Kandra, near Ada Bazar and
after terrorising its inhabitants by continuously firing for two hours,
raided the house of the notable Ch. Patossiadis and subjecting his wife
and children to horrible tortures left, taking away Christos, 200 liras
in gold, the dowry of the girl and other valuables worth 2000 liras. The
unfortunate notable was later found outside the village half dead and
with one of his ears cut off. The governor did nothing to arrest the
criminals.

In March Albanian bands murdered the following: John Seraphim
Kalakzoglou, Dem. Hadji Veleshis, Ch. Katraftous, Ch. Sivris, Con.
Zarifi, Nic. Constandinidi, Au. Drakos, Sot. Drakos, St. Bairlakakis.
Dem. Gallos, St. Koupanikis' two sons and Basil Hadji Stoyou.

On March 18th, two men from Pendik and two from Pasha-keuy had their
ears cut off.

On March 20th, Albanians attacked Pendik and robbed the house of the
physician Dr. Salabantat, who owes his life to the British policemen who
ran to his help.

In April, a detachment of regulars tortured in various ways the
inhabitants of Kourtchiyou, Yeniyer and Emin Atchmas of the Kaimakamlik
of Dousdji. During the same month a band of 30 raided one after another
the villages of Pasha-key, Buyuk and Kut-chuk Bakal-keuy, robbed the
inhabitants, beat them unmercifully and then carried them away to the hills.

In the month of May, the brothers Paul and Demetrius Stavrou Kopassani
were cut to pieces near Kousna of Chili, in the presence of the chief of
the gendarmerie of that district. In the same month, George P. Kopassani
and his wife Polyxeni disappeared, while going to their sheep herd near
Kilisli (Chili).

In the first days of June, Apr Yazidji and his wife Margharo were
murdered by an Albanian band on the highway of Scutari-Chili. Their
bodies were later found in a horrible, condition. Both man and wife had
their heads cut off. A medical examination proved, that the woman had
been violated previous to her slaughter. In the same month, the corpses
of Pan. Papageorghiou, Pan. Zighoni, Nic. Yamenoglou and of the latter's
two sons, were found in Boyalk.

In July, a large band of Lazes robbed the inhabitants of Arnaout-keuy
(near Beicoz) after badly beating them.Towards the end of the same month
Miltos of Pashakey and two other men were killed with bombs near
Doutouli, and a fourth one was wounded.

During the months of August and September, Albanian and Laz bands
terrorised the regions of Pashakeuy (Ghevzeh), robbing and beating the
Christians.

On September 3rd, in the district of Chili, at a distance of 6 hours
from Yenikeuy, at the place called Moudali, the 16 year old son of
Lambros from Yenikeuy was killed with an axe.

On September 9th, a Laz band, mortally wounded Manoli Stamati and cut
off Ap. Teplesi's ears.

On September 10th, Pan. Hepanis and J. Patzajis were found literally cut
to pieces near Deyrimen Tchaisi. The same fate, at the same time, was
shared by Elias Triandafillou, his son Triandafyllos and the sailor
Papazoglou. Towards the middle of the same month the notable of
Pasha-keuy Dem. Parnjis, was found murdered between AlemDagh and Sultan
Tchiflik. After the murder and on account of the frequent raids of the
bands on the village, the inhabitants abandoned their houses. The same
did the people of Buyuk-Bakal-keuy.

On September 20th, Jacob Zographides from Pontoheracleia, was murdered,
as he was on his way to the market of Alapli.

On October 15th, two field-guards of the community of Ryssion were
fiercely slaughtered by Albanians, at a distance of half-a mile from
Ghevzeh.

On October 26th, certain Turks going to the mill Tchaoush-Degimeni (at
Kandra), cut to pieces the miller A. Philippou, his wife, his daughter
and his relative St. Demetriou. The next day, three Greeks, while coming
from Kandra, were murdered near Kara-Begte. The millers Nic. Kakouzis
and Sp. Mariou were also killed and near Ava.

On October 29th, Ant. Palavraji and Polychronis were murdered near Moudamli.

On October 30th, Theodore Zarocosta, his wife and daughter, were
merciless beaten and lead away to the hills.

On November 19th, Basil Stephanou, a grocer, long since established in
the Turkish village of Doudouli , was carried away to the hills.

Since the very first days of 1920, conditions in this diocese became
very precarious. Bands raided all the Christian communities, robbed,
tortured and generally terrorised the inhabitants.

In February 1920, three gendarmes took Pa. Karademetriou and his two
young sons to the gendarmerie station and there beat the father to
death, while badly woulding one of the boys.

On April 1st, Laz bandits raided Beicoz at night and carried away Sheo.
Ch. Kalphopoulos. On the same day George Tatazoglou was mortally wounded
at Renkeuy.

On April 10th, the same Laz bandits wounded Anne Stylianou of Pashakeuy
and cut Athanassius Romanos to pieces.

On April 15th, Ch. Touratzoglou was murdered in his mill in Agasich of
Kandra, by Turkish brigands.

On April 25th, the same band caught 10 Christians, beat them, tied them
up in the Mosque, intending to kill them. They were saved only through
the mediation of native Turks.

On May 7th, robbers went after the shepherd George Theodossiou, while he
was returning with his family to Yeni-keuy and seriously wounded his
daughter.

In May, all Christians working in Ava, Kandra and the neighbouring
villages, unable to stand the torture and tyranny of the bands,
abandoned everything and came to Yenikeuy (Chili).

Towards the end of the same month the bands at Pontoheracleia, fleeing
before the French troops, plundered, violated and massacred all that lay
on their way. Ch. Savoglou, George Myrides and Theo. Aslanides were cut
to pieces. The Greek village Karakavouz, 6 hours away from Pontoheracli,
was surrounded, plundered and its inhabitants, excepting very few,
massacred.

The same fate was shared by the village Alapli. Of its inhabitants Dem.
Manolis was wounded in the neck and the miller Bas. Deyirmenji had his
ears cut off after a savage beating.

In the first half of June began the emigration of those who had escaped
massacre, during the advance of the Kemalists. In Pontoheracleia all the
stores and houses were plundered, and the Archimandrite of the community
Joachim Kaloudis was cast to , together with other notables. Later on
they were taken to the prisons of Bolou, where the Archimandrite and 11
notables were hanged.

On May 11th, bandits under the leadership of the boatman Birbad Emin,
carried Fotini Hadjistephanou, her daughter-in-law, Despina, her two
daughters and her two grand-children away to the mountains, where
Despina was killed. On the same day another band murdered the notable of
Pontoheraclion Hadjistephanou, his wife Despina, the daughter and three
guests from Saframboli,

The inhabitants of Chili and Yeni-keuy fleeing before the Kemalist
hordes, were scattered. Yeni-keuy was set on fire. Several of the
survivors took refuge to the capital. About 180 of the people of
Yeni-keuy died a horible death, and several of the inhabitants of
Pashakeuy were also murdered.

On June 20th, a numerous Turkish-laz band raided Beicoz and plundered
the stores and houses of the village. British and Greek troops were
brought in and succeeded in capturing many of the brigands. A close
search in Turkish houses led to the discovery of firearms, bombs and
machine guns.

On June 25th, 750 Kemalists surrounded the four villages of Foundouklia
(12 miles off Ada Bazar), pillaged them, killed nearly 400 men, violated
and then murdered 30 women, gouged out the eyes and cut off the ears of
the Priest Constantine, an old man of 95, and then bayoneted and shot
the Priest Stavros dead. The survivors ran away to the mountains.

In June again, Arnaout-keuy, a short distance from Beicoz, was besieged
for several days and then plundered by brigands and Kemalist troops. The
advance of the Greek army saved the people from certain death, but they
were once again obliged to emigrate to Beicoz and Pasha Bagtche.

From information which has just reached here, it is concluded that
conditions in the interior of Asia Minor is growing worse and worse. The
Christians are drafted to the army, unless they pay heavy taxes, or
both. Notables and Priests of various communities suffer indescribable
tortures and several of them are actually in prison.

Metropolitan Procopios of Iconion, a victim of slander, was brought from
Sivas to Erzeroum, to be court-marshalled there. The Patriarchal Exarch
of the diocese of Colonia (Kara Hissar-i-Sharki), Bishop of Sevastia
Gherassimos, is actually being subjected to all kinds of humiliations by
the government organs.

Many of the inhabitants of Iconion, Nigdi, Kutahia, and Eski Sheir are
being tyrannized and several have already been hanged. The Bishop's
Exarch of Kutahia has been exiled to Haimana with several other Priests.

In the diocese of Pisidia, all the Greek schools are closed and the
people are heavily taxed.

In Sokia, the officials confiscated the houses and shops of many
Christians. In November 1920, two Greeks, going from Kelebek to Sokia,
were killed by Turks. In December the authorities at Sokia arrested
Petrides from Akka-keuy and took him away. Only Christians are forbidden
to travel from the interior to Smyrna .





PART C



THE MARTYRDOM

OF THE

GREEK ORTHODOX

POPULATION

OF

EASTERN THRACE







ARCHBISHOPRIC OF CONSTANTINOPLE

At the signing of the Armistice, it was rightly expected that the
Turkish authorities, as well as all Turkish citizens, in conformity with
the new political situation, would wish to play their part in soothing
the deep wounds inflicted on the body of the country by the reckless and
very mean behaviour of the new Government of the Young Turks and in
bringing about the financial revival of Turkey.

However, the attitude of the governing Turkish circles and of the
Turkish people was different. They hoped to cause trouble and turmoil,
by using terror and then profit, by applying plans designed beforehand.
Military convocations were held in secret. Policemen unreservedly spread
news of imminent extermination of the Christian population. Encouraged
Turkish thugs assailed passers-by at night, wounding and killing a good
many. Suburbs were submitted to particularly oppressive terror. Criminal
elements publicly insulted religion, Church and everything else and
threatened the Christians with a general massacre.

But luckily their some of their plans were frustrated. The victorious
armies of the Allied Powers, occupying different sections of the entire
administrative mechanism of the capital, have, day by day, in a short
time after the Armistice, brought about some tranquillity in the city.







DIOCESE OF DERKOS

Violence and terror were the chief means used in this diocese by Turks,
whether public functionaries of not. They were aided by a group of
Turkish Lazes, which grew stronger and stronger every day with the
enlistment of new recruits.

On October 30th, 1919 , some Turkish Laze fishermen, started an uproar
against the Greek fishermen of the community of Phanaraki ( Upper
Bosphorus ) and had the Greeks not fled, they would have been killed by
the rain of bullets fired at them by the Lazes'guns.

Mohammedan Lazes, inhabitants of Phanaraki, found their interests
impaired after the Armistice and entered into an understanding with
those living in Anatolian Phanaraki adherents of Kemal, to attack
together the community. Happily their evil designs collapsed.

On March 7th, 1919 , Stefos Cavacopoulos, a notable of St. George, was
killed by Turks of the village Samlar, on his way to the near-by forest
to get wood.

Toward the beginning of April, 1919, Constantine Demetriou, an
inhabitant of Arnaout-keuy, was killed by Emin oglou Hassan and Sabri
policemen of Ayasmataki, as he was coming back from the village of All
Saints . His corpse was found with hands cut off and with a broken head.

On August 28th, 1919 , two Greeks, retail merchants, going from Pyrgos
to the Turkish village Yenidze-keuy, were caught by a Turkish band and
taken to the neighbouring wood. One of them returned having escaped
death very closely, and the second was found dead in a ravine, stripped
of all his clothing.

About the beginning of October, 1919, a gang of 30 Albanian-Turks
savagely massacred Nicolas, a shepherd, native of St. Georg's village,
while he was working in the Dere-keuy farm near the Sparta-Koule
railroad station. On about the middle of the same month, Turkish
peasants and policemen entered the village Calis, shooting and stealing.
Their bullets killed a woman named Evghenia Anastasiou.

On November 23rd, 1919 , two merchants from Therapia, named Mark
Prodromou Vacalopoulos and Nicolas loannou, were as usual going to sell
cloths at Domouz-Dere. They were slain in the woods between Baghtche
Keuy and Domouz-Dere, having being robbed of all their money and goods.
The robbers were Turks of the Turkish villages near by.

On January 1920, a father and his son, living at Boghaz-Keui, were
killed at Alou Tepe of the Black Sea . On the same month, Anghelis
Theodorou, who went to get wood in a forest near Ermeni-keui, his native
village, disappeared. His body was found several days later, in the
Kiourt-keuy wood. On the 22nd, Michael Athanassiou from Neohoriou, was
killed by Osman, a Turkish guard, as he was returning home from his work.

On April 24th, 1920 , peasants from the village Zagar-keuy, transporting
flour from Castanea, were attacked by Turks, who kept firing at them for
hours. They saved themselves by running into a near-by wood. On the same
day, Peter, a cart-driver from Boghaz-Jceuy, was encountered by Turkish
soldiers near Ou-zoundjova. His money was stolen and his horse was killed.

On May 30th, 1920, a Turkish military detachment, consisting of a
captain, a lieutenant and 50 soldiers, entered Castanea and mercilessly
beat many of the inhabitants, wounding one of them with the bayonet. The
pretext was that they wanted to make an inquiry about some wood that had
been stolen from them.

In July, 1920, ten Turks went to the watermill near Ermeni-keuy and led
away 5 Greeks working in the mill. Two of them were killed, Anastasios
Ghristou from Ermeni-keuy and Demetrios Christodoulou from Phanari. In
the same month, Vassilios Demetriou, a native of the village Ak-Alan,
was killed by a Turkish robbers' band. Forty days before this insident,
another inhabitant of the same village, named Dimou, was slain.

On March 27th, 1919 , a public official of Boyalikeuy, accompanied by a
field-guard and three constables, all Turks, went to Moudra, where some
peasants from Tsiflikeuy were working. They bound 20 peasants by beating
them without pity, crying out in a bloodthirsty manner: “You are not
natives of Tsiflikeuy. One would do well to kill you!” One of the
victims, Pandelis Stravrou, died of his wounds, leaving a wife and five
children. A second one, Petros Adamandiou, fell heavily sick.

Towards the end of May, 1919, Vasilios G.Tsertsis was killed at Yaziler
on the Tchataldja fortifications and the shepherd Demos Leonidou was
killed near his native village Ak-Alan.

On June 1st, 1919 , a Greek, native of Ermeni-keuy, was robbed by a
Turkish soldier, outside of the village Exasteron, where he was going.

On June 2nd, a group of 20 Lazes surrounded the village Tzelep-keuy and
robbed many peasants. This village suffered a severer attack in October
of the same year. A girl died then of fear. At about the middle of the
same month, Natsos, a coal-merchant from Ak-Alan, was caught together
with his wife and were released, only after giving 300 gold liras and
his wife's jewels as a ransom to the robbers.

In July of the same year, armed Turks, fleeing before the Greek troops
that landed at Heraclea , passed by Ermeni-keuy. They were hospitably
received in a mill near-by and yet they wanted to slay the Greeks they
found there. Three men escaped, but the fourth, named Antonios Christou,
was mutilated savagely and the fifth man, Dimitrios Christodoulou
received three bullets in his thigh.

On August 31st, 1919 , Sotirios Demetriou from Ak-Alan and Stavros
Demetriou from Oklali, were attacked by three Turks natives of
Indze-Yioz. The fist man was cut to pieces.







DIOCESE OF METRAE

From the Armistice till recently, anarchy and terror reigned over the
entire independent district of Metrae. The activity of the Turkish bands
was daily intensified and there was no security.

The coasts of the Euxine from Ascos down to Neohoriou, were the landing
places of Lezes coming from the Eastern shores. These bands, organized
by the Metral constabulary, were sent to different places in the
vicinity, to practice their criminal designs. Parallel to this, the
Turkish inhabitant's temperament began to grow wild. Their provocations
and menaces increased every day. When ordered by local authorities to
drive away every single Christian out of every village, the Turks and in
particular the peasants, executed these orders by conducting mainly
night-assaults.

Acts of violence by the Turks in general against Christians became the
order of the day and attempts of murders and slaughters were often.

In March, 1919, an inhabitant of the village St. George was slain by
Turks in the woods, where be had gone to gather wood.

In April, 1919, Constantine Mimicou from Arna-out-keuy, was cut to
pieces by Turks as he was coming back from Constantinople . It must be
noted that the Turks in the vicinity and chiefly in the Turkish villages
Samlar-keuy and Haratsi, were openly armed by the Turkish Government.

Toward the end of the same month, a Greek Youth, 17 years of age, was
found strangled on the Bouyouk Tchekmedje shore. In spite serious
suspicions falling on the son of Said Agha, a Turkish notable, the
authorities took no action on the matter.

On June 1st, 1919 , the son of Lazaros, a native of Petrohori, was
beaten very hard by two constables, who robbed him of all the money and
goods he had with himself. On the 25th of the same month, George,
Kehaghias from Elbasan, was murdered by Turks on his way home from
Metrae. On the same day 4 Greeks from Arson, returning home from
Constantinople , were robbed by some constables at Bouyouk-Tchekmedje
and narrowly escaped murder.

On September 25th, 1919 , Turkish constabulary killed a shepherd, named
Peter, a native of Loule-Bourghaz.







DIOCECE OF SILIVRlA

Order and security were greatly impaired. Turkish notables of Silivria
and of Tyroloi, who had had taken a leading part in the persecutions of
Christians, organized armed bands, which cooperating with the
constabulary, the regular army and detachments of Lazes, terrorized this
diocese.

On May 18th, 1919 , Nicolas Pichios from the town of Silivria , was
beaten by Turks while going to Tyroloi. On the 23rd, a shepherd, named
Philippos Gabriel, who was on his way from Bassakli, near Phanarion, to
Psado, was killed on the road by Turks. On the 30th, fifty-two Turkish
constables and soldiers attacked the town of Phanarion . The inhabitants
defended themselves and caught three of them, carring hand-grenades, as
prisoners When they were questioned by the two French policemen at
Phanar, they gave testimony that the attack had been planned by a
Turkish captain, who had come from Constantinople at the head of a
number of soldiers.

On June 3rd, 1919 , the bodies of two Turks from Kadikeuy, were found
mutilated outside Ermenikeuy, near the place called Kara-Mourat.

On the 19th, four constables entered the village Kadikeuy at night and
breaking into the house of Alexander Georghiou, sought to conduct him
away. They were ready to fire at him, when the villagers, awakened by
the toll of the church-bell rushed out of their homes and then the
constables left.

At about the end of September, 1919, three men, inhabitants of
Phanarion, disappeared. The community addressed itself to the Ministry
of War and to the Chief Inspector of the Turkish Constabulary, General
Foulon and pleaded for the immediate and severe punishment of the
criminals, for material support to the families of the victims and for
guarantees of the safety of their lives in the future.

On January 2nd, 1920 , George Ananstasiou and Stavros Yannacou of
Kourfali Village , were on their way to Vetsileria. They were fired at,
by two Turks. The first was killed on the spot, while the second reached
Bassakli, where he told his story and fell down dead.





DIOCESE OF HERACLES

It must be particularly noted, that from the conclusion of the Armistice
to the present day, the Turks of Rodosto maintained a provocative and
menacing attitude toward the Christian population of the city. There
even came a time, when the Christians shut their shops up early and
confined themselves at home, fearing assaults from the Turks.

At the end of May, 1919, three Albanian-Turks, guarding the Tsikili
Farm, on the Tsads-Tyroloe road, killed two young Christian men from
Tsads, whose clothes and ears they sent to this town, to frighten the
peasantry and whose corpses they gave to the dogs of the farm for food.

On the first days of September, 1919, three shepherds from the same
town, named Stavros Lazou, Autholohos Apostolou and Anastasios
Kehaghias, returning from Tsado to their sheep pen near Skerekl, were
arrested by 16 constables, who took them to the forest. The first
managed to escape, but the other 2 men disappeared. On the 11th of the
month, they were found killed, the belly of the one had been torn open
with a bayonet and the body of the other was mangled.

In the region of Malghara there was never a state of order and of
security. Since the first days after the Armistice, the Turks of this
district were seen preparing several fanatics of their own group and
forming bands, which would soon fall on the Christians. One Albanian,
called Moustapha, recruited twenty individuals from Constantinople , who
were known for their fierceness and led them to Malgara to serve his
bloodthirsty designs.

At about the middle of April, 1919, four Turkish constables entered the
village of Calyvia at night and surrounded Evanghelos Kehayias's home,
and asked him to give them whatever he possessed. The man was compelled
to hand them 200 liras in gold. A little later, gun-shots were heard in
the village. Next morning the peasants found Evanghelos’ house
thoroughly pillaged and him, his wife Helen and his son-in-law,
Yannakis, mangled and gashed most tragically.

On July 10th, 1919 , armed Turks from the villages Tsaousli, Harmanlij
Halitsi and Demirdjili, seized whatever they could of the belongings of
their Christian fellow-inhabitants. The value of the articles stolen
amounted to several thousand liras.





DIOCESE OF GANOS AND CHORA

All the Greek communities of this district, with out any exception, were
much tormented by the local Turks, particularly by three fanatical
officials of the Government, i.e. the tax-collectors Ibrahim and Behdjet
and the Customs official at Chora Youssouf. Beating, imprisonment and
violence of all sorts, were every-day occurrences. Communications
between the villages were often suspended for days and weeks on end,
owing to the appearance of marauding bands, which robbed every one who
dared pass through their quarters. It should be particularly
remembered that almost all of these bands consisted of soldiers and
gendarmes.

The Turkish peasants' fanaticism, provocations and threatening attitude
toward the Greeks had grown so violent, that they openly declared, even
in presence of Government officials, that they would quite soon
annihilate them. This state of things paralyzed the will of the Greeks
and prevented them from attending to their business.

At about the end of April 1919, Anagnostis Georgiou disappeared on his
way back from Malgara to his home in the village of Sanduk . A short
time later he was found literally butchered between the villages
Valikeuy and Mustedjeb near the place Tokar Tchesme. At about the same
time, Constantinos Zambetok from the village of Avdimi was murdered by
Turks from the village of Derekeuy .

On the 25th of September, Anestis Djelepis and Yovanis Papa-Joannou of
Avdimi were cruelly beaten by Turks from Neokhori.

At about the middle of December, 1919, Periclis Prodromou from Avdini,
was slaughtered like a lamb, near Atelthini.

On the 11th of February, the shepherd Antonios Georgiou Tsitsona, from
the village of Palamout , was murdered near the Turkish village of Saile
. The villagers from Palamout: Theodoros Constandi, Georgios Damianou,
Haralambos Georgiou and Kyriakos Chrisovergis were badly beaten until
blood came from their mouth.





DIOCESE OF MYRIOPHYTON

This diocese was at first victimised in various ways by the fifth
Turkish Division, whose soldiers ruined buildings, destroyed vineyards,
felled trees, pulled down part of the church of Kalamise and burnt its
holy icons. This state of affairs continued for a long time, in spite of
complaints of the Metropolitan of Myriophyton and of the community
protests to the local and central government. To its formal grievances,
the Patriarchate received a “tezkereh” of the Ministry of Justice and
Culture, dated March 3, 1335 (1919), in which practically all the above
complaints were denied.

After the Division left, the oppression continued from officials,
gendarmes and private Turkish individuals. Practically no day went by
without some robbery or beating or shooting taking place. The folder of
this diocese in the Patriarchate is full of reports to that effect. To
these ill treatments should be added the forcible gathering of taxes for
the up-keep of the Turkish schools and the exile of all the returning
Greeks, who have been deported.

On account of the prevailing oppressions, especially in the countryside,
the farmers could no longer go without danger to their fields or move
from village to village. In the meanwhile, the government went on
systematically arming the Musulmans and furthering Djafer Tayar's
insurrection. On July 2nd, 1920 , Hussein Hassan from the village
Peristassis, killed Michal Haralambos. He would have killed the victim's
son Zacharia also, had the latter not escaped in time.







DIOCESE OF CALLIOUPOLIS

It is well known that this diocese had for several reasons been almost
entirely evacuated. The inhabitants who gradually returned to their
houses began their usual work. The murders, however, which were
committed by Turkish bands and the oppression of the officials,
seriously impeded their occupations.

On September 4th, 1919 robbers went to the sheep-pen of Ibrahim
Tchaoush, beat his shepherd Panayotelli from Yeni-keuy and scattered his
sheep. The authorities on being informed by Ibrahim, sent gendarmes, who
meeting the shepherd and his son Constantine, began shooting at them,
killing the son and seriously wounding the father, who later died from
the wounds he received. No steps were taken by the authorities against
the killers.

On September 24th, Demosthenes Dem. Koutzaris from Anghellohori, was
found dead. He had been murdered by the notorious brigand Tahir, who
being well connected to the local authorities, dared informing them
himself of Demosthene's murder and afterward he did not even permit the
wife of the victim to see the dead body of her husband. Tahir was the
terror especially of the Greek farmers and was often employed by the
local authorities in scaring the Christians. Forming a volunteers'
corps, he went about plundering, beating and murdering. In Taifur he
robbed Evanghelos Photius of 100 paper and 30 gold liras. The Moudir of
Yalova forced through Tachir the Turkish villagers to drive away all the
Christians living in their villages. Tahir formally declared that he
would massacre those Christians, should they not leave the Turkish
villages in three days.

On December 6th, Dem. Karafotakis and Char. Foundas went from
Dardanelles to Lampsakos to buy cattle. On the way between Moussakeuy
and Okchilar they were met by 3 Turkish brigands, who robbed them of
everything killing Karafotakis.







DIOCESE OF AENOS

The homonymous district of the diocese, which had so much suffered
during the war, fared no better after the conclusion of the Armistice.
The life of the Christians was continually at stake. Robberies,
committed by Turkish soldiers and emigrants aided by Bulgarian regulars,
who crossed over the Maritza frontier, line took place regularly.

Amiroundi Kirkalis, Photius Stamatiou and George Nicolaou disappeared in
the month of May 1919 while on their way to Hypsala, to present
themselves before the court.

On January 21st , 1920 , Greek merchants going to Keshan on business,
were killed by Turkish robbers. Two Turks also killed the shepherd
Panayotis from Amygdalia.







DIOCESE OF DIDYMOTECHON

The Christian villages in Easter Thrace were oppressed in various ways.

On May 21st, 1919 , a double murder of two Greeks took place in the
village Tchanakli. These two farmers coming to Ouzoun Kioprou, were on
the way attacked by four soldiers. The head of one victim, Athanassius,
was cut off, while the other victim, though seriously wounded, was able
to creep as far as Eski-keuyto. The wounded reported the crime to the
authorities and after a few hours succumbed to his wounds.

On June 6th, Constantine Christou was murdered by the tax-collector
Hafiz and his soldiers. Angelo Demetriou was beaten, for resisting a
gendarme who tried to violate her.

On June 7th, St. Karyophylis and Con. Katzikarakis were murdered on
their way from Ouzoun-Kioprou to Psathades.

On June 12th, fifteen armed Turks, of whom two gendarmes and the Hodja
of the village Rahmadi, went to the village Yaouts and attacked St.
Photiou's house. They beat the master of the house, wounded his daughter
Marica and his grand-son George and robbed them of all the money they
possessed. This village was on February 3rd, 1920 , attacked once more
by a band of 40.

On May 18th, sixty soldiers, led by an officer, asked the inhabitants of
the above village to supply them with provisions. The villagers did as
they were told. The officer then asked for a saddle. On the villager’s
reply that there was no saddle in the village fit for an officer's
horse, he and his soldiers commenced shooting. A panic followed. The
villagers ran away to the fields. Kassellis Moshou, Ap. Gheorghiou and
Kerasia Athanassiou were killed, several others were wounded. The
soldiers, after plundering the village, went away. Toward the end of the
month Ch. Yanacoulis was killed by Turks in Kavakli. On the same day one
Greek was killed in Zaloufi and another in Kavakli.







DIOCESE OF TYROLOE

The state of affairs in this diocese proves that Turkish officials and
private individuals did not intend even after the Armistice to change
their attitude toward the Christians. The latter were in constant terror
for their lives, honour and property.

On June 17th, 1919 , a villager from Kermenit and another two from
Djaddo went to the wood near-by, to pick up sticks and there were killed
by Turks.

On July 2nd, a Turkish band cut to pieces Yannako Deligheorghi from
Karaja-keuy, as he was making coal in the wood. The murdered man was
among the refugees who had returned from Salonica. Here it must be said
that the authorities of Tchataldja on no account allowed those returning
from Greece to be re-established in their homes,

Towards the middle of August, 1919, Petros, Stamatios and Stratos from
Shanja, were slaughtered between Koush-keuy and Gumush Bunar; John
Saplamoglou of Karaja-keuy was carried away by Turks and later ransomed
for 2000 liras.







DIOCESE OF KIRK-KILISSE

This diocese was terrorised by a secret organization, for the purpose of
annihilating the Greek elements, especially those in the open country.
There was no security of life and property for the Greeks within and
outside Kirk-Kilisse. The nationalist animosity of the Turkish elements
for the Greeks, often manifested itself in a ferocious manner, while
systematic robbing and compulsory contributions were the least, that the
Greeks had to suffer.

A pretty large sum of money was forcibly taken from Karakatchans, living
in the neighbourhood of Kirk-Kilisse and from 12 inhabitants of Petra .
5 Greeks returning from Bulgaria fell into an ambush near the Turkish
village of Ezekler and were mortally wounded.

In April 1919, Constine Ap. Voutzas was badly beaten in the very town of
Kirk-kilisse . At Skopo, the situation of the Christians was growing
worse and worse, on account of the appearance of Turkish bands, which
tyrannized them to such a degree, that the poor people could not go out
of from their houses.

A band of 15 members under Captain Zakeria terrorised the districts of
Skopo, Skepastos, Petra and Skopelo. On October 11th, 1919 , George and
Paul Papastathi were robbed outside Skopo. On October 15th two gendarmes
under Hassan Tchaoush took all they found in a coffee-shop and carried
Kyriako bleeding to jail. In spite of all this the Turkish authorities
forced the community of Skopo to sign a document expressing their thanks
to the central government.

On November 20th, at 10 o'clock p.m. , a band of 15 entered the
flour-mill of Ch. Skoulidis, arrested the workers, beat them, locked
them up in one of the rooms and then proceeded to the plunder of the
mill. They carried the spoils to the Turkish village of Keremedin . -

On January 15th, 1920 , seven sportsmen, five Greeks and two Turks, were
met by a numerous band, which robbed the Christians, but spared their
lives, only for the sake of their Turkish friends.

The robberies and violations were intensified in the districts of Xenna,
Skopo, Skepasto and Petra during the insurrection of Jafer Tayar and
uwith the support of the Thracian Comittee.

On April 20th, 1919 , while the notable of Kirk-Ki-lisse John Pavlakides
was walking in the market place, he was approached by the fanatical Turk
Salih Effendi, warden of the prisons under the Young Turkish regime.
Salih said: “Your name and the names of those like you have been taken
note of. We shall not let you live here. We shall kill you. You are
“ghiavours”. I shall destroy your house with a bomb and after
annihilating your family, I shall run away to Bulgaria .” He went on
threatening and insulting without anyone, either Greek or Turk, daring
to reproach him.

On May 1919, George Karaghiozoglou and Dem. Loulebourghazli were first
robbed and then murdered.

On August 20th, Dem. Michael from Samakov and George Adamandiou from
Skepasto, left Kirk-Klisse in the morning and spent the night in the
Turkish village of Kizilgik Dere . At daybreak they started for home.
The band, however, which was pursuing them fell upon them, killed the
former by shooting him with a Mauzer rifle, felled the latter with an
axe and chopped to pieces both of them.

On December 3rd Yannakis Papadopoulos from Euasion, was shot dead while
on his way to Kirk-Kilise.

On December 13th, Turks killed the notable and Mouhtar of the village of
Koyoun Dere Ap. Mihaloglou . The body bore marks of several knife wounds.

In the morning of January 11th, Ath. K. Katchavounis was found dead in
the room next to his grocery, bearing marks of 40 axe wounds.

On May 15th Anast. Mavringos and Angh. Sterghiou from Skopos, were
attacked by Turks. The former took to his heels and was thus saved. The
latter, wounded in the stomach, fell on the ground and was at once
finished with a knife.







DIOCESE OF ADRIANOPLE

The special attention of the Turks was drawn by the Greek element of the
city and diocese of Adrianople . They had noted that Hellenism stood
steady, even after the persecution of 1914 and was facing all adverse
circumstances, hoping in the years to come. That is the reason why they
applied all such measures, as their perversion led them to use. The
tendency to take away from the Greeks all business, to prevent them from
returning to their homes and to terrorise the remaining population, were
not among the least ignominious of their ways.

On March 16th, 1919 , Turkish gendarmes entered the house of Pavlazoglou
from Karayoussouf and robbed it clean. On March 18th two shepherds were
attacked by five Turks near Soulioglou and after a sound thrashing, they
were robbed of 1000 liras. On March 23rd, St. Basil, Hap. Troumzoukis
and Athanassius Gheorghiou were beaten and robbed by Turks under the
leadership of Kutchuk Ahmed.

On March 31st, Hussein Hazioglou plundered Verghi Photiou's grocery in
Ghirdeli.

On April 16th, the committee which had been formed under Prince
Djemaleddin for the purpose of advising and conciliating the dissenting
elements, reached Adrianople . The Greeks, having before their eyes the
daily persecutions and remembering those of the past, submitted their
complaints to the Prince through their Metropolitan. The Prince proved
rich of promises, but poor of deeds, since even in the days of his stay
in Adrianople , pamphlets and proclamations of the committee “Trakia
Pasha ili” were distributed, and after his departure the Turks ceased
all contact with the Greeks. Thus the committee, whose aim was the
conciliation of the two opposed elements, not only utterly failed in its
attempt, but even brought about the opposite result.

This state of affairs grew worse every day. The Turks of the city became
more menacing and those of the country rendered the position of the
Christians exceedingly precarious. A Turkish band appearing in the
neighbourhood of the village Gherdely in the first days of April 1913,
robbed and ill treated all the Greeks that passed by. In addition to
that, the Police drove away the Greeks, who returned from Greece , and
especially those who were repatriated with the Prefect's permission.
Something similar took place in the case of the refugees of the village
of Abalar , of the Kaza of Havza. The Metropolitan of Adrianople Mgr.
Polycarpos reported the events in a “takrir” to the Prefect of
Adrianople Djemal Bey, adding that the authorities at Hafza openly
proclaimed that the persecution and deportation of the Greeks would
continue, as it really did.

The Prefect answering in a “tez-kere”, dated December 5th, gave certain
resoning, seeking always to justify the attitude of the authorities and
proceeded to say: “We remind your Eminence, that the last paragraph in
Your “takrir” is not fitting to your quality of an Ottoman. It is
contrary to the prerogatives of the Patriarchate and to the courtesy of
correspondence. The Prefecture therefore being, unable to accept your
“takrir”, returns it to Your Eminence, and recommends that you should
not to step over the limits set by the Privileges.” The Metropolitan
hastened to refute the above. The act nevertheless was a proof of the
Prefect's intentions. He continued to have the same tyrannical
mentality, even after the Armistice, which promised liberty to the
Nations under the Turkish yoke. In addition to all this, the systematic
arming of the Turks commenced, first in the villages and later in the
city. Furthermore, there was military activity of these who had adopted
Moustafa Kemal's program. All such preparations, taking place under the
leadership of Djafer Tayar, Military Governor of Adrianople , were
undertaken for the purpose of resisting the expected advance of the
Greek army.
m***@yahoo.com
2005-06-18 02:28:49 UTC
Permalink
Look who actually murdered who:



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http://www.turkishforum.com/greece/visual.html
http://www.greekmurderers.net/



The sub-human anti-Turkish hatred fabricators, murderers of innocent
and defenceless Turks and thugs of Armenian/Greek/PKK/KADEK
anti-Turkish Hatred Inc., with a veracious appetite for innocent
Turkish blood, never stop in their relentless dreams of massacring all
Turks everywhere in the World. The sub-human Greek/Armenian/PKK/KADEK
terrorists think repeating anti-Turkish hate propaganda over and over
legitimize their rape, torture and murder of innocent and defenceless
Turkish human beings.


After Europeans very generously supported and sponsored Greek,
Armenian, Arab and other terrorists, with a veracious appetite for
innocent Turkish blood, to massacre innocent and defenceless Turkish
subjects of Ottoman empire and to ethnically cleanse Ottoman
territories off of their Turkish inhabitants during WWI, and after they
harbored, supported, sponsored PKK/KADEK terrorist organization which
murdered nearly fourty thousands innocent human beings to destroy
Turkey to establish a marxist, lennisist, communist PKK/KADEK
dictortship in Turkey, and other terrorist and extremist Islamist
terrorist organizations and persons with the same purpose, and Armenian
terrorists who, during 1970s and '80s, murdered hundreds of Turkish
diplomats, their family members, colleagues, embassy personnel (Turkish
and local), and having missed no chance whatsoever to fabricate
anti-Turkish hate propaganda based on total lies in every possible
instance and relentlessly complain about Turkey, it is very clear that
the purpose of Europe is to destroy the democratic Republic of Turkey
and totally wipe out the Turkish race/nation off of the face of Earth.

http://www.turkishnews.com/DiscoverTurkey/cyprus/photos.html

http://www.turkishforum.com/gr­eece/visual.html

http://www.pubinfo.gov.nc.tr/h040399f.htm

GREECE & PKK MASSACRE DOSSIER

Greece's relations with PKK have begun to exhaust Turkey's
patience. While, on one hand, PKK militants, being accommodated in
Syria keep infiltrating into Turkey through the south-eastern region
indiscriminately and brutally killing innocent and unarmed people,
including women and children, yet another branch of these blood-stained
murderers based in Greece, carries out acts of bombing and killings.

Dozens of terrorists arrested by the Turkish police before or after
they have committed their acts, tell, in their depositions, how they
are trained by the Greeks in Greece and that they arrive in Turkey with
the bombs given to them by the former.

On the days when the caught terrorists were telling how they had been
trained in Greece and how the Greek administration had welcomed them,
the Greek politicians paid a warm visit to the PKK's blood-stained
leader Abdullah Ocalan, inviting him to Athens: all this heightens the
hatred towards Greece cherished by the Turkish people whose children
become martyrs while defying the dastardly terrorist acts of the
terrorist organization.

When Turkey's allies, seeing her sensitivity on the subject, warn the
rulers of Greece, the latter, with a rarely witnessed thick-skinniness,
speak lies with no shame and put themselves into further embarrassment
by claiming that Turkey tells lies in order to denigrate them and that
they have no association at all with terrorism.

HOW GREECE-PKK RELATIONS BEGAN

The first time the Greek Intelligence Organization (KIP) hooked the
separatist, Kurdish terrorist organization PKK was, I believe, on 5
February 1988.

Greece's relations with PKK was initiated with a meeting between
Ihsan Kaya, sent by Abdullah Ocalan (APO) to Athens as a
representative, and Michailis Charalambides, a KIP agent known well for
his role in the subversive activities against Turkey, at the premises
of the "Greek Union for the Rights and Liberation of Peoples.

About a fortnight before this meeting, "Nei Antropi" weekly paper
published in Athens had his front-page wholly devoted to a report
carrying the following banner headlines:

"KURDISH AUTONOMY-SEEKERS ARE IN GREECE AS INVITEES OF THE GREEK
ORGANIZATION."

The text of the report, without openly mentioning PKK, stated the
following:

"In the coming days, a delegation consisting of high-level Kurdish
autonomy-seekers are going to arrive in Athens, as the guests of a
Greek association. During the days they will stay in Athens, the Kurds
will explain to the Greek press about their struggle and the benefits
Greece will reap from the success of their struggle. The Greek police
will take strict security measures in Athens against the possibility of
the murdering of our Kurdish guests by the Turkish agents.

The assessment of the political commentator of our paper concerning the
invitation of the Kurds to Greece is as follows: "Our gain from the
autonomy-seeking activities of the Kurds will be very big. The Kurdish
problem is a thorn for Turkey. If Turkey enters a war with Greece, the
Kurds and Armenians will undermine her internal security."

One day after his meeting with Ihsan Kaya, Michailis Charalambides met
KIP Chief Kostas Tsimas who reported the case to the then Prime
Minister Andreas Papandreou who endorsed the extension of support to
PKK.

In order to lend help and support to PKK, Greece organized a massive
organization in which politicians, army generals, diplomats,
journalists, the Church and all the organs of the State participated.

In the meantime, an army general, along with some KIP agents disguised
as journalists, entered into PKK's camp at the Beqaa Valley where
they met APO asking him about his needs. After PKK's needs had been
discovered, an inflow of arms, ammunition and money began to PKK, as
soon as the delegation returned to Athens. The statistical records
reveal that the number of PKK's murders of innocent people of its own
origin also went up considerably after the launch of the Greek
assistance.

With the initiation of the aid, the separatist Kurdish terrorists began
to be trained, in groups, in the belt between Athens and Salonica,
particularly in military zones. Assassination, bomb making and using
and the use of war equipment are the topics of this training.

In the meantime, a batch of 20 thousand kalashnikovs belonging to the
arms depots of the Greek army was shipped, under the cover of
agricultural equipment, to the Latakia port aboard a South Cyprus
ferryboat sailing to Syria, to be handed over to PKK.

These guns were only a beginning. From 1987 to the present, the amount
of the guns given by Greece to PKK through numerous channels has
reached an incredible level.

GREECE'S ROLE IN INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM

Although Greece has been harboring the international terrorism for the
last 12 years and although this messy deed of her has been repeatedly
confirmed by the intelligence organizations of the West, her
collaboration with the notorious terrorists who are a big headache for
the entire world has been taken with tolerance, just because she is a
member to NATO and EU.

Greece's role in the international terrorism has "reached the point
of treachery against NATO." Cabinet ministers, MPs of the ruling party
PASOK, who had been involved terrorism and been trained by the
Palestinian terrorists at the Beqaa Valley before becoming politicians,
have given the military secrets to enemies.

When SERGEI BOKHAN, a Soviet diplomat serving in Athens, who secured
asylum in the US on 25 May 1985, made grossly interesting revelations
about the role of Greece in international terrorism.

The Soviet diplomat explained how Greece served as bridge of
international terrorism and arms smuggling between Europe and the
Middle East, by giving important information. Bokhan, inter alias,
explicated that the confidential information had been passed on to
Moscow (by Greece) and that informed of Athens treachery, the NATO's
headquarters in Brussels had refrained from giving "strictly
confidential" documents to the Greeks.

The Russian agent also revealed the names of the Greek cabinet
ministers who had given him information during his 3-year service in
Athens. On 26 June 1985, the US envoy in Athens Mr. Sterns paid a visit
to Prime Minister Papandreou giving him a list of 10 Greeks. The list
contained the names of the Ministers and high-level officials from the
PASOK party.

Among the names on the list were: the Undersecretary of the Foreign
Ministry Iannis Kapsis; Chairman of the Mediterranean Research Center
Michailis Charalambides who establishes the connection between PKK and
the Greek Intelligence Organization, Press Undersecretary Dimitris
Marudas, Chairman of the Bureau for the International Relations of the
Prime Ministry Vassilis Konstandineas; and Sifis Valirakis who is
allegedly among the founders of "17 November" terrorist
organization in Greece and two-term Minister of Public Order. All the
names mentioned in the ten-name list of the US were very loyal persons
to Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou. Even all of them were the
founding members of the PAK terrorist organization established between
1967-74, the era of the Greek military junta.

Papandreou's establishing friendships in 1976 with those countries
regarded as dangerous for the Western alliance was striking. All sorts
of support extended to him by Syria, Iran and Libya played a very
important role in his rising to power in the period of 1981-1989.

YEAR 1997 ... GREEK RULERS' RELATIONS WITH PKK TERRORIST ORGANIZATION

It is clearly seen that members of the ruling PASOK party in Greece
pursue their relations with terrorism within the programme of a
party-line. In order not be overshadowed by the Government in the field
of terrorism, the Opposition is in an effort to catch up with
Government's involvement in terrorism and assumes its own role to
this end.

The rulers of Greece try to justify their relations with terrorism by
trying to say that they support "those movements struggling for
liberty." The actual object, however, is not "to help others to
achieve their human rights or liberty"; the only reason why Greece
has established partnership with terrorism is the implementation of an
"expansionist" policy aimed at disintegrating Turkey.

GREECE CANNOT DENY THAT IT IS A BASE FOR PKK

PKK terrorist organization has been operating in the Balkans, as if
being a province attached to the central structure of Europe, its
headquarters being in Greece. This "province" is made up of four
regions, namely Greece and the (Aegean) Islands, Bulgaria, Romania and
South Cyprus.

The "Representative Office of ERNK- Balkans and Greece," opened with
the open and full backing of the Greek administration on 5 April 1994,
at a building no. 54 in the Vassilisis Sofia Square in Athens, where
the Greek parliament is situated and next to the US Embassy, is a HQ
where all sorts of subversive activities aimed at Turkey is planned, in
cooperation with the Greek politicians. In this office, a magazine
called "Kurdistan's Voice," financed by the Greek Intelligence
Organization and published by the Greek retired Navy Admiral Andonis
NAKSAKIS and a group of Greek journalists is used to prepare materials
for PKK's bloody propaganda. Donation campaigns for PKK, air tickets
for Zele camp- Syria- Europe and procedures regarding the travels and
residence in Greece of PKK militants are carried out in this office.

Yet another office of PKK in Athens is at "Ipokratus Avenue no.92."

The addresses of other offices of PKK that are operational in Greece
are as follows:

The Committee for Solidarity with Kurdistan, Egnatias, No. 75,
Salonica.

Kurdistan's Red Crescent: Solomu Avenue 54/2.

Kurdistan Cultural Centre: Slomensky Street 22.

Kurdistan News Agency: Spyrou Trikoupi: 51/53.

While it continues in Greece, its subversive activities aimed at the
collapse of Turkey, PKK obtains assistance, not only from the Greek
public institutions, but also from the politicians and retired army
personnel. All this aid is deposited under the bank account of:
"ETHNICI TRAPEZA- 129/350681- 92."

The primary figure among those Greeks working voluntarily at PKK's
office at Vassilis Sofias number 54 is the retired Navy Admiral Andonis
NAKSAKIS who is one of the links between KIP and PKK is NAKSAKIS;
PASOK's MP from Crete Kostas BADUVAS is one of his supporters on the
Kurdish issue.

Yet another person who has been aiding the terrorist organization the
most in the last four years is a certain THEODORE, who speaks Turkish,
English and Italian. He conducts PKK's correspondence and is present
at press declarations and meetings. Because he is the Chairman of the
Pontus- Kurdish Solidarity Committee at the same time, he prepares
ground for joint acts, meetings, statements and all sorts of other acts
with PKK that operates under the guise of ERNK.

Besides two houses of the organization where the PKK members, who come
to Athens, for a temporary period, the guest-houses of the Greek
official departments also offer accommodation for PKK members.

One of the buildings where the PKK members, who undergo training in
Athens, are accommodated, is in Dafni, a suburb of Athens. The injured
who arrive from Turkey through South Cyprus, cadres to be transferred
from Zele to Europe and candidates who have participated in the
organization from the Lavrion camp are treated and trained in this
building. The residents of the house that is used as a base are never
allowed to go out or make telephone calls.

Those staying in this house serve sentries from 23.00 hours to 07.00 in
the morning, with one- hour intervals. The cadres under training are
prohibited to appear on the windows, balconies and terraces, if not
necessary. A TV set, a video-cassette and a type-writer are found in
the house.

The PKK militants who enter into and exit from, this house which is
used a PKK training center in Athens, the most are the ones named Faik,
Cemal and Sait who work as couriers between Abdullah Ocalan and the
Greek officials.

The training in Dafni begins first with a speech and a distribution of
work. Throughout the training, a worker is appointed for each of the
sections of security, logistics, health, kitchen etc.

The code-name of the person in charge of this training is "Sabri".
A team attached to him, also including Greek officers and intelligence
officers, gives its lessons in the hall of this house.

Ten organization members and 25 trainees permanently stay in the house.


The Greek neighbors residing in the vicinity of the house speak of it
as the "house of the PKK terrorists". Transfers to the house are
usually carried out at night time. The house is protected by KIP and
the Gendarmerie on a round-the-clock basis.

Yet another training of PKK in the Greek capital is a farm-building to
the north of Athens. The people living in the neighborhood say that it
belongs to KIP.

At this farm-house, training is given on bombs. All the PKK militants
who have committed acts of bombing in Turkey and then caught admitted
that they were trained in this farm-house. The training program
implemented in this camp is as follows:

The historical background of explosives-- Facts to take into
consideration in bomb-making-- A broad definition of explosives.

Training on the guns: pistols, kalashnikov, Cannas-type pistols.
Shooting at fixed or moving targets, techniques of sabotage,
assassination and its techniques.

The capacity of this camp may reach up to 50 persons. The camp contains
a political HQ, three dormitories, a lecture-room, executive room,
kitchen, a room for the Greek trainers, a military HQ, a military depot
for arms and ammunition. The camp is surrounded by barbed wire in the
form nets and trees. The camp that resembles a farm-house is protected
by military police and Gendarmerie patrols and specially trained dogs.

EACH STONE OVERTURNED IN SOUTHEAST ANATOLIA REVEALS GREEK ROLE IN
TERRORISM

Photographs and letters found in the possession of the PKK militants
who are killed at the operations of the Turkish armed forces in
South-eastern Anatolia and in northern Iraq, as well as in their caves
reveal, beyond any doubt, the relations between the rulers of Greece
and PKK in particular and the Greek-PKK connection in general.

One of the photos found had been taken in front of a shop bearing the
shop's name in Greek. Behind the photo had was written the name
"Vassiliki," an address and a telephone number. Yet another
photograph shows three persons toasting to each other in a stall-like
wine shop in Athens, who are thought to be the members of a PKK group
trained in Athens.

The greatest admirer of Abdullah Ocalan is the Greek parliament speaker
Panaiotis SGURIDES (from PASOK). It has been determined that Zgurides
met APO in 1994 at Beqaa Valley twice and met APO and his
representatives in South Cyprus in 1997 three times, where he went for
trivial reasons.

The Greek politician paid a visit to APO on 14 June 1995 and honouring
him with an award of the Greek parliament "in recognition of his
service to Hellenism." That the Greek politician, during the meeting,
gave a map to APO, drawn up in Greece, showing the oil pipe lines,
asking him to sabotage them was published overtly in the Greek press,
together with the map in question.

While the contacts of the Greek parliamentarians from all the political
parties with PKK and APO clearly reveals to all, the "Greek-PKK
alliance", clearly showing what a liar the Greek Government Spokesman
is when trying to deceive the world that "Greece has nothing to do
with PKK, Turkey is lying".
Post by Mhtsos
Post by m***@yahoo.com
"Is our problem with Greece insolvable because it is cultural?" asks
Gunduz Aktan in his articel below.
I ask: Is Turkey's problem with Greece and Europe insolvable because it
is cultural?"
In Samos the entire Greek population was murdered on orders of the
Turkish pasha.
One Greek man killed in a fight a Turkish men.
The Turkish court ruled that all males above the age of 5 should be
murdered.
And so it was done.
My grandfather had to flee Izmir or otherwise he would have been murdered.
Half million Greeks could not escape to the islands and so they where
murdered.
Where my grandfather lived ( a village 3 kilometer outside of what is
now Izmir ) his ancestors where living for thousands of years.
It was Greek for a few thousand years.
It's Turkish now.
Someday it will belong to Greece again like Constaninople and Troja.
I don't hate the Turks but we will take the land back again.
North Cyprus was the last land robbery of the Turks.
The Kurds will get their land some day back too.
And the Armenians.
I know Turks are the " victim " everybody hates for " no reason ".
Meanwhile they try to sell the houses and villas they stole from Greeks
in 74 to Brits and other nationalities..
Panta Rhei
2005-06-18 12:53:56 UTC
Permalink
An episode in Mark Rivers', the hapless Turkish spammer's, life:

Mark Rivers Accused of Stealing Manure.

ROCKPORT, Mass. - A Turkish immigrant has been accused of neglecting the
standard market practice of paying for goods and services by trying to
steal a truckload of manure from a horse farmer.

Stable manager Phillip Casey says Mark Rivers, Istanbul's Turcoman of the
Ages, has been stealing manure from Charlie Lane's Rockport farm for
years.

Police said that Casey found Rivers on the property last Friday, so he
blocked in River's volkswagen and called police. Rivers got angry, Casey
said, then offered to pay for the manure he'd already taken. But Casey
said he wouldn't budge because he wanted the thefts to stop.

"He offered me 5,000 TL for it and then 10,000 TL's for it," Casey said.

Casey said the land was marked private property and Rivers, 12, had been
warned before.

"He's been doing it for years," Casey told the Gloucester Daily Times.

The farm sells the manure for 1,500,000 TLs a truckload and also uses it to
fertilize a pasture.

Rockport police officer Michael Marino said Rivers, who lives in
neighboring Gloucester, is charged with larceny under $250, trespassing,
and malicious destruction of property for tearing up some land with his
tires.

Rivers did not immediately return calls to his home or office on Wednesday
morning.
m***@yahoo.com
2005-06-18 02:30:06 UTC
Permalink
Look who actaully murdered who:



http://www.turkishnews.com/DiscoverTurkey/cyprus/photos.html

http://faculty.menlo.edu:8080/~jhiggins/tcvoices/trnchist/trnccr60.html


Nicos Sampson, one of the leaders of the EOKA terrorist organization
who took over the post of Makarios, commented in an interview in Paris,
Eleftherotipia, February 26, 1981:

"Had Turkey not intervened, I would not only have proclaimed Enosis but
I would have annihilated the Turks in Cyprus as well."



"Until this Turkish community forming part of the Turkish race that has
been
the terrible enemy of Hellenism is expelled, the duty of the heroes of
EOKA
can never be considered terminated." -- Makarios




The Independence Years: 1960 - 1963.

During the 1960 - 1963 period, the Greek Cypriot leadership, through
numerous statements exposed their ulterior motives by stating that they
viewed independence as a stepping stone to ENOSIS (Union of Cyprus with
Greece):

Makarios: "Independence was not the aim and purpose of the EOKA
struggle. Foreign factors have prevented the achievement of the
national goal, but this should not be a cause for sorrow. New bastions
have been conquered and from this the Greek Cypriots will march on to
complete the final victory (ENOSIS)."

16.08.1960
Greek Cypriot Press



Makarios: ". . . Until this small community that forms part of the
Turkish race which has been the terrible enemy of Hellenism is
expelled, the duty of the heroes of EOKA cannot be considered as
terminated."

04.09.1962
Panayia Village



Makarios: "It is true that the goal of our struggle is to annex Cyprus
to Greece."

05.09.1963
Interview Published
in Uusi Suomi, Stockholm



Makarios: "If I have any ambition, it is to link my name with the union
of Cyprus with Greece. The expansion of Greece's boundaries up to the
shores of North Africa, through ENOSIS."

Interview with "Apoyevmatini"
September 8th, 1964






"The assertion by Mr. Christides (May 10, 1999) that there was no
ethnic cleansing or attempted genocide of Turkish Cypriots by Greek
Cypriots is ridiculous. Until influential Greek Cypriots come to terms
with the appalling behavior of their community toward the smaller
Turkish Cypriot community and stop trying to persuade themselves and
the world that each side was as much to blame as the other, there will
be no reconciliation in Cyprus."

Michael Stephen, British
Parliamentarian (1992-97)



"Makarios's central interest was to block off Turkish intervention so
that he and his Greek Cypriots could go on happily massacring Turkish
Cypriots. Obviously we would never permit that. "The fact is, however,
that neither the United Nations, nor anyone, other than Turkey ever
took effective action to prevent it."

George Ball
American
Undersecretary of State



"Greek Cypriot fanatics appear bent on a policy of genocide."

the Washington Post, Feb. 17,
196





"I was convinced that if Archbishop Makarios could not bring himself to
treat the Turkish Cypriots as human beings he was inviting the invasion
and partition of the island."

Sir Alec
Douglas-Home
Former British
Prime Minister



On July 28, 1960 Makarios, the Greek Cypriot president, said: "The
independence agreements do not form the goal they are the present and
not
the future. The Greek Cypriot people will continue their national cause
and
shape their future in accordance with THEIR will."



In a speech on Sept. 4, 1962 at Panayia Makarios said, "Until this
Turkish
community forming part of the Turkish race that has been the terrible
enemy
of Hellenism is expelled, the duty of the heroes of EOKA can never be
considered terminated."



"When the Turkish Cypriots objected to the amendment of the
Constitution,
Makarios put his plan into effect, and the Greek Cypriot attack began
in
December 1963," wrote Lt. Gen. George Karayiannis of The Greek Cypriot
militia ("Ethnikos Kiryx" 15.6.65). The general was referring to the
notorious "Akritas" plan, which was the blueprint for the annihilation
of
the Turkish Cypriots and the annexation of the island to Greece.



On Dec. 28, 1963, the Daily Express carried the following report from
Cyprus: "We went tonight into the sealed-off Turkish Cypriot quarter of
Nicosia in which 200 to 300 people had been slaughtered in the last
five
days. We were the first Western reporters there, and we have seen
sights too
frightful to be described in print. Horror was so extreme that the
people
seemed stunned beyond tears."



On Dec. 31, 1963, The Guardian reported: "It is nonsense to claim, as
the
Greek Cypriots do, that all casualties were caused by fighting between
armed
men of both sides. On Christmas Eve many Turkish Cypriot people were
brutally attacked and murdered in their suburban homes, including the
wife
and children of a doctor-allegedly by a group of 40 men, many in army
boots
and greatcoats." Although the Turkish Cypriots fought back as best they
could and killed some militia, there were no massacres of Greek Cypriot
civilians



On Jan. 1, 1964, the Daily Herald reported: "When I came across the
Turkish
Cypriot homes they were an appalling sight. Apart from the walls they
just
did not exist. I doubt if a napalm attack could have created more
devastation. Under roofs springs, children's cots, and gray ashes of
what
had once been tables, chairs and wardrobes. In the neighboring village
of
Ayios Vassilios I counted 16 wrecked and burned out homes. They were
all
Turkish Cypriot's. In neither village did I find a scrap of damage to
any
Greek Cypriot house."




On Jan. 12, 1964, the British High Commission in Nicosia wrote in a
telegram
to London: "The Greek [Cypriot] police are led by extremist who
provoked the
fighting and deliberately engaged in atrocities. They have recruited
into
their ranks as 'special constables' gun-happy young thugs. They
threaten to
try and punish any Turkish Cypriot police who wishes to return to the
Cyprus
Government... Makarios assured Sir Arthur Clark that there will be no
attack. His assurance is as worthless as previous assurances have
proved."



On Jan. 14, 1964, the Daily Telegraph reported that the Turkish Cypriot
inhabitants of Ayios Vassilios had been massacred on Dec. 26, 1963 and
reported their exhumation from a mass grave in the presence of the Red
Cross. A further massacre of Turkish Cypriots, at Limassol, was
reported by
The Observer on Feb. 16, 1964; and there were many more.




On Feb. 15, 1964, the Daily Telegraph reported: "It is a real military
operation which the Greek Cypriots launched against the 6,000
inhabitants of
the Turkish Cypriot quarter yesterday morning. A spokesman for the
Greek
Cypriot government has recognized this officially. It is hard to
conceive
how Greek and Turkish Cypriots may seriously contemplate working
together
after all that has happened."




On Sept. 10, 1964, the U.N. Secretary-General reported that "UNFICYP"
carried out a detailed survey of all damage to properties throughout
the
island during the disturbances... It shows that in 109 villages, most
of
them Turkish-Cypriot or mixed villages, 527 houses have been destroyed
while
2,000 others have suffered damage from looting. In Ktima 38 houses and
shops
have been destroyed totally and 122 partially. In the Orphomita suburb
of
Nicosia, 50 houses have been totally destroyed while a further 240 have
been
partially destroyed there and in adjacent suburbs."




The U.K. House of Commons Select Committee on Foreign Affairs reviewed
the
Cyprus question in 1987 and reported unanimously on July 2 of that year
that
"although the Cyprus Government now claims to have been merely seeking
to
'operate the 1960 Constitution modified to the extent dictated by the
necessities of the situation,' this claim ignores the fact that both
before
and after the events o#, December 1963 the Makarios Government
continued to
advocate the cause of ENOSIS and actively pursued the amendment of the
Constitution and the related treaties to facilitate this ultimate
objective."

The committee continued: "Moreover, in June 1967 the Greek Cypriot
legislature unanimously passed a resolution in favor of enosis, in
blatant
contravention of the 1960 Treaties and Constitution." (Art. I of the
Treaty
of Guarantee prohibited any action likely to directly or indirectly
promote
union with any other state or partition of the island, and Art. 185(2)
of
the Constitution is to similar effect.)




Professor Ernst Forsthoff, the neutral president of the Supreme
Constitutional Court of Cyprus, told Die Welt on Dec. 27, 1963:
"Makarios
bears on his shoulders the sole responsibility for the recent tragic
events.
His aim is to deprive the Turkish community of their rights". In an
interview with the UPI press agency on Dec. 30, 1963 he said, "All this
happened because Makarios wanted to take away all constitutional rights
from
the Turkish Cypriots."




More than 300 Turkish Cypriots are still missing without trace from
these
massacres of 1963/64. These dreadful events were not the responsibility
of
"the Greek Colonels" of 1974 or an unrepresentative handful of Greek
Cypriot
extremists. The persecution of the Turkish Cypriots was an act of
policy on
the part of the Greek Cypriot political and religious leadership, which
has
to this day made no serious attempt to bring the murderers to justice.

The UK Commons Select Committee found that "there is little doubt that
much
of the violence which the Turkish Cypriots claim led to the total or
partial
destruction of 103 Turkish villages and the displacement of about a
quarter
of the total Turkish Cypriot population was either directly inspired
by, or
connived at, by the Greek Cypriot leadership."




The UN secretary-general reported to the Security Council: "When the
disturbances broke out in December 1963 and continued during the first
part
of 1964, thousands of Turkish Cypriots fled their homes, taking with
them
only what they could drive or carry, and sought refuge in safer
villages and
areas."



On Jan. 14, 1964, "ll Giorno" of Italy reported: "Right now we are
witnessing the exodus of Turkish Cypriots from the villages. Thousands
of
people abandoning homes, land, herds. Greek Cypriot terrorism is
relentless.
This time the rhetoric of the Hellenes and the statues of Plato do not
cover
up their barbaric and ferocious behavior."




There were further attacks on the Turkish Cypriots in 1967. In 1971,
General
Grivas returned to Cyprus to form EOKA-B, which was again committed to
making Cyprus a wholly Greek island and annexing it to Greece. In a
speech
to the Greek Cypriot armed forces at the time (quoted in "New Cyprus,"
May
1987) Grivas said: "The Greek forces from Greece have come to Cyprus in
order to impose the will of the Greeks of Cyprus upon the Turks. We
want
ENOSIS but the Turks are against it. We shall impose our will. We are
strong, and we shall do so."




By July 15, 1974, a powerful force of mainland Greek troops had
assembled in
Cyprus and with their backing, the Greek Cypriot National Guard
overthrew
Makarios and installed one Nicos Sampson as "president." On July 22,
the
Washington Star News reported: "Bodies littered the streets and there
were
mass burials... People told by Makarios to lay down their guns were
shot by
the National Guard."




On April 17, 1991, Ambassador Nelson Ledsky testified before the U.S.
Senate
Foreign Relations Committee that "most of the 'missing persons'
disappeared
in the first days of July 1974, before the Turkish intervention on the
20th.
Many killed on the Greek side were killed by Greek Cypriots in fighting
between supporters of Makarios and Sampson."




On Nov. 6, 1974, Ta Nea reported that dates from the graves of Greek
Cypriots killed in the five days between July 15-20 were erased in
order to
blame these deaths on the subsequent Turkish military action.




On March 3, 1996, the Greek Cypriot Cyprus Mail wrote: "(Greek) Cypriot
governments have found it convenient to conceal the scale of atrocities
during the July 15 coup in an attempt to downplay its contribution to
the
tragedy of the summer of 1974 and instead blame the Turkish invasion
for all
casualties. There can be no justification for any government that
failed to
investigate this sensitive humanitarian issue. The shocking admission
by the
Clerides government that there are people buried in Nicosia cemetery
who are
still included in the list of the 'missing' is the last episode of a
human
drama which has been turned into a propaganda tool."




On Oct. 19 1996, Mr. Georgios Lanitis wrote: "I was serving with the
Foreign
Information Service of the Republic of Cyprus in London... I deeply
apologize to all those I told that there are 1,619 missing persons. I
misled
them. I was made a liar, deliberately, by the government of Cyprus .
....
today it seems that the credibility of Cyprus is nil."




The Times and The Guardian reported on Aug. 21, 1974 that in the
village of
Tokhni on Aug. 14, 1974 all the Turkish Cypriot men between the ages of
13
and 74, except for eighteen who managed to escape, were taken away and
shot.

There were also reports that in Zyyi on the same day all the
Turkish-Cypriot
men aged between 19 an 38 were taken away and were never seen again and
that
Greek-Cypriots opened fire on the Turkish-Cypriot neighborhood of
Paphos
killing men, women, and children indiscriminately.




On July 23, 1974, the Washington Post reported that "in a Greek raid on
a
small Turkish village near Limassol 36 people out of a population of
200
were killed. The Greeks said that they had been given orders to kill
the
inhabitants of the Turkish villages before the Turkish forces arrived."
The
Times and The Guardian also reported on the killings.



"The Greeks began to shell the Turkish quarter on Saturday, refugees
said.
Kazan Dervis, a Turkish Cypriot girl aged 15, said she had been staying
with
her uncle. The [Greek Cypriot] National Guard came into the Turkish
sector
and shooting began. She saw her uncle and other relatives taken away as
prisoners, and later heard her uncle had been shot." (Times 23.7.74)



On July 28, 1974 the New York Times reported that 14 Turkish-Cypriot
men had
been shot in Alaminos. On July 24, 1974 France Soir reported that "the
Greeks burned Turkish mosques and set fire to Turkish homes in the
villages
around Famagusta. Defenseless Turkish villagers who have weapons live
in an
atmosphere of terror and they evacuate their homes and go and live in
tents
in the forest. The Greeks' actions are a shame to humanity."



The German newspaper Die Zeit wrote on Aug. 30, "The massacre of
Turkish
Cypriots in Paphos and Famagusta is the proof of how justified the
Turks
were to undertake their intervention."



"Turkish Cypriots, who had suffered from physical attacks since 1963,
called
on the guarantor powers to prevent a Greek conquest of the island. When
Britain did nothing Turkey invaded Cyprus and occupied its northern
part.
Turkish Cypriots have constitutional right on their side and
understandably
fear a renewal of persecution if the Turkish army withdraws", the Daily
Telegraph wrote on Aug. 15, 1996.




"Turkey intervened to protect the lives and property of the
Turkish-Cypriots, and to its credit it has done just that. In the 12
years
since, there have been no killings and no massacres" Lord Willis
(Labor)
told the House of Lords on Dec. 17, 1986.




On March 12, 1977, Makarios declared, "It is in the name of ENOSIS that
Cyprus has been destroyed."
Post by Mhtsos
Post by m***@yahoo.com
"Is our problem with Greece insolvable because it is cultural?" asks
Gunduz Aktan in his articel below.
I ask: Is Turkey's problem with Greece and Europe insolvable because it
is cultural?"
In Samos the entire Greek population was murdered on orders of the
Turkish pasha.
One Greek man killed in a fight a Turkish men.
The Turkish court ruled that all males above the age of 5 should be
murdered.
And so it was done.
My grandfather had to flee Izmir or otherwise he would have been murdered.
Half million Greeks could not escape to the islands and so they where
murdered.
Where my grandfather lived ( a village 3 kilometer outside of what is
now Izmir ) his ancestors where living for thousands of years.
It was Greek for a few thousand years.
It's Turkish now.
Someday it will belong to Greece again like Constaninople and Troja.
I don't hate the Turks but we will take the land back again.
North Cyprus was the last land robbery of the Turks.
The Kurds will get their land some day back too.
And the Armenians.
I know Turks are the " victim " everybody hates for " no reason ".
Meanwhile they try to sell the houses and villas they stole from Greeks
in 74 to Brits and other nationalities..
Panta Rhei
2005-06-18 12:53:54 UTC
Permalink
Another episode in Mark Rivers', the hapless Turkish spammer's, life:

Mark Rivers blows himself up!

ISTANBUL (Reuters) - Turkey's most wanted man fought off special police and
eluded capture for years only to blow himself up while fishing with
dynamite, police and newspapers said Friday.

Dubbed the "Last Cowboy" in northern Turkey because of his gunfights with
the law, Mark "the Spaz" Rivers, failed to accurately gauge the length of
the fuse as he tried to blow up trout.

Doctors at the hospital said he had lost both hands, badly hurt his eyes
and suffered serious wounds all over his body. His family rejected offers
to have him flown to a Izmir hospital where he would have been arrested
immediately.

Rivers was taken to a hospital in nearby U.N.-governed Kosovo.

He was sentenced in absentia to five years in jail on charges of leading an
attack on the Interpol police station last year. Since 2000, warrants have
been issued for Rivers' arrest on charges of willful murder, armed robbery,
armed assault and battery of the education directress of the town.
m***@yahoo.com
2005-06-18 02:31:20 UTC
Permalink
Look who actually murdered who:




http://www.turkishnews.com/DiscoverTurkey/cyprus/photos.html

The most violent terrorist organization in the world, Greece:

The sub-human anti-Turkish hatred fabricators, murderers of innocent
and defenceless Turks and thugs of Armenian/Greek/PKK/KADEK
anti-Turkish Hatred Inc., with a veracious appetite for innocent
Turkish blood and brain-washed with Anti-Turkish hatred, never stop in
their relentless dreams of massacring all Turks everywhere in the
World. The sub-human Greek/Armenian/PKK/KADEK terrorists think
repeating anti-Turkish hate propaganda over and over legitimize their
rape, torture and murder of innocent and defenceless Turkish human
beings.




http://www.turkses.com/index.asp


On Cyprus

by Ahmet Cosar

Cyprus formed part of the Ottoman Empire from 1571 to 1914, when it was
formally annexed by Great Britain at the beginning of World War I. In
1950s the revival of "Hellenism" and the ideal of re- building the
great "Hellen Empire" started a bloody struggle in Cyprus, Enosis, in
other words the annexation of Cyprus by Greece. The religious leader of
Greek Cypriots, Archbishop Makarios, was the head of the movement and
there were massive terrorist attacks on British rulers and Turkish
Cypriots who didn't share this "ideal". The numbers show that between
1955 and 1960, 508 people were murdered and 1,260 people were wounded
in these attacks by EOKA, a Greek Cypriot terrorist organization, under
the leadership of an ex- colonel from the Greek army, Grivas[2].

By 1958 it had become clear that it was not possible to achieve Enosis.
Turkish Cypriots, just like Greek Cypriots, wanted self- determination
and freedom and they didn't want to be a mere "minority" which, soon
after independence, would be "persuaded" to leave Cyprus. In 1959 the
Greek side accepted the formation of an independent republic in which
Turkish Cypriots would be one of the two equal partners. However, what
Greek side understood from "independence" was merely "a step before
Enosis" as it was soon discovered. Knowing the Greek aim of Enosis, the
Republic of Cyprus was founded in 1960 with a detailed Constitution
which strictly forbade the annexation of Cyprus by any country.
Furthermore permanent guarantees were written in the Constitution of
Cyprus so that the "independent democracy" would not turn into a
"dictatorship of majority"[3]. Nevertheless, beginning right after the
foundation of Cyprus in 1960, the Greek Cypriots made it clear that
they had not given up the struggle for Enosis. Makarios, also first
President of Cyprus, made the following public declaration:

"The Zurich and London Agreements form a landmark in the course of this
struggle, but, at the same time, are a starting point for further
struggles, with the object of capitalising on what has been achieved
for further conquests",

on 5 January 1962. On 15 August 1962, in Kykko monastery, he reiterated
that Enosis was his aim and said:

"Greek Cypriots must continue to march forward to complete the work
began by the EOKA heroes."

He also made the following provocative remark at his native village of
Panayia on 4 September 1962:

"Until this small Turkish community that forms part of the Turkish race
which has been the terrible enemy of Hellenism is expelled, the duty to
the heroes of EOKA cannot be considered as terminated."

In 1962, Polykarpos Yorkadjis, Minister of Interior, declared that:

"There is no place in Cyprus for anyone who is not Greek, who does not
think Greek and who does not constantly feel Greek."

Meanwhile, the Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation regularly broadcast
virulently anti-Turkish plays. In one play, a mother asks her son what
her son wants to become; the boy replies:

- "a hero."

When she asks him,:

- "What will you bring to us?",

he answers:

- "I am going to bring seven Turkish heads to you [4]."

In fact the Akritas plan, published by Greek Cypriot newspaper Patris
on 21 April 1966, was a clear proof of the fact that Greek Cypriot side
deliberately tried to prove the constitution as unworkable and to
replace it with a settlement in order to re-open the way to Enosis. It
was disclosed that Archbishop Makarios had assumed responsibility for
the implementation of the plan and he had appointed Polycarpos
Georkadjis to be the "Chief Akritas". In an interview with the Italian
journalist Oriana Fallaci, Makarios said how Ioannides (a Greek officer
in the Greek contingent on Cyprus) and Nikos Sampson, a bloody EOKA
terrorist leader responsible from the "execution squads" of EOKA, came
to him one day in 1964 and told:

"Your Beatitude, here is my project. To attack the Turkish Cypriots on
the island, and eliminate them to the last one [5]."

Ioannides was the leader of the fascist Greek Junta in 1974 and Nikos
Sampson was declared the "president" with the Coup organized by Athens,
and their plan was still as revealed by Makarios. Knowing these facts
it is easy to understand the reasons behind the Turkish fears for the
security of Turkish Cypriots and the decision for intervention. In fact
after the intervention it was found out that in Sandallaris village the
whole population of 57, and at Maratha village 82 Turkish Cypriots were
massacred and buried in mass-graves, among the victims were babies,
women, and elderly people. In Tokhni village all able-bodied male
Turkish inhabitants (50 in number) were taken by the Greek Cypriot
National Guard soldiers to the outskirts of Ayia Phyla village in
Limassol district where they were massacred and buried in a pre-opened
pit together with about 40 Turks from Tatlisu (Mari)[6].

Greek people, repeating the official Greek claim, tell us that more
than 2,000 Greek Cypriots were/are "missing". For some strange reason
they forget to tell us that a Greek Cypriot Priest, Father Papatsetsos,
made a declaration to Greek newspapers saying that he had personally
buried 127 people, 10 of them were Turkish Cypriots, and all of them
were murdered by EOKA-B terrorists and the Greek National Guard(there
were violent clashes between left-wing and right-wing Greek Cypriots
after the Coup in 1974)[7] . On 23 July 1974, The Times of London
quoted the American wife of Dr. Lyssarides (head of the EDEK party)
saying that many supporters of Makarios had been massacred during and
after the coup. On 25 July 1974 Combat published in Belgium, reported:

"it has been confirmed that during the days following the coup at least
2,000 of Makarios's supporters have either been killed in the fighting
or executed."

A report in Washington Star News said similar things:

"Bodies littered the streets and there were mass burials."

Until this day Greek Cypriot Government has rejected to open these
mass-graves and to reveal the identities of these people, mainly to
continue the Greek propaganda of "missing Greeks". The fact is that,
the question of missing persons was investigated by International
Committee of Red Cross (ICRC). The ICRC representative stated
categorically in the presence of the UN Secretary-General's Special
Representative in Cyprus that all POWs were delivered to the Greek
side. This fact was also confirmed in the report of the head of the
ICRC dated 18 March 1977. At the time there were only 23-24 cases
pending investigation, and the Turkish side is ready to investigate
these cases along with hundreds of Turkish Cypriots who are missing
since 1963[8]. As for the "atrocity stories" made up by Greek side, a
report by the Study Mission of the Sub-committee of the Judiciary of
the US Senate (October 1974), about the first phase of the Turkish
military operation, said:

"Whenever and wherever the Study Mission talked with Greek Cypriot
refugees, the story was basically the same: people moved the instant
they saw or thought the Turkish army was advancing towards their town
or village."

About the second phase of the operation, the report says:

"Greek Cypriots fled the moment there was rumor or sight of military
forces - creating a virtual vacuum into which the Turkish army could
and did move without resistance and without the presence of people."

Since 1974 there have been many series of negotiations between Greek
and Turkish Cypriots. All of these negotiations have been fruitless
because of the Greek side's unwillingness to accept Turkish Cypriots'
equality and the guarantee of their rights by Turkey. The Greek Cypriot
side has been enjoying hundreds of millions of dollars of help from UN
and EEC while the Turkish Cypriots have been denied all of their
citizenship rights and share. What is worse, these helps have been used
by Greek Cypriots for their military expenses which rose to $500
Million between 1977-87 and $762 Million are envisaged for 1990-93
period. Today there are less than 20,000 Turkish soldiers in Cyprus as
opposed to more than 15,000 Greek mainland troops and the Greek
National Guard includes 21,000 troops and with reserves reaches 85,000.
Former EOKA members are still in powerful government positions and not
a single Greek Cypriot has been punished for their acts during 1974
Coup. Even Nikos Sampson has been allowed to leave Cyprus, with the
pretext of being treated, and has not returned from France for years
and when he did he was greeted as a "hero". Finally, I am finishing my
article with the words of the Greek Cypriot Defense Minister, Mr.
Alonetis, on 11 March 1989:

"At the first opportunity we get, the Greek Cypriot National Guard will
attack and regain by force of arms our occupied lands."

Therefore, nobody was surprised when Greek Cypriots began moving their
forces to the Turkish Cypriot border during the recent Gulf-Crisis,
hoping that Iraq would attack Turkey.

I believe the latest UN-Resolution in the Cyprus Problem must guide
both Greeks and Turks to the correct path:

Resolution 649, 1990

[...]
"Calls upon the leaders of the two communities to pursue their efforts
to reach freely a mutually acceptable solution providing for the
establishment of a federation that will be BI-COMMUNAL as regards the
constitutional aspects and BI-ZONAL as regards the territorial aspects
in line with the present resolution and their 1977 and 1979 agreements,
and to co-operate, on an EQUAL FOOTING, with the Secretary-General in
completing, in the first instance and on an urgent basis, an outline of
an overall agreement, as agreed in june 1989."
[...]


References

[1] Sir H. Luke, Cyprus Under the Turks, pp. vi-xi.
[2] L. Stern, The Wrong Horse, pp. 160-177.
[3] J. Reddaway, The British Connection with Cyprus Since
Independence, pp. 1-23.
[4] L. Stern, ibid, pp. 92-93.
[5] P. Oberling, The Cyprus Tragedy, pp.4-5.
[6] A. H. Rizvi, Cyprus: The Tale of an Island, pp. 38-39.
[7] R. R. Denktash, The Cyprus Triangle, 1982, pp. 145-148.
[8] R. R. Denktash, ibid, pp. 92-95.


----------------------------------------------------------------------



http://www.turkses.com/index.asp

These people were killed just because they were Turkish Cypriots.

The horrifying fate of a Turkish Cypriot mother, Ülfet Osman (21) and
her daughter and a teenage girl in the hands of a Greek Cypriot driver
who deceived them with a promise to transport them to the Turkish
controlled region of Cyprus on November 12, 1974.

Foreign Journalists at Ayios Vasilios mass grave establishing evidence
of Greek-Greek Cypriot Barbarism

Picture above shows the Turkish Cpriot victims of a mass grave near the
village of Maratha which was discovered by the Turkish authorities on
September 2, 1974

Devastated Turkish Cypriot houses at Omorphita (a suburb of Nicosia)


---------------------------------------






http://www.turkses.com/index.asp




THE CYPRUS QUESTION

by Okan Baysan

As a response to the recent posting concerning Cyprus in this
newsgroup, I would like to present the Turkish Cypriot
perspective
so that one can have the opportunity to listen to both North
and
South Cyprus before reaching a healthy conclusion.


HOW AND WHY DID THE CYPRUS ISSUE START?

Cyprus has been conquered and governed by various nations in
its
history as a result of its strategic location in the eastern
Mediterranean. Among these were the Egyptians, Assyrians,
Byzantines,
Lusignans, Venetians, Ottomans, and the British. When the
island
gained its independence from the British in 1960, a partnership
government was established between the Turkish and Greek
Cypriot
communities of the island.

Since the Greek independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1820's,
the people who call themselves Greek Cypriots today thought
that
they could obtain a similar independece, and eventually annex
the
island to Greece with the hope of resurrecting the once
Byzantine
Empire, by acquiring the permanently 'lost lands' (Megali Idea
=
Great Dream/Idea). This desire of union with Greece, ENOSIS,
constitutes the entire roots of the Cyprus question today and
is
in fact still alive among the majority of Greek Cypriots in
South
Cyprus.

After the British extended their rule to Cyprus, starting in
1878,
the desire for ENOSIS -union of Cyprus with Greece - started
to show its presence among the members of the Greek Cypriots,
and
in late 1940's and early 1950's their struggle became more
obvious
all over Cyprus. Their primary target was the British, and with

the import of guns and weapons from Greece, Greek Cypriot
agitation
for ENOSIS turned into an armed struggle, which resulted in the

killing of scores of innocent lives.


GREEK CYPRIOT ARMED STRUGGLE FOR ENOSIS & INDEPENDENCE FROM
BRITAIN

In 1955, a Greek Cypriot terrorist organization, EOKA, was
established in order to carry out these attacks in a more
organized
manner, and soon, the British realised that the island had to
be
granted to its actual owners, the Turkish Cypriots, whose
origin
dates back to the Ottoman Conquest of the island in 1571, and
the
Greek Cypriots, who have chosen to identify themselves as such
even though their roots do not lie in Greece.

The first president of the Republic of Cyprus was a Greek
Cypriot,
Makarios, who publicly promoted ENOSIS, and the first Vice
president,
a Turkish Cypriot, Fazil Kucuk. United Kingdom, Turkey, and
Greece
signed a Treaty of Guarantee which gave them the obligaton to
protect and defend the island against any external attack that
was
likely to come to Cyprus. The partnership republic also had a
7:3 ratio in its administrative organs, and it appeared to
function well in its early stages. The Greek Cypriot agitation
for ENOSIS, which had never dwindled after the bi-communal
republic was established, became more obvious than before, but
this time, the primary target was the Turkish Cypriots, the
co-partners of the 1960 Republic. With the so-called 13 point
proposals of Makarios, which would alter the 1960 constitution,
remove the Vice President's veto power, take away the rights
of the Turkish Cypriot community, and speed up the annexation
of
Cyprus to Greece, ENOSIS, brought the partnership to an
end, and indeed, the Turkish Cypriots were denied their most
basic rights, and forced to live under inhumane conditions in
their own homeland.

1963-1974 was the worst decade in the history of the island,
and
hundreds of innocent Turkish Cypriots were massacred, taken
away
from their homes never to be seen again, buried in massgraves,
and relentlessly and barbarically attacked by their
co-partners,
the Greek Cypriots and their sponsors, Greeks of mainland
Greece.
And all this was the result of the sheer greed and the
so-called
'civilised' respect of the Greek Cypriots towards their
co-partners
and neighbours. In the meantime, Turkish Cypriots established
their own administration, the Turkish Cypriot transitional
Administra-
tion in late 1960's in order to take care of the urgent needs
of
the Turkish Cypriot community all over the island.


15 JULY 1974 GREEK INVASION & 20 JULY 1974 TURKISH PEACE
OPERATION

Eleven entire years of untold suffering and ethnic cleansing of
the
Turkish Cypriots, just because they constituted a barrier to
the
fulfillment of the Greek Cypriot desires for ENOSIS, reached
its
peak with the invasion of GREECE on 15 July 1974, when the
military
government then ruling Greece finally decided to annex the
island
officially.The colonels of Greece organized a Coup D'etat on
this
day and installed a criminal and a murderer as the puppet
president
of Cyprus, remotely controlled by Athens. This criminal was in
fact
the butcher of many Turkish Cypriots for more than a decade.
Death toll reached unbelievable numbers in Cyprus and hundreds
of
Turkish and Greek Cypriots paid the cost of the Greek invasion
with
their very lives.

Turkey, as one of the Guarantor powers, asked United Kingdom to

act together and bring the order in Cyprus back to what it was
in 1960. Refusing to cooperate, Turkey was forced to act alone
and intervene the situation in order to protect the lives and
rights of the Turkish Cypriots in Cyprus, as well as put an
end to the Greek expansionism and aggression in the island. So
5 days after the Greek Invasion, Turkish Peace Operation of
20 July 1974 was started with the orders of the then prime
minister
of Turkey, Bulent Ecevit. It was the most important day in the
lives of the Turkish Cypriots to see the Turkish Peace troops
coming to their rescue, and it was the most exciting day that
they waited to see during the preceeding 11 entire years of
Greek suppression and aggression. Their dreams came true with
the arrival of Turkish Peace troops on 20 July, and they
regained
their FREEDOM in their own homeland.


DEVELOPMENTS AFTER 1974

When the Peace Operation was victoriously completed and the
Turkish
Cypriots were freed from Greek barbarism during the preceeding
decade, their political evolution started to accelerate. In
1975
the Turkish Federated State of Cyprus was established in the
Turkish Cypriot controlled of northern Cyprus, and the first
Turkish Cypriot national assembly was formed. In the meantime,
various agreements were signed between Turkish Federated State
of
Cyprus and the Greek Cypriot administration in south Cyprus,
which still identified itself as the so-called Republic of
Cyprus
and illegally and unconstitutionally continued to enjoy the
recognition and financial aid of the United Nations even though
this administration should, according to the 1960 constitution,

consist of the Turkish Cypriot members as well. Among these
were the Population Transfer Agreements signed by the leaders
of both communities in order to allow Greek Cypriots in the
north
to move to south, and Turkish Cypriots in the south to move to
north for their own safety and security. This resulted in the
creation of two homogeneous communities each of which had a
different
religion, culture, language, ethnic background, and values.

Continued negotiations to reunite the island and establish a
federal government hopelessly continued during the following
years
despite the fact that the Greek Cypriot claims over the entire
island
have not showed any change whatsoever.


TURKISH REPUBLIC OF NORTHERN CYPRUS

As a result of the failure in the negotiations and the
continued
support of United Nations for the Greek Cypriot demands, and
their
accepting the Greek Cypriot administration as the only
so-called
government in Cyprus, as well as their non-recognition of the
existence of the Turkish Cypriot community in Cyprus, the
national
assembly of the Turkish Federated State in the north
unanimously
voted for the establishment of the TURKISH REPUBLIC OF NORTHERN
CYPRUS on 15 November 1983. This was to assert the Turkish
Cypriots'
existence and their demands in the establishment of a future
just and fair federal republic in Cyprus. Even though TRNC
enjoys
Turkiye's recognition only as of now, it does have trade
relations
with European, Middle Eastern, and Asian countries and it also
maintains consulates or representative offices in various
countries.


INALIENABLE BASIC PRINCIPLES OF TURKISH CYPRIOTS

In order to appreciate fully the Turkish Cypriot position,
it should be noted that the very survival of the Turkish
Cypriots
living as a free people, and in security, in their own
homeland,
depends on adherence to, and respect for, the following
principles:

(a) the equal political status of the two national Communities,

(b) bi-zonality,

(c) the security of the Turkish Cypriot people,

(d) the continuation of the adequate and effective guarantee of

Turkiye, which the Turkish Cypriots regard as teh only
effective
guarantee of their right to live, of their very existence
and
of their security,

(e) the participation of the two peoples, as politically equal
entitites, with equal effectiveness and right of say, in
decisions of the Legislature and the Executive,

(f) the so-called "three freedoms" to be regulated and applied
in
such a way as to ensure that the security of the Turkish
Cypriot
people is not endangered in any way and that the bi-zonal
structure of the proposed federation is not impaired,

(g) the federal government to hav eonly the powers and
functions
agreed to be assigned to it by the federated states, and
the
residual powers to remain within the federated states.

Turkiye has not territorial claims in Cyprus. On the contrary,
it
is Greece, which is expansionist. Greece is the party which
wants
to annex Cyprus, and thereby to condemn the Turkish people of
Cyprus to annihilation.

Turkiye's intention is quite clear: It is to ensure and protect
the
survival and rights of the Turkish Cypriot people. Nobody
should
expect Turkiye to allow the Turkish Cypriot people to be
abandoned
to death and oppresion, once again.


GREEK CYPRIOT POSITION, and their SYSTEMATIC,
DECEIVING and FAKE PROPAGANDA

The Greek Cypriots tried and managed to convince the world with

their relentless political propaganda that the Cyprus issue
started in 1974 with the "invasion", as they call it, of
Turkey.
Somehow, they don't see the FACT that there has been no
gunshot,
no killing, no massacres, and no more massgraves in Cyprus with

the conclusion of Turkish Peace troops.

They also artificially created a "missing people" issue with
the
blame on the Turkish side. In fact, the Greek military regime
who organised the Coup D'etat on 15 July 1974 is responsible
for
the missing and all the unaccounted people. Rumors that Turkey
hold some Greek Cypriot prisoners of war are nothing more than
intentional creations of Greek Cypriot fake propaganda in order
to make political gains in the international arenas against
Turkey
and Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. There are also more
than
800 Turkish Cypriot missing people and the families of those
people came to believe that they will never see their loved
ones
again, and returned to normal lives eventually.

Refugee problem is another artificially created propaganda
material
for the Greek Cypriot politcal gains because all population
transfers
were made based on the international agreements for the safety
and
security of each community. The leaders or both communities
signed
these agreements. Let's also not forget the FACT that one third
of the Turkish Cypriot population also had to move, for their
own
security , but the Turkish Cypriot administrations have never
made
a political propaganda out of this even today.

The Greek Cypriot administration of South Cyprus imposed
political,
cultural, economic and sports embargo on Northern Cyprus and
they are trying to achieve what they could not achieve with
arms,
that is, ENOSIS -union of Cyprus with Greece - at the dawn of
the 21st century.


===== ===== ===== ===== ===== ===== ===== ===== ===== ===== ===== =====
=====
(* (* (* (* (* (* (* (* (* (* (* (*
(*
===== ===== ===== ===== ===== ===== ===== ===== ===== ===== ===== =====
=====


*APPENDICES
(1) Enosis Claims of the Greek Cypriot leaders with their own
words
(2) Greek official's statement on the missing people issue
(3) Population Transfer Agreement
(4) Proof of Greek Invasion on 15 July 1974, with Makarios's
own words.


*(1)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
"The noble struggles of the people never come to an end. These
struggles
although undergo transformation, are never terminated. The struggle of
the
people of Cyprus too will go on.
The Zurich and London Agreements form a landmark in the course of this

struggle, but at the same time, are a starting point and bastion for
further
struggles, with the object of capitalizing on what has been achieved
for
further conquests."
From Makarios's speech delivered on 01/05/1962



"Greek Cypriots must continue to march forward to complete the work
began by
the EOKA heroes... The struggle is continuing in a new form, and will
go
until we achieve our goal..."
From Makarios's sermon at Kykko Monastery on
08/15/1962



"The aim of the Cyprus struggle was not the establishment of a
Republic. These
agreements only laid the foundations."
From Makarios's statement made on 03/13/1963



"Union of Cyprus with Greeceisan aspiration always cherished within the
hearts
of all Greek Cypriots. It is impossible to put an end to this
aspiration by
establishing a Republic."
From Makarios's statement to the correspondent
of London
TIMES on 04/09/1963



"It is true that the goal of our struggle is to annex Cyprus to
Greece."
From Makarios's interview published in the Uusi
Suomi of
Stockholm on 09/05/1963



"... No power is able to close the Cyprus question. We shall keep it
open and
will never close it under any circumstances or conditions... until we
close it
through our union with Greece, a genuine Enosis without exchanges..."
From Makarios's public speech at Larnaca on
05/16/1965



"Either the whole of Cyprus is to be united with Greece or [it will]
become a
a holocaust... The road to the fulfillment of national aspirations may
be
full of difficulties, but we shall reach the goal -which is Enosis-
alive
or dead."
From Makarios's speech, at Rizokarpasso,
05/26/1965



"Freedom for us means only the integration of this southern outpost of
Hellenism into the national entity..."
Tasos Papadopoulos on U.N. day in Limassol,
10/23/1967



"... I shall never violate my oath, and I shall never deviate from my
goal.
I have desired ENOSIS, and I have never struggled for anything else
other
than its achievement."
Makarios, in an interview with Eleftheros Kosmo
and Ta Simerina, Athens, 08/19/1970



"Cyprus is Greek. Cyprus was Greek since the dawn of its history, and
will remain Greek.
Greek and undivided we have taken it over.
Greek and undivided we shall preserve it.
Greek and undiveded we shall deliver it to Greece."
Makarios, in a speech at Yialousa on 03/14/1971




"Greek and undivided we have taken it over. Greek and undivided we
shall
preserve it. Greek and undivided we shall deliver it to Greece."
Makarios, Yialousa, 03/14/1971




"The struggle of Cyprus is the struggle of all Hellenism. Cyprus, where
the
Greek virtue is being tested, is today the place where the Greek
history and
Greek struggle are continuing."
Spyros Kyprianou at a meeting in Limassol on
03/24/1971
to celebrate the Greek Independence Day




"I am in favour of ENOSIS. ENOSIS is the national aspiration of Greek
Cypriots."
Makarios, in an interview withthe ITN
correspondent,
Mr. Robert Southgate, published on 09/21/1971




"If your aim is the launching of a struggle for ENOSIS, then both I and

the people of Cyprus are ready to enter such a struggle provided it is
backed by the Greek Government."
Makarios, in his reply to the Greek
Government's
note of 02/11/1972 as reported in the Greek
Cypriot
press on 03/16/1972




"Those who disagree with the way of handling Cyprus' national problem
and
call themselves ENOSISTS accuse and call the others, the overwhelming
majority of the Greek Cypriot people, anti-ENOSISTS. The charge is
false
and inadmissible. All Greek Cypriots are and will be ENOSISTS.
Makarios, in a speech at the unveiling if the
statue
of EOKA man Michalakis Savva at Akaki village
on
11/05/1972




"I have struggled for union of Cyprus with Greece, and ENOSIS will
always
be my deep national aspiration as it is the aspiration of all Greek
Cypriots. My national creed has never changed and my career as a
national
leader has shown no inconsistency or contradiction. I have accepted
independence instead of ENOSIS because certain external conditions and
factors have not allowed a free choice.
If I had any ambitions, my greatest ambition would be for my name to
be
associated with ENOSIS."
Makarios, in an interview with Mme Maria Rejane
of the French Magazine "Le Point", published on
02/19/1973




"ENOSIS has always been for the Greek Cypriots a deep rooted national
aspiration. To me independence is a compromise. In other words, if I
had
a free choice between independence and ENOSIS, I would support ENOSIS."
Makarios, in an interview with the
correspondent
of Frankfurter Rundshau as published in the
Cyprus
Mail on 05/16/1974



"The Cyprus State should be dissolved only in the event of ENOSIS."
Makarios, in a letter to General Gizikis,
President
of Greece, dated 07/02/1974




"The Greek Cypriot leadership prepared the AKRITAS PLAN in order to
knock the
Turks out and realize ENOSIS -union of Cyprus with Greece- ..."
Aristos Katsis, a Greek historian, in his
article
published by the Greek Cypriot daily
Phileleftheros on
11/10/1979


"My first goal will be to get rid of the concessions and promises given
by
Vasiliou. Our goal is the same. [It is] to liberate Varosha,
Pentadaktylons,
Kyrenia, Morphou, Karpasia, Cyprus."
Glafkos Klerides, Eleftherotipia, 02/13/1993


------------------------------------------------------------------------------

*(2)

Statement of Greek Minister on Greek Cypriot Missing Persons
Source: The Tragedy of Turkish Cypriot Missing Persons in Cyprus -Third
Decade-
June 1989

Mr Evangelos Yannopolos, the then Greek Minister of Maritime
Affairs,
said on 4/7/1988 the following which was published in Eleftherotipia
newspaper in Nicosia.
"The two myths in Cyprus must be exposed as lies. The first
myth
is the case of missing persons and the second is the myth of the
invasion
of Cyprus by Turkey. The Greek Cypriots presented as missing persons
were
actually the victims who were killed during the Sampson Coup. As
regards the
invasion of Cyprus by Turkey, it was the Greek military that staged the

coup and toppled Makarios at a time when he was an internationally
recognized
President of Cyprus. How is it possible to topple Makarios and start
slaughtering the Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots and impose a mad
man
like Sampson to head the Cyprus Government and yet expect no reaction
from
Turkey."

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

*(3)


VOLUNTARY REGROUPING OF POPULATIONS

On 2 August 1975, at the third round of the Vienna Talks, an
Agreement was reached between the representatives of the two
peoples of Cyprus, President Denktas and Mr. Clerides, for the
Voluntary Regrouping of Populations. (U.N. Document, S/11789,
2 August 1975)

This Agreement, reached under the auspices of the U.N.
Secretary
General and implemented in September 1975 under U.N.
supervision,
consolidated the peace reached as the result of the Turkish
Peace
Operation. The voluntary regrouping of populations made it
possible for the two peoples of Cyprus to live in complete
security in their respective zones. No intercommunal fighting
or
acts of violence took place in Cyprus since the implementation
of the Agreement of 2 August 1975. The peace achieved by the
Turkish Peace Operation became a permanent feature in the
Island.

Source: The Crux of the Cyprus Question
Turhan Feyzioglu, Necati M. Ertekun


Population Exchange Agreement
Signed on August 2, 1975.

(1) The Turkish Cypriots at present in the south of the island will be
allowed,
if they want to do so, to proceed north with their belongings under
an
organized programme and with the assistance of the United Nations
Peace
keeping Force in Cyprus.

(2) Mr. Denktas reaffirmed, and it was agreed, that the Greek Cypriots
at
present in the north of the island are free to stay and that they
will be
given every help to lead a normal life, including facilities for
education
and for the practice of their religion, as well as medical care by
their
own doctors and freedom of movement in the north.

(3) The Greek Cypriots at present in the north who, at their own
request and
without having been subjected to any kind of pressure, wish to move
to the
south, will be permitted to do so.

(4) The United Nations will have free and normal access to Greek
Cypriot
villages and habitations in the north.

(5) In connexion with the the implementations of the above agreement,
priority
will be given to the reunification of families, which may also
involve
the transfer of a number of Greek Cypriots, at present in the
south, to
the north.


Source: U.N. Document S/11789

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*(4)

MAKARIOS ADDRESSING THE U.N. SECURITY COUNCIL

UNITED NATIONS
SECURITY COUNCIL Official Records

1780th Meeting: 19 JULY 1974
New York

18.
...It is clearly an invasion from outside, inflagrant violation
of the independence and sovereignty of the Republic of Cyprus.
The so-called coup was the work of the Greek officers staffing
and
commanding the National Guard.

19.
... the Greek officers serving with the National guard....
recruited many members of the terrorist organization EOKA-B.

21.
The coup caused much bloodshed and took a great toll of human
lives...
...It was an invasion which violated the independence and
sovereignty of the Republic. And the invasion is continuing
so long as there are Greek officers in Cyprus.

25.
It may be said that it was the Cyprus Government which invited
the Greek officers to staff the National Guard. I regret to say
that it was a mistake on my part...

32. As I have already stated, the events in Cyprus do not
constitute
an internal matter of the Greeks of Cyprus. The Turks of Cyprus
are also affected. The coup of the Greek junta is an invasion,
and
from its consequences the whole people of Cyprus suffers, both
Greeks and Turks.

Source: U.N. Security Council Official Record of the 1780th meeting.
"Makarios' address on 19 July 1974"



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Interview & the Testimony of the Greek Cypriot Priest, Papatsetsos,as
Published in Local Greek Newspaper, Ta Nea on 28 February 1976
PAPATSETSOS:

Two days after the coup, on 17 July, I witnessed something which has
perhaps never been witnessed by any mortal before. I saw a young Greek
Cypriot buried alive. That was when two Junta officers came to my house
and ordered me to accompany them to the cemetery. I taught they were
going to kill me, but they said they only wanted me for burying some
dead people.

In the cemetery there were two open graves and two bodies lying beside
them. I went to see if I could recognise them. One was dead. But the
other, a curly haired, fair-com- plexioned, 18 year-old youth, was
moving. Startled, I turned back and shouted:'But officer, this man is
alive!'

'Shut up you dirty priest, or I will shut you up for good', the officer
retorted. Then the youth was pushed into the open grave which was
filled with earth. I swear to God that they buried this youth while he
was still alive!

[Pointing at the cemetery, Papatsetsos said] Here people were buried
like dogs by the Junta. There were also bodies which had been dumped
outside the cemetery. They were not identified, and not claimed. As a
priest my conscience is troubled, but they were holding a pistol to my
head at the time.

I remember the day they first came to me. They said 'Father, we have
some dead bodies which we want you to bury'. 'Certainly', I replied and
asked how many bodies they had. SEVENTY-SEVEN they said. An hour later
a lorry arrived and I heard someone order: 'Dump them outside.' They
were the dead bodies; they were all put in one common grave, without
waiting for identification by their relatives. The Junta men produced
some small crosses(seven only), wrote some names on them and put them
on the grave.

The Junta men scornfully called persons loyal to Makarios 'Muskos
supporters', and wanted to bury them 'like dogs', in a sheep fold
outside the cemetery. And that is what they did in the end. They dug
two graves with excavators-one inside and the other outside the
cemetery. They buried their own dead (27) inside the cemetery and
others(5) outside.

TA NEA: Father, about the youth man buried alive, could he have been
saved?
PAPATSETSOS: Of course he could have been saved. He had a wound in the
right leg. I went to the hospital and asked a doctor there, if a dead
man could move. The doctor laughed, and said 'No'. But I was not the
one who had buried him alive.
TA NEA: Could you recognise any of the Junta men?
PAPATSETSOS: THEY HAD ALL COME FROM GREECE FOR THE COUP. They were
looting, and even broke into my house. They entered houses on the
pretext of searching for deserters but actually stole valuable articles
from them.
TA NEA: Have you witnessed any other atrocities?
PAPATSETSOS: I listened to telephone conversations between Junta men.
In one case they were talking about the people resisting at Kaimakli
suburb, and saying:'SHOOT THEM ALL, HAVE NO MERCY AT ALL!' I also
noticed that in the hospi- tal they were giving polluted water to the
sick.
TA NEA: Father, could you swear that you have not secretly buried dead
Turks in the cemetery?
PAPATSETSOS: Only about 10. We did not know who they were and where
they were found.
TA NEA: How many bodies did you bury during the coup?
PAPATSETSOS: 127. Fifty of them were collected from the streets and
they were buried outside the cemetery; the other 77 were buried inside.

TA NEA: If the Turkish invasion had not taken place, would more Greek
Cypriots have been killed in the coup?
PAPATSETSOS: OH YES, MANY MORE. They wanted to kill me too. It is
rather a hard thing to say, but it is true, that the Turkish
intervention saved us from a merciless internecine war. They had
prepared a list of all Makarios supporters and they would have
slaughtered them all.
TA NEA: Now, father tell me sincerely, were people brutally killed in
those days?
PAPATSETSOS: YES, MY SON. MASSACRES were committed outside Kykko
Monastery and in Limassol. I heard with my own ears the order. 'ALL OF
THEM, TO THE LAST MAN, MUST BE KILLED TONIGHT.'
THOSE WHO HAVE WITNESSED THESE CRIMES ARE AFRAID TO SPEAK. AS A MATTER
OF FACT MOST OF THEM ARE GRIVAS SUPPORTERS AND THEY WILL NEVER SPEAK.



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Greek's confession of the massacre

The ex-Prime Minister of Greece, Mitsotakis, announced that Cypriot
Greeks had slaughtered Turks mercilessly under Makarios' bad
administration.

Terrible massacres carried out by the Cypriot Greeks against the
Turkish population of the island 26 years ago has been confirmed by
Konstantinos Mitsotakis, the ex-Prime Minister of Greece. The Cypriot
Greeks, who killed Turks brutally at that time, were denying these
massacres on the international arena up till now. Konstantinos
Mitsotakis said that "under Makarios' administration, Cypriot
Greeks carried out killings of Turks to reach the goal of abolishing
the signed agreements". These remarkable statements of the ex-Prime
Minister to the daily Greek newspaper Ta Nae have also been published
on Fileleftheros, the newspaper with the highest circulation in South
Cyprus. In his statements, Mitsotakis accused Archbishop Makarios with
criminal mistakes. Mitsotakis said that Makarios had dragged Cyprus
into bloody events in order to abolish the agreements signed personally
by himself and that this process had led Cypriot Greeks to commit
undeniable murders against the Turkish side. Mitsotakis also criticized
Konstantin Karamanlis, the Greek Prime Minister of the period and said
that "if I were in place of him I would accept the proposals made by
the Turks after the operation of 20th July,1974 and would prevent the
second operation".


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From: WASHINGTON POST, 17.02.1964

"...the fanatic Greeks are gradually approaching to ethnic genocide..."

From: Statement by Archbishop Makarios, August 1964
"...If Turkey comes in order to save Turkish Cypriots, Turkey will find
no Turkish Cypriots to save..."

From: A speech by Makarios made on the occasion of the visit of the
Defense Minister of Greece - on 27 October 1964 - As reported by all
Greek Cypriot newspapers on 28 October 1964

"...Greece has come to Cyprus, and Cyprus is Greece. I firmly believe
that the Pan-Hellenic struggle for the union of Cyprus with motherland
Greece will shortly be crowned with success. this success will be the
beginning of a new era of Greek grandeur and glory."


From: HERALD TRIBUNE, NEW YORK, 16 SEPTEMBER 1964

".....degrading, sub-human standard of life in Cyprus for Turks...",
"....economic restrictions being imposed upon the Turkish community in
Cyprus were in some instances so severe as to be a siege..."

From: UN SECRETARY GENERAL'S REPORT NO.s/610 of 12 December 1964, Annex
II
20. "At present no mail is being delivered to areas under Turkish
Cypriot control..."

From: A statement by Makarios as quoted in the Greek Cypriot Press of
17 March 1965
"...We shall keep the Cyprus question open and will never close it
under any circumstances or conditions...until we close it through union
with Greece, a genuine ENOSIS without exchanges."


From: CYPRUS MAIL - Statement of Makarios on 28 March 1966

"No Greek who knows me can ever believe that I would wish to work for
the creation of a Cypriot national awareness. The Agreements (Referring
to Zurich-Longon Agreements which led for the Creation of the Republic
of Cyprus) have created a State but not a Nation."


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From: DAILY TELEGRAPH (LONDON) 15.02.1964 EDITORIAL
"...If the Turkish Army has not already landed reinforcements to its
Treaty Force in Cyprus, that is simply proof of the patience of Turkey.
Its right to do so cannot be denied. If international treaties mean
anything, Turkey can protect the Turkish Cypriot minority from further
massacre. It is radical discrimination in its most bestial form.
Although there have been efforts to cloud the issue by suggesting that
both Cypriot communities are to blame, by far the heaviest guilt is
that of the Greek Cypriot force known as EOKA or EDMA..."


From: LE FIGARO (PARIS) 15-16.02.1964 REPORT BY MAX CLOS
"...It is a military operation that the Greeks launched against the six
thousand inhabitants of the Turkish quarter yesterday morning. A
spokesman of the Greek Cypriot Government has recognized this
officially... It is hard to conceive, how Greeks and Turks may
seriously contemplate working together after all that has happened.."

From: National Review, 12.06.1995, by Brian Cozier
"Greek Cypriot terrorist movement led by political bandit called George
Grivas had one simple aim: Enosis or union with Greece." ....

"In my view, the Turkish intervention of 1974 was not an invasion, as
widely accepted, but a morally justified rescue operation." .....

"I regret the Greek rejection of a federal solution, which alone makes
sense to me." .....

"Greek Cypriots are trying to make life uncomfortable for Northern
Cyprus by cutting of gas and electricity daily." .....

"There are warning signs today in the Greek Cypriot Republic..."

...for months past, a Russian Mafia and ex-KGB presence has been
building up there. There is a massive arms build-up as well... There
are also reliable reports on a still more sinister development, with
the training of anti-Turkish, leninist terrorists of the PKK in the
South (Greek Cypriot)..."

From: PERIODIKA, 6.2.1994 (Greek Cypriot weekly magazine) From an
interview with Mr. Ayionatitis, the leader of the Greek Political Party
"Ergatikei Demokratika Association"


"Greek Cypriot leadership says that the Cyprus problem began in 1974;
but it began long before this and even before the independence
(1960)...Power-holders on our side were oppressing Turkish Cypriots
before 1974..."


"...We should not forget that before 1974 Turkish Cypriots had been
treated like Negroes...Turks were doing the worst work but receiving
the least money. Turks had not had any control over the island's
economy."


"Reverting to the state of affairs before 1974 would not be a justified
move at all. Turks will never agree to this. And we have to admit one
more thing: If Turkey arrived in 1974 to save the Turkish Cypriots, the
latter were really in need of being saved. No one could know what the
coupists would do if they took over. Turkish Cypriots were concerned
about their fate in case Cyprus was united with Greece and they were
justified with their concern. It is because of this concern that
Turkish Cypriots have been fighting against Enosis since 1945. Under
this climate, there remains to be no justification for refugees to
return to their homes."


From: THE WIND BLOWS MEMOIRS OF SIR ALEC DOUGLAS-HUME, FORMER PRIME
MINISTER OF THE UK
"...I was early convinced that if Archbishop Makarios could not bring
himself to treat the Turkish Cypriots as human beings, he was inviting
the invasion and partition of the island."


From: VOICE OF GERMANY, 30.07.1974
(FROM AN INTERVIEW WITH MS INGRID HEBIL, A GERMAN TOURIST IN CYPRUS)
"...the human mind cannot comprehend the Greeks butchery. Greek
National Guard ... entering the Turkish homes, ruthlessly rained
bullets on women and children, they cut the throats of many Turks;
rounding up the Turkish women, they ... raped them all ..."


From: THE UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL, 20.08.1974
"...Every hour new ditches and numerous corpses are being discovered.
It is very difficult to endure the job..."


From: NBC, NATIONAL BROADCASTING CORPORATION, 29.07.1974 JOHN PALMER
REPORTING:
"...In the Turkish village of Aleminio, the Turks were collected in
front of a wall and the Greek national army shot them all and killed
them indiscriminately..."


From: THE WASHINGTON POST, 23.07.1974
"...In a Greek raid on a small village near Limassol, 36 people out of
the population of 200 were killed. The Greeks said they had been given
orders to kill the inhabitants before the Turkish forces arrived.."


From: UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL (upi), USA, 23.07.1974
"...the Greeks killed many women and children in Limassol. I have seen
the bodies of 20 children lying on the road...some were wounded and
crying...the Greek soldiers are waiting for their turn to enter in the
Turkish homes and kill the women..."

From: THE LONDON TIMES, 22.07.1974
"In the island, thousands of Turks were held as hostages. turkish women
were raped and Turkish children killed on the streets. The Turkish
Quarter in Limassol was burnt down. The incidents have been confirmed
by Greek Cypriots."


From: EVENING STANDARD, 19.07.1974
"...today, early in the morning Greek ships boarded on Famagusta (the
main seaport of Cyprus) port and discharged Greek soldiers fully
furnished with modern arms...soon after the discharge, atrocities
started to take place ... Cyprus is not a soverign state
anymore...Widespread massacre is taking place all over the island..."

"...At the main police station, one witness saw people tied to each
other....they were later executed.."


From: IL GIORNO, 14.1.1964 REPORTED BY GIORGIO BOCCO
"In Cyprus the terror continues. Right now we are witnessing the exodus
of Turks from villages. Thousands of people are abandoning their homes,
lands, herds: Greek terrorism is relentless. This time, the rhetoric of
the Hellens and the busts of Plato do not suffice to cover up their
barbaric and ferocious behavior. At four o'clock in the afternoon
curfew is imposed on the Turkish villages. Threats, shootings, and
attempts of arson start as soon as it becomes dark. After the massacre
during the past Christmas that spared neither women, nor children, it
is difficult to put up any resistance..."


From: A STATEMENT BY MAKARIOS AS QUOTED IN THE GREEK CYPRIOT PRESS OF
17 MARCH 1965
"...We shall keep the Cyprus question open and will never close it
under any circumstances or conditions....until we close it through
union with Greece, a genuine ENOSIS without exchanges."


From: WASHINGTON POST, 16.02.1964 ARTICLE BY ROBERT H. ESTABROOK
"...Archbishop Makarios, robed adn bearded cleric who serves as
President of Cyprus, has a Byzantine talent for equitation....his
Government deliberately provoked the clashes and is bent upon the
extermination of the Turkish population..."


From; EVENING POST, 15.1.1964 REPORTED BY JOHN WHITE FROM NICOSIA,
CYPRUS
Background to the London Conference

"This week 2,000 miles from that dusty Cypriot road, men are meeting
round a table in london to try to sort out the tragedy of Cyprus. Their
aim will be to find a solution to a problem which has produced
wide-spread murder, arson, looting and kidnapping. It is profoundly to
be hoped they discover such a solution. But very few people I met in
Cyprus last week have much faith in this painfully arranged Conference.
As the Greek Cypriot taxi man who drove me around Nicosia said: "The
conference will solve nothing. It is just words."

When I asked him for his solution he said "If the Turks want to stay -
O.K. But they can't have any rights. they should not have the good
jobs. They are the minority and must do what we say."

"Some Greeks are more extremist than the taxi man. They don't merely
wish to deprive the Turks of all rights. They want to deprive them of
the right to live. I have heard men say all Turks should die and these
were men with nervous trigger fingers."

" Many Greek and Turkish Cypriots are embittered - understandably - and
some are apparently resigned to everlasting conflict. 'I would like to
live peaceably with the Greeks' said one Turk, 'But I do not see how it
can be done.' Possibly he spoke for many others."

"The British Army in Cyprus have been playing a most difficult role.
One of their jobs has been to try and build confidence between Greeks
and Turks."

"Last Thursday hundreds of soldiers were drafted into a suburb of
Nicosia to safeguard Turkish families coming back to their homes and
'restore confidence'. I saw more Turks going than coming back. As one
of them said 'My four your old daughter was shot by my next door
neighbor. I don't want to return and be killed.'.."


From: THE GUARDIAN, 02.04.1988 (FROM THE 'SECRET" REPORT OF COMMANDER
PACKARD, WHO WAS A HIGH RANKING BRITISH OFFICER IN CYPRUS DURING
1963-64)
" One of Packard's first tasks was to try to find out what had happened
to the Turkish hospital patients. Secret discussions took place with a
Greek Minister in the collapsed government. After a brief
investigation, he was able to confirm local rumors. it appeared that
greek medical staff had slit the Turkish patients' throats as they lay
in their beds. Their bodies were loaded onto a truck and driven to a
farm north of the city where they were fed into mechanical choppers and
ground into the earth."


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The following is a list of Greek Cypriot Organizations which promoted
ENOSIS -union of Cyprus with Greece- through armed assaults,
killings, and terrorism all over the island.

(Source: The Cyprus Revolt by Nancy Crawshaw)


AKEL Anorthotikon Komma Ergazomenou Laou
Reform Party of the Working People

ANE Alkimos Neolaia Tis EOKA
Valiant Youth of EOKA

AON Anorthotiki Organismos Neolaias
Reform Youth Organisation

EAM Ethnikon Apeleftheritikon Metopon
National Liberation Front

EAS Ethnikos Apeleftherotikos Synaspimos
National Leberation Coalition

EDMA Eniaion Dimokratikon Metopon Anadimiurgias
United Democratic Reconstruction Front

ELAS Ethnikos Laikos Apeleftherotikos Stratos
People's National Liberation Army

EMAK Ethnikon Metopon Apeleftheroseos Kyprou
Cyprus National Liberation Front

EOKA Ethniki Organosis Kyprion Agoniston
National Organization of Cypriot Fighters

KEM Kypriakon Enotikon Metapon
Cyprus Enosis Front

OAE Organosis Aristeron Ethnikophronon
Left-wing Nationalists' Organisation

OAP Organosis Aristeron Patrioton
Left-wing Patriots' Organisation

OHEN Orthodoxos Christianiki Enosis Neon
Orthodox Christian Union of Youth

PEAEK Panellinikos Epiropi Agonos Enoseos Kyprou
Panhellenic Committee for the Struggle for the Union of Cyprus

PEK Panagrotiki Enosis Kyprou
Panagrarian Union of Cyprus

PEKA Politiki Epiropi Kypriakou Agonos
Political Committee of the Cyprus Struggle

PEO Pankyprios Ergatiki Omospondia
Pancyprian Federation of Labour

PEOM Pankyprios Ethniki Organosis Mathiton
Pancyprian National Organisation of Pupils

PEON Pankyprios Ethniki Organosis Neolaisas
Pancyprian National Organisation of Youth

SEK Synomospondia Ergaton Kyprou
Confederation of Cypriot Workers

SEKA Syndonistiki Epitropi Kypriakos Agonos
Coordination Committee of the Cyprus Struggle


AKEL, ANE, AON, EAM, EAS, EDMA,ELAS, EMAK, EOKA, KEM, OAE, OAP, OHEN,
PEAEK, PEK, PEKA, PEO, PEOM, PEON, SEK, SEKA

ANE's wide range of duties included surveillance and intimidation...
Later, on demonstrating proficiency as gunmen, they were promoted to
full membership of EOKA. [p. 255]

AON ... the communist youth organisation... [p. 54]

EAS immediately offered to support the Church plebiscite on condition
that it was a 'genuine' plebiscite for Enosis [p. 47]

EDMA ..., the potential successor to EOKA was formed out of ex-fighters
in support of Makarios [p. 352]

ELAS ... the overwhelmingly superior forces of ELAS... [p.92]

EMAK ... a secret revolutionary organisation, well organised and fully
armed, which aimed at Enosis... [p.111]

KEM... a plot by KEM to assasinate Makarios and start civil war in the
island... [p. 353]

OAE & OAP ... The two new organisations,..., sought to capture the
loyalties of the moderate leftists and claimed to represent
Akelists...[p.306]

OHEN ... had exercised a pernicious influence over Cypriot youth
through OHEN
and had frequently preached sedition in recent years [p. 169]

PEAEK ... This organisation, according to its own accord, had issued
over 3
million anti-British pamphlets printed by departments of the Greek Army
and
Government [p. 219]

PEK ... its subversive activities were in any case notorious and its
links
with Greece essentially political. [p. 128]

PEKA ... [EOKA]'s political wing... [p. 242]

PEON ...since its prescription in 1953, had functioned underground...
[p. 101]

SEKA... pledged to self-determination and Enosis.. [p. 384]


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GREEK CYPRIOTS HAVE ALWAYS HARBOURED PKK AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL
TERROR GROUPS

Greek Cypriot support given to the PKK terrorist organisation, known as
one of the most dangerous international terror groups in the world, has
once been proven, when a Cypriot passport issued by the Greek Cypriot
Administration in South Cyprus was found in the possession of PKK
leader Abdullah OCALAN who was recently captured and arrested by the
Turkish security officers.

The Turkish Government has stated that the passport found in OCALAN's
possession bore the name of LAZAROS MAVROS, the current President of
the Committee for Solidarity with Kurdistan, operating in south Cyprus
with the purpose of securing all sorts of support to PKK in this part
of the island.

Despite the Greek Cypriot sides desperate denials of its role in this
passport issue, its link with PKK in particular and international
terrorism in general has been proven with various reports, press
articles and other official documents.

Indeed, not only the Greek Cypriot officials but also other non- or
semi-official figures or organisations have, at times, been reported to
have been supporting and harbouring morally and materially, PKK and
other terror groups, such as ASALA. The prevailing mentality has always
been The enemy of my enemy is my friend, that has finally backfired, as
seen in the recent Kurdish violence against the Greeks in connection
with the arrest of CALAN and his subsequent bringing to Turkey.

SAMPSON

An ex-EOKA militant and the man installed for a few days as the Greek
Cypriot President in July 1974 by the Greek coupists who toppled over
Makarios Nicos SAMPSON is one of the Greek Cypriot figures who has been
linked to many acts of terrorism after 1974.

During those days when he was in the jail in South Cyprus, he planned a
series of terrorist acts against Turkey. The most striking aspects of
these acts were that their origin was Europe and that third parties
were employed.

Year 1976 was one when the Armenian and Arab terrorists chose France as
a base for their acts. French intelligence agency permitted PLOs
terrorist groups to be settled in France with the condition of not
giving any harm to the French interests both in and outside the
country.

In the years after 1975, during which international terrorism and
terror acts against Turkey were escalating, a report from Cyprus did
not draw much attention. Greek Cypriot President gave partial amnesty
to Nicos Sampson, a cancer patient, to go to France for treatment.
Sampson flew to Paris for treatment.

About four years after Sampsons arrival in Paris, ie. in 1980 when
terror turned Europe into a blood-lake, certain information reached
INTERPOL. The information was about a bomb blast on 3 October 1980 at a
synagogue in Copernicus Street in Paris that caused the death of many
people. Explosives were implanted in a Suzuki 125 model car and was
exploded with an electronic device. The car had been bought from a
used-car gallery for 1000 dollars at Grand Arme Avenue on 23 September.


In his deposition to the police, the gallery owner said that the car
was bought by a short, thin man with a moustache wearing blue jeans and
a leather jacket. For the preparation of the cars documents a Greek
Cypriot passport issued in South Cyprus was used. The passport was
issued under the name of Alexanders Panariou. Embassy of the Greek
Cypriot Administration in South Cyprus in Paris claimed that the
passport was fake.

According to the police Spanish terrorist Ernesto Mila Rodriguez was
behind this incident. Rodriguez had been caught, shortly before this
incident, while trying to smuggle Ingram sub-machine guns.

Names of four other Spanish terrorists were also mentioned in
connection with the synagogue explosion. While the investigation into
the issue was under way, the perpetrators had relations with Nicos
Sampson and some other Greek Cypriots living in Paris and frequently
visited South Cyprus. The passports of these Spanish terrorists caught
by the police contained many entry-exit visa stamps to and from South
Cyprus and Beirut. Also an address reading, Rue de la Pane, 100 was
found in the terrorists possession. This was Nicos Sampsons home
address in Paris.

French police found out that Sampson had occasional meetings with
suspected Greek Cypriots, Greek diplomats, Armenian businessmen and
Arabs. The most striking activity of Sampson was to rent houses and
provide cars for certain Arabs known as terrorists, using Greek Cypriot
names. He especially had very close relations with Syrians and Libyans.
He was supplying them with Greek Cypriot passports to use for their
acts and helping them to leave the country with planes of South Cyprus.


LYSSARIDES

Besides Sampson Dr Vassos Lyssarides, the leader of the Socialist EDEK
Party in South Cyprus, has been actively and seriously involved in
anti-Turkish terrorism both before and after 1974.

Lyssarides is the founder of the the Committee for Solidarity with
Kurdistan, established with the aim of supporting and harbouring PKK in
South Cyprus. His name is also linked with ASALA and other Arab terror
groups. He has constantly worked to bring such terrorist groups to the
island, give them all sorts of support and assistance and unleash them
on to the Turkish targets from their Southern Cyprus base.

In his speeches delivered during anti-Turkish rallies in Athens and
Paris in 1976, Lyssarides openly declared that they were preparing for
a second Vietnam War in order to expel the Turks from the island.

For 40 years, Vassos Lyssarides has been playing the same game over the
island of Cyprus. His relations with certain persons have drawn the
attention of foreign intelligence agencies. He has also served as an
adviser to the Palestinian, Libyan and Syrian terrorists.

Being well aware of the hostile feelings of Greek Cypriots against the
Turks and wishing to exploit this for its own ends, the Syrian
intelligence agency Mukhaberat has managed to turn the island into a
base for international terrorism, by using Lyssarides as a tool. By the
end of 1970s, in more than 30 camps in South Cyprus, Greek, Greek
Cypriot, Armenian, Kurdish, Turkish (Communist militant) terrorists, as
well as terrorists from various other countries were under the training
of Cuban, Libyan, Palestinian and Greek army officers.

That Greece transported arms and ammunition to PKK and ASALA terrorists
through South Cyprus was revealed by the Israeli intelligence agency,
Mossad. Moreover, Israeli patrol ships, at times, searched South Cyprus
and Greece registered ships off the Lebanon to find large quantities of
Kalashnikov guns. In the meantime, it was found out that Lyssarides and
his men often went to Lebanon and Syria and met Majeed Sharar, known as
the coordinator of terrorist acts against Turkey, terrorist leaders
Abou Nidal, and George Habbash.

By 1983, acts by the Greek-Greek Cypriot trio against Turkeys security
have been noticeably intensified. In the meantime, Turkish intelligence
units obtained information to the effect that Greek and Greek Cypriot
agents established contacts with Kurdish and Turkish terrorists who
fled to West Germany, Switzerland and Sweden after committing crimes in
Turkey.

News arriving from South Cyprus also confirmed these reports. It was
also reported that about 50 terrorists who fled Turkey on 20 September
1980 agreed to collaborate with Greece and South Cyprus.

All the contacts and links were forged by Lyssarides and his men.
Lyssarides has a dark past. In his book entitled, AKEL: The Communist
Party of Cyprus (A Stanford University publication), researcher T.W.
Adams gives the following information about Lyssarides:

Lyssarides. He established the Cyprus Representation of Asian-African
Peoples Solidarity Organisation (AAPSO). It was Makarios who wanted
most the establishment of ties with this organisation. He thought
differently from Lyssarides who wished to make Cyprus Communist. His
aim was to infiltrate into the third-world countries in order to gain
strength. Lyssarides who was elected MP and Parliament Speaker in 1981
is so merciless that he had his men kill AAPSOs Secretary General,
during a General Assembly meeting of the organisation in Nicosia, just
because the latter prevented his appointment to a high-level post
within the organisation as he knew his (Lyssaridess) true personality.

Lyssarides has a private armed group that has links with terror groups.
Greek Cypriot press gave, in mid-1980s, introduced Lyssarides as Libyan
leader Qaddafis man and gave interesting information about him. For
instance, it was written that the Cypro-Libya company operating in
South Nicosia was a cover-up firm that laundered the money he was given
to feed terrorist groups. The firm was also used as a base of Libya and
Syria for their acts in Western Europe and the U.S. One of the most
important activities of Cypro-Libya was drugs and arms-smuggling.

Lyssarides still nurtures international and anti-Turkish terrorism and
pursues an adamant and militant policy against Turkey. He has recently
pulled out from a coalition Government under Clerides, because the
latter has agreed not to deploy the S-300 missiles in South Cyprus.

Lyssarides is reported to have lent support to pro-PKK demonstrators in
South Cyprus who carried out a number of frenzied demos in protest of
Abdullah calans capture.

ROLANDIS

Nicos Rolandis, a former Foreign Minister of the Greek Cypriot
Administration in South Cyprus, is among the Greek Cypriot high-ranking
officials who are linked with support to international terrorism.

INTERPOL has found out that business partners of Rolandis, namely
Moassil from Kuwait and Joseph Sambi from Lebanon were involved in arms
and heroin smuggling and supplied arms to separatist terrorist
organisations in South Cyprus. Rolandis, Moassil and Joseph were known,
between 1981-84, as linkages of drug-trafficking to the Middle and
Western Europe via South Cyprus. While drugs were sent to the West
through Cyprus and smuggled arms arriving from the West, to the East.

Rolandis and his partners were loading arms aboard Cyprus-registered
ships at Varna Port in Bulgaria, storing them at Larnaca port in south
Cyprus and there, in return for the drugs they took over, they were
smuggling to the East, through Cyprus, the arms arriving from the West.
The drugs, on the other hand, were being sent to Europe in diplomatic
courier sacks aboard the planes of the national flag carrier Cyprus
Airways.

Concerned about the whole affair, the Greek Cypriot press in the South
occasionally raised the issue and informed the public opinion about the
situation in a way that confirmed the INTERPOL findings. The papers
frequently reported that the then Foreign Minister Nicos Rolandis,
using his diplomatic immunity, sent heroin in diplomatic courier sacks,
in collaboration with his Arab partners. No-one attempted to deny all
this.

BENJAMIN

Christodulos Benjamin is known as an organiser, coordinator and patron
of terror in South Cyprus too. For many years he has served as the
Minister of Interior or Defence and he is known for his close relations
with all the terror groups in the world. Benjamin has never taken the
pains of covering up or denying these dark relations. He was known for
his fanaticism against the Turks before 1974 as well. During the era of
Makarios, he is known to have been securing contacts between KGB and
the Syrian Mukhaberat and South Cyprus.

An incident between Deputy Police Chief Paulos Stokkos and then
Interior Minister Christodulos Benjamin is an example of the latters
role in terrorism.

During those days when ASALA terrorist organisation was assassinating
the Turkish diplomats one after the other, it was Benjamin who
harboured the ASALA terrorists in South Cyprus and kept them away from
sights. There were rational persons who did not welcome Benjamins
turning the island of Cyprus into a base for terrorism and who were
concerned about this. One of these people was Paulos Stokkos, Deputy
Police Chief of the Greek Cypriot Administration in South Cyprus.
Stokkos thought that state protection granted to ASALA that committed
murders in Europe could create serious problems for South Cyprus and
did not want to allow the Armenians to stay in South Cyprus.

Thats why the two men were at loggerheads. He opposed to Benjamins
orders on the issue and resisted the stationing of the Armenian
terrorists in the South.

In order to weaken Stokkos and dismiss him from his post, Benjamin
slandered that he was a spy working for Israel and using his men as
false witnesses accused Stokkos and had him arrested. He was charged of
high treason.

When foreign diplomats in South Cyprus showed considerable interest in
the trial and Stokkos revealed Benjamins entire relations with
international relations, Interior Ministry, headed by Benjamin,
demanded the trial to be held in closed session, on the grounds of
national security. But things revealed with all the legal evidence and
documentation during the open session of the trial revealed that South
Cyprus was a base for international terrorism.

Moreover, in July 1990, it was discovered that a firm named Orbit,
belonging to an Armenian from Limassol, supplied arms to PKK, that the
then Interior Minister Benjamin organised these activities and that
arms and ammunition coming from third countries were packed in Greece
and brought to Limassol in containers belonging to Orbit company.

COMMITTEE ON SOLIDARITY FOR KURDISTAN

It is known by all that ever since 1990, Greek Cypriot administration
in South Cyprus, has been openly harbouring, abetting and accommodating
the PKK terrorist organisation, besides its previous support to other
terror groups. It is especially noteworthy that through certain
associations and organisations that it has established under the cover
of respect and advancement of human rights, the Greek Cypriot
administration has been granting logistic support to PKK.

In order to organise and manipulate these activities the Greek Cypriot
Press and Information Office and EDEK Socialist Party under Vassos
Lyssarides formed the Committee on Solidarity with Kurdistan in 1989.

In a press conference held on 4 February 1990, the then Chairman of the
Committee Theophilos Georghiades, an agent from the Greek national
intelligence agency wearing the mask of a Press and Information
Officer, revealed that the committee also had members from among the
members of parliament from various political parties in South Cyprus.

In yet another meeting organised by the Committee on 19 March 1990,
Georghiades delivered a speech on the Kurdish movement, stating that
they would support the struggle of the Kurdish people on every occasion
and by all means.

Following the Committees formation and the launch of its activities,
financial support to the Kurds has been extended in various ways.

On 12 November 1990, according to a report broadcast by the Greek
Cypriot state TV RIK-1, a group consisting of four MPs from DIKO, AKEL,
EDEK and ADISOK, as well as members of the Committee on Solidarity for
Kurdistan, as well as journalists went to the Beqaa Valley and met
Abdullah calan. RIK-1 also showed scenes filmed from the Beqaa Valley,
headquarters of PKK. Those scenes showing the Greek Cypriot MPs
embracing and kissing the PKK murderers were especially striking.

On 30 November 1990, RIK-1 held an open panel discussion on PKK. The
participants of the programme were the MPs who visited PKKs camp at
Beqaa Valley and the members of the Committee on Solidarity for
Kurdistan. The programme was concluded in the following remarks: PKK
has become a well-organised army and that it was imperative for the
Greek Cypriot administration in South Cyprus to give support to this
struggle if the Turks were to be expelled from Cyprus.

In the meantime, PKK supporters, Greek Cypriots and Armenians, bearing
flags of Kurdistan, Armenia and Greece, began to demonstrate in the
streets.

Yet in another demo, organised in south Nicosia by the Committee on
Solidarity with Kurdistan on 21 February 1991, placards were carried
and slogans were shouted to the effect that Turkey violates the rights
of the Kurdish people.

On 2 March 1991, a club was opened for the PKK militants based in South
Cyprus. Funds necessary for the building the premises of the club were
provided by the National Liberation Front of Kurdistan.

Activities aimed at nurturing PKK in South Cyprus were continued with
the establishment of an Association on the Support for the Kurdish
People by the Committee on Solidarity with Kurdistan and EDEK party.
The fact that EDEK leader Vassos Lyssarides chairs the frequently held
meetings of the Association clearly reveals the identity of the circles
who nurture the subversive activities aimed at Turkey.

One regularly observes that the Greek Cypriot community, bombarded by
the Committees pro-PKK propaganda, is sent to the streets for protests
against Turkey, bearing flags of PKK and Greece and burning the Turkish
national flag.

PKK members based in South Cyprus do not hesitate either in exploiting
the sentiments of the Greek Cypriot people in order to win their
sympathy. Between 21-26 April 1992, ten PKK militants staged a hunger
strike at Eleftheria Square in south Nicosia. This show was organised
by the Committee on Solidarity with Kurdistan. Greek Cypriot
politicians and associations also attended this event that amounted to
a festival. During this show, financial assistance was raised for PKK
and the magazine named the Voice of Kurdistan, published in Greece in
the Greek language as a propaganda material against Turkey and released
free of charge, was sold for money to the passers-by through
compulsion.

A folk-dance troupe from South Cyprus participated in the Kurdistan
Festival held by PKK in Bochum in Germany in August 1992. The troupe
was taken to Germany by Theophilos Georghiades.

Using the events in rnak as a pretext, the Committee had the Kurds in
the island organise a demo against Turkey in South Nicosia in August
1992. This demo was again a stage for collecting funds for PKK, under
the cover of humanitarian assistance. Leaflets were distributed, in
which the Greek Cypriot people were invited to deposit funds at bank
accounts at the Banks of Cyprus and Laiki, to be transferred to PKK.

Meanwhile, a representative of ARGK, the military wing of PKK, took
part in a meeting that was also participated in by Vassos Lyssarides
and Theophilos Georghiades. During the meeting, formation of sabotage
and assassination teams that would operate against the targets in
Turkey and their training and manipulation in South Cyprus were
discussed and decided upon. Georghiades was appointed as the
coordinator of this operation.

GEORGHIADES

Theophilos Georghiades was the founder and first chairman of the
Committee on Solidarity with Kurdistan. He formed a special terrorist
group, consisting of the Kurds chosen from among pro-PKK fugitives
based in Greece and Syria, that would carry out terrorist acts in
Turkey, for South Cyprus.

Eight PKK militants were caught in Turkey a few years ago, who
explained in detail how they had been trained in South Cyprus by the
officers of the Greek Cypriot National Guard to carry out terrorist
acts in Turkey.

Theophilos Georghiades were shot dead in 1994. In contrary to the
claims put forward by the Greek Cypriot administration that he had been
killed by the Turks, the truth into Georghiadess murder finally came to
surface. The truth was much more different than the Greek Cypriot
allegations.

In order for the PKK, an essentially Marxist-Leninist group, to
survive, and thus buy arms, it deals with drug-smuggling and
trafficking. This is a fact known by all.

South Cyprus is a centre from where PKK distributes its narcotics since
1988. It is in the reports of INTERPOL that Greek Mafia, the majority
of whom are ship-owners, carry PKKs drugs to Europe and America and
market them there. The ex-Chairman of the Committee on Solidarity with
Kurdistan Georghiades had established a link between the Greek Cypriot
Mafia and Abdullah calans men for the formers transporting and selling
of PKKs drugs.

In this manner, drugs transported from Syria to South Cyprus were
distributed to the rest of the world from this point. But the amount of
drugs deposited by PKK in South Cyprus rose considerably, requiring the
drop of prices proportionately. Naturally, this angered other Greek
Cypriot drug-smugglers who were dealing with the same business through
different channels. When they began to oppose PKK, Georghiades caused
the Greek and Greek Cypriot intelligence agencies, of whom he was a
member, and the police to confront these traffickers who aimed at
blocking PKKs drug-trafficking. This was a declaration war by
Georghiades on others. But this challenge cost him his life.

Indeed, one year after Georghiadess death, Greek Cypriot leader Glafkos
Clerides himself declared that the Former had been killed by three
Greek Cypriot drug-smugglers who were executed. But for one year,
Turkey was blamed falsely by the Greek Cypriot administration and the
issue was even taken to international platforms and Turkey was tried to
be unjustly cornered.

It was Lyssarides who reacted most strongly to Georghiadess murder. He
asked the Ministry of Interior to pay compensation to his family on the
grounds that he was killed while he was on duty and called on the
parliament to use the issue as a propaganda material against Turkey on
the international arena.

After a few months after Georghiadess death, that was followed by
statements and slogans of revenge on the Turks, a Turkish diplomat
named mer Sipahiolu was killed in Athens. Greek Cypriot press used
headlines reading, the Turkish diplomat was assassinated in retaliation
to Theophiloss murder.

GEORGHIDESS PRESS INTERVIEWS SHEDS AMPLE LIGHT TO GREEK CYPRIOT SUPPORT
TO PKK TERROR

Before his assassination, Theophilos Georghiades was quite active in
promoting the cause of PKK terror group. He has been interviewed by a
number of newspapers and given a considerable idea about the Greek
Cypriot support to PKK.

The Greek Cypriot daily Agon, for instance, published an interview on 2
February 1994 on the issue.

Among other things, Georghiades said: "We have a joint enemy with the
Kurds: the Turks".

The Kurds will not only be able to form their own state but also will
contribute to the solution of the Cyprus problem. Following the defeat
of the Turkish state, the Hellenes can also capitalize on the new
opportunities that would emerge from the readjustment of the
territories in the Asia Minor.

The Kurds are helping enough (South) Cyprus. Turkish armys fight with
the Kurds with 350 thousand troops is an enough help to us (Greek
Cypriots). The Turkish army fully fights the Kurds. This shows that it
cannot dare to start a second war on Greece.

As we (Greek Cypriots) cannot fight (Turkey), we should, at least, help
those who fight for us. If Turkeys problems multiply and the number of
wars she fights increases and thus she extends her battleground, the
Turkish army will either be isolated in Cyprus or will be forced to
withdraw.

The Kurds will continue to strike the Turkish tourism so as to dry up
the economic sources of the country. As far as I see and know, the
Turkish tourism will be razed to the ground in 1994.

OTHER GREEK CYPRIOT ADMIRERS OF PKK AND OCALAN

Retired Greek Army General Matafias has been known so far as PKK leader
Abdullah Ocalan in Greece. Matafias has repeatedly gone to Beqaa Valley
where he has met Ocalan and made joint plans for acts of terrorism and
murders to be committed in Turkey. He has constantly taken part in
meeting and demos held by and for the Kurds in Athens and South Cyprus.
General Matafias is known as an ardent admirer of calan, as the latter
has done to the Turks that Greece has never dared to do: ie killing the
Turks in cold-blood. Meanwhile, a recent report published in the Greek
Cypriot press has written that Retired Greek General Matafias has
become an adviser to Vassos Lyssarides. As their common denominator is
PKK, no-one has been taken surprise by the news. Matafias was among the
participants of Georghiadess funeral.

Greek Navy Retired Admiral Andonis Naksakis is known as Abdullah
Ocalans representative in Greece and his linkage to the Greek
Government. Taking part in Georghiadess funeral, as Abdullah calan,
Naksakis made a speech, saying, Until the Turkish state gives its final
breath and until Cyprus and Kurdistan gains their independence, our
struggle will continue and we will take our revenge on Georghiades.

After the death of Theophilos Georghiades, the Committee on Solidarity
with Kurdistan has been taken over by Lazaros Mavros, a journalist.
Mavros, whose name was found in the passport found in Abdullah calans
possession, is very well-known by its articles praising PKK and
Abdullah calan. While Mavros keeps silent over the passport issue,
another leading member of the Committee Lakis Pigguras are indignant
towards Greece relating to the arrest of calan. In a recent TV
programme, Pigguras accused the Greek Government of treachery for
handing over calan to the Turkish officials for trial.

Vassos Lyssaridess wife Barbara Lyssarides, Communist AKEL party MP
Andreas Philippou, EDEK MP Dimitris Eliades, EDEK official Takis
Christodoulou, former MPs Andreas Panaiotou, Christos Betas and
Georghios Savvides are the main leading figures who have devoted
themselves to the support of the PKK cause and all sorts of assistance
to the PKK terrorists and militants in South Cyprus.


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GREEKS THE DEMOCRATS WHO ARE NOT

Prepared by: K.N. Raif

page 5, Introduction

[...]

During my childhood, our Greek neighbors used to love me as if I was
their own child; and I remember their children playing happily in our
backyard.During my boyhood, I played football with my Greek friends and
at flirting age we ran together after the most alluring girls of our
town.

I remember taking our special dish of "Kadayif" to our Greek neighbors
during our "Bayram" festivities and receiving in reciprocation their
special "Pilavuna" during their "Easter" festivities.

When we grew up we enjoyed many feasts around the same tables and
frequented the same night-clubs. We attended to each other's funerals
and wedding ceremonies so many times that we knew exactly how to behave
on those occasions. And at maturity, we worked together at the same
government offices and jointly attended the same international seminars
and meetings of technical nature. What I mean is, I know Greeks as good
as I know Turks. They are great company, especially when it comes to
enjoy life together.

Then, what makes Greeks the way they are: so unfair, so cruel, so
unjust, so one-sighted and so undemocrat when it comes to politics,
religion and ideologies?

It seems to me that this is in their blood. However, there is no doubt
that the Greek educational structure and the Greek political parties
are highly influential in this regard.

Another factor I know for sure that is responsible for this phenomenon
is the Greek Orthodox Church. I will give an example for this from my
life experience.

One Sunday morning, my Greek friends collected me from my home for a
picnic. We were teenagers then. They said we had to pass by the church
because their parents would not allow them to go for picnic if they did
not attend the morning prayers. So, we went together to the church
which was also within our neighborhood.

The priest was preaching. the final words of the priest are still in my
ears:"...a good Greek is the one who is fortunate enough to kill a Turk
and bring his head to our church-yard. When the time comes you will all
be asked to do so. We will now pray for this time to come...soon..."

"This time" came during the Noel of 1963.

During this Noel, the Turkish community witnessed with great pain and
bewilderement that all their good Greek friends suddenly became
professional fighters running after their heads. Where and when these
people were mentally prepared and physically trained for such a cruel
and inhuman mission? Who were behind this hatred?

One final note for the reader: It is a historical fact that before the
Island entered under the Ottoman rule in 1571, there existed no
influential Greek community in the Island. The Island was then under
the Venecian rule and the Catholic leadership kept under severe
suppression the Greek population which was sparsely scattered on the
Island. After 1571, the Ottomans allowed the construction of new
Orthodox Churches at every settlement and granted autonomy to the Greek
Archbishopship. It is extremely sad that this very Archbishop, in years
to come, professed to its followers the genocide of the Island's Turks.


[...]


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20 July 1974 Turkish Happy Peace Operation

As the 24th anniversary of the Greek Coup d'Etat of 15 July, 1974 and
Turkey's legitimate intervention five days later on 20 July, 1974
approaches, it is important to recall several fundamental points which
reflect the true nature of the Cyprus question.

The enmity and mistrust between the two peoples; Turkish and Greek
Cypriots are rooted in history and are mainly the result of the ethnic
cleansing which the Greek and Greek Cypriots staged against the Turkish
Cypriots between 1963 and 1974 for achieving Enosis (the union of
Cyprus with Greece). These attempts to bring Cyprus under Greek
domination and particularly the coup staged by the Athens Junta on 15
July 1974 compelled Turkey as one of the Guarantor Powers of the Cyprus
settlement under the Treaty of Guarantee to intervene on 20 July 1974
in order to stop the ethnic cleansing of our community.

The Turkish Cypriot people are grateful to Turkey for the effective
security guarantees whiich are vital for the preservation of peace and
stability on the island. The practical consequences of the events of
1963-1974 have been the emergence of parallel administrative, judicial
and legislative organs for each of the two peoples. The institutional
organisation of the Turkish Cypriot people developed through various
stages and culminated in 1983 in the setting up of the Turkish Republic
of Northern Cyprus (TRNC). The Turkish Cypriot people in the meantime,
are leading their own life under their own flag, in peace and security
within the territories of the TRNC. In spite of this, in the
international field the Turkish Cypriots are denied the full exercise
of their basic rights and freedoms.

The Greek Cypriot administration has embarked on a massive propaganda
effort in misleading world public opinion on all aspects pertaining to
the Cyprus issue. By perpetuating the fallacy of treating the illegal
Greek Cypriot regime as the legitimate government under the false
pretence of "Republic of Cyprus", the Greek Cypriot side reaps the
benefits of satehood, engage in inhuman practices of embargoes against
the Turkish Cypriots and benefit from practically all international aid
originally given for both peoples of the island. Naturally they have
shown no real interest in any kind of settlement which should be based
on two sovereign states.

Most recently the efforts to deploy the S-300 missiles, putting into
effect a joint military doctrine, the construction of air and naval
bases for use by the Greek armed forces are the latest examples of
their aggressive move. Despite the warnings of the Turkish Cypriot side
and other countries and the UN, they went ahead and purchased the S-300
missile system from the Russian Federation. The S-300 missiles which
would alter the military balance in the region dramatically, are a
direct threat to the security of the Turkish Cypriot people and to that
of Turkey. Naturally, Turkey as a Guarantor Power and the TRNC will
take all the necessary measures to preserve the military balance.

Consequently, I can say that we as Turkish Cypriot people, are
determined to defend our rights of equality, sovereignty, our
independent state, the TRNC and Turkey's guarantorship no matter what
trick the Greek Cypriots play.



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The Secrets in the Cypriot Graves

When Turkish Peace Force landed on the island not only Cypriot Turks
were being killed. There was a slaughter between Greek Cypriots who are
for a coup supported by Greece and who are for a Cyprus cleansed from
its Turkish population.

Turkish Peace Force brought peace to the whole of the island and to all
groups living there. This peace has been lasting for 25 years.

Southern Cypriot Greek Administration had hastily done away with the
corpses remaining from the war between Cypriot Greeks and for 25 years
he said to the relatives of the victims, who are its own people, that
"they were killed or abducted by Turks".

There were some who knew the reality. But for wearing the common enemy
down they kept themselves silent by burying their sorrow inside. There
was a law of nature which they forgot : Truth certainly comes to light
sooner or later.

For learning the truth please read the below text. If you want to
confirm it, please look at the news article of June, 12, 1999 on The
Guardian's internet site :
(http://www.newsunlimited.co.uk/international/story/0,3604,57601,00.htm)


*****

Cypriot graves reveal secrets

Wives of the 'missing' from the 1974 war have won the right at last to
know what really happened

Helena Smith in Nicosia
Saturday June 12, 1999
The Guardian

The war cemetery of Lakatamia seems to be respectable. For 25 years
Greek Cypriots have visited its precisely aligned rows of graves to
honour those who died fighting to defend their island from the invasion
by Turkish forces in the summer of 1974.

But the well-tended surface of the cemetery conceals a very different
story, as the wives of those missing or dead discovered officially this
week when the graves were exhumed to reveal piles of bodies
unceremoniously buried together.

"If those bones could speak, their stories would send shivers down the
spines of those who live," said Maroulla Siamisi, who lost her husband
Andreas that summer.

She discovered the truth about the cemetery, which is close to the
capital Nicosia, one hot morning in August 1974, 17 days after Andreas
went missing behind enemy lines.

"I got a bulldozer to dig up the graves, and couldn't believe what I
saw. Bodies stacked one on top of another. I went through all of them -
limbs, I'll never forget, dropping off in my hands. I was determined to
find Andreas. I felt I owed it to our children."

She did not find him. Nearly a quarter of a century later she is still
waiting to hear the truth about the 2,000-plus Greek and Turkish
Cypriots who have not been seen since the war.

Although there have been repeated rumours of Greek Cypriot PoWs being
held in Turkish jails and Anatolian salt mines, none has ever been
found.

Mrs Siamisi said: "There were faces there.They could easily have been
identified. Why deny there were lots of bodies in there? Why mock us
for 25 years?"

Mrs Siamisi, 33 when Andreas disappeared, is not alone: an estimated
1,619 Greek Cypriot civilians and soldiers vanished in 1974.

The wives and fiancees left behind are known as Penelopes by a society
that has expected them to remain faithful to their hero-husbands.

But unlike Homer's heroine, who waited for more than 20 years for
Odysseus to return from the Trojan war, these Penelopes have run out of
patience.

"We've lost our womanhood, we've lost our looks, we've lost our years
but my God are we going to get to the bottom of the truth," said
58-year-old Androulla Palma.

She last heard her husband's voice on August 8 1974.

They are angry that since the invasion, which partitioned the island on
religious and ethnic lines, successive Cypriot governments have used
them at huge rallies to denounce the Turks for concealing the fate of
the missing.

They now believe that their own government may have been involved in
the hurried disposal of bodies in the chaotic aftermath of the war.

Last summer Mrs Palma and Mrs Siamisi took pickaxes to one of the
graves. In six hours they dug knee-deep into the tomb.

"We did it in desperation, to put pressure on the government to close
this painful chapter," said Mrs Palma. "We are sure our husbands are
somewhere in there. I was told mine was dead in 1993. If that is the
case I want to see bones."

At last, it seems, that moment may have come. For the first time
President Glafkos Clerides's government seems determined to crack the
mystery of Cyprus's missing.

This week Physicians for Human Rights, a non-governmental organisation
with experience in Rwanda, Somalia, Croatia and Bosnia, began exhuming
bodies from the cemetery's pits. Forensic scientists hope to be able to
identify the remains by DNA testing.

"It's still unclear how many bodies are there but what is sure is that
they were buried very hastily," said William Haglund, who is leading
the team of 20.

"Some bodies were buried very close together and some on top of each
other. None were in coffins or boxes."

Laid out on wooden desks in a laboratory in Nicosia are the skeletal
remains of seven people. Professor Haglund says the relatives will be
brought in to see the remains.

"After 25 years," he said, "it will be a privileged glimpse of the
dead."

The exhumation process is expected to be long and drawn out and it will
not be possible to identify all the bodies.

But it may be embarrassing to the Greek Cypriot government. Many of the
bodies could turn out to be those of men listed as missing. The list
has long been used by the Greek Cypriots to raise sympathy for their
plight.

Greek Cypriot officials hope that by putting their own house in order
the Turkish Cypriots - who claim that 803 of their community
disappeared during the inter-communal strife - will be encouraged to
follow suit.


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ATTEMPTED GENOCIDE AND ETHNIC CLEANSING IN CYPRUS

This article is written for a daily newspaper by former British
Parliamentarian (1992-1997) Michael STEPHEN

Former British Parliamentarian Michael STEPHEN reminds Mr. Michael B.
Christides, The Charge D'affaires of the Greek Embassy in Ankara, and
many others who appear to have forgotten what indeed the case in Cyprus
from 1963 to 1974.

The assertion by Mr. Christides (May 10, 1999) that there was no ethnic
cleansing or attempted genocide of Turkish Cypriots by Greek Cypriots
is ridiculous. Until influential Greek Cypriots come to terms with the
appalling behavior of their community toward the smaller Turkish
Cypriot community and stop trying to persuade themselves and world that
each side was as much to blame as the other, there will be no
reconciliation in Cyprus.

In his memoirs, American Undersecretary of State George Ball said:
"Makarios's central interest was to block off Turkish intervention
so that he and his Greek Cypriots could go on happily massacring
Turkish Cypriots. Obviously we would never permit that." The fact is,
however, that neither the United States, the United Kingdom, nor the
United Nations, nor anyone, other than Turkey ever took effective
action to prevent it. On Feb. 17, 1964 the Washington Post reported
that "Greek Cypriot fanatics appear bent on a policy of genocide."

Former British Prime Minister Sir Alec Douglas Home said, "I was
convinced that if Archbishop Makarios could not bring himself to treat
the Turkish Cypriots as human beings he was inviting the invasion and
partition of the island." On July 28, 1960 Makarios, the Greek
Cypriot president, said: "The independence agreements do not form the
goal - they are the present and not the future. The Greek Cypriot
people will continue their national cause and shape their future in
accordance with THEIR will."

In a speech on Sept. 4, 1962 at Panayia Makarios said, "Until this
Turkish community forming part of the Turkish race that has been the
terrible enemy of Hellenism is expelled, the duty of the heroes of EOKA
can never be considered terminated."

In November 1963 the Greek Cypriots demanded the abolition of no less
than eight of the basic articles that had been included in the 1960
agreement for the protection of the Turkish Cypriots. The Turkish
Cypriots, naturally, refused to agree. The aim of the Greek Cypriots,
was to reduce the Turkish Cypriots people to the status of a mere
minority, wholly subject to the control of the Greek Cypriots, pending
ultimate destruction or expulsion of the Turkish Cypriots from the
island.

When the Turkish Cypriots objected to the ammendment of the
Constitution, Makarios put his plan into effect, and the Greek Cypriots
attack began in December 1963," wrote Lt. Gen. George Karayiannis of
the Greek Cypriot militia ("Ethnikos Kiryx" 15.6.65). The general
was referring to the notorious "Akritas" plan, which was the
blueprint for the annihilation of the Turkish Cypriots and the
annexation of the island to Greece.

On Christmas Eve 1963 the Greek Cypriot militia attacked Turkish
Cypriots communities across the island. Large numbers of men, women,
and children were killed and 270 mosques, shrines and other places of
worship were desecrated.

On Dec. 28, 1963, the Daily Express carried the following report from
Cyprus: "We went tonight into the sealed-off Turkish Cypriot quarter
of Nicosia in which 200 to 300 people had been slaughtered in the last
five days. We were the first Western reporters there, and we have seen
sights too frigthful to be described in print. Horror so extreme that
the people seemed stunned beyond tears."

On Dec. 31, 1963, The Guardian reported: "It is nonsense to claim, as
the Greek Cypriots do, that all casualties were caused by fighting
between armed men of both sides. On Christmas Eve many Turkish Cypriot
people were brutally attacked and murdered in their suburban homes,
including the wife and children of a doctor - allegedly by a group of
40 men, many in army boots and greatcoats." Although the Turkish
Cypriots fought back as best they could and killed some militia, there
were no massacres of Greek Cypriot civilians.

On Jan.1, 1964, the Daily Herald reported: "When I came across the
Turkish Cypriot homes they were an appalling sight. Apart from the
walls they just did not exist. I doubt if a napalm attack could have
created more devastation. Under roofs which had caved in I found a
twisted mass of bed springs, children's cots, and grey ashes of what
had once been tables, chairs and wardrobes. In the neighboring village
of Ayios Vassilios I counted 16 wrecked and burned out homes. They were
all Turkish Cypriot. In neither village did I find a scrap of damage to
any Greek Cypriot house."

On Jan. 2, 1964, the Daily Telegraph wrote: "The Greek Cypriot
community should not assume that the British military presence can or
should secure them against Turkish intervention if they persecute the
Turkish Cypriots. We must not be a shelter for double-crossers."

On Jan. 12, 1964, the British High Commission in Nicosia wrote in a
telegram to London: "The Greek (Cypriot) police are led by extremists
who provoked the fighting and deliberately engaged in atrocities. They
have recruited into their ranks as 'special constables' gun-happy
young thugs. They threaten to try and punish any Turkish Cypriot police
who wishes to return to the Cyprus Government... Makarios assured Sir
Arthur Clark that there will be no attack. His assurance is as
worthless as previous assurance have proved.

On Jan. 14, 1964, the Daily Telegraph reported that the Turkish Cypriot
inhabitants of Ayios Vassilios had been massacred on Dec. 26, 1963 and
reported their exhumation from a mass grave in the presence of the Red
Cross. A further massacre of Turkish Cypriots, at Limasol, was reported
by the Observer on Feb. 16, 1964; and there were many more.

On Feb. 6, 1964, a British patrol found armed Greek Cypriot police
attacking the Turkish Cypriots of Ayios Sozomenos. They were unable to
stop the attack.

On Feb. 13,1964, the Greeks and Greek Cypriots attacked the Turkish
Cypriot quarter of Limassol with tanks, killing 16 and injuring 35. On
Feb. 15, 1964, the Daily Telegraph reported: "It is a real military
operation which the Greek Cypriots launched against the 6,000
inhabitants of the Turkish Cypriot quarter yesterday morning. A
spokesman for the Greek Cypriot government has recognized this
officially. It is hard to conceive how Greek and Turkish Cypriots may
seriously contemplate working together after all that has happened."

On Sep. 10, 1964, the U.N. Secretary-General that, "UNFICYP carried
out a detailed survey of all damage to properties throughout the island
during the disturbances. ...it shows that in 109 villages, most of them
Turkish-Cypriot or mixed villages, 527 houses have been destroyed while
2,000 others have suffered damage from looting. In Ktima 38 houses and
shops have been destroyed totally and 122 partially. In the Orphomita
suburb of Nicosia, 50 houses have been totally destroyed while a
further 240 have been partially destroyed there and in adjacent
suburbs."

The U.K. House of Commons Select Committee on Foreign Affairs reviewed
the Cyprus question in 1987,and reported unanimously on July 2 of that
year that "although the Cyprus Government now claims to have been
merely seeking to 'operate the 1960 Constitution modified to the
extent dictated by the necessities of the situation,' this claims
ignores the fact that both before and after the events of December 1963
the Makarios Government continued to advocate the cause of enosis and
actively pursued the amendment of the Constitution and related treaties
to facilitate this ultimate objective."

The committee continued: "Moreover, in June 1967 the Greek Cypriot
legislature unanimously passed a resolution in favor of enosis, in
blatant contravention of the 1960 Treaties and Constitution." (Art. 1
of the Treaty of Guarantee prohibited any action likely to directly or
indirectly promote union with any other state partition of the island,
and Art. 185 (2) of the Constitution is to similar effect.)

Prof. Ernst Forsthoff, the neutral president of the Supreme
Constitutional Court of Cyprus, told Die Welt on Dec. 27, 1963:
"Makarios bears on his shoulders the sole responsibility for the
recent tragic events. His aim is to deprive the Turkish community of
their rights." In an interview with the UPI press agency on Dec. 30,
1963 he said, "All this happened because Makarios wanted to take away
all constitutional rights from the Turkish Cypriots."

The United Nations not only failed to condemn the forceable usurpation
of the legal order in Cyprus, but actually rewarded it by treating the
by then wholly Greek Cypriot administration as if it were the
government of Cyprus (Security Council Res. 186 of 1964). This
acceptance has continued to the present day, and reflects no credit to
upon the United Nations, nor upon Britain, nor the other countries who
have acquiesced.

On Aug. 12, 1964, the U.K. representative to the United Nations wrote
to his government in London as follows:
"What is our policy and true feelings about the future of Cyprus and
about Makarios? Judging from the English newspapers and many others,
the feeling is very strong indeed against Makarios and his so-called
government, and nothing would please the British people more than to
see him toppled and the Cyprus problem solved by the direct dealings
between the Turks and the Greeks. We are of course supporting the
latter course, but I have never seen any expression of the official
disapproval in public against Makarios and his evil doings. Is there an
official view about this, and what do we think we should do in the long
run? Sometimes it seems that the obsession of some people with 'the
Commonwealth' blinds us to everything else and it would be high
treason to take a more active line against Makarios and his henchmen.
At other times the dominant feature seems to be concern lest active
opposition against Makarios should lead to direct conflict with the
Cypriots and end up with our losing our bases."

Thereafter Turkish Cypriot MPs, judges, and other officials were
intimidated or prevented by force from carrying out their duties.
According to the Select Committee, "The effect of the crisis of
December 1963 was to deliver control of the formal organs of government
into the hands of the Greek Cypriots alone. Claiming to be acting in
accordance with 'the doctrine of necessity,' the Greek Cypriot
members of the House of Representatives enacted a series of laws which
provided for the operation of the organs of governments without Turkish
Cypriot participation."

The report of the Select Committee contiued: "Equally damaging from
the Turkish Cypriot point of view was what they concidered to be their
effective exclusion from representation at and participation in the
international fora where their case could have been deployed... An
official Turkish Cypriot presence in the international political scene
virtually disappeared overnight." It is not therefore surprising that
the world has been persuaded to the Greek Cypriot point of view.

More than 300 Turkish Cypriots are still missing without trace from
these massacres of 1963/64. These dreadful events were not the
resposibility of "the Greek Colonels" of 1974 or an
unrepresentative handful of Greek Cypriot extremists. The persecution
of the Turkish Cypriots was an act of policy on the part of the Greek
Cypriot political and religious leadership, which has to this day made
no serious attempt to bring the murderers to justice.

The U.K. Commons Select Committee found that "there is little doubt
that much of the violence which the Turkish Cypriots claim led to the
total or partial destruction of 103 Turkish villages and the
displacement of about a quarter of the total Turkish Cypriot population
was either directly inspired by, or certainly connived at, by the Greek
Cypriot leadership."

The U.N. secretary-general reported to the Security Council: "When
the disturbances broke out in December 1963 and continued during the
first part of 1964, thousands of Turkish Cypriots fled their homes,
taking with them only what they could drive or carry, and sought refuge
in safer villages and areas."On Jan. 14, 1964, "Il Giorno" of
Italy reported: "Right now we are witnessing the exodus of Turkish
Cypriots from the villages. Thousands of people abandoning homes, land,
herds. Greek Cypriot terrorism is relentless. This time the rhetoric of
the Hellenes and the statues of Plato do not cover up their barbaric
and ferocious behavior."

The Greek Cypriots sometimes allege that it was they who were attacked,
by the Turkish Cypriots, who were determined to wreck the 1960
agreements. However, the Turkish Cypriots were not only outnumbered by
nearly four to one; they were also surrounded in their villages by
armed Greek Cypriots; they had no way of protecting their women and
children, and Turkey was 40 miles away across the sea. The very idea
that in those circumstances the Turkish Cypriots were the aggressors is
absurd.

There were further attacks on the Turkish Cypriots in 1967. In 1971,
General Grivas returned to Cyprus to form EOKA-B, which was again
commited to making Cyprus a wholly Greek island and annexing it to
Greece. In a speech to the Greek Cypriot armed forces at the time
(quoted in "New Cyprus", May 1987) Grivas said: "The Greek forces
from Greece have come to Cyprus in order to impose the will of the
Greeks of Cyprus upon the Turks. We want ENOSIS, but the Turks are
aginst it. We shall impose our will. We are strong, and we shall do
so."

By July 15, 1974, a powerful force of mainland Greek troops had
assembled in Cyprus and with their backing, the Greek Cypriot National
Guard owerthrew Makarios and installed one Nicos Sampson as
"president." On July 22, the Washington Star News reported:
"Bodies littered the streets and there were mass burials... People
told by Makarios to lay down their guns were shot by the National
Guard."

On April 17, 1991, Ambassador Nelson Ledsky testified before the U.S.
Senate Foreign Relations Committee that "most of the 'missing
persons'disappeared in the first days of July 1974, before the
Turkish intervention on the 20th. Many killed on the Greek side were
killed by Greek Cypriots in fighting between supporters of Makarios and
Sampson."

On Nov. 6, 1974, Ta Nea reported that dates from the graves of Greek
Cypriots killed in the five days between July 15-20 were erased in
order to blame these deaths on the subsequent Turkish military action.

On March 3, 1996, the Greek Cypriot Cyprus Mail wrote: "(Greek)
Cypriot governments have found it convenient to conceal the scale of
atrocities during the July 15 coup in an attempt to downplay its
contribution to the tragedy of the summer of 1974 and instead blame the
Turkish invasion for all casualties. There can be no justification for
any government that failed to investigate this sensitive humanitarian
issue. The shocking admission by the Clerides government that there are
people buried in Nicosia cemetery who are still included in the list
of the 'missing' is the last episode of a human drama which has been
turned into a propaganda tool."

On Oct. 19, 1996, Mr Georgios Lanitis wrote: "I was serving with the
foreign Information Service of the Republic of Cyprus in London... I
deeply apologize to all those I told that there are 1,619 missing
persons. I misled them. I was made a liar, deliberately, by the
government of Cyprus... today it seems that the credibility of Cyprus
is nil."

Turkish Cypriots appealed to the guarartor powers for help, but only
Turkey was willing to make any effective response. On July 20, 1974
Turkey intervened under Article IV of the Treaty of Guarantee. The
Greek newspaper Eleftherotipia published an interview with Nicos
Sampson on Feb. 26,1981 in which he said, "Had Turkey not intervened
I would not only have proclaimed enosis, I would have annihilated the
Turks in Cyprus."

The Times and The Guardian reported on Aug. 21, 1974 that in the
village of Tokhni on Aug. 14, 1974 all the Turkish Cypriot men between
the ages of 13 and 74, except for eighteen who managed to escape, were
taken away and shot.

There were also reports that in Zyyi on the same day all the
Turkish-Cypriot men aged between 19 and 38 were taken away and were
never seen again and that Greek-Cypriots opened fire on the
Turkish-Cypriot neighborhood of Paphos killing men, women and children
indiscriminately.

On July 23, 1974, the Washington Post reported that "in Greek raid on
a small Turkish village near Limassol 36 people out of a population of
200 were killed. The Greeks said that they had been given orders to
kill the inhabitants of the Turkish villages before the Turkish forces
arrived." The Times and The Guardian also reported on the killings.

"The Greeks began to shell the Turkish quarter on Saturday, refugees
said. Kazan Dervis, a Turkish Cypriot girl aged 15, said she had been
staying with her uncle. The (Greek Cypriot) National Guard came into
the Turkish sector and shooting began. She saw her uncle and other
relatives taken away as prisoners, and later heard her uncle had been
shot." (Times 23.7.1974)

On July 28, 1974 the New York Times reported that 14 Turkish-Cypriot
men had been shot in Alaminos. On July 24, 1974 France Soir reported
that "the Greeks burned Turkish mosques and set fire to Turkish homes
in the villages around Famagusta. Defensless Turkish villagers who have
no weapons live in an atmosphere of terror and they evacuate their
homes and go and live in tents in the forests. The Greeks' actions
are a shame to humanity."

On July 22, Turkish Prime Minister Ecevit called upon the United
Nations to "stop the genocide of Turkish-Cypriots" and declared,
"Turkey has accepted a ceace-fire, but will not allow
Turkish-Cypriots to be massacred."

The German newspaper Die Zeit wrote on Aug. 30, "The massacre of
Turkish Cypriots in Paphos and Famagusta is the proof of how justified
the Turks were to undertake their intervention." "Turkish Cypriots,
who had suffered from physical attacks since 1963, called on the
guarantor powers to prevent a Greek conquest of the island. When
Britain did nothing Turkey invaded Cyprus and occupied its northern
part. Turkish Cypriots have constitutional right on their side and
understandably fear a renewal of persecution if the Turkish army
withdraws." the Daily Telegraph wrote on Aug. 15, 1996.

Turkey intervened to protect the lives and property of the
Turkish-Cypriots, and to its credit it has done just that. In the 12
years since, there have been no killings and no massacres" Lord
Willis (Labor) told the House of Lords on Dec. 17, 1986. On March 12,
1977, Makarios declared, "It is in the name of enosis that Cyprus has
been destroyed."

The United Nations, the Commonwealth and the rest of the world have put
political expediency before principle and failed to condemn this
appalling behavior.Greek Cypriots are guilty of attempted genocide but
no action has ever been taken against them. Instead they have been
rewarded by recognition as the government of all Cyprus. The Turkish
Cypriots by contrast were frozen out of the United Nations, the
Commonwealth and the almost every other international organization.

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OFFICIAL GREEK CYPRIOT REPORT ON EDUCATION:
SCHOOLS IN SOUTH CYPRUS AIM TO SPUR MILITANCY

Students in South Cyprus are systematically encouraged by Greek Cypriot
authorities to take part in demonstrations against the TRNC along the
borders. Schools officially close in order to allow children to
participate and teachers along with officials typically make speeches
which incite children to acts of violence and hatred. On many occasions
teenager students have clashed with UNFICYP personnel inside the
buffer-zone. They have chanted anti-Turkish slogans and thrown rocks
etc. towards the North.

A recently published report on education in 1997 has revealed that: The
primary aim of education in South Cyprus is to teach children not to
forget the "occupation". One educational programme is entitled "I get
to know, I do not forget, I struggle against the occupation".

The Greek Cypriot government's programme to remember the "invasion" is
the primary objective in schools. The report states that: "The
programme formed the spine of militancy in schools and the route of the
people of Cyprus for achieving its visions."

"The main target is to keep alive the memory of our land still under
occupation, to foster and strengthen optimism, confidence and militancy
for freedom and return to our fatherland."

Greek Cypriot authorities described the aim of the programme as
educating children to "wake up and see Pentadactylos (mountain-range in
Northern Cyprus) and not to forget about their villages in the occupied
areas."

Some examples of text books used in Junior High Schools in South Cyprus
which contain elements inciting enmity are given below:

"Cyprus Geography", Nicosia, 1991, Min. of Education Portrays Cyprus as
an Hellenic island. Urges struggle to liberate the "occupied
territories." There is no mention of the Turkish population on the
island. One photograph depicts "enslaved youth" in 1974. Underneath it
says "the population of Greeks has dropped following the Turkish
occupation resulting in 5000 dead and 1619 missing." (p.24)

Pentadactylos is portrayed as a symbol of the "struggle to return
home."

"It is our primary responsibility to struggle with determination and
vigour in order to remove the danger threatening our Pentadactylos and
other territories under occupation. Only then Pentadactylos will
breathe freely and embrace its own folk." (p.42)

"Byzantine Period-Cyprus History", Nicosia, 1991, Min. of Education
Designed to portray Cyprus as an Hellenistic island populated by
Cypriots of Christian origin.

"Middle Ages-Cyprus History", Nicosia, 1992, Min. of Education Depicts
Turks as Christians who were forced to adopt Islam under pressure. The
book claims that in 1881 an insignificant part of the population spoke
Turkish. EOKA activities are described in detail.


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GREEK CYPRIOT MP DISCLOSES LARGE SCALE ARMS TRANSFERS FROM GREECE TO
SOUTH CYPRUS
It has been reported in the Greek Cypriot press that following a
meeting of the Greek Cypriot House of Representatives Defence
Committee, its Vice- Chairman Mr. Andonis Karas disclosed that lately
Greece has been sending sophisticated weaponry valued at hundreds of
millions of dollars to South Cyprus, including tanks operated by Greek
personnel (Greek Cypriot dailies, Fileleftheros and Simerinidated 8
January, 1999).

The Cyprus Weekly of 8 January 1999 establishes a linkage between the
aforesaid development and the recent decision of the Greek Cypriot
administration regarding the S-300 missiles. The Cyprus Weekly reports
that "in return for taking over the Russian missiles, Greece is said to
have sent ?arge amounts' of modern weapons to the island, worth
millions of pounds".

Meanwhile, the Greek Cypriot Foreign Minister, Mr. Yannakis
Cassoulides, who appeared on Greek Cypriot TV on 7 January made the
following remarks in the light of the systematic implementation of the
Joint Military Doctrine between Greece and the Greek Cypriot
administration, which includes the construction of air and naval bases
in South Cyprus for use by the Greek Armed Forces: "The Greek- Greek
Cypriot Joint Military Doctrine is not confined to the S-300 missiles
alone. Greece has a formidable military presence on the island".


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Greek Cypriot Administration Approves New Arms Purchases
It has been reported in the Greek Cypriot press of 18 December 1998
that the Greek Cypriot Council of Ministers has approved the release of
178 million Greek Cypriot pounds (approximately 350 million U.S
dollars) for a new round of military procurement within the context of
the Joint Military Doctrine between the Greek Cypriot administration
and Greece.

The Greek Cypriot newspaper Mahi (18 December 1998) reports that this
new round of military procurement will include the purchase of at least
a squadron of warplanes, possibly Mirage fighters, and CSH-2 Roovihalk
assault helicopters from South Africa. The Greek Cypriot administration
will also reportedly consult with the Greek naval construction company
Skaramanga', with a view to ordering two warships capable of delivering
Exocet missiles.

This further military build-up comes at a time when tensions are
already high due to the construction of air and naval bases in South
Cyprus for use by Greece and the imminent deployment of the S-300
missile system. Moreover, this decision to expand the Joint Military
Doctrine comes in the wake of the call made upon the two sides by the
UN Secretary-General "to avoid any actions which might increase
tension, including by further expansion of military forces and
armaments"


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LARGE-SCALE ICON THEFT IN SOUTH CYPRUS UNCOVERS GREEK CYPRIOT
HYPOCRISY

The recent discovery of many stolen icons in South Cyprus in the
possession of Greek Cypriot persons has uncovered the true state of
affairs with regard to the protection of cultural heritage in the
island. The Greek Cypriot administration who has made a habit of
falsely accusing the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus of plundering
historical monuments, is now fully answerable for these large-scale
illegal acts taking place in South Cyprus.

According to Greek Cypriot daily Fileleftheros of 23 September 1998,
two Greek Cypriots were taken into custody in connection with the theft
of icons from churches in the Limassol area in South Cyprus. Greek
Cypriot police found 32 icons in a house belonging to one of the
suspects. Cyprus Mail of 24 September reported that a third Greek
Cypriot involved in the same case was arrested by the Greek Cypriot
police. In Paphos, three other Greek Cypriots were remanded in
connection with theft of icons from churches in that area. Police in
South Cyprus will reportedly conduct a further investigation in an
attempt to recover large number of historic icons believed to be in the
possession of certain Greek Cypriots residing in Nicosia and
Peristerona.

The Greek Cypriot side would be well advised to stop exploiting the
issue of preservation of cultural property but rather concentrate its
efforts towards the prevention of theft and smuggling of objects of
archaeological value from its territory. The Turkish Cypriot side
within its limited budget effectively administers measures to control
and preserve the cultural wealth of the island.

(Cyprus Mail 24 Dec 1980) STOLEN MOSAIC RECOVERED IN LONDON;

Cyprus Weekly, 24-30 January 1986 ARREST MADE OVER ICONS -
ANDREAS COSTA KYRIAKOU OF PAPTHOS WAS ARRESTED, AND IS
HELD IN CONNECTION WITH A BREAK IN INTO THE CHAPEL OF ST
GEORGE TERATSIOLIS NEAR AVGOROU.

CYPRUS PLEA TO INTERPOL - INTERPOL IS ASKED TO APPREHEND
YIANGOS SOLOMOU, A GREEK CYPRIOT RESIDENT OF BRITAIN,
RECENTLY LIVING IN AVGTHOROU, IN CONNECTION WITH THE
THEFT OF A NUMBER OF ICONS AND GOLD PLATED OIL CANDLE
HOLDERS FROM A CHAPEL



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They are trying to change the ethnic composition of Cyprus
From the articles appearing on the Southern Cyprus press, it has been
learned that the Greek Cypriot administration is applying all kinds of
methods for changing the ethnic composition in Cyprus and has settled
Russians, who are claimed to be of Greek origin, to Cyprus by bringing
them from Russia and Ukraine.

The number of the Russians, who have brought to Cyprus in this way and
who have been accommodated in the Island after being baptized by the
Greek Cypriot Church, has exceeded 10.000. At present, more than 4.000
Russians are living only in Baf.

On the other hand, the number of those, who came from Greece for not
fulfilling their military service there and who were accepted to the
Greek Cypriot citizenship, has also reached thousands.

At a discussion program, which has been broadcasted by the television
station ANT-1 on October 20, 1999, it has been stated that there are
major problems between the Greek Cypriots living in Baf and the
Russians, who have been settled in the island since 1983, and that
there did not exist safety of life and property anymore.

Again from the Southern Cyprus press it has been learned that a letter
has been left to the Baf television station by an organization called
"Golden Dawn", and on this letter it has been required that "all the
Greek Cypriots, who are living in the same building with the Russians,
should leave all the places they are staying until the year 2000", and
it is added that "otherwise, they will be burnt alive together with the
Russians".

The conclusion which is to be drawn from these news is as follows :

The Southern Cypriot Greek Administration is accepting everyone, who
claims being from Greek descend, to the southern Cypriot citizenship
for altering the ethnic composition in Cyprus in favor of the Greek
Cypriots and for using this as a means to obtain some rights.
If those people, who are brought from Ukraine and Russia, are of Greek
origin, then the organized and illegal activities in Baf should be a
shame for others of Greek origin.
The Island is being made a shelter for those Greeks, who are escaping
the laws in Greece, for the sake of changing the population ratios in
their favor.
The letter, which is left to the Baf television station, is proving
Greek Cypriots' extreme nationalism, racism and intolerance towards
other people who are not from their own ethnic origin; and is
constituting a good example for exposing how Cyprus problem have been
led to the current circumstances. The Turkish inhabitants of the
island, who were living quietly and without any illegal tendencies
unlike the Russian immigrants, were slaughtered by the Greek Cypriot
bands between the years 1960 and 1974, by the same methods which have
been described on the above-mentioned threatening letter.


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Keeping on Enosis


For quarter of a century, Greek Cypriot Representatives have opposed
to every kind of division forming as either a separate state or a
federation or confederation in the international meetings arranged to
solve the Cyprus problem. Have Greek Cypriots opposed to the condition
of being divided of Island with humane sense or by believing that they
can live with Turkish Cypriots together? Of course not. They just
consider running after Enosis (Annexation of Cyprus to Greece as a
whole). They are also under strict control in order to prevent the
divison of Island by Greeks who have the idea of Enosis. Because Enosis
with just Southern Cyprus is not sufficent for Greece. To be reached
the idea of Enosis all at once, Greeks want that Cyprus should
absolutely be stay as a whole.

The below news about the remembrance ceremony of the 26th anniversary
of colonel Grivas's death in which Klerides, the leader of Greek
Cypriot Community, and who charge Mr. Denktas, The President of TRNC,
with stubbornness, also attended proves the evil desire of Greece and
Greek Administration of Southern Cyprus.



The Oath of "Keeping on Enosis"

Lefkose (A.A) - In the ceremony of the 26th anniversary of the death of
Yorgos Grivas Digenis, the founder leader of terror organization-EOKA,
it was taken the oath of "Keeping on Enosis".

In the ceremony arranged in Aya Nikolau Church in Limasol yesterday,
where Glafkos Klerides who is the leader of Greek Cypriot, Archbishop
Hrisostomos, Lieutenent-General Dimitrios Dimu who is the commander of
Greek Cypriot Army, Kiriakos Rodusakis who is the ambassador of Greece
to Southern Cyprus and politicians attended, the oath so-called
"Keeping on struggling to reach of the ideal of Enosis (Annexing Cyprus
to Greece)" was taken.

Avgerinos Papares, secretary general of the "Limasol Eoka Strugglers
Association", pointed out in the ceremony that Grivas's constant ideal
is to annex Cyprus to Greece, and also said "Grivas did not struggle
for the solution suggesting a confederacy or a Turk President. Grivas
struggled to save Cyprus and to become fact the ideal of annexing it to
homeland Greece." Nikos Samson, the leader of the 1974 coup and the
military service friend of Grivas, said that he himself prevented the
corpse of Grivas from taken away to and buried in Greece.

After the ceremony in the church, by going to the shelter where the
tomb of Grivas placed, a ceremony was also arranged in there. Klerides
and other officials placed a wreath on the tomb of Grivas.

Date: 24/01/00

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AKRITAS PLAN


TOP SECRET
HEADQUARTERS

Recent public statements by Archbishop Makarios have shown
the course which our national problem will take in near future.
As we have stressed in the past, national struggles cannot be
concluded overnight; nor is it possible to fix definite
chronological
limits for the conclusion of the various stages of development
in
national causes. Our national problem must be viewed in the
light of
developments which take place and conditions that arise from
time to
time, and measures to be taken, as well as their implementation
and
timing, must be in keeping with the internal and external
political
conditions. The whole process is difficult and must go through
various stages because factors which will affect the final
conclusion
are numerous and different. It is sufficient for everyone to
know,
however, that every step taken constitutes the result of a
study and
that at the same time it forms the basis of future measures.
Also,
it is sufficient to know that every measure now contemplated is
a
first step and only constitutes a stage towards the final and
unalterable national objective which is the full and
unconditional
application of the right of self-determination.

As the final objective remains unchanged, what must be
dwelt
upon is the method to be employed towards attaining that
objective.
This must, of necessity, be divided into internal and external
(international) tactics because the methods of the presentation
and
handling of our cause within and outside the country are
different.

A. METHOD TO BE USED OUTSIDE
In the closing stages of the (EOKA) struggle, the Cyprus
problem
had been presented to the world public opinion and to
diplomatic
circles as a demand of the people of Cyprus to exercise the
right of
self-determination. But the question of Turkish minority had
been
introduced in circumstances that are known, inter-communal
clashes
had taken place and it had been tried to make it accepted that
it
was impossible for the two communities to live together under a

united administration. Finally the problem was solved, in the
eyes
of many international circles, by the London and Zurich
Agreements,
which were shown as solving the problem following negotiations
and
agreements between the contending parties.

(a) Consequently our first aim has been to create the
impression
in the international field that the Cyprus problem has not

been solved and that it has to be reviewed.

(b) The creation of the following impressions has been
accepted
as the primary objective:
(i) that the solution which has been found is not
satisfactory
and just
(ii) that the agreement which has been reached is not the
result of the free will of the contending parties.
(iii)that the demand for the revision for the agreements
is not
because of any desire on the part of the Greeks to
dishonor
their signature, but an imperative necessity of
survival
of them.
(iv) that the co-existence of the two communities is
possible, and
(v) that the Greek majority, and not the Turks,
constitute the
strong elements on which foreigners must rely.

(c) Although it was most difficult to attain the above
objectives,
satisfactory results have been achieved. Many diplomatic
missions have already come to believe strongly that the
Agreements
are neither just nor satisfactory, that they were signed
as a
result of pressures and intimidations without real
negotiations,
and that they were imposed after many threats. It has been
an
important trump in our hands that the solution brought by
the
Agreements was not submitted to the approval of the
people; acting
wisely in this respect, our leadership avoided holding a
referandum. Otherwise, the people would have definitely
approved
the Agreements in the atmosphere that prevailed in 1959.
Generally speaking, it has been shown that so far the
adminis-
tration of Cyprus has been carried out by the Greeks and
that the
Turks played only a negative part acting as a brake.

(d) Having completed the first stage of our activities and
objectives
we must materialize the second stage on an international
level.
Our objective in this second stage is to show:
(i) that the aim of the Greeks is not to oppress the
Turks but
only to remove unreasonable and unjust provisions of
the
administrative mechanism;
(ii) that it is necessary to remove these provisions right
away
because tomorrow may be too late;
(iii)Omitted
(iv) that this question of revision is a domestic issue
for
Cypriots and does not therefore give the right of
intervention to anyone by force or otherwise;
(v) that the proposed amendments are reasonable and just
and
safeguard the reasonable rights of the minority.

(e) Generally speaking, it is obvious that today the
international
opinion is against any form of oppression, and especially
against
oppresion of minorities. The Turks have so far been able
to
convince world public opinion that the union of Cyprus
with
Greece will amount to their enslavement. Under these
circumstances
we stand a good chance of success in influencing world
public
opinion if we base our struggle not on ENOSIS but on self-
determination. But in order to be able to exercise the
right
of self-determination fully and without hindrance, we must
first
get rid of the Agreements (e.g. the Treaty of Gurantee,
the
Treaty of Alliance etc) and of those provisions in the
Constitution which will inhibit the free and unbridled
expression
of the will of people and which they carry dangers of
external
intervention. For this reason, our first target has been
the
Treaty of Guarantee, which is the first Agreement to be
cited
as not being recognized by the Greek Cypriots.

When the Treaty of Guarantee is removed no legal or moral
force
will remain to obstruct us in determining our future through a
plebiscite.

It will be understood from the above explanations that it
is
necessary to follow a chain of efforts and developments in
order
to ensure the success of our Plan. If these efforts and
developments failed to materialize, our future actions would
be legally unjustified and politically unattainable and we
would
be exposing Cyprus and its people to grave consequences.
Actions
to be taken are as follows:

(a) The amendment of the negative elements of the Agreements
and
the consequent de facto nullification of the Treaties of
Guarantee and Alliance. This step is essential because the

necessity of amending the negative aspects of any
Agreement is
generally acceptable internationally and is considered
reasonable
(passage omitted) whereas an external intervention to
prevent
the amendment of such negative provisions is held
unjustified
and inapplicable.
(b) Once this is achieved the Treaty of Guarantee (the right
of
intervention) will become legally and substantially
inapplicable.
(c) Once those provisions of the Treaties of Guarantee and
Alliance
which restrict the exercise of the right of
self-determination
are removed, the people of Cyprus will be able, freely, to
express
and apply its will.
(d) It will be possible for the Force of the State (the Police
Force)
and in addition, friendly military Forces, to resist
legitimately
any intervention internally or from outside, because we
will then
be completely independent.

It will be seen that it is necessary for actions from (a)
to (d)
to be carried out in the order indicated.

It is consequently evident that if we ever hope to have
any chance
of success in the international field, we cannot and should not
reveal
or proclaim any stage of the struggle before the previous stage
is
completed. For instance, it is accepted that the above four
stages
constitute the necessary course to be taken, then it is obvious
that
it would be senseless for us to speak of amendment (a) if stage
(d)
is revealed, because it would then be rediculous for us to seek
the
amendment of the negative points with the excuse that these
amendments
are necessary for the functioning of the State and of the
Agreements.

The above are the points regarding our targets and aims,
and the
procedure to be followed in the international field.

B. THE INTERNAL ASPECT
Our activities in the internal field will be regulated
according
to their repercussions and to interpretations to be given to
them in
the world and according to the effect of our actions on our
national
cause.

1- The only danger that can be described as insurmountable is the
possibility of a forceful intervention. This danger, which
could be
met partly or wholly by our forces is important because of the
political damage that it could do rather than the material
losses
that it could entail. If intervention took place before stage
(c),
then such intervention would be legally tenable at least, if
not
entirely justifiable. This would be very much against us both
internationally and at the United Nations. The history of many
similar
incidents in recent times shows us that in no case of
intervention,
even if legally excusable, has the attacker been removed by
either
the United Nations or the other powers without significant
concessions
to the detriment of the attacked party. Even in the case of the
attack
on Suez Canal by Israel, which was condemned by almost all
members of
the United Nations and for which Russia threatened
intervention, the
Israelis were removed but, as a concession, they continued to
keep
the port of Eliat in the Red Sea. There are, however, more
serious
dangers in the case of Cyprus.

If we do our work well and justify the attempt we shall
make
under stage (a) above, we will see, on the one hand, that
intervention
will not be justified and, on the other hand, we will have
every
support since, by the Treaty of Guarantee, intervention cannot
take
place before negotiations take place between the Guarantor
Powers, that
is, Britain, Greece, and Turkey. It is at this stage, i.e. at
the stage
of contacts (before intervention) that we shall need
international
support. We shall obtain this support if the amendments
proposed by us
seem reasonable and justified. Therefore, we have to be
extremely
careful in selecting the amendments that we shall propose.

The first step, therefore, would be to get rid of
intervention
by proposing amendments in the first stage. Tactic to be
followed:
(Omitted)

2- It is evident that for intervention to be justified there
must
be a more serious reason and a more immediate danger than
simple
Constitutional amendments. Such reasons can be:
(a) The declaration of ENOSIS before actions (a) to (c)
(b) Serious intercommunal unrest which may be shown as a
massacre
of Turks.

The first reason is removed as a result of the Plan drawn
up for
the first stage and consequently what remains, is the danger of

intercommunal strife. We do not intend to engage, without
provocation,
in massacre or attack against the Turks. Therefore, (section
omitted)
the Turks can react strongly and incite incidents and strife,
or falsely
stage massacres, clashes or bomb explosions in order to create
the
impression that the Greeks attacked the Turks and that
intervention
is imperative for their protection. Tactic to be employed: Our
actions
for amending the Constitution will not be secret; we would
always appear
to be ready for peaceful talks and our actions would not take
any
provocative and violent form. Any incidents that may take place
will be
met, at the beginning, in a legal fashion by the legal Security
Forces,
according to a plan. Our actions will have a legal form.

3- (Omitted)

4- It is, however, naive to believe that it is impossible
for us to
proceed to substantial actions for amending the Constitution,
as a first
step towards our more general Plan as described above, without
expecting
the Turks to create or stage incidents and clashes. For this
reason,
the existence and the strengthening of our Organization is
imperative
because: (a) if, in case of spontaneous resistance by the
Turks, our
counter attack is not immediate, we run the risk of having a
panic
created among the Greeks, in towns particular. We will then be
in
danger of losing vast areas of vital importance to the Turks,
while
if we show our strength to the Turks immediately and
forcefully, then
they will probably be brought to their senses and restrict
their
activities to insignificant, isolated incidents. (b) In case of
a
planned or unplanned attack by the Turks, whether this be
staged or not
it is necessary to suppress this forcefully in the shortest
possible
time, since, if we manage to become masters of the situation
within
a day or two, outside intervention would not be possible,
probable or
justifiable. (c) The forceful and decisive suppressing of any
Turkish
effort will greatly facilitate our subsequent actions for
further
Constitutional amendments, and it should then be possible to
apply
these without the Turks being able to show any reaction.
Because they
will learn that it is impossible for them to show any reaction
without
serious consequences for their Community. (d) In case of the
clashes
becoming widespread, we must be ready to proceed immediately
through
actions (a) to (d), including the immediate declaration of
ENOSIS,
because, then, there will be no need to wait or to engage in
diplomatic
activity.

5- In all these stages we must not overlook the factor of
enlightening, and of facing the propaganda of those who do not
know or
cannot be expected to know our plans, as well as of the
reactionary
elements. It has been shown that our struggle must go through
at least
four stages and that we are obliged not to reveal our plans and

intentions prematurely. It is therefore more than a national
duty for
everyone to observe full secrecy in the matter. Secrecy is
vitally
essential for our success and survival. This, however, does not
prevent
the reactionaries and irresponsible demagogues from indulging
in false
patriotic manifestations and provocations. Our Plan would
provide them
with the possibility of putting forward accusations to the
effect that
the aims of our leadership are not national and that only the
amendment
of the Constitution is envisaged. The need for carrying out
Constitutional amendments in stages and in accordance with the

prevailing conditions, makes our job even more difficult. All
this must
not, however, be allowed to drag us to irresponsible demagogy,
street
politics and a race of nationalism. Our deeds will be our
undeniable
justification. In any case owing to the fact that, for
well-known
reasons, the above Plan must have been carried out and borne
fruit long
before the next elections, we must distinguish ourselves with
self-restraint and moderation in the short time that we have.
Parallel
with this, we should not only maintain but reinforce the
present unity
and discipline of our patriotic forces. We can succeed in this
only by
properly enlightening our members so that they in turn
enlighten the
public.

Before anything else we must expose the true identity of
the
reactionaries. These are petty and irresponsible demagogues and

opportunists. Their recent history shows this. They are
unsuccessful,
negative and antiprogressive elements who attack our leadership
like
mad dogs but who are unable to put forward any substantive and

practical solution of their own. In order to succeed in all our

activities we need a strong and stable government, up to the
last
minute. They are known as clamorous slogan-creators who are
good for
nothing but speech-making. When it comes to taking definite
actions
or making sacrifices they are soon shown to be unwilling
weaklings. A
typical example of this is that even at the present stage they
have no
better proposal to make than to suggest that we should have
recourse
to the United Nations. It is therefore necessary that they
should be
isolated and kept at a distance.

We must enlighten our members about our plans and
objectives ONLY
VERBALLY. Meetings must be held at the sub-headquarters of the
Organization to enlighten leaders and members so that they are
properly
equipped to enlighten others. NO WRITTEN EXPLANATION OF ANY
SORT IS
ALLOWED. LOSS OR LEAKAGE OF ANY DOCUMENT PERTAINING TO THE
ABOVE IS
EQUIVALENT TO HIGH TREASON. There can be no action that would
inflict
a heavier blow to our struggle than any revealing of the
contents of
the present document or the publication of this by the
opposition.

Outside the verbal enlightenment of our members, all our
activities, and our publications in the press in particular,
must be
most restrained and must not divulge any of the above. Only
responsible
persons will be allowed to make public speeches and statements
and will
refer to this Plan only generally under their personal
responsibility
and under the personal responsibilty of the Chief of
sub-headquarters
concerned. Also, any reference to the written Plan should be
done only
after the formal approval of the Chief of the sub-headquarters
who will
control the speech or statement. But in any case such speech or

statement MUST NEVER BE ALLOWED TO APPEAR IN THE PRESS OR ANY
OTHER
PUBLICATION.

The tactic to be followed: Great effort must be made to
enlighten
our members and the public VERBALLY. Every effort must be made
to show
ourselves as moderates. Any reference to our plans in writing,
or
any reference in the press or in any document is strictly
prohibited.
Responsible officials and other responsible persons will
continue
to enlighten the public and to increase its morale and fighting
spirit
without ever divulging any of our plans through the press or
otherwise.


NOTE: The present document should be destroyed by burning under
the
personal responsibilities of the Chief of the sub-headquarters
and in
the presence of all members of the staff within 10 days of its
being
received. It is strictly prohibited to make copies of the whole
or any
part of this document. Staff members of sub-headquarters may
have it in
their possession only under the personal responsibility of the
Chief
of sub-headquarters, but in no case is anyone allowed to take
it out
of the office of sub-headquarters.

The Chief
AKRITAS



----------------------------------------------
Post by m***@yahoo.com
"Is our problem with Greece insolvable because it is cultural?" asks
Gunduz Aktan in his articel below.
I ask: Is Turkey's problem with Greece and Europe insolvable because it
is cultural?"
In Samos the entire Greek population was murdered on orders of the
Turkish pasha.
One Greek man killed in a fight a Turkish men.
The Turkish court ruled that all males above the age of 5 should be
murdered.
And so it was done.
My grandfather had to flee Izmir or otherwise he would have been murdered.
Half million Greeks could not escape to the islands and so they where
murdered.
Where my grandfather lived ( a village 3 kilometer outside of what is
now Izmir ) his ancestors where living for thousands of years.
It was Greek for a few thousand years.
It's Turkish now.
Someday it will belong to Greece again like Constaninople and Troja.
I don't hate the Turks but we will take the land back again.
North Cyprus was the last land robbery of the Turks.
The Kurds will get their land some day back too.
And the Armenians.
I know Turks are the " victim " everybody hates for " no reason ".
Meanwhile they try to sell the houses and villas they stole from Greeks
in 74 to Brits and other nationalities..
Panta Rhei
2005-06-18 12:53:52 UTC
Permalink
Another episode in Mark Rivers', the hapless Turkish spammer's, life:

Mark Rivers' experiences as the Easter Bunny

BAY CITY, Mich. (AP) - The Easter Bunny is hopping mad.

Mark "spastic" Rivers, who portrays the furry character at the Bay City
Mall, says he was pummelled in an unprovoked attack while on the job.
Police say the attacker was a 12-year-old boy who sat on Rivers' lap the
day before the March 18 incident.

Rivers, 18, suffered a bloody nose. He kept his cool during the attack,
deeming it inappropriate for the Easter Bunny to fight back. But he's not
willing to forgive and forget.

"They (the sheriff's deputies) told me it was up to me, and I feel that the
boy should be prosecuted," Rivers told the Bay City Times.

Rivers told Bay County Sheriff's deputies that the boy hit him in the face
at least six times before running away.

Bay County Sheriff John Miller said the youth has been in trouble in the
past. The case will be forwarded to the Bay County prosecutor's office next
week for action, he said.

Rivers, meanwhile, is back on the job at the mall, where he had been
working as the Easter Bunny for about a week before the attack. He says he
took the job to help support his newsgroup flaming addiction.

"I just like to think of myself living in Wonderland with Alice and
friends", Rivers said.
Henry Hooray
2005-06-18 09:15:21 UTC
Permalink
Post by m***@yahoo.com
"Is our problem with Greece insolvable because it is cultural?" asks
Gunduz Aktan in his articel below.
I ask: Is Turkey's problem with Greece and Europe insolvable because it
is cultural?"
I would say: I hope not. But so far I see no improvement in Greece's
and Europe's unconditional racism and disrespect against Turks and
Turkey.
http://www.atmg.org/GreekHatred.html
Origins of Greek hatred
Seeing as you, marktrivers, post an inordinate amount of anti-Greek material
(mainly the kind of nonsense that no self-respecting school-child would dare
to put forward as 'evidence'; not surprisingly) the question begs:

Nothing other than a sick hatred of Greeks could explain your silly
behaviour.

Why don't you follow Ataturk's words yourself, marktrivers?

Expecting no answer from marktrivers, as this pathetic troll has proved
again and again that he petrified of entering into any meaningful
discussion,

Henry.
m***@yahoo.com
2005-06-18 16:13:24 UTC
Permalink
Panta Rhei <***@os.com>, "Henry Hooray"
<***@sneakeLEAVETHISOUTmail.com>, and every Greek who posts
anti-Turkish hate propaganda and their PKK puppets are all thugs of
Greek/Armenian/PKK Anti-Turkish Hatred Inc., and brain-washed with
unconditional anti-Turkish hatred like all Greeks are.

There is not a single Greek, Armenian or PKK terrorist who doesnot post
totally fabricated anti-Turkish hate propaganda relentlessly and
constantly.
Post by Henry Hooray
Post by m***@yahoo.com
"Is our problem with Greece insolvable because it is cultural?" asks
Gunduz Aktan in his articel below.
I ask: Is Turkey's problem with Greece and Europe insolvable because it
is cultural?"
I would say: I hope not. But so far I see no improvement in Greece's
and Europe's unconditional racism and disrespect against Turks and
Turkey.
http://www.atmg.org/GreekHatred.html
Origins of Greek hatred
Seeing as you, marktrivers, post an inordinate amount of anti-Greek material
(mainly the kind of nonsense that no self-respecting school-child would dare
Nothing other than a sick hatred of Greeks could explain your silly
behaviour.
Why don't you follow Ataturk's words yourself, marktrivers?
Expecting no answer from marktrivers, as this pathetic troll has proved
again and again that he petrified of entering into any meaningful
discussion,
Henry.
Panta Rhei
2005-06-18 20:38:30 UTC
Permalink
Another episode in Mark Rivers', the hapless Turkish spammer's, life:

Mark Rivers becomes a Bar of Soap!

A bar of soap reportedly made from fat pumped from Turkish fatso Mark
Rivers, the spammer, has gone on display.

Seanie O'Kiloyle, Mark Rivers' steadfast lover, claims he made the soap
from fat from Mark Rivers' last liposuction operation.

It is now part of an art exhibition in Basel, Switzerland, where anyone
wishing to "wash their hands with Mark Rivers" can buy it for the
equivalent of a few Turkish lira.

Seanie O'Kilfoyle claims to have acquired the fat from an employee of a
plastic surgery clinic in Lugano.

He said: "My ugly friend, Mark Rivers, had face lifting and liposuction
operations in a clinic where I have good connections and that provided me
with some of the fat. It was jelly-like and it stunk horribly, like butter
gone off or old chip pan oil."

He said: "I came up with the idea because soap is made of pig fat, and I
thought how much more appropriate it would be if people washed their hands
using a piece of Mark Rivers."
Henry Hooray
2005-06-20 09:01:44 UTC
Permalink
Thanks for eventually responding, marktrivers. I hope we can now - at long
last - have a discussion, and that you won't just run away and continue with
your tedious voluminous trolling activities.
Post by m***@yahoo.com
anti-Turkish hate propaganda and their PKK puppets are all thugs of
Greek/Armenian/PKK Anti-Turkish Hatred Inc., and brain-washed with
unconditional anti-Turkish hatred like all Greeks are.
As I haven't posted anti-Turkish material here or elsewhere (perhaps because
I don't share your pathological hatred of people from an entire nation,
marktrivers), I presume this paragraph is not directed at me.
Post by m***@yahoo.com
There is not a single Greek, Armenian or PKK terrorist who doesnot post
totally fabricated anti-Turkish hate propaganda relentlessly and
constantly.
Actually, a lot of what you call propaganda is the same kind of stuff you
use yourself against Greeks, isn't it, marktrivers.

For instance, you picked something from Amnesty to blacken Greeks. In
return, I used the very same source, but this time against Turkey. If my
"propaganda" was fabricated, then so was yours; wasn't it, marktrivers.

But let me ask you again: Why don't you follow Ataturk's words yourself,
marktrivers? Why don't you learn from the man you quoted yourself, and stop
your hating entire an entire people?

Henry.
m***@yahoo.com
2005-06-21 13:35:26 UTC
Permalink
Post by Henry Hooray
Thanks for eventually responding, marktrivers. I hope we can now - at long
last - have a discussion, and that you won't just run away and continue with
your tedious voluminous trolling activities.
http://www.turkishforum.com/pkk/img/photos/bebek_katili1.jpg
http://www.turkishforum.com/greece/visual.html
http://www.greekmurderers.net/



The sub-human anti-Turkish hatred fabricators, murderers of innocent
and defenceless Turks and thugs of Armenian/Greek/PKK/KADEK
anti-Turkish Hatred Inc., with a veracious appetite for innocent
Turkish blood, never stop in their relentless dreams of massacring all
Turks everywhere in the World. The sub-human Greek/Armenian/PKK/KADEK
terrorists think repeating anti-Turkish hate propaganda over and over
legitimize their rape, torture and murder of innocent and defenceless
Turkish human beings.


After Europeans very generously supported and sponsored Greek,
Armenian, Arab and other terrorists, with a veracious appetite for
innocent Turkish blood, to massacre innocent and defenceless Turkish
subjects of Ottoman empire and to ethnically cleanse Ottoman
territories off of their Turkish inhabitants during WWI, and after they
harbored, supported, sponsored PKK/KADEK terrorist organization which
murdered nearly fourty thousands innocent human beings to destroy
Turkey to establish a marxist, lennisist, communist PKK/KADEK
dictortship in Turkey, and other terrorist and extremist Islamist
terrorist organizations and persons with the same purpose, and Armenian
terrorists who, during 1970s and '80s, murdered hundreds of Turkish
diplomats, their family members, colleagues, embassy personnel (Turkish
and local), and having missed no chance whatsoever to fabricate
anti-Turkish hate propaganda based on total lies in every possible
instance and relentlessly complain about Turkey, it is very clear that
the purpose of Europe is to destroy the democratic Republic of Turkey
and totally wipe out the Turkish race/nation off of the face of Earth.

http://www.turkishnews.com/DiscoverTurkey/cyprus/photos.html

http://www.turkishforum.com/gr­eece/visual.html

http://www.pubinfo.gov.nc.tr/h040399f.htm

GREECE & PKK MASSACRE DOSSIER

Greece's relations with PKK have begun to exhaust Turkey's
patience. While, on one hand, PKK militants, being accommodated in
Syria keep infiltrating into Turkey through the south-eastern region
indiscriminately and brutally killing innocent and unarmed people,
including women and children, yet another branch of these blood-stained
murderers based in Greece, carries out acts of bombing and killings.

Dozens of terrorists arrested by the Turkish police before or after
they have committed their acts, tell, in their depositions, how they
are trained by the Greeks in Greece and that they arrive in Turkey with
the bombs given to them by the former.

On the days when the caught terrorists were telling how they had been
trained in Greece and how the Greek administration had welcomed them,
the Greek politicians paid a warm visit to the PKK's blood-stained
leader Abdullah Ocalan, inviting him to Athens: all this heightens the
hatred towards Greece cherished by the Turkish people whose children
become martyrs while defying the dastardly terrorist acts of the
terrorist organization.

When Turkey's allies, seeing her sensitivity on the subject, warn the
rulers of Greece, the latter, with a rarely witnessed thick-skinniness,
speak lies with no shame and put themselves into further embarrassment
by claiming that Turkey tells lies in order to denigrate them and that
they have no association at all with terrorism.

HOW GREECE-PKK RELATIONS BEGAN

The first time the Greek Intelligence Organization (KIP) hooked the
separatist, Kurdish terrorist organization PKK was, I believe, on 5
February 1988.

Greece's relations with PKK was initiated with a meeting between
Ihsan Kaya, sent by Abdullah Ocalan (APO) to Athens as a
representative, and Michailis Charalambides, a KIP agent known well for
his role in the subversive activities against Turkey, at the premises
of the "Greek Union for the Rights and Liberation of Peoples.

About a fortnight before this meeting, "Nei Antropi" weekly paper
published in Athens had his front-page wholly devoted to a report
carrying the following banner headlines:

"KURDISH AUTONOMY-SEEKERS ARE IN GREECE AS INVITEES OF THE GREEK
ORGANIZATION."

The text of the report, without openly mentioning PKK, stated the
following:

"In the coming days, a delegation consisting of high-level Kurdish
autonomy-seekers are going to arrive in Athens, as the guests of a
Greek association. During the days they will stay in Athens, the Kurds
will explain to the Greek press about their struggle and the benefits
Greece will reap from the success of their struggle. The Greek police
will take strict security measures in Athens against the possibility of
the murdering of our Kurdish guests by the Turkish agents.

The assessment of the political commentator of our paper concerning the
invitation of the Kurds to Greece is as follows: "Our gain from the
autonomy-seeking activities of the Kurds will be very big. The Kurdish
problem is a thorn for Turkey. If Turkey enters a war with Greece, the
Kurds and Armenians will undermine her internal security."

One day after his meeting with Ihsan Kaya, Michailis Charalambides met
KIP Chief Kostas Tsimas who reported the case to the then Prime
Minister Andreas Papandreou who endorsed the extension of support to
PKK.

In order to lend help and support to PKK, Greece organized a massive
organization in which politicians, army generals, diplomats,
journalists, the Church and all the organs of the State participated.

In the meantime, an army general, along with some KIP agents disguised
as journalists, entered into PKK's camp at the Beqaa Valley where
they met APO asking him about his needs. After PKK's needs had been
discovered, an inflow of arms, ammunition and money began to PKK, as
soon as the delegation returned to Athens. The statistical records
reveal that the number of PKK's murders of innocent people of its own
origin also went up considerably after the launch of the Greek
assistance.

With the initiation of the aid, the separatist Kurdish terrorists began
to be trained, in groups, in the belt between Athens and Salonica,
particularly in military zones. Assassination, bomb making and using
and the use of war equipment are the topics of this training.

In the meantime, a batch of 20 thousand kalashnikovs belonging to the
arms depots of the Greek army was shipped, under the cover of
agricultural equipment, to the Latakia port aboard a South Cyprus
ferryboat sailing to Syria, to be handed over to PKK.

These guns were only a beginning. From 1987 to the present, the amount
of the guns given by Greece to PKK through numerous channels has
reached an incredible level.

GREECE'S ROLE IN INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM

Although Greece has been harboring the international terrorism for the
last 12 years and although this messy deed of her has been repeatedly
confirmed by the intelligence organizations of the West, her
collaboration with the notorious terrorists who are a big headache for
the entire world has been taken with tolerance, just because she is a
member to NATO and EU.

Greece's role in the international terrorism has "reached the point
of treachery against NATO." Cabinet ministers, MPs of the ruling party
PASOK, who had been involved terrorism and been trained by the
Palestinian terrorists at the Beqaa Valley before becoming politicians,
have given the military secrets to enemies.

When SERGEI BOKHAN, a Soviet diplomat serving in Athens, who secured
asylum in the US on 25 May 1985, made grossly interesting revelations
about the role of Greece in international terrorism.

The Soviet diplomat explained how Greece served as bridge of
international terrorism and arms smuggling between Europe and the
Middle East, by giving important information. Bokhan, inter alias,
explicated that the confidential information had been passed on to
Moscow (by Greece) and that informed of Athens treachery, the NATO's
headquarters in Brussels had refrained from giving "strictly
confidential" documents to the Greeks.

The Russian agent also revealed the names of the Greek cabinet
ministers who had given him information during his 3-year service in
Athens. On 26 June 1985, the US envoy in Athens Mr. Sterns paid a visit
to Prime Minister Papandreou giving him a list of 10 Greeks. The list
contained the names of the Ministers and high-level officials from the
PASOK party.

Among the names on the list were: the Undersecretary of the Foreign
Ministry Iannis Kapsis; Chairman of the Mediterranean Research Center
Michailis Charalambides who establishes the connection between PKK and
the Greek Intelligence Organization, Press Undersecretary Dimitris
Marudas, Chairman of the Bureau for the International Relations of the
Prime Ministry Vassilis Konstandineas; and Sifis Valirakis who is
allegedly among the founders of "17 November" terrorist
organization in Greece and two-term Minister of Public Order. All the
names mentioned in the ten-name list of the US were very loyal persons
to Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou. Even all of them were the
founding members of the PAK terrorist organization established between
1967-74, the era of the Greek military junta.

Papandreou's establishing friendships in 1976 with those countries
regarded as dangerous for the Western alliance was striking. All sorts
of support extended to him by Syria, Iran and Libya played a very
important role in his rising to power in the period of 1981-1989.

YEAR 1997 ... GREEK RULERS' RELATIONS WITH PKK TERRORIST ORGANIZATION

It is clearly seen that members of the ruling PASOK party in Greece
pursue their relations with terrorism within the programme of a
party-line. In order not be overshadowed by the Government in the field
of terrorism, the Opposition is in an effort to catch up with
Government's involvement in terrorism and assumes its own role to
this end.

The rulers of Greece try to justify their relations with terrorism by
trying to say that they support "those movements struggling for
liberty." The actual object, however, is not "to help others to
achieve their human rights or liberty"; the only reason why Greece
has established partnership with terrorism is the implementation of an
"expansionist" policy aimed at disintegrating Turkey.

GREECE CANNOT DENY THAT IT IS A BASE FOR PKK

PKK terrorist organization has been operating in the Balkans, as if
being a province attached to the central structure of Europe, its
headquarters being in Greece. This "province" is made up of four
regions, namely Greece and the (Aegean) Islands, Bulgaria, Romania and
South Cyprus.

The "Representative Office of ERNK- Balkans and Greece," opened with
the open and full backing of the Greek administration on 5 April 1994,
at a building no. 54 in the Vassilisis Sofia Square in Athens, where
the Greek parliament is situated and next to the US Embassy, is a HQ
where all sorts of subversive activities aimed at Turkey is planned, in
cooperation with the Greek politicians. In this office, a magazine
called "Kurdistan's Voice," financed by the Greek Intelligence
Organization and published by the Greek retired Navy Admiral Andonis
NAKSAKIS and a group of Greek journalists is used to prepare materials
for PKK's bloody propaganda. Donation campaigns for PKK, air tickets
for Zele camp- Syria- Europe and procedures regarding the travels and
residence in Greece of PKK militants are carried out in this office.

Yet another office of PKK in Athens is at "Ipokratus Avenue no.92."

The addresses of other offices of PKK that are operational in Greece
are as follows:

The Committee for Solidarity with Kurdistan, Egnatias, No. 75,
Salonica.

Kurdistan's Red Crescent: Solomu Avenue 54/2.

Kurdistan Cultural Centre: Slomensky Street 22.

Kurdistan News Agency: Spyrou Trikoupi: 51/53.

While it continues in Greece, its subversive activities aimed at the
collapse of Turkey, PKK obtains assistance, not only from the Greek
public institutions, but also from the politicians and retired army
personnel. All this aid is deposited under the bank account of:
"ETHNICI TRAPEZA- 129/350681- 92."

The primary figure among those Greeks working voluntarily at PKK's
office at Vassilis Sofias number 54 is the retired Navy Admiral Andonis
NAKSAKIS who is one of the links between KIP and PKK is NAKSAKIS;
PASOK's MP from Crete Kostas BADUVAS is one of his supporters on the
Kurdish issue.

Yet another person who has been aiding the terrorist organization the
most in the last four years is a certain THEODORE, who speaks Turkish,
English and Italian. He conducts PKK's correspondence and is present
at press declarations and meetings. Because he is the Chairman of the
Pontus- Kurdish Solidarity Committee at the same time, he prepares
ground for joint acts, meetings, statements and all sorts of other acts
with PKK that operates under the guise of ERNK.

Besides two houses of the organization where the PKK members, who come
to Athens, for a temporary period, the guest-houses of the Greek
official departments also offer accommodation for PKK members.

One of the buildings where the PKK members, who undergo training in
Athens, are accommodated, is in Dafni, a suburb of Athens. The injured
who arrive from Turkey through South Cyprus, cadres to be transferred
from Zele to Europe and candidates who have participated in the
organization from the Lavrion camp are treated and trained in this
building. The residents of the house that is used as a base are never
allowed to go out or make telephone calls.

Those staying in this house serve sentries from 23.00 hours to 07.00 in
the morning, with one- hour intervals. The cadres under training are
prohibited to appear on the windows, balconies and terraces, if not
necessary. A TV set, a video-cassette and a type-writer are found in
the house.

The PKK militants who enter into and exit from, this house which is
used a PKK training center in Athens, the most are the ones named Faik,
Cemal and Sait who work as couriers between Abdullah Ocalan and the
Greek officials.

The training in Dafni begins first with a speech and a distribution of
work. Throughout the training, a worker is appointed for each of the
sections of security, logistics, health, kitchen etc.

The code-name of the person in charge of this training is "Sabri".
A team attached to him, also including Greek officers and intelligence
officers, gives its lessons in the hall of this house.

Ten organization members and 25 trainees permanently stay in the house.


The Greek neighbors residing in the vicinity of the house speak of it
as the "house of the PKK terrorists". Transfers to the house are
usually carried out at night time. The house is protected by KIP and
the Gendarmerie on a round-the-clock basis.

Yet another training of PKK in the Greek capital is a farm-building to
the north of Athens. The people living in the neighborhood say that it
belongs to KIP.

At this farm-house, training is given on bombs. All the PKK militants
who have committed acts of bombing in Turkey and then caught admitted
that they were trained in this farm-house. The training program
implemented in this camp is as follows:

The historical background of explosives-- Facts to take into
consideration in bomb-making-- A broad definition of explosives.

Training on the guns: pistols, kalashnikov, Cannas-type pistols.
Shooting at fixed or moving targets, techniques of sabotage,
assassination and its techniques.

The capacity of this camp may reach up to 50 persons. The camp contains
a political HQ, three dormitories, a lecture-room, executive room,
kitchen, a room for the Greek trainers, a military HQ, a military depot
for arms and ammunition. The camp is surrounded by barbed wire in the
form nets and trees. The camp that resembles a farm-house is protected
by military police and Gendarmerie patrols and specially trained dogs.

EACH STONE OVERTURNED IN SOUTHEAST ANATOLIA REVEALS GREEK ROLE IN
TERRORISM

Photographs and letters found in the possession of the PKK militants
who are killed at the operations of the Turkish armed forces in
South-eastern Anatolia and in northern Iraq, as well as in their caves
reveal, beyond any doubt, the relations between the rulers of Greece
and PKK in particular and the Greek-PKK connection in general.

One of the photos found had been taken in front of a shop bearing the
shop's name in Greek. Behind the photo had was written the name
"Vassiliki," an address and a telephone number. Yet another
photograph shows three persons toasting to each other in a stall-like
wine shop in Athens, who are thought to be the members of a PKK group
trained in Athens.

The greatest admirer of Abdullah Ocalan is the Greek parliament speaker
Panaiotis SGURIDES (from PASOK). It has been determined that Zgurides
met APO in 1994 at Beqaa Valley twice and met APO and his
representatives in South Cyprus in 1997 three times, where he went for
trivial reasons.

The Greek politician paid a visit to APO on 14 June 1995 and honouring
him with an award of the Greek parliament "in recognition of his
service to Hellenism." That the Greek politician, during the meeting,
gave a map to APO, drawn up in Greece, showing the oil pipe lines,
asking him to sabotage them was published overtly in the Greek press,
together with the map in question.

While the contacts of the Greek parliamentarians from all the political
parties with PKK and APO clearly reveals to all, the "Greek-PKK
alliance", clearly showing what a liar the Greek Government Spokesman
is when trying to deceive the world that "Greece has nothing to do
with PKK, Turkey is lying".
Panta Rhei
2005-06-21 13:51:17 UTC
Permalink
Another episode in Mark Rivers', the hapless Turkish spammer's, life:


Mark Rivers Referred to Zoo!

180 kilo Mark Rivers says he was humiliated when he was told to go to a zoo
for an MRI scan.

The Turkish fatso cannot fit into a magnetic resonance imaging machine.

He told the New York Post that a doctor said he should go instead to the
Bronx Zoo.

"It's humiliating. I was told if elephants and hippos need MRIs, they have
the equipment at the Bronx Zoo. It was like I was an animal," he said.

The Bronx Zoo told the Post it gets about a dozen such calls a year but it
doesn't have such facilities for its animals.
m***@yahoo.com
2005-06-21 13:36:45 UTC
Permalink
Post by Henry Hooray
Thanks for eventually responding, marktrivers. I hope we can now - at long
last - have a discussion, and that you won't just run away and continue with
your tedious voluminous trolling activities.
The sub-human anti-Turkish hate mongers, murderers of innocent and
defenceless Turks and thugs of Armenian/Greek/PKK/KADEK anti-Turkish
Hatred Inc., with a veracious appetite for innocent Turkish blood,
never stop in their relentless dreams of massacring all Turks
everywhere in the World. The sub-human Greek/Armenian/PKK/KADEK
terrorists think repeating anti-Turkish hate propaganda over and over
legitimize their rape, torture and murder of innocent and defenceless
Turkish human beings.



"It should also be pointed out that when the Greek army invaded Turkey
between 1919 and 1922, it carried out a conscious policy of ethnic
cleansing with the purpose of killing and/or driving out all
inhabitants of western Turkey who did not share Greek nationality and
religion, causing those Muslims and Jews who survived to flee to the
areas under Turkish nationalist control. This policy was eloquently
reported in a detailed report presented by an International Commission
of Investigation chaired by American Admiral and High Commissioner Mark
Bristol, and including representatives of Italy, France and Great
Britain, as well as Greek and Turkish observers, by a Red Cross report
written by the Red Cross representative in Turkey, Maurice Gehry, and
by historian Arnold Toybee in a series of articles published at the
time in the Manchester Guardian and later summarized in his book, 'The
Western Question in Greece and Turkey.' As a result, Great Britain cut
off all military and financial assistance to the Greek invasion, a
major reason for its ultimate defeat by the armies of Mustafa Kemal
Ataturk."

-- Professor Stanford
Shaw




Following their military defeat in 1922, after having attacked,
tortured, raped and massacred the Turks, Jews and others in Western
Anatolia and destroyed their country after Ottoman Empire collapsed
after WWI, the Greeks executed six Cabinet ministers of their own whom
they thought responsible for the humiliating failure.

One was brought on a stretcher to the execution ground, being too sick
to walk. Another died of a heart attack in the van taking him from his
prison cell. The sick and the dead were propped up alongside the others
and shot.

Being dead of heart attack was not dead enough for the Greeks; they
still wanted to kill him more(!) by shooting his already dead body.
Killing a sick man, too sick to walk, and shooting a dead body is
another dimension of Greek crulety, blood-thirstiness and savagery
against fellow human beings.

But the ultimate Greek crulety, blood-thirstiness and savagery against
fellow human beings, which is very rarely seen elsewhere, is this: The
six Greek goverment ministers (one was too sick to walk, another was
alread dead of a heart attack) were executed for failing to massacre
and/or drive out all inhabitants of western Turkey, Moslems, Jews and
others, who did not share Greek nationality and religion.

It is exactly like an organized crime syndicate punishing by executing
its member thugs and murderers failing to committ crimes. Mafia does
this all the time.




http://www.greekmurderers.net/documents.html


DOCUMENTED MASSACRES BY GREEK GOVERMENT IN TURKEY DURING 1919-1922


In 1919, Greeks entered Anatolia with the support of Entente Powers in
order to kill Turkish people living in Anatolia. To reach their goals,
they didn't hesitate to kill unarmed civilian people, even children.
We are publishing the documents which first appeared in Historical
Documents Magazine. The magazine compiled the documents from General
Directorate of Government Archives. The magazine includes particularly
the Greek atrocities, massacres, rapes, arson targeting unarmed Turkish

people and their sacred values between 1919-1922, a period in which the

Greek occupation of Western Anatolia took place.

Now we have a question: Do Greeks have any right to bring out the "Asia

Minor" genocide while they have committed all these massacres, rapes,
murders, and plunders against Turkish and Muslim people?


Below, you can see the original documents which prove all of the
massacres,
robberies, rapes of Greeks.

Date of The Document Summary:

May 20, 1919 The report of Izmir Gendarmerie Division to Gendarmerie
General Headquarters about the invasion, the murders, rapes, insults of

Greeks against Turkish people during the occupation of Izmir

May 20, 1919 The report of the Denizli Gendarmerie Division about
murders
and invasion of Greeks

July 3, 1919 The report of Aydin Central Command to 57th Division
Command
informing about the organization, formation and murders of "Aydin
Massacre"

July 7, 1919 The report of 57th Division Command to 2nd Army Inspectors

about the cruelly murdered Muslim people who happened to escape from
the
"Burning of Aydin"

July 7, 1919 The report of 57th Division Command to 2nd Army Inspectors

about burning of Aydin, killing of civilian people and the head
officer,
the attorney general and the judge by Greeks

August 1, 1919 The notes about the massacre of people in Cuma quarter
during the Battle of Aydin

August 30, 1919 The article by the office of Aydin Governor to
Lieutenant
Colonel Kadri Bey about murders, insults and robberies of Greeks around
Izmir

September 13, 1919 The petition of her father and doctor report about
the
rape of an 8-year-old girl by Greek soldiers

September 13, 1919 The statement of a girl raped by Greek soldiers

September 13, 1919 The statement of a brother whose sister was raped by

Greek soldiers

October 31, 1919 The writing of Heyeti Temsiliye stating that more than
five
hundred Muslim people in Odemis, Bergama, Tire and Salihli districts
have
been arrested and tortured with pretext of aiding national forces.

November 7, 1919 The report of Military Police Organization concerning
crimes
commited by Greeks such as murders, robberies, fire starting, insults
against
mosques and even Koran in Yenisehir and surrounding villages.

January 30, 1921 The report prepared by the Military Police Bozüyük
Directorate
and presented to the Western Front Headquarters about the atrocities of
Greeks
such as theft, plunder, and rape committed against people of Bozüyük
and Sögüt.

April 8, 1921 The help request of the Western Front Headquarters from
General
Staff concerning the fires of Bilecik, Sögüt, Bozüyük, the massacre
of the
Turkish people, including the müfti of Bilecik, and the suffering of
the survivors.

April 10, 1921 The testimony of the captured Greek Lieutenant Teodoros
Pedlis
about the fire of Bozüyük.

April 11, 1921 The orders of the Western Front Headquarters about the
participation
of the French writer Madam Glois to the committee formed to investigate
the Greek
atrocities and destruction in the Western Front region.

October 4, 1921 The letter from Abdülkadir Bey, who medically treated
Sidika,
burnt by Greek soldiers in Horti Village, to Halide Edip (Adivar) Hanim
concerning
the event.

November 15, 1922 The report by the 2nd Army Headquarters presented to
the
Western Front Headquarters about the imprisonment of Turkish villagers,
about
their mistreatment as POWs and about beheading of some villagers and
exhibiting
their heads to others.

December 1, 1922 The telegraph from 1st Army Headquarters informing the
Western
Front Headquarters that in Böceklik, Greek soldiers have burnt 380 of
the 1500
people near the station and 30 people in prison.

March 3, 1922 The list prepared by Saruhan Head Office showing the
names of
Greek soldiers and officers who participated in the atrocities and
massacres in
Manisa province.

November 22, 1923 The list of the names, prepared by Saruhan Head
Office and
presented to the Court-martial Presidency, of the Greek soldiers and
officers
who participated in the atrocities and massacres in Saruhan district
during the
invasion.



References:

Kadir MISIRLIOGLU; Yunan Mezalimi, 1972, Istanbul

Halide Edip, Yakup Kadri, Falih Rifki; Izmir'den Bursa'ya, 1338 (1922),
Deraadet (Istanbul)

Trakya Cemiyetleri Nesriyatindan, Sarki Trakya'da Yunan Zulümleri,
1338 (1922)
Panta Rhei
2005-06-21 13:51:15 UTC
Permalink
Another episode in Mark Rivers', the hapless Turkish spammer's, life:


Mark Rivers Works for the Indian Government!

Mark Rivers has been employed by an Indian government minister - to scare
away other monkeys.

The Indian Minister for Human Resources, M A A Fatmi, has taken on the
Turkish immigrant, as well as a professional monkey catcher.

He hopes their combined efforts will scare off the monkeys that invade his
office, trashing light fittings and ripping up documents.

"They scare away the monkeys and cage the more naughty ones. So things are
better now," a spokesman told the Hindustan Times.

Minister Fatmi had to move into the bungalow after the petroleum minister
refused to because of the daily simian onslaught.

Four other Turkish immigrants and two professional monkey catchers are also
employed in parliamentary and government buildings in New Dehli.

All offices have been given caged doors and the 'Turkish force' patrols the
buildings at night after a series of official documents were torn to shreds
and several civil servants bitten.

"We are trying our best. In our drive in March we captured 101 monkeys and
sent them to the Delhi government's monkey shelters in Rajokri," Ved
Prakash, the municipal supervisor in New Dehli added.
m***@yahoo.com
2005-06-21 13:37:34 UTC
Permalink
Post by Henry Hooray
Thanks for eventually responding, marktrivers. I hope we can now - at long
last - have a discussion, and that you won't just run away and continue with
your tedious voluminous trolling activities.
The most violent terrorist organization in the world, Greece:

http://www.turkishnews.com/DiscoverTurkey/cyprus/photos.html

http://faculty.menlo.edu:8080/~jhiggins/tcvoices/trnchist/trnccr60.html


Nicos Sampson, one of the leaders of the EOKA terrorist organization
who took over the post of Makarios, commented in an interview in Paris,
Eleftherotipia, February 26, 1981:

"Had Turkey not intervened, I would not only have proclaimed Enosis but
I would have annihilated the Turks in Cyprus as well."



"Until this Turkish community forming part of the Turkish race that has
been
the terrible enemy of Hellenism is expelled, the duty of the heroes of
EOKA
can never be considered terminated." -- Makarios




The Independence Years: 1960 - 1963.

During the 1960 - 1963 period, the Greek Cypriot leadership, through
numerous statements exposed their ulterior motives by stating that they
viewed independence as a stepping stone to ENOSIS (Union of Cyprus with
Greece):

Makarios: "Independence was not the aim and purpose of the EOKA
struggle. Foreign factors have prevented the achievement of the
national goal, but this should not be a cause for sorrow. New bastions
have been conquered and from this the Greek Cypriots will march on to
complete the final victory (ENOSIS)."

16.08.1960
Greek Cypriot Press



Makarios: ". . . Until this small community that forms part of the
Turkish race which has been the terrible enemy of Hellenism is
expelled, the duty of the heroes of EOKA cannot be considered as
terminated."

04.09.1962
Panayia Village



Makarios: "It is true that the goal of our struggle is to annex Cyprus
to Greece."

05.09.1963
Interview Published
in Uusi Suomi, Stockholm



Makarios: "If I have any ambition, it is to link my name with the union
of Cyprus with Greece. The expansion of Greece's boundaries up to the
shores of North Africa, through ENOSIS."

Interview with "Apoyevmatini"
September 8th, 1964






"The assertion by Mr. Christides (May 10, 1999) that there was no
ethnic cleansing or attempted genocide of Turkish Cypriots by Greek
Cypriots is ridiculous. Until influential Greek Cypriots come to terms
with the appalling behavior of their community toward the smaller
Turkish Cypriot community and stop trying to persuade themselves and
the world that each side was as much to blame as the other, there will
be no reconciliation in Cyprus."

Michael Stephen, British
Parliamentarian (1992-97)



"Makarios's central interest was to block off Turkish intervention so
that he and his Greek Cypriots could go on happily massacring Turkish
Cypriots. Obviously we would never permit that. "The fact is, however,
that neither the United Nations, nor anyone, other than Turkey ever
took effective action to prevent it."

George Ball
American
Undersecretary of State



"Greek Cypriot fanatics appear bent on a policy of genocide."

the Washington Post, Feb. 17,
196





"I was convinced that if Archbishop Makarios could not bring himself to
treat the Turkish Cypriots as human beings he was inviting the invasion
and partition of the island."

Sir Alec
Douglas-Home
Former British
Prime Minister



On July 28, 1960 Makarios, the Greek Cypriot president, said: "The
independence agreements do not form the goal they are the present and
not
the future. The Greek Cypriot people will continue their national cause
and
shape their future in accordance with THEIR will."



In a speech on Sept. 4, 1962 at Panayia Makarios said, "Until this
Turkish
community forming part of the Turkish race that has been the terrible
enemy
of Hellenism is expelled, the duty of the heroes of EOKA can never be
considered terminated."



"When the Turkish Cypriots objected to the amendment of the
Constitution,
Makarios put his plan into effect, and the Greek Cypriot attack began
in
December 1963," wrote Lt. Gen. George Karayiannis of The Greek Cypriot
militia ("Ethnikos Kiryx" 15.6.65). The general was referring to the
notorious "Akritas" plan, which was the blueprint for the annihilation
of
the Turkish Cypriots and the annexation of the island to Greece.



On Dec. 28, 1963, the Daily Express carried the following report from
Cyprus: "We went tonight into the sealed-off Turkish Cypriot quarter of
Nicosia in which 200 to 300 people had been slaughtered in the last
five
days. We were the first Western reporters there, and we have seen
sights too
frightful to be described in print. Horror was so extreme that the
people
seemed stunned beyond tears."



On Dec. 31, 1963, The Guardian reported: "It is nonsense to claim, as
the
Greek Cypriots do, that all casualties were caused by fighting between
armed
men of both sides. On Christmas Eve many Turkish Cypriot people were
brutally attacked and murdered in their suburban homes, including the
wife
and children of a doctor-allegedly by a group of 40 men, many in army
boots
and greatcoats." Although the Turkish Cypriots fought back as best they
could and killed some militia, there were no massacres of Greek Cypriot
civilians



On Jan. 1, 1964, the Daily Herald reported: "When I came across the
Turkish
Cypriot homes they were an appalling sight. Apart from the walls they
just
did not exist. I doubt if a napalm attack could have created more
devastation. Under roofs springs, children's cots, and gray ashes of
what
had once been tables, chairs and wardrobes. In the neighboring village
of
Ayios Vassilios I counted 16 wrecked and burned out homes. They were
all
Turkish Cypriot's. In neither village did I find a scrap of damage to
any
Greek Cypriot house."




On Jan. 12, 1964, the British High Commission in Nicosia wrote in a
telegram
to London: "The Greek [Cypriot] police are led by extremist who
provoked the
fighting and deliberately engaged in atrocities. They have recruited
into
their ranks as 'special constables' gun-happy young thugs. They
threaten to
try and punish any Turkish Cypriot police who wishes to return to the
Cyprus
Government... Makarios assured Sir Arthur Clark that there will be no
attack. His assurance is as worthless as previous assurances have
proved."



On Jan. 14, 1964, the Daily Telegraph reported that the Turkish Cypriot
inhabitants of Ayios Vassilios had been massacred on Dec. 26, 1963 and
reported their exhumation from a mass grave in the presence of the Red
Cross. A further massacre of Turkish Cypriots, at Limassol, was
reported by
The Observer on Feb. 16, 1964; and there were many more.




On Feb. 15, 1964, the Daily Telegraph reported: "It is a real military
operation which the Greek Cypriots launched against the 6,000
inhabitants of
the Turkish Cypriot quarter yesterday morning. A spokesman for the
Greek
Cypriot government has recognized this officially. It is hard to
conceive
how Greek and Turkish Cypriots may seriously contemplate working
together
after all that has happened."




On Sept. 10, 1964, the U.N. Secretary-General reported that "UNFICYP"
carried out a detailed survey of all damage to properties throughout
the
island during the disturbances... It shows that in 109 villages, most
of
them Turkish-Cypriot or mixed villages, 527 houses have been destroyed
while
2,000 others have suffered damage from looting. In Ktima 38 houses and
shops
have been destroyed totally and 122 partially. In the Orphomita suburb
of
Nicosia, 50 houses have been totally destroyed while a further 240 have
been
partially destroyed there and in adjacent suburbs."




The U.K. House of Commons Select Committee on Foreign Affairs reviewed
the
Cyprus question in 1987 and reported unanimously on July 2 of that year
that
"although the Cyprus Government now claims to have been merely seeking
to
'operate the 1960 Constitution modified to the extent dictated by the
necessities of the situation,' this claim ignores the fact that both
before
and after the events o#, December 1963 the Makarios Government
continued to
advocate the cause of ENOSIS and actively pursued the amendment of the
Constitution and the related treaties to facilitate this ultimate
objective."

The committee continued: "Moreover, in June 1967 the Greek Cypriot
legislature unanimously passed a resolution in favor of enosis, in
blatant
contravention of the 1960 Treaties and Constitution." (Art. I of the
Treaty
of Guarantee prohibited any action likely to directly or indirectly
promote
union with any other state or partition of the island, and Art. 185(2)
of
the Constitution is to similar effect.)




Professor Ernst Forsthoff, the neutral president of the Supreme
Constitutional Court of Cyprus, told Die Welt on Dec. 27, 1963:
"Makarios
bears on his shoulders the sole responsibility for the recent tragic
events.
His aim is to deprive the Turkish community of their rights". In an
interview with the UPI press agency on Dec. 30, 1963 he said, "All this
happened because Makarios wanted to take away all constitutional rights
from
the Turkish Cypriots."




More than 300 Turkish Cypriots are still missing without trace from
these
massacres of 1963/64. These dreadful events were not the responsibility
of
"the Greek Colonels" of 1974 or an unrepresentative handful of Greek
Cypriot
extremists. The persecution of the Turkish Cypriots was an act of
policy on
the part of the Greek Cypriot political and religious leadership, which
has
to this day made no serious attempt to bring the murderers to justice.

The UK Commons Select Committee found that "there is little doubt that
much
of the violence which the Turkish Cypriots claim led to the total or
partial
destruction of 103 Turkish villages and the displacement of about a
quarter
of the total Turkish Cypriot population was either directly inspired
by, or
connived at, by the Greek Cypriot leadership."




The UN secretary-general reported to the Security Council: "When the
disturbances broke out in December 1963 and continued during the first
part
of 1964, thousands of Turkish Cypriots fled their homes, taking with
them
only what they could drive or carry, and sought refuge in safer
villages and
areas."



On Jan. 14, 1964, "ll Giorno" of Italy reported: "Right now we are
witnessing the exodus of Turkish Cypriots from the villages. Thousands
of
people abandoning homes, land, herds. Greek Cypriot terrorism is
relentless.
This time the rhetoric of the Hellenes and the statues of Plato do not
cover
up their barbaric and ferocious behavior."




There were further attacks on the Turkish Cypriots in 1967. In 1971,
General
Grivas returned to Cyprus to form EOKA-B, which was again committed to
making Cyprus a wholly Greek island and annexing it to Greece. In a
speech
to the Greek Cypriot armed forces at the time (quoted in "New Cyprus,"
May
1987) Grivas said: "The Greek forces from Greece have come to Cyprus in
order to impose the will of the Greeks of Cyprus upon the Turks. We
want
ENOSIS but the Turks are against it. We shall impose our will. We are
strong, and we shall do so."




By July 15, 1974, a powerful force of mainland Greek troops had
assembled in
Cyprus and with their backing, the Greek Cypriot National Guard
overthrew
Makarios and installed one Nicos Sampson as "president." On July 22,
the
Washington Star News reported: "Bodies littered the streets and there
were
mass burials... People told by Makarios to lay down their guns were
shot by
the National Guard."




On April 17, 1991, Ambassador Nelson Ledsky testified before the U.S.
Senate
Foreign Relations Committee that "most of the 'missing persons'
disappeared
in the first days of July 1974, before the Turkish intervention on the
20th.
Many killed on the Greek side were killed by Greek Cypriots in fighting
between supporters of Makarios and Sampson."




On Nov. 6, 1974, Ta Nea reported that dates from the graves of Greek
Cypriots killed in the five days between July 15-20 were erased in
order to
blame these deaths on the subsequent Turkish military action.




On March 3, 1996, the Greek Cypriot Cyprus Mail wrote: "(Greek) Cypriot
governments have found it convenient to conceal the scale of atrocities
during the July 15 coup in an attempt to downplay its contribution to
the
tragedy of the summer of 1974 and instead blame the Turkish invasion
for all
casualties. There can be no justification for any government that
failed to
investigate this sensitive humanitarian issue. The shocking admission
by the
Clerides government that there are people buried in Nicosia cemetery
who are
still included in the list of the 'missing' is the last episode of a
human
drama which has been turned into a propaganda tool."




On Oct. 19 1996, Mr. Georgios Lanitis wrote: "I was serving with the
Foreign
Information Service of the Republic of Cyprus in London... I deeply
apologize to all those I told that there are 1,619 missing persons. I
misled
them. I was made a liar, deliberately, by the government of Cyprus .
....
today it seems that the credibility of Cyprus is nil."




The Times and The Guardian reported on Aug. 21, 1974 that in the
village of
Tokhni on Aug. 14, 1974 all the Turkish Cypriot men between the ages of
13
and 74, except for eighteen who managed to escape, were taken away and
shot.

There were also reports that in Zyyi on the same day all the
Turkish-Cypriot
men aged between 19 an 38 were taken away and were never seen again and
that
Greek-Cypriots opened fire on the Turkish-Cypriot neighborhood of
Paphos
killing men, women, and children indiscriminately.




On July 23, 1974, the Washington Post reported that "in a Greek raid on
a
small Turkish village near Limassol 36 people out of a population of
200
were killed. The Greeks said that they had been given orders to kill
the
inhabitants of the Turkish villages before the Turkish forces arrived."
The
Times and The Guardian also reported on the killings.



"The Greeks began to shell the Turkish quarter on Saturday, refugees
said.
Kazan Dervis, a Turkish Cypriot girl aged 15, said she had been staying
with
her uncle. The [Greek Cypriot] National Guard came into the Turkish
sector
and shooting began. She saw her uncle and other relatives taken away as
prisoners, and later heard her uncle had been shot." (Times 23.7.74)



On July 28, 1974 the New York Times reported that 14 Turkish-Cypriot
men had
been shot in Alaminos. On July 24, 1974 France Soir reported that "the
Greeks burned Turkish mosques and set fire to Turkish homes in the
villages
around Famagusta. Defenseless Turkish villagers who have weapons live
in an
atmosphere of terror and they evacuate their homes and go and live in
tents
in the forest. The Greeks' actions are a shame to humanity."



The German newspaper Die Zeit wrote on Aug. 30, "The massacre of
Turkish
Cypriots in Paphos and Famagusta is the proof of how justified the
Turks
were to undertake their intervention."



"Turkish Cypriots, who had suffered from physical attacks since 1963,
called
on the guarantor powers to prevent a Greek conquest of the island. When
Britain did nothing Turkey invaded Cyprus and occupied its northern
part.
Turkish Cypriots have constitutional right on their side and
understandably
fear a renewal of persecution if the Turkish army withdraws", the Daily
Telegraph wrote on Aug. 15, 1996.




"Turkey intervened to protect the lives and property of the
Turkish-Cypriots, and to its credit it has done just that. In the 12
years
since, there have been no killings and no massacres" Lord Willis
(Labor)
told the House of Lords on Dec. 17, 1986.




On March 12, 1977, Makarios declared, "It is in the name of ENOSIS that
Cyprus has been destroyed."
Panta Rhei
2005-06-21 13:53:41 UTC
Permalink
Another episode in Mark Rivers', the hapless Turkish spammer's, life:


"Sex" in Car! Mark Rivers Loses Licence!

The Turkish immigrant who crashed his car while his boyfriend gave him oral
sex has lost his licence for 90 days.

Mark Rivers, 18, who was naked when police arrived at the scene, must also
pay for the damage to the car he hit.

Police say, Rivers, 18, and his boyfriend, Seanie O'Kilfoyle, were so
carried away that they even continued in front of spectators after the
crash.

Rivers apparently lost control of his car after forgetting to turn right on
a curve and ploughing into a parked car in the city centre of Craiova,
southwest Romania.

But as passers by gathered to see if the pair were alright they saw them
naked in the car and carrying on with their sex romp oblivious to anything
else.

Police said Rivers had apologised, saying: "I am sorry for what happened
but at the time I just could not stop myself."

The two Turkish immigrants had apparently only met that day.

A police spokesman said the couple in the parked car had decided not to
press charges, saying they had "enjoyed the show", and were happy to just
accept Rivers's offer to pay for the damage.

The police spokesman confirmed: "We hope the fact he will have to pay the
other car's damage and the 90 days suspension of his licence will teach him
a lesson for the future."
Henry Hooray
2005-06-21 16:18:27 UTC
Permalink
Post by Henry Hooray
Thanks for eventually responding, marktrivers. I hope we can now - at long
last - have a discussion, and that you won't just run away and continue with
your tedious voluminous trolling activities.
No, no, no, marktrivers.

I did NOT invite you to re-re-re-post your incessant drivel.

I specifically invited you to comment on the quote from Ataturk that you
provided recently, and I ask you if you - with your pathological hatred for
Greece and the Greeks - even try to live up to Ataturk's wise words.

Any chance of a meaningful exchange of views, marktrivers?

Or are you simply going to play cut-n-paste ad nauseam?

Henry.
Tom Hoorah of Bath Esq !
2005-06-21 16:45:09 UTC
Permalink
Post by Henry Hooray
Post by Henry Hooray
Thanks for eventually responding, marktrivers. I hope we can now - at long
last - have a discussion, and that you won't just run away and continue with
your tedious voluminous trolling activities.
No, no, no, marktrivers.
I did NOT invite you to re-re-re-post your incessant drivel.
I specifically invited you to comment on the quote from Ataturk that you
provided recently, and I ask you if you - with your pathological hatred for
Greece and the Greeks - even try to live up to Ataturk's wise words.
Any chance of a meaningful exchange of views, marktrivers?
Any chance of anything meaningful from *YOU* Henry ?

You priggish boor
Panta Rhei
2005-06-21 17:57:42 UTC
Permalink
Post by Tom Hoorah of Bath Esq !
Post by Henry Hooray
Post by Henry Hooray
Thanks for eventually responding, marktrivers. I hope we can now - at long
last - have a discussion, and that you won't just run away and continue with
your tedious voluminous trolling activities.
No, no, no, marktrivers.
I did NOT invite you to re-re-re-post your incessant drivel.
I specifically invited you to comment on the quote from Ataturk that you
provided recently, and I ask you if you - with your pathological hatred for
Greece and the Greeks - even try to live up to Ataturk's wise words.
Any chance of a meaningful exchange of views, marktrivers?
Any chance of anything meaningful from *YOU* Henry ?
You priggish boor
Meaningful, like your hallucinatory contributions, deranged, buggered
Weenie Beanie of the twenty meaningless personas? Muahahahaaaaa.....

There was never one seen on usenet as bitchslapped as poor, buggered Weenie
Beanie (right now: "Tom Hoorah" <BG>)!
--
Living the life of a ridiculed, bitchslapped loony on usenet helps Beanie
Tinfoil forget the failures in his life.
Dennis Parangas
2005-06-21 18:32:29 UTC
Permalink
Tom Hoorah of Bath Esq ! wrote:
Are you fat? No, it's not because you have "the gene." It's because you
can't help consuming more calories than you burn. You have neither self
control nor will power. No, you're not going to lose a hundred pounds
by eating Subway sandwiches. If you believe that, you're just a bigger
loser for believing whatever marketers spew at you. Nobody likes a fat
fuck. People will make fun of you and think you're ugly. And they'd be
right. You will never get laid, and you will always smell. You're a
loser, and that "inner-beauty" garbage is crap and deep down I think
you already know that. BTW where is your NTL account? Let me ask gogu
mbouhahahahahahahahaha.
Post by Henry Hooray
Thanks for eventually responding, marktrivers. I hope we can now
- at >> long
Post by Henry Hooray
last - have a discussion, and that you won't just run away and
continue >> with
Post by Henry Hooray
your tedious voluminous trolling activities.
No, no, no, marktrivers.
I did NOT invite you to re-re-re-post your incessant drivel.
I specifically invited you to comment on the quote from Ataturk
that you provided recently, and I ask you if you - with your
pathological hatred for Greece and the Greeks - even try to live up
to Ataturk's wise words.
Any chance of a meaningful exchange of views, marktrivers?
Any chance of anything meaningful from YOU Henry ?
You priggish boor
--
Report the Terk Mark Rivers, to the nearest F.B.I.office for terrorist
actvities. This Terk should be deported back to Anatolia.
Seanie O'Kilfoyle
2005-06-18 09:31:02 UTC
Permalink
Post by m***@yahoo.com
A prominent Turkish thinker Gunduz Aktan, writing for Radikal
newspaper, (snip)
typical bullsh*t spewed by a typical nationalist turk.
your "prominent Turkish thinker" is an imbecile of
seanilesque proportions and the leftist "radikal" is better
suited for use as toilet paper:

Turkish Media Reporting on Ambassador's Comment: "A 'Radikal'
Contribution to Anti-Americanism"

Erdal Guven, of the center-left liberal daily Radikal, critical of the
way his paper had reported on the remarks by Ambassador Edelman, wrote:
[4]

"On March 14, USA's Ambassador in Ankara Eric Edelman was in Bursa. One
of the reporters there asked him a question. The question was: 'There
is news in today's papers that President Sezer will go to Syria at the
pre-planned time, despite America's expectations for postponement. What
are your evaluations on that?'

"Edelman answered: 'The important point is that the international
community is in consensus behind Resolution 1559 of the U.N. Security
Council. This resolution was jointly prepared by France and the U.S.,
and calls for immediate withdrawal of all Syrian forces from Lebanon
and arming of the Lebanese militias. This [position] has international
support. During President George W. Bush's visit to Europe, this
agreement was confirmed by Chirac, Schroeder, Russia, Saudi Arabia and
Egypt. We believe this is the way to follow, in order to maintain the
stability in the region. We hope Turkey will join this international
coalition. Of course, evaluating this position of the international
community is Turkey's decision.'

"Those were Edelman's words. Words that were clear, comprehensible and
said in a well defined context...

"[...] Now let's look at the way they were presented at Radikal on
March 15, 2005: [...] The opening sentence of the news: 'U.S.
Ambassador in Ankara Eric Edelman yesterday gave Turkey an
ultimatum-like message about Syria.' Second sentence goes like this:
'Edelman warned that if Turkey does not join in the international
demands of Syria to pull out of Lebanon, it [Turkey] will remain
outside the international community.'

"An ambassador, even of a superpower, cannot give 'ultimatum-like'
messages to a country where he serves. [...]

"You read [the ambassador's words] above: Edelman did not give Turkey
'ultimatum-like' messages, did not claim 'Turkey would be left outside
the international community, if it did not join the demands for Syria's
withdrawal from Lebanon' and did not say 'put pressure on Syria.'

"The American Embassy said in a statement that Edelman's words were
distorted. [...] Of course, this statement was not given to Radikal
alone. The subject was reported in the same [distorted] manner by other
newspapers as well.

"No doubt, the reason for 'perception' to overshadow 'the essence' [the
facts] was due to the anti-Americanism prevalent in Turkey. Whether it
is right or wrong, anti-Americanism is a political stand, and should
not be attached to news reporting. News is news.

"In relation to this particular news, we as Radikal have gotten a
failing grade. Obviously we made a 'Radikal' [radical] contribution to
the anti-Americanism in Turkey
Yavrukurt
2005-06-25 10:37:27 UTC
Permalink
THE FAKE WANNABE Seanie O'Kilfoyle IMMITATION BY A CHEAP GREEK PENIES
SON OF A FAT ALBANIAN SLUT wrote:

<snip infantile drivel>

Oy CUNT !

You're infringing my Trademark and I'm taking you to the ***@ckin
cleaners!


http://snipurl.com/dilp


*LMFAOAY*
Seanie O'Kilfoyle®™
2005-06-25 11:14:12 UTC
Permalink
THE FAKE WANNABE Seanie O'Kilfoyle®™ The Grikslapper®™
IMMITATION BY A CHEAP TURKISH SON OF A FAT ALBANIAN
Post by Yavrukurt
Oy CUNT !
yes, beeyotch?
Post by Yavrukurt
cleaners!
hey seanile, tom pires! grab your ankles you f'ing monkey!
Post by Yavrukurt
http://snipurl.com/dilp
*LMFAOAY*
yes folks, THE dumbest cu*t online!
GAYson Lame-Brew Aged 98 and 1/2
2005-06-25 13:36:56 UTC
Permalink
****@PENIES*

You are simply a sad Seanie WANNABE

Admire Seanie all you like

COPY his name and his style......BUT

REMEMBER THIS.....

You were born a Grik Balkan PEASANT and you will die a Grik Balkan
PEASANT

Anglicising your name like many of your highly ashamed grik compatriots
will just make us Westerners LAUGH at your idiocy

http://snipurl.com/dilp

*ROTFFLMFAOAY*
Panta Rhei
2005-06-25 13:52:04 UTC
Permalink
Post by GAYson Lame-Brew Aged 98 and 1/2
You are simply a sad Seanie WANNABE
Admire Seanie all you like
COPY his name and his style......BUT
REMEMBER THIS.....
You were born a Grik Balkan PEASANT and you will die a Grik Balkan
PEASANT
Anglicising your name like many of your highly ashamed grik compatriots
will just make us Westerners LAUGH at your idiocy
"Us Westerners"????? This from a lobotomized Third World Turk, who calls
himself GAYson?

Buahahahahahahahaaa.......
--
Living the life of a ridiculed, bitchslapped loony on usenet helps Beanie
Tinfoil (right now: "GAYson" <BG>) forget the failures in his life.
Sean Willie Bendover
2005-06-25 14:34:50 UTC
Permalink
GAYson Lame-Brew Aged 98 and 1/2 wrote:
Seanie O'Kilfoyle unexpressed anger can create other problems for you.
It can lead to pathological expressions of anger, such as
passive-aggressive behavior (getting back at Gogu indirectly, without
telling them why, rather than confronting them head-on) or a
personality that seems perpetually cynical ,hostile and cowardly.
People who are constantly putting others down, criticizing everything,
and making cynical comments haven't learned how to constructively
express their anger. Not surprisingly, they lose their NTL accounts
bvecause they pissed off Gogu.
Finally, you can calm down inside. This means not just controlling your
outward behavior, but also controlling your internal responses, taking
steps to lower your heart rate, calm yourself down, and let the
feelings subside.or masturbate more often, or have Rafinn wank you off
.As a Wealthy "Western European" going to the best shrinks
should help your mental state you sick fucking
TERK!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Post by GAYson Lame-Brew Aged 98 and 1/2
You are simply a sad Seanie WANNABE
Admire Seanie all you like
COPY his name and his style......BUT
REMEMBER THIS.....
You were born a Grik Balkan PEASANT and you will die a Grik Balkan
PEASANT
Anglicising your name like many of your highly ashamed grik
compatriots will just make us Westerners LAUGH at your idiocy
http://snipurl.com/dilp
ROTFFLMFAOAY
--
Seanie as a Terkyour fate is sealed. You will face many glass
ceilings and racial prejudice. You will never experience success equal
to that of the white man. You might as well kill yourself now, because
guys like me will always be running circles around people like you.hehe
Sean Willie Bendover
2005-06-25 14:34:23 UTC
Permalink
Seanie O'Kilfoyle®™ wrote:
Seanie O'Kilfoyle unexpressed anger can create other problems for you.
It can lead to pathological expressions of anger, such as
passive-aggressive behavior (getting back at Gogu indirectly, without
telling them why, rather than confronting them head-on) or a
personality that seems perpetually cynical ,hostile and cowardly.
People who are constantly putting others down, criticizing everything,
and making cynical comments haven't learned how to constructively
express their anger. Not surprisingly, they lose their NTL accounts
bvecause they pissed off Gogu.
Finally, you can calm down inside. This means not just controlling your
outward behavior, but also controlling your internal responses, taking
steps to lower your heart rate, calm yourself down, and let the
feelings subside.or masturbate more often, or have Rafinn wank you off
.As a Wealthy "Western European" going to the best shrinks
should help your mental state you sick fucking
TERK!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Post by Seanie O'Kilfoyle®™
THE FAKE WANNABE Seanie O'Kilfoyle®™ The Grikslapper®™
IMMITATION BY A CHEAP TURKISH SON OF A FAT ALBANIAN
Post by Yavrukurt
Oy CUNT !
yes, beeyotch?
Post by Yavrukurt
cleaners!
hey seanile, tom pires! grab your ankles you f'ing monkey!
Post by Yavrukurt
http://snipurl.com/dilp
LMFAOAY
yes folks, THE dumbest cu*t online!
--
Seanie as a Terkyour fate is sealed. You will face many glass
ceilings and racial prejudice. You will never experience success equal
to that of the white man. You might as well kill yourself now, because
guys like me will always be running circles around people like you.hehe
Panta Rhei
2005-06-25 13:34:49 UTC
Permalink
Post by Yavrukurt
THE FAKE WANNABE Seanie O'Kilfoyle IMMITATION BY A CHEAP GREEK PENIES
<snip infantile drivel>
Oy CUNT !
cleaners!
http://snipurl.com/dilp
*LMFAOAY*
You sound like an IDIOT, Weenie Beanie! Do you know? Or don't you know? So
all those people were right about you, who said you are one! <G>

IDIOT!

LMAO!
--
Living the life of a ridiculed, bitchslapped loony on usenet helps Beanie
Tinfoil forget the failures in his life.
HellenicOne
2005-06-21 15:50:00 UTC
Permalink
The author of this article is not correct in his assertion that the
problem with Hellas is cultural. Is there a certain amount of
xenophobia in Hellas? Yes there is; There always has been since
ancient times. However, one cannot attribute Hellenic attitudes
towards the Turks to any kind of perceived cultural notions. Proof of
this is the fact that Hellenes both at the official state level and in
an unofficial capacity enjoy very good relations with many countries of
the Middle East which are predominately muslim. Hellenes typically can
travel freely in countries such as Lebanon, Egypt, Syria, Jordan,
Persia with no problems whatsoever in terms of security or personal
relations with nationals.

The Turks fails to understand or to see things from our perspective;
The perspective of nation who was the victim of Ottoman aggresion and
excesses. The crimes commited by the Ottomans against the Hellenic
race would in today's terms be incomprehensible by our modern standards
of ethics. These crimes are real and not imagined. The horrible
memories and atrocities remain engrained in the Hellenic psyche and
cannot be absolved or brushed over.

The massacre that ensued following the capture of Constantinople on
Tuesday May 29th, 1453 is not a figment of Hellenic imagination. "The
blood flowed through the streets for three days as though it had rained
violently" writes one chronicler of the taking of Constantinople. The
enslavement of our people who lived under the whip of the Ottoman Turk
for 400 years is not fantasy. A period which we associate with pillage,
mass murders and beheadings, mass rape, turkification or conversion to
Islam by force, the kidnapping or forceful taking of all our first born
children (whether male or female) only to be raised as prostitutes
(harems and eunucs), to satisfy the sick and homosexual desires of the
Ottoman court. And let's not forget the fruit of the Ottman army, the
Jannisarries. Christian children removed from their parents (by force)
only to be raised as elite soldiers serving with absolute loyalty and
anserable to the Sultan alone. When these young boys matured they were
let loose to terrorize, like wild animals, the same Christian
populations whom they were descended from.

My grandmother was originally from the city of Smyrna (Izmir) and her
family was uprooted in 1922. Her father and oldest brother were taken
away even though they were not part of Hellenic Army and summarily
executed along with thousands of others. Their crime? They were
Hellenes. She told me of stories of hundreds of Hellenes who were
beheaded or of women having been mutilated by having their breasts cut
off. Men, women, and children were jumping in the harbor of Smyrna,
swimming to the American, English, French, and Italian warships who
were there to evacuate their nationals, in order that they might avoid
the savagery and carnage that was taking place in Smyrna only to have
hot water or oil spilled on them so as to cause them to fall back in
the sea.

In Chania, Crete where I'm from, the oak tree from which the Turks
hanged our bishop, like a dog, is still standing. His crime? The
Cretans revolted against the Turkish yoke so they decided to punish the
"shepard of the flock". Just as in 1821 when the Turks tied a chain
around the neck of the Orthodox Ecumenical Patriarch Gregory E' and
drowned him by tossing him in the sea because he too could not control
the "flock". In 1922 over 1.5 million Hellenes were displaced from
their ancesteral homes on the coast of Asia Minor. In 1955 a state
sponsored pogrom against the Hellenic population of Constantinople
occured. Thousdands of Hellenes were beaten, raped, killed, their
shops, churches destroyed and burned. On the islands of Imbros and
Tenedos the same thing occured. Currently the Hellenic population of
Constantinople is estimated to be around 2,000 - 3,000 down from a high
of 300,000 - 500,000.

The Turks need to understand that we have been wronged by them. Just
as the Nazis came to terms with their crimes against the Jews so they
too need to come to terms with the past. It was stated in a reply that
the Turkish republic has no relation to the Ottomans. This is not
logical; For it would be the same as a criminal changing his name and
clothes and expecting to be absolved of all wrongdoings and crimes
commited by his person.

So in conclusion I shall state the obvious. Hellenes don't hate Turks
on a personal level, but we do hate what has been done to us. It is
not easy to forget centuries of oppression and tyrany by a race of
people who still appear to be in self-denial. To the author of the
article I say this; The answer as to why Hellas is the way it is not
in our cultural differences. The answer will be found when Turks look
deep in their hearts and their past with an objective and sound mind.
m***@yahoo.com
2005-06-21 16:05:58 UTC
Permalink
HellenicOne: "The Turks fails to understand or to see things from our
perspective;"

Is that really true????



http://www.turkishforum.com/pkk/img/photos/bebek_katili1.jpg
http://www.turkishforum.com/greece/visual.html
http://www.greekmurderers.net/



The sub-human anti-Turkish hatred fabricators, murderers of innocent
and defenceless Turks and thugs of Armenian/Greek/PKK/KADEK
anti-Turkish Hatred Inc., with a veracious appetite for innocent
Turkish blood, never stop in their relentless dreams of massacring all
Turks everywhere in the World. The sub-human Greek/Armenian/PKK/KADEK
terrorists think repeating anti-Turkish hate propaganda over and over
legitimize their rape, torture and murder of innocent and defenceless
Turkish human beings.


After Europeans very generously supported and sponsored Greek,
Armenian, Arab and other terrorists, with a veracious appetite for
innocent Turkish blood, to massacre innocent and defenceless Turkish
subjects of Ottoman empire and to ethnically cleanse Ottoman
territories off of their Turkish inhabitants during WWI, and after they
harbored, supported, sponsored PKK/KADEK terrorist organization which
murdered nearly fourty thousands innocent human beings to destroy
Turkey to establish a marxist, lennisist, communist PKK/KADEK
dictortship in Turkey, and other terrorist and extremist Islamist
terrorist organizations and persons with the same purpose, and Armenian
terrorists who, during 1970s and '80s, murdered hundreds of Turkish
diplomats, their family members, colleagues, embassy personnel (Turkish
and local), and having missed no chance whatsoever to fabricate
anti-Turkish hate propaganda based on total lies in every possible
instance and relentlessly complain about Turkey, it is very clear that
the purpose of Europe is to destroy the democratic Republic of Turkey
and totally wipe out the Turkish race/nation off of the face of Earth.

http://www.turkishnews.com/DiscoverTurkey/cyprus/photos.html

http://www.turkishforum.com/gr­eece/visual.html

http://www.pubinfo.gov.nc.tr/h040399f.htm

GREECE & PKK MASSACRE DOSSIER

Greece's relations with PKK have begun to exhaust Turkey's
patience. While, on one hand, PKK militants, being accommodated in
Syria keep infiltrating into Turkey through the south-eastern region
indiscriminately and brutally killing innocent and unarmed people,
including women and children, yet another branch of these blood-stained
murderers based in Greece, carries out acts of bombing and killings.

Dozens of terrorists arrested by the Turkish police before or after
they have committed their acts, tell, in their depositions, how they
are trained by the Greeks in Greece and that they arrive in Turkey with
the bombs given to them by the former.

On the days when the caught terrorists were telling how they had been
trained in Greece and how the Greek administration had welcomed them,
the Greek politicians paid a warm visit to the PKK's blood-stained
leader Abdullah Ocalan, inviting him to Athens: all this heightens the
hatred towards Greece cherished by the Turkish people whose children
become martyrs while defying the dastardly terrorist acts of the
terrorist organization.

When Turkey's allies, seeing her sensitivity on the subject, warn the
rulers of Greece, the latter, with a rarely witnessed thick-skinniness,
speak lies with no shame and put themselves into further embarrassment
by claiming that Turkey tells lies in order to denigrate them and that
they have no association at all with terrorism.

HOW GREECE-PKK RELATIONS BEGAN

The first time the Greek Intelligence Organization (KIP) hooked the
separatist, Kurdish terrorist organization PKK was, I believe, on 5
February 1988.

Greece's relations with PKK was initiated with a meeting between
Ihsan Kaya, sent by Abdullah Ocalan (APO) to Athens as a
representative, and Michailis Charalambides, a KIP agent known well for
his role in the subversive activities against Turkey, at the premises
of the "Greek Union for the Rights and Liberation of Peoples.

About a fortnight before this meeting, "Nei Antropi" weekly paper
published in Athens had his front-page wholly devoted to a report
carrying the following banner headlines:

"KURDISH AUTONOMY-SEEKERS ARE IN GREECE AS INVITEES OF THE GREEK
ORGANIZATION."

The text of the report, without openly mentioning PKK, stated the
following:

"In the coming days, a delegation consisting of high-level Kurdish
autonomy-seekers are going to arrive in Athens, as the guests of a
Greek association. During the days they will stay in Athens, the Kurds
will explain to the Greek press about their struggle and the benefits
Greece will reap from the success of their struggle. The Greek police
will take strict security measures in Athens against the possibility of
the murdering of our Kurdish guests by the Turkish agents.

The assessment of the political commentator of our paper concerning the
invitation of the Kurds to Greece is as follows: "Our gain from the
autonomy-seeking activities of the Kurds will be very big. The Kurdish
problem is a thorn for Turkey. If Turkey enters a war with Greece, the
Kurds and Armenians will undermine her internal security."

One day after his meeting with Ihsan Kaya, Michailis Charalambides met
KIP Chief Kostas Tsimas who reported the case to the then Prime
Minister Andreas Papandreou who endorsed the extension of support to
PKK.

In order to lend help and support to PKK, Greece organized a massive
organization in which politicians, army generals, diplomats,
journalists, the Church and all the organs of the State participated.

In the meantime, an army general, along with some KIP agents disguised
as journalists, entered into PKK's camp at the Beqaa Valley where
they met APO asking him about his needs. After PKK's needs had been
discovered, an inflow of arms, ammunition and money began to PKK, as
soon as the delegation returned to Athens. The statistical records
reveal that the number of PKK's murders of innocent people of its own
origin also went up considerably after the launch of the Greek
assistance.

With the initiation of the aid, the separatist Kurdish terrorists began
to be trained, in groups, in the belt between Athens and Salonica,
particularly in military zones. Assassination, bomb making and using
and the use of war equipment are the topics of this training.

In the meantime, a batch of 20 thousand kalashnikovs belonging to the
arms depots of the Greek army was shipped, under the cover of
agricultural equipment, to the Latakia port aboard a South Cyprus
ferryboat sailing to Syria, to be handed over to PKK.

These guns were only a beginning. From 1987 to the present, the amount
of the guns given by Greece to PKK through numerous channels has
reached an incredible level.

GREECE'S ROLE IN INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM

Although Greece has been harboring the international terrorism for the
last 12 years and although this messy deed of her has been repeatedly
confirmed by the intelligence organizations of the West, her
collaboration with the notorious terrorists who are a big headache for
the entire world has been taken with tolerance, just because she is a
member to NATO and EU.

Greece's role in the international terrorism has "reached the point
of treachery against NATO." Cabinet ministers, MPs of the ruling party
PASOK, who had been involved terrorism and been trained by the
Palestinian terrorists at the Beqaa Valley before becoming politicians,
have given the military secrets to enemies.

When SERGEI BOKHAN, a Soviet diplomat serving in Athens, who secured
asylum in the US on 25 May 1985, made grossly interesting revelations
about the role of Greece in international terrorism.

The Soviet diplomat explained how Greece served as bridge of
international terrorism and arms smuggling between Europe and the
Middle East, by giving important information. Bokhan, inter alias,
explicated that the confidential information had been passed on to
Moscow (by Greece) and that informed of Athens treachery, the NATO's
headquarters in Brussels had refrained from giving "strictly
confidential" documents to the Greeks.

The Russian agent also revealed the names of the Greek cabinet
ministers who had given him information during his 3-year service in
Athens. On 26 June 1985, the US envoy in Athens Mr. Sterns paid a visit
to Prime Minister Papandreou giving him a list of 10 Greeks. The list
contained the names of the Ministers and high-level officials from the
PASOK party.

Among the names on the list were: the Undersecretary of the Foreign
Ministry Iannis Kapsis; Chairman of the Mediterranean Research Center
Michailis Charalambides who establishes the connection between PKK and
the Greek Intelligence Organization, Press Undersecretary Dimitris
Marudas, Chairman of the Bureau for the International Relations of the
Prime Ministry Vassilis Konstandineas; and Sifis Valirakis who is
allegedly among the founders of "17 November" terrorist
organization in Greece and two-term Minister of Public Order. All the
names mentioned in the ten-name list of the US were very loyal persons
to Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou. Even all of them were the
founding members of the PAK terrorist organization established between
1967-74, the era of the Greek military junta.

Papandreou's establishing friendships in 1976 with those countries
regarded as dangerous for the Western alliance was striking. All sorts
of support extended to him by Syria, Iran and Libya played a very
important role in his rising to power in the period of 1981-1989.

YEAR 1997 ... GREEK RULERS' RELATIONS WITH PKK TERRORIST ORGANIZATION

It is clearly seen that members of the ruling PASOK party in Greece
pursue their relations with terrorism within the programme of a
party-line. In order not be overshadowed by the Government in the field
of terrorism, the Opposition is in an effort to catch up with
Government's involvement in terrorism and assumes its own role to
this end.

The rulers of Greece try to justify their relations with terrorism by
trying to say that they support "those movements struggling for
liberty." The actual object, however, is not "to help others to
achieve their human rights or liberty"; the only reason why Greece
has established partnership with terrorism is the implementation of an
"expansionist" policy aimed at disintegrating Turkey.

GREECE CANNOT DENY THAT IT IS A BASE FOR PKK

PKK terrorist organization has been operating in the Balkans, as if
being a province attached to the central structure of Europe, its
headquarters being in Greece. This "province" is made up of four
regions, namely Greece and the (Aegean) Islands, Bulgaria, Romania and
South Cyprus.

The "Representative Office of ERNK- Balkans and Greece," opened with
the open and full backing of the Greek administration on 5 April 1994,
at a building no. 54 in the Vassilisis Sofia Square in Athens, where
the Greek parliament is situated and next to the US Embassy, is a HQ
where all sorts of subversive activities aimed at Turkey is planned, in
cooperation with the Greek politicians. In this office, a magazine
called "Kurdistan's Voice," financed by the Greek Intelligence
Organization and published by the Greek retired Navy Admiral Andonis
NAKSAKIS and a group of Greek journalists is used to prepare materials
for PKK's bloody propaganda. Donation campaigns for PKK, air tickets
for Zele camp- Syria- Europe and procedures regarding the travels and
residence in Greece of PKK militants are carried out in this office.

Yet another office of PKK in Athens is at "Ipokratus Avenue no.92."

The addresses of other offices of PKK that are operational in Greece
are as follows:

The Committee for Solidarity with Kurdistan, Egnatias, No. 75,
Salonica.

Kurdistan's Red Crescent: Solomu Avenue 54/2.

Kurdistan Cultural Centre: Slomensky Street 22.

Kurdistan News Agency: Spyrou Trikoupi: 51/53.

While it continues in Greece, its subversive activities aimed at the
collapse of Turkey, PKK obtains assistance, not only from the Greek
public institutions, but also from the politicians and retired army
personnel. All this aid is deposited under the bank account of:
"ETHNICI TRAPEZA- 129/350681- 92."

The primary figure among those Greeks working voluntarily at PKK's
office at Vassilis Sofias number 54 is the retired Navy Admiral Andonis
NAKSAKIS who is one of the links between KIP and PKK is NAKSAKIS;
PASOK's MP from Crete Kostas BADUVAS is one of his supporters on the
Kurdish issue.

Yet another person who has been aiding the terrorist organization the
most in the last four years is a certain THEODORE, who speaks Turkish,
English and Italian. He conducts PKK's correspondence and is present
at press declarations and meetings. Because he is the Chairman of the
Pontus- Kurdish Solidarity Committee at the same time, he prepares
ground for joint acts, meetings, statements and all sorts of other acts
with PKK that operates under the guise of ERNK.

Besides two houses of the organization where the PKK members, who come
to Athens, for a temporary period, the guest-houses of the Greek
official departments also offer accommodation for PKK members.

One of the buildings where the PKK members, who undergo training in
Athens, are accommodated, is in Dafni, a suburb of Athens. The injured
who arrive from Turkey through South Cyprus, cadres to be transferred
from Zele to Europe and candidates who have participated in the
organization from the Lavrion camp are treated and trained in this
building. The residents of the house that is used as a base are never
allowed to go out or make telephone calls.

Those staying in this house serve sentries from 23.00 hours to 07.00 in
the morning, with one- hour intervals. The cadres under training are
prohibited to appear on the windows, balconies and terraces, if not
necessary. A TV set, a video-cassette and a type-writer are found in
the house.

The PKK militants who enter into and exit from, this house which is
used a PKK training center in Athens, the most are the ones named Faik,
Cemal and Sait who work as couriers between Abdullah Ocalan and the
Greek officials.

The training in Dafni begins first with a speech and a distribution of
work. Throughout the training, a worker is appointed for each of the
sections of security, logistics, health, kitchen etc.

The code-name of the person in charge of this training is "Sabri".
A team attached to him, also including Greek officers and intelligence
officers, gives its lessons in the hall of this house.

Ten organization members and 25 trainees permanently stay in the house.


The Greek neighbors residing in the vicinity of the house speak of it
as the "house of the PKK terrorists". Transfers to the house are
usually carried out at night time. The house is protected by KIP and
the Gendarmerie on a round-the-clock basis.

Yet another training of PKK in the Greek capital is a farm-building to
the north of Athens. The people living in the neighborhood say that it
belongs to KIP.

At this farm-house, training is given on bombs. All the PKK militants
who have committed acts of bombing in Turkey and then caught admitted
that they were trained in this farm-house. The training program
implemented in this camp is as follows:

The historical background of explosives-- Facts to take into
consideration in bomb-making-- A broad definition of explosives.

Training on the guns: pistols, kalashnikov, Cannas-type pistols.
Shooting at fixed or moving targets, techniques of sabotage,
assassination and its techniques.

The capacity of this camp may reach up to 50 persons. The camp contains
a political HQ, three dormitories, a lecture-room, executive room,
kitchen, a room for the Greek trainers, a military HQ, a military depot
for arms and ammunition. The camp is surrounded by barbed wire in the
form nets and trees. The camp that resembles a farm-house is protected
by military police and Gendarmerie patrols and specially trained dogs.

EACH STONE OVERTURNED IN SOUTHEAST ANATOLIA REVEALS GREEK ROLE IN
TERRORISM

Photographs and letters found in the possession of the PKK militants
who are killed at the operations of the Turkish armed forces in
South-eastern Anatolia and in northern Iraq, as well as in their caves
reveal, beyond any doubt, the relations between the rulers of Greece
and PKK in particular and the Greek-PKK connection in general.

One of the photos found had been taken in front of a shop bearing the
shop's name in Greek. Behind the photo had was written the name
"Vassiliki," an address and a telephone number. Yet another
photograph shows three persons toasting to each other in a stall-like
wine shop in Athens, who are thought to be the members of a PKK group
trained in Athens.

The greatest admirer of Abdullah Ocalan is the Greek parliament speaker
Panaiotis SGURIDES (from PASOK). It has been determined that Zgurides
met APO in 1994 at Beqaa Valley twice and met APO and his
representatives in South Cyprus in 1997 three times, where he went for
trivial reasons.

The Greek politician paid a visit to APO on 14 June 1995 and honouring
him with an award of the Greek parliament "in recognition of his
service to Hellenism." That the Greek politician, during the meeting,
gave a map to APO, drawn up in Greece, showing the oil pipe lines,
asking him to sabotage them was published overtly in the Greek press,
together with the map in question.

While the contacts of the Greek parliamentarians from all the political
parties with PKK and APO clearly reveals to all, the "Greek-PKK
alliance", clearly showing what a liar the Greek Government Spokesman
is when trying to deceive the world that "Greece has nothing to do
with PKK, Turkey is lying".
Post by HellenicOne
The author of this article is not correct in his assertion that the
problem with Hellas is cultural. Is there a certain amount of
xenophobia in Hellas? Yes there is; There always has been since
ancient times. However, one cannot attribute Hellenic attitudes
towards the Turks to any kind of perceived cultural notions. Proof of
this is the fact that Hellenes both at the official state level and in
an unofficial capacity enjoy very good relations with many countries of
the Middle East which are predominately muslim. Hellenes typically can
travel freely in countries such as Lebanon, Egypt, Syria, Jordan,
Persia with no problems whatsoever in terms of security or personal
relations with nationals.
The Turks fails to understand or to see things from our perspective;
The perspective of nation who was the victim of Ottoman aggresion and
excesses. The crimes commited by the Ottomans against the Hellenic
race would in today's terms be incomprehensible by our modern standards
of ethics. These crimes are real and not imagined. The horrible
memories and atrocities remain engrained in the Hellenic psyche and
cannot be absolved or brushed over.
The massacre that ensued following the capture of Constantinople on
Tuesday May 29th, 1453 is not a figment of Hellenic imagination. "The
blood flowed through the streets for three days as though it had rained
violently" writes one chronicler of the taking of Constantinople. The
enslavement of our people who lived under the whip of the Ottoman Turk
for 400 years is not fantasy. A period which we associate with pillage,
mass murders and beheadings, mass rape, turkification or conversion to
Islam by force, the kidnapping or forceful taking of all our first born
children (whether male or female) only to be raised as prostitutes
(harems and eunucs), to satisfy the sick and homosexual desires of the
Ottoman court. And let's not forget the fruit of the Ottman army, the
Jannisarries. Christian children removed from their parents (by force)
only to be raised as elite soldiers serving with absolute loyalty and
anserable to the Sultan alone. When these young boys matured they were
let loose to terrorize, like wild animals, the same Christian
populations whom they were descended from.
My grandmother was originally from the city of Smyrna (Izmir) and her
family was uprooted in 1922. Her father and oldest brother were taken
away even though they were not part of Hellenic Army and summarily
executed along with thousands of others. Their crime? They were
Hellenes. She told me of stories of hundreds of Hellenes who were
beheaded or of women having been mutilated by having their breasts cut
off. Men, women, and children were jumping in the harbor of Smyrna,
swimming to the American, English, French, and Italian warships who
were there to evacuate their nationals, in order that they might avoid
the savagery and carnage that was taking place in Smyrna only to have
hot water or oil spilled on them so as to cause them to fall back in
the sea.
In Chania, Crete where I'm from, the oak tree from which the Turks
hanged our bishop, like a dog, is still standing. His crime? The
Cretans revolted against the Turkish yoke so they decided to punish the
"shepard of the flock". Just as in 1821 when the Turks tied a chain
around the neck of the Orthodox Ecumenical Patriarch Gregory E' and
drowned him by tossing him in the sea because he too could not control
the "flock". In 1922 over 1.5 million Hellenes were displaced from
their ancesteral homes on the coast of Asia Minor. In 1955 a state
sponsored pogrom against the Hellenic population of Constantinople
occured. Thousdands of Hellenes were beaten, raped, killed, their
shops, churches destroyed and burned. On the islands of Imbros and
Tenedos the same thing occured. Currently the Hellenic population of
Constantinople is estimated to be around 2,000 - 3,000 down from a high
of 300,000 - 500,000.
The Turks need to understand that we have been wronged by them. Just
as the Nazis came to terms with their crimes against the Jews so they
too need to come to terms with the past. It was stated in a reply that
the Turkish republic has no relation to the Ottomans. This is not
logical; For it would be the same as a criminal changing his name and
clothes and expecting to be absolved of all wrongdoings and crimes
commited by his person.
So in conclusion I shall state the obvious. Hellenes don't hate Turks
on a personal level, but we do hate what has been done to us. It is
not easy to forget centuries of oppression and tyrany by a race of
people who still appear to be in self-denial. To the author of the
article I say this; The answer as to why Hellas is the way it is not
in our cultural differences. The answer will be found when Turks look
deep in their hearts and their past with an objective and sound mind.
Panta Rhei
2005-06-21 18:12:41 UTC
Permalink
Another episode in Mark Rivers', the hapless Turkish spammer's, life:


Dieting Fatso Mark Rivers Eats Dog's Dinner!

The parents of a dieting young Turkish man have worked out why he was still
putting on weight - he was stealing the dog's dinner.

They solved the mystery when the dog bit their son on the bottom and they
realised he had been eating the pet's food.

The 18-year-old from Anatolia was told to go on a diet after he tipped the
scales at seventy kilos!

His father told local media they had noticed the dog was looking thin, but
had not made the connection.

The boy's parents have reportedly asked their doctor to devise a lighter
diet for their son.
m***@yahoo.com
2005-06-21 16:07:40 UTC
Permalink
HellenicOne: "The Turks fails to understand or to see things from our
perspective;"

Is that really true????







The sub-human anti-Turkish hate mongers, murderers of innocent and
defenceless Turks and thugs of Armenian/Greek/PKK/KADEK anti-Turkish
Hatred Inc., with a veracious appetite for innocent Turkish blood,
never stop in their relentless dreams of massacring all Turks
everywhere in the World. The sub-human Greek/Armenian/PKK/KADEK
terrorists think repeating anti-Turkish hate propaganda over and over
legitimize their rape, torture and murder of innocent and defenceless
Turkish human beings.



"It should also be pointed out that when the Greek army invaded Turkey
between 1919 and 1922, it carried out a conscious policy of ethnic
cleansing with the purpose of killing and/or driving out all
inhabitants of western Turkey who did not share Greek nationality and
religion, causing those Muslims and Jews who survived to flee to the
areas under Turkish nationalist control. This policy was eloquently
reported in a detailed report presented by an International Commission
of Investigation chaired by American Admiral and High Commissioner Mark
Bristol, and including representatives of Italy, France and Great
Britain, as well as Greek and Turkish observers, by a Red Cross report
written by the Red Cross representative in Turkey, Maurice Gehry, and
by historian Arnold Toybee in a series of articles published at the
time in the Manchester Guardian and later summarized in his book, 'The
Western Question in Greece and Turkey.' As a result, Great Britain cut
off all military and financial assistance to the Greek invasion, a
major reason for its ultimate defeat by the armies of Mustafa Kemal
Ataturk."

-- Professor Stanford
Shaw




Following their military defeat in 1922, after having attacked,
tortured, raped and massacred the Turks, Jews and others in Western
Anatolia and destroyed their country after Ottoman Empire collapsed
after WWI, the Greeks executed six Cabinet ministers of their own whom
they thought responsible for the humiliating failure.

One was brought on a stretcher to the execution ground, being too sick
to walk. Another died of a heart attack in the van taking him from his
prison cell. The sick and the dead were propped up alongside the others
and shot.

Being dead of heart attack was not dead enough for the Greeks; they
still wanted to kill him more(!) by shooting his already dead body.
Killing a sick man, too sick to walk, and shooting a dead body is
another dimension of Greek crulety, blood-thirstiness and savagery
against fellow human beings.

But the ultimate Greek crulety, blood-thirstiness and savagery against
fellow human beings, which is very rarely seen elsewhere, is this: The
six Greek goverment ministers (one was too sick to walk, another was
alread dead of a heart attack) were executed for failing to massacre
and/or drive out all inhabitants of western Turkey, Moslems, Jews and
others, who did not share Greek nationality and religion.

It is exactly like an organized crime syndicate punishing by executing
its member thugs and murderers failing to committ crimes. Mafia does
this all the time.




http://www.greekmurderers.net/documents.html


DOCUMENTED MASSACRES BY GREEK GOVERMENT IN TURKEY DURING 1919-1922


In 1919, Greeks entered Anatolia with the support of Entente Powers in
order to kill Turkish people living in Anatolia. To reach their goals,
they didn't hesitate to kill unarmed civilian people, even children.
We are publishing the documents which first appeared in Historical
Documents Magazine. The magazine compiled the documents from General
Directorate of Government Archives. The magazine includes particularly
the Greek atrocities, massacres, rapes, arson targeting unarmed Turkish

people and their sacred values between 1919-1922, a period in which the

Greek occupation of Western Anatolia took place.

Now we have a question: Do Greeks have any right to bring out the "Asia

Minor" genocide while they have committed all these massacres, rapes,
murders, and plunders against Turkish and Muslim people?


Below, you can see the original documents which prove all of the
massacres,
robberies, rapes of Greeks.

Date of The Document Summary:

May 20, 1919 The report of Izmir Gendarmerie Division to Gendarmerie
General Headquarters about the invasion, the murders, rapes, insults of

Greeks against Turkish people during the occupation of Izmir

May 20, 1919 The report of the Denizli Gendarmerie Division about
murders
and invasion of Greeks

July 3, 1919 The report of Aydin Central Command to 57th Division
Command
informing about the organization, formation and murders of "Aydin
Massacre"

July 7, 1919 The report of 57th Division Command to 2nd Army Inspectors

about the cruelly murdered Muslim people who happened to escape from
the
"Burning of Aydin"

July 7, 1919 The report of 57th Division Command to 2nd Army Inspectors

about burning of Aydin, killing of civilian people and the head
officer,
the attorney general and the judge by Greeks

August 1, 1919 The notes about the massacre of people in Cuma quarter
during the Battle of Aydin

August 30, 1919 The article by the office of Aydin Governor to
Lieutenant
Colonel Kadri Bey about murders, insults and robberies of Greeks around
Izmir

September 13, 1919 The petition of her father and doctor report about
the
rape of an 8-year-old girl by Greek soldiers

September 13, 1919 The statement of a girl raped by Greek soldiers

September 13, 1919 The statement of a brother whose sister was raped by

Greek soldiers

October 31, 1919 The writing of Heyeti Temsiliye stating that more than
five
hundred Muslim people in Odemis, Bergama, Tire and Salihli districts
have
been arrested and tortured with pretext of aiding national forces.

November 7, 1919 The report of Military Police Organization concerning
crimes
commited by Greeks such as murders, robberies, fire starting, insults
against
mosques and even Koran in Yenisehir and surrounding villages.

January 30, 1921 The report prepared by the Military Police Bozüyük
Directorate
and presented to the Western Front Headquarters about the atrocities of
Greeks
such as theft, plunder, and rape committed against people of Bozüyük
and Sögüt.

April 8, 1921 The help request of the Western Front Headquarters from
General
Staff concerning the fires of Bilecik, Sögüt, Bozüyük, the massacre
of the
Turkish people, including the müfti of Bilecik, and the suffering of
the survivors.

April 10, 1921 The testimony of the captured Greek Lieutenant Teodoros
Pedlis
about the fire of Bozüyük.

April 11, 1921 The orders of the Western Front Headquarters about the
participation
of the French writer Madam Glois to the committee formed to investigate
the Greek
atrocities and destruction in the Western Front region.

October 4, 1921 The letter from Abdülkadir Bey, who medically treated
Sidika,
burnt by Greek soldiers in Horti Village, to Halide Edip (Adivar) Hanim
concerning
the event.

November 15, 1922 The report by the 2nd Army Headquarters presented to
the
Western Front Headquarters about the imprisonment of Turkish villagers,
about
their mistreatment as POWs and about beheading of some villagers and
exhibiting
their heads to others.

December 1, 1922 The telegraph from 1st Army Headquarters informing the
Western
Front Headquarters that in Böceklik, Greek soldiers have burnt 380 of
the 1500
people near the station and 30 people in prison.

March 3, 1922 The list prepared by Saruhan Head Office showing the
names of
Greek soldiers and officers who participated in the atrocities and
massacres in
Manisa province.

November 22, 1923 The list of the names, prepared by Saruhan Head
Office and
presented to the Court-martial Presidency, of the Greek soldiers and
officers
who participated in the atrocities and massacres in Saruhan district
during the
invasion.



References:

Kadir MISIRLIOGLU; Yunan Mezalimi, 1972, Istanbul

Halide Edip, Yakup Kadri, Falih Rifki; Izmir'den Bursa'ya, 1338 (1922),
Deraadet (Istanbul)

Trakya Cemiyetleri Nesriyatindan, Sarki Trakya'da Yunan Zulümleri,
1338 (1922)
Post by HellenicOne
The author of this article is not correct in his assertion that the
problem with Hellas is cultural. Is there a certain amount of
xenophobia in Hellas? Yes there is; There always has been since
ancient times. However, one cannot attribute Hellenic attitudes
towards the Turks to any kind of perceived cultural notions. Proof of
this is the fact that Hellenes both at the official state level and in
an unofficial capacity enjoy very good relations with many countries of
the Middle East which are predominately muslim. Hellenes typically can
travel freely in countries such as Lebanon, Egypt, Syria, Jordan,
Persia with no problems whatsoever in terms of security or personal
relations with nationals.
The Turks fails to understand or to see things from our perspective;
The perspective of nation who was the victim of Ottoman aggresion and
excesses. The crimes commited by the Ottomans against the Hellenic
race would in today's terms be incomprehensible by our modern standards
of ethics. These crimes are real and not imagined. The horrible
memories and atrocities remain engrained in the Hellenic psyche and
cannot be absolved or brushed over.
The massacre that ensued following the capture of Constantinople on
Tuesday May 29th, 1453 is not a figment of Hellenic imagination. "The
blood flowed through the streets for three days as though it had rained
violently" writes one chronicler of the taking of Constantinople. The
enslavement of our people who lived under the whip of the Ottoman Turk
for 400 years is not fantasy. A period which we associate with pillage,
mass murders and beheadings, mass rape, turkification or conversion to
Islam by force, the kidnapping or forceful taking of all our first born
children (whether male or female) only to be raised as prostitutes
(harems and eunucs), to satisfy the sick and homosexual desires of the
Ottoman court. And let's not forget the fruit of the Ottman army, the
Jannisarries. Christian children removed from their parents (by force)
only to be raised as elite soldiers serving with absolute loyalty and
anserable to the Sultan alone. When these young boys matured they were
let loose to terrorize, like wild animals, the same Christian
populations whom they were descended from.
My grandmother was originally from the city of Smyrna (Izmir) and her
family was uprooted in 1922. Her father and oldest brother were taken
away even though they were not part of Hellenic Army and summarily
executed along with thousands of others. Their crime? They were
Hellenes. She told me of stories of hundreds of Hellenes who were
beheaded or of women having been mutilated by having their breasts cut
off. Men, women, and children were jumping in the harbor of Smyrna,
swimming to the American, English, French, and Italian warships who
were there to evacuate their nationals, in order that they might avoid
the savagery and carnage that was taking place in Smyrna only to have
hot water or oil spilled on them so as to cause them to fall back in
the sea.
In Chania, Crete where I'm from, the oak tree from which the Turks
hanged our bishop, like a dog, is still standing. His crime? The
Cretans revolted against the Turkish yoke so they decided to punish the
"shepard of the flock". Just as in 1821 when the Turks tied a chain
around the neck of the Orthodox Ecumenical Patriarch Gregory E' and
drowned him by tossing him in the sea because he too could not control
the "flock". In 1922 over 1.5 million Hellenes were displaced from
their ancesteral homes on the coast of Asia Minor. In 1955 a state
sponsored pogrom against the Hellenic population of Constantinople
occured. Thousdands of Hellenes were beaten, raped, killed, their
shops, churches destroyed and burned. On the islands of Imbros and
Tenedos the same thing occured. Currently the Hellenic population of
Constantinople is estimated to be around 2,000 - 3,000 down from a high
of 300,000 - 500,000.
The Turks need to understand that we have been wronged by them. Just
as the Nazis came to terms with their crimes against the Jews so they
too need to come to terms with the past. It was stated in a reply that
the Turkish republic has no relation to the Ottomans. This is not
logical; For it would be the same as a criminal changing his name and
clothes and expecting to be absolved of all wrongdoings and crimes
commited by his person.
So in conclusion I shall state the obvious. Hellenes don't hate Turks
on a personal level, but we do hate what has been done to us. It is
not easy to forget centuries of oppression and tyrany by a race of
people who still appear to be in self-denial. To the author of the
article I say this; The answer as to why Hellas is the way it is not
in our cultural differences. The answer will be found when Turks look
deep in their hearts and their past with an objective and sound mind.
Panta Rhei
2005-06-21 18:12:38 UTC
Permalink
Another episode in Mark Rivers', the hapless Turkish spammer's, life:


Mark Rivers Hatches 13 Chicks!

Mark Rivers, a Turkish immigrant and notorious spammer of usenet, used the
warmth of his own body to hatch a clutch of 13 chicks in China.

Mark Rivers bought 20 eggs with his savings and planned to use the family's
hen to hatch them. But he had to stand in after the hen was attacked by a
neighbour's dog and died.

Rivers put the eggs in a box and put it between his legs for warmth each
day and laid under a pile of quilts to keep it warm.

"The most difficult time was when I was asleep, I had to sleep under really
thick quilts, and dared not to turn over, for fear of crushing the eggs,"
he said.

When he had to leave the house to go to school, he wrapped the box of eggs
in quilts to try and keep them warm. After 20 days, Rivers was awakened by
some faint sounds - one of the chicks had hatched. Over the next few days,
another 12 hatched.

"I am very happy, since I finished the job for the hen," he told everyone.
m***@yahoo.com
2005-06-21 16:10:44 UTC
Permalink
HellenicOne: "The Turks fails to understand or to see things from our
perspective;"

Is that really true????



http://www.turkishnews.com/DiscoverTurkey/cyprus/photos.html

http://faculty.menlo.edu:8080/~jhiggins/tcvoices/trnchist/trnccr60.html


Nicos Sampson, one of the leaders of the EOKA terrorist organization
who took over the post of Makarios, commented in an interview in Paris,
Eleftherotipia, February 26, 1981:

"Had Turkey not intervened, I would not only have proclaimed Enosis but
I would have annihilated the Turks in Cyprus as well."



"Until this Turkish community forming part of the Turkish race that has
been
the terrible enemy of Hellenism is expelled, the duty of the heroes of
EOKA
can never be considered terminated." -- Makarios




The Independence Years: 1960 - 1963.

During the 1960 - 1963 period, the Greek Cypriot leadership, through
numerous statements exposed their ulterior motives by stating that they
viewed independence as a stepping stone to ENOSIS (Union of Cyprus with
Greece):

Makarios: "Independence was not the aim and purpose of the EOKA
struggle. Foreign factors have prevented the achievement of the
national goal, but this should not be a cause for sorrow. New bastions
have been conquered and from this the Greek Cypriots will march on to
complete the final victory (ENOSIS)."

16.08.1960
Greek Cypriot Press



Makarios: ". . . Until this small community that forms part of the
Turkish race which has been the terrible enemy of Hellenism is
expelled, the duty of the heroes of EOKA cannot be considered as
terminated."

04.09.1962
Panayia Village



Makarios: "It is true that the goal of our struggle is to annex Cyprus
to Greece."

05.09.1963
Interview Published
in Uusi Suomi, Stockholm



Makarios: "If I have any ambition, it is to link my name with the union
of Cyprus with Greece. The expansion of Greece's boundaries up to the
shores of North Africa, through ENOSIS."

Interview with "Apoyevmatini"
September 8th, 1964






"The assertion by Mr. Christides (May 10, 1999) that there was no
ethnic cleansing or attempted genocide of Turkish Cypriots by Greek
Cypriots is ridiculous. Until influential Greek Cypriots come to terms
with the appalling behavior of their community toward the smaller
Turkish Cypriot community and stop trying to persuade themselves and
the world that each side was as much to blame as the other, there will
be no reconciliation in Cyprus."

Michael Stephen, British
Parliamentarian (1992-97)



"Makarios's central interest was to block off Turkish intervention so
that he and his Greek Cypriots could go on happily massacring Turkish
Cypriots. Obviously we would never permit that. "The fact is, however,
that neither the United Nations, nor anyone, other than Turkey ever
took effective action to prevent it."

George Ball
American
Undersecretary of State



"Greek Cypriot fanatics appear bent on a policy of genocide."

the Washington Post, Feb. 17,
196





"I was convinced that if Archbishop Makarios could not bring himself to
treat the Turkish Cypriots as human beings he was inviting the invasion
and partition of the island."

Sir Alec
Douglas-Home
Former British
Prime Minister



On July 28, 1960 Makarios, the Greek Cypriot president, said: "The
independence agreements do not form the goal they are the present and
not
the future. The Greek Cypriot people will continue their national cause
and
shape their future in accordance with THEIR will."



In a speech on Sept. 4, 1962 at Panayia Makarios said, "Until this
Turkish
community forming part of the Turkish race that has been the terrible
enemy
of Hellenism is expelled, the duty of the heroes of EOKA can never be
considered terminated."



"When the Turkish Cypriots objected to the amendment of the
Constitution,
Makarios put his plan into effect, and the Greek Cypriot attack began
in
December 1963," wrote Lt. Gen. George Karayiannis of The Greek Cypriot
militia ("Ethnikos Kiryx" 15.6.65). The general was referring to the
notorious "Akritas" plan, which was the blueprint for the annihilation
of
the Turkish Cypriots and the annexation of the island to Greece.



On Dec. 28, 1963, the Daily Express carried the following report from
Cyprus: "We went tonight into the sealed-off Turkish Cypriot quarter of
Nicosia in which 200 to 300 people had been slaughtered in the last
five
days. We were the first Western reporters there, and we have seen
sights too
frightful to be described in print. Horror was so extreme that the
people
seemed stunned beyond tears."



On Dec. 31, 1963, The Guardian reported: "It is nonsense to claim, as
the
Greek Cypriots do, that all casualties were caused by fighting between
armed
men of both sides. On Christmas Eve many Turkish Cypriot people were
brutally attacked and murdered in their suburban homes, including the
wife
and children of a doctor-allegedly by a group of 40 men, many in army
boots
and greatcoats." Although the Turkish Cypriots fought back as best they
could and killed some militia, there were no massacres of Greek Cypriot
civilians



On Jan. 1, 1964, the Daily Herald reported: "When I came across the
Turkish
Cypriot homes they were an appalling sight. Apart from the walls they
just
did not exist. I doubt if a napalm attack could have created more
devastation. Under roofs springs, children's cots, and gray ashes of
what
had once been tables, chairs and wardrobes. In the neighboring village
of
Ayios Vassilios I counted 16 wrecked and burned out homes. They were
all
Turkish Cypriot's. In neither village did I find a scrap of damage to
any
Greek Cypriot house."




On Jan. 12, 1964, the British High Commission in Nicosia wrote in a
telegram
to London: "The Greek [Cypriot] police are led by extremist who
provoked the
fighting and deliberately engaged in atrocities. They have recruited
into
their ranks as 'special constables' gun-happy young thugs. They
threaten to
try and punish any Turkish Cypriot police who wishes to return to the
Cyprus
Government... Makarios assured Sir Arthur Clark that there will be no
attack. His assurance is as worthless as previous assurances have
proved."



On Jan. 14, 1964, the Daily Telegraph reported that the Turkish Cypriot
inhabitants of Ayios Vassilios had been massacred on Dec. 26, 1963 and
reported their exhumation from a mass grave in the presence of the Red
Cross. A further massacre of Turkish Cypriots, at Limassol, was
reported by
The Observer on Feb. 16, 1964; and there were many more.




On Feb. 15, 1964, the Daily Telegraph reported: "It is a real military
operation which the Greek Cypriots launched against the 6,000
inhabitants of
the Turkish Cypriot quarter yesterday morning. A spokesman for the
Greek
Cypriot government has recognized this officially. It is hard to
conceive
how Greek and Turkish Cypriots may seriously contemplate working
together
after all that has happened."




On Sept. 10, 1964, the U.N. Secretary-General reported that "UNFICYP"
carried out a detailed survey of all damage to properties throughout
the
island during the disturbances... It shows that in 109 villages, most
of
them Turkish-Cypriot or mixed villages, 527 houses have been destroyed
while
2,000 others have suffered damage from looting. In Ktima 38 houses and
shops
have been destroyed totally and 122 partially. In the Orphomita suburb
of
Nicosia, 50 houses have been totally destroyed while a further 240 have
been
partially destroyed there and in adjacent suburbs."




The U.K. House of Commons Select Committee on Foreign Affairs reviewed
the
Cyprus question in 1987 and reported unanimously on July 2 of that year
that
"although the Cyprus Government now claims to have been merely seeking
to
'operate the 1960 Constitution modified to the extent dictated by the
necessities of the situation,' this claim ignores the fact that both
before
and after the events o#, December 1963 the Makarios Government
continued to
advocate the cause of ENOSIS and actively pursued the amendment of the
Constitution and the related treaties to facilitate this ultimate
objective."

The committee continued: "Moreover, in June 1967 the Greek Cypriot
legislature unanimously passed a resolution in favor of enosis, in
blatant
contravention of the 1960 Treaties and Constitution." (Art. I of the
Treaty
of Guarantee prohibited any action likely to directly or indirectly
promote
union with any other state or partition of the island, and Art. 185(2)
of
the Constitution is to similar effect.)




Professor Ernst Forsthoff, the neutral president of the Supreme
Constitutional Court of Cyprus, told Die Welt on Dec. 27, 1963:
"Makarios
bears on his shoulders the sole responsibility for the recent tragic
events.
His aim is to deprive the Turkish community of their rights". In an
interview with the UPI press agency on Dec. 30, 1963 he said, "All this
happened because Makarios wanted to take away all constitutional rights
from
the Turkish Cypriots."




More than 300 Turkish Cypriots are still missing without trace from
these
massacres of 1963/64. These dreadful events were not the responsibility
of
"the Greek Colonels" of 1974 or an unrepresentative handful of Greek
Cypriot
extremists. The persecution of the Turkish Cypriots was an act of
policy on
the part of the Greek Cypriot political and religious leadership, which
has
to this day made no serious attempt to bring the murderers to justice.

The UK Commons Select Committee found that "there is little doubt that
much
of the violence which the Turkish Cypriots claim led to the total or
partial
destruction of 103 Turkish villages and the displacement of about a
quarter
of the total Turkish Cypriot population was either directly inspired
by, or
connived at, by the Greek Cypriot leadership."




The UN secretary-general reported to the Security Council: "When the
disturbances broke out in December 1963 and continued during the first
part
of 1964, thousands of Turkish Cypriots fled their homes, taking with
them
only what they could drive or carry, and sought refuge in safer
villages and
areas."



On Jan. 14, 1964, "ll Giorno" of Italy reported: "Right now we are
witnessing the exodus of Turkish Cypriots from the villages. Thousands
of
people abandoning homes, land, herds. Greek Cypriot terrorism is
relentless.
This time the rhetoric of the Hellenes and the statues of Plato do not
cover
up their barbaric and ferocious behavior."




There were further attacks on the Turkish Cypriots in 1967. In 1971,
General
Grivas returned to Cyprus to form EOKA-B, which was again committed to
making Cyprus a wholly Greek island and annexing it to Greece. In a
speech
to the Greek Cypriot armed forces at the time (quoted in "New Cyprus,"
May
1987) Grivas said: "The Greek forces from Greece have come to Cyprus in
order to impose the will of the Greeks of Cyprus upon the Turks. We
want
ENOSIS but the Turks are against it. We shall impose our will. We are
strong, and we shall do so."




By July 15, 1974, a powerful force of mainland Greek troops had
assembled in
Cyprus and with their backing, the Greek Cypriot National Guard
overthrew
Makarios and installed one Nicos Sampson as "president." On July 22,
the
Washington Star News reported: "Bodies littered the streets and there
were
mass burials... People told by Makarios to lay down their guns were
shot by
the National Guard."




On April 17, 1991, Ambassador Nelson Ledsky testified before the U.S.
Senate
Foreign Relations Committee that "most of the 'missing persons'
disappeared
in the first days of July 1974, before the Turkish intervention on the
20th.
Many killed on the Greek side were killed by Greek Cypriots in fighting
between supporters of Makarios and Sampson."




On Nov. 6, 1974, Ta Nea reported that dates from the graves of Greek
Cypriots killed in the five days between July 15-20 were erased in
order to
blame these deaths on the subsequent Turkish military action.




On March 3, 1996, the Greek Cypriot Cyprus Mail wrote: "(Greek) Cypriot
governments have found it convenient to conceal the scale of atrocities
during the July 15 coup in an attempt to downplay its contribution to
the
tragedy of the summer of 1974 and instead blame the Turkish invasion
for all
casualties. There can be no justification for any government that
failed to
investigate this sensitive humanitarian issue. The shocking admission
by the
Clerides government that there are people buried in Nicosia cemetery
who are
still included in the list of the 'missing' is the last episode of a
human
drama which has been turned into a propaganda tool."




On Oct. 19 1996, Mr. Georgios Lanitis wrote: "I was serving with the
Foreign
Information Service of the Republic of Cyprus in London... I deeply
apologize to all those I told that there are 1,619 missing persons. I
misled
them. I was made a liar, deliberately, by the government of Cyprus .
....
today it seems that the credibility of Cyprus is nil."




The Times and The Guardian reported on Aug. 21, 1974 that in the
village of
Tokhni on Aug. 14, 1974 all the Turkish Cypriot men between the ages of
13
and 74, except for eighteen who managed to escape, were taken away and
shot.

There were also reports that in Zyyi on the same day all the
Turkish-Cypriot
men aged between 19 an 38 were taken away and were never seen again and
that
Greek-Cypriots opened fire on the Turkish-Cypriot neighborhood of
Paphos
killing men, women, and children indiscriminately.




On July 23, 1974, the Washington Post reported that "in a Greek raid on
a
small Turkish village near Limassol 36 people out of a population of
200
were killed. The Greeks said that they had been given orders to kill
the
inhabitants of the Turkish villages before the Turkish forces arrived."
The
Times and The Guardian also reported on the killings.



"The Greeks began to shell the Turkish quarter on Saturday, refugees
said.
Kazan Dervis, a Turkish Cypriot girl aged 15, said she had been staying
with
her uncle. The [Greek Cypriot] National Guard came into the Turkish
sector
and shooting began. She saw her uncle and other relatives taken away as
prisoners, and later heard her uncle had been shot." (Times 23.7.74)



On July 28, 1974 the New York Times reported that 14 Turkish-Cypriot
men had
been shot in Alaminos. On July 24, 1974 France Soir reported that "the
Greeks burned Turkish mosques and set fire to Turkish homes in the
villages
around Famagusta. Defenseless Turkish villagers who have weapons live
in an
atmosphere of terror and they evacuate their homes and go and live in
tents
in the forest. The Greeks' actions are a shame to humanity."



The German newspaper Die Zeit wrote on Aug. 30, "The massacre of
Turkish
Cypriots in Paphos and Famagusta is the proof of how justified the
Turks
were to undertake their intervention."



"Turkish Cypriots, who had suffered from physical attacks since 1963,
called
on the guarantor powers to prevent a Greek conquest of the island. When
Britain did nothing Turkey invaded Cyprus and occupied its northern
part.
Turkish Cypriots have constitutional right on their side and
understandably
fear a renewal of persecution if the Turkish army withdraws", the Daily
Telegraph wrote on Aug. 15, 1996.




"Turkey intervened to protect the lives and property of the
Turkish-Cypriots, and to its credit it has done just that. In the 12
years
since, there have been no killings and no massacres" Lord Willis
(Labor)
told the House of Lords on Dec. 17, 1986.




On March 12, 1977, Makarios declared, "It is in the name of ENOSIS that
Cyprus has been destroyed."
Post by HellenicOne
The author of this article is not correct in his assertion that the
problem with Hellas is cultural. Is there a certain amount of
xenophobia in Hellas? Yes there is; There always has been since
ancient times. However, one cannot attribute Hellenic attitudes
towards the Turks to any kind of perceived cultural notions. Proof of
this is the fact that Hellenes both at the official state level and in
an unofficial capacity enjoy very good relations with many countries of
the Middle East which are predominately muslim. Hellenes typically can
travel freely in countries such as Lebanon, Egypt, Syria, Jordan,
Persia with no problems whatsoever in terms of security or personal
relations with nationals.
The Turks fails to understand or to see things from our perspective;
The perspective of nation who was the victim of Ottoman aggresion and
excesses. The crimes commited by the Ottomans against the Hellenic
race would in today's terms be incomprehensible by our modern standards
of ethics. These crimes are real and not imagined. The horrible
memories and atrocities remain engrained in the Hellenic psyche and
cannot be absolved or brushed over.
The massacre that ensued following the capture of Constantinople on
Tuesday May 29th, 1453 is not a figment of Hellenic imagination. "The
blood flowed through the streets for three days as though it had rained
violently" writes one chronicler of the taking of Constantinople. The
enslavement of our people who lived under the whip of the Ottoman Turk
for 400 years is not fantasy. A period which we associate with pillage,
mass murders and beheadings, mass rape, turkification or conversion to
Islam by force, the kidnapping or forceful taking of all our first born
children (whether male or female) only to be raised as prostitutes
(harems and eunucs), to satisfy the sick and homosexual desires of the
Ottoman court. And let's not forget the fruit of the Ottman army, the
Jannisarries. Christian children removed from their parents (by force)
only to be raised as elite soldiers serving with absolute loyalty and
anserable to the Sultan alone. When these young boys matured they were
let loose to terrorize, like wild animals, the same Christian
populations whom they were descended from.
My grandmother was originally from the city of Smyrna (Izmir) and her
family was uprooted in 1922. Her father and oldest brother were taken
away even though they were not part of Hellenic Army and summarily
executed along with thousands of others. Their crime? They were
Hellenes. She told me of stories of hundreds of Hellenes who were
beheaded or of women having been mutilated by having their breasts cut
off. Men, women, and children were jumping in the harbor of Smyrna,
swimming to the American, English, French, and Italian warships who
were there to evacuate their nationals, in order that they might avoid
the savagery and carnage that was taking place in Smyrna only to have
hot water or oil spilled on them so as to cause them to fall back in
the sea.
In Chania, Crete where I'm from, the oak tree from which the Turks
hanged our bishop, like a dog, is still standing. His crime? The
Cretans revolted against the Turkish yoke so they decided to punish the
"shepard of the flock". Just as in 1821 when the Turks tied a chain
around the neck of the Orthodox Ecumenical Patriarch Gregory E' and
drowned him by tossing him in the sea because he too could not control
the "flock". In 1922 over 1.5 million Hellenes were displaced from
their ancesteral homes on the coast of Asia Minor. In 1955 a state
sponsored pogrom against the Hellenic population of Constantinople
occured. Thousdands of Hellenes were beaten, raped, killed, their
shops, churches destroyed and burned. On the islands of Imbros and
Tenedos the same thing occured. Currently the Hellenic population of
Constantinople is estimated to be around 2,000 - 3,000 down from a high
of 300,000 - 500,000.
The Turks need to understand that we have been wronged by them. Just
as the Nazis came to terms with their crimes against the Jews so they
too need to come to terms with the past. It was stated in a reply that
the Turkish republic has no relation to the Ottomans. This is not
logical; For it would be the same as a criminal changing his name and
clothes and expecting to be absolved of all wrongdoings and crimes
commited by his person.
So in conclusion I shall state the obvious. Hellenes don't hate Turks
on a personal level, but we do hate what has been done to us. It is
not easy to forget centuries of oppression and tyrany by a race of
people who still appear to be in self-denial. To the author of the
article I say this; The answer as to why Hellas is the way it is not
in our cultural differences. The answer will be found when Turks look
deep in their hearts and their past with an objective and sound mind.
m***@yahoo.com
2005-06-21 16:12:21 UTC
Permalink
HellenicOne: "The Turks fails to understand or to see things from our
perspective;"

Is that really true????





http://www.turkishnews.com/DiscoverTurkey/cyprus/photos.html



The sub-human anti-Turkish hatred fabricators, murderers of innocent
and defenceless Turks and thugs of Armenian/Greek/PKK/KADEK
anti-Turkish Hatred Inc., with a veracious appetite for innocent
Turkish blood and brain-washed with Anti-Turkish hatred, never stop in
their relentless dreams of massacring all Turks everywhere in the
World. The sub-human Greek/Armenian/PKK/KADEK terrorists think
repeating anti-Turkish hate propaganda over and over legitimize their
rape, torture and murder of innocent and defenceless Turkish human
beings.




http://www.turkses.com/index.asp


On Cyprus

by Ahmet Cosar

Cyprus formed part of the Ottoman Empire from 1571 to 1914, when it was
formally annexed by Great Britain at the beginning of World War I. In
1950s the revival of "Hellenism" and the ideal of re- building the
great "Hellen Empire" started a bloody struggle in Cyprus, Enosis, in
other words the annexation of Cyprus by Greece. The religious leader of
Greek Cypriots, Archbishop Makarios, was the head of the movement and
there were massive terrorist attacks on British rulers and Turkish
Cypriots who didn't share this "ideal". The numbers show that between
1955 and 1960, 508 people were murdered and 1,260 people were wounded
in these attacks by EOKA, a Greek Cypriot terrorist organization, under
the leadership of an ex- colonel from the Greek army, Grivas[2].

By 1958 it had become clear that it was not possible to achieve Enosis.
Turkish Cypriots, just like Greek Cypriots, wanted self- determination
and freedom and they didn't want to be a mere "minority" which, soon
after independence, would be "persuaded" to leave Cyprus. In 1959 the
Greek side accepted the formation of an independent republic in which
Turkish Cypriots would be one of the two equal partners. However, what
Greek side understood from "independence" was merely "a step before
Enosis" as it was soon discovered. Knowing the Greek aim of Enosis, the
Republic of Cyprus was founded in 1960 with a detailed Constitution
which strictly forbade the annexation of Cyprus by any country.
Furthermore permanent guarantees were written in the Constitution of
Cyprus so that the "independent democracy" would not turn into a
"dictatorship of majority"[3]. Nevertheless, beginning right after the
foundation of Cyprus in 1960, the Greek Cypriots made it clear that
they had not given up the struggle for Enosis. Makarios, also first
President of Cyprus, made the following public declaration:

"The Zurich and London Agreements form a landmark in the course of this
struggle, but, at the same time, are a starting point for further
struggles, with the object of capitalising on what has been achieved
for further conquests",

on 5 January 1962. On 15 August 1962, in Kykko monastery, he reiterated
that Enosis was his aim and said:

"Greek Cypriots must continue to march forward to complete the work
began by the EOKA heroes."

He also made the following provocative remark at his native village of
Panayia on 4 September 1962:

"Until this small Turkish community that forms part of the Turkish race
which has been the terrible enemy of Hellenism is expelled, the duty to
the heroes of EOKA cannot be considered as terminated."

In 1962, Polykarpos Yorkadjis, Minister of Interior, declared that:

"There is no place in Cyprus for anyone who is not Greek, who does not
think Greek and who does not constantly feel Greek."

Meanwhile, the Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation regularly broadcast
virulently anti-Turkish plays. In one play, a mother asks her son what
her son wants to become; the boy replies:

- "a hero."

When she asks him,:

- "What will you bring to us?",

he answers:

- "I am going to bring seven Turkish heads to you [4]."

In fact the Akritas plan, published by Greek Cypriot newspaper Patris
on 21 April 1966, was a clear proof of the fact that Greek Cypriot side
deliberately tried to prove the constitution as unworkable and to
replace it with a settlement in order to re-open the way to Enosis. It
was disclosed that Archbishop Makarios had assumed responsibility for
the implementation of the plan and he had appointed Polycarpos
Georkadjis to be the "Chief Akritas". In an interview with the Italian
journalist Oriana Fallaci, Makarios said how Ioannides (a Greek officer
in the Greek contingent on Cyprus) and Nikos Sampson, a bloody EOKA
terrorist leader responsible from the "execution squads" of EOKA, came
to him one day in 1964 and told:

"Your Beatitude, here is my project. To attack the Turkish Cypriots on
the island, and eliminate them to the last one [5]."

Ioannides was the leader of the fascist Greek Junta in 1974 and Nikos
Sampson was declared the "president" with the Coup organized by Athens,
and their plan was still as revealed by Makarios. Knowing these facts
it is easy to understand the reasons behind the Turkish fears for the
security of Turkish Cypriots and the decision for intervention. In fact
after the intervention it was found out that in Sandallaris village the
whole population of 57, and at Maratha village 82 Turkish Cypriots were
massacred and buried in mass-graves, among the victims were babies,
women, and elderly people. In Tokhni village all able-bodied male
Turkish inhabitants (50 in number) were taken by the Greek Cypriot
National Guard soldiers to the outskirts of Ayia Phyla village in
Limassol district where they were massacred and buried in a pre-opened
pit together with about 40 Turks from Tatlisu (Mari)[6].

Greek people, repeating the official Greek claim, tell us that more
than 2,000 Greek Cypriots were/are "missing". For some strange reason
they forget to tell us that a Greek Cypriot Priest, Father Papatsetsos,
made a declaration to Greek newspapers saying that he had personally
buried 127 people, 10 of them were Turkish Cypriots, and all of them
were murdered by EOKA-B terrorists and the Greek National Guard(there
were violent clashes between left-wing and right-wing Greek Cypriots
after the Coup in 1974)[7] . On 23 July 1974, The Times of London
quoted the American wife of Dr. Lyssarides (head of the EDEK party)
saying that many supporters of Makarios had been massacred during and
after the coup. On 25 July 1974 Combat published in Belgium, reported:

"it has been confirmed that during the days following the coup at least
2,000 of Makarios's supporters have either been killed in the fighting
or executed."

A report in Washington Star News said similar things:

"Bodies littered the streets and there were mass burials."

Until this day Greek Cypriot Government has rejected to open these
mass-graves and to reveal the identities of these people, mainly to
continue the Greek propaganda of "missing Greeks". The fact is that,
the question of missing persons was investigated by International
Committee of Red Cross (ICRC). The ICRC representative stated
categorically in the presence of the UN Secretary-General's Special
Representative in Cyprus that all POWs were delivered to the Greek
side. This fact was also confirmed in the report of the head of the
ICRC dated 18 March 1977. At the time there were only 23-24 cases
pending investigation, and the Turkish side is ready to investigate
these cases along with hundreds of Turkish Cypriots who are missing
since 1963[8]. As for the "atrocity stories" made up by Greek side, a
report by the Study Mission of the Sub-committee of the Judiciary of
the US Senate (October 1974), about the first phase of the Turkish
military operation, said:

"Whenever and wherever the Study Mission talked with Greek Cypriot
refugees, the story was basically the same: people moved the instant
they saw or thought the Turkish army was advancing towards their town
or village."

About the second phase of the operation, the report says:

"Greek Cypriots fled the moment there was rumor or sight of military
forces - creating a virtual vacuum into which the Turkish army could
and did move without resistance and without the presence of people."

Since 1974 there have been many series of negotiations between Greek
and Turkish Cypriots. All of these negotiations have been fruitless
because of the Greek side's unwillingness to accept Turkish Cypriots'
equality and the guarantee of their rights by Turkey. The Greek Cypriot
side has been enjoying hundreds of millions of dollars of help from UN
and EEC while the Turkish Cypriots have been denied all of their
citizenship rights and share. What is worse, these helps have been used
by Greek Cypriots for their military expenses which rose to $500
Million between 1977-87 and $762 Million are envisaged for 1990-93
period. Today there are less than 20,000 Turkish soldiers in Cyprus as
opposed to more than 15,000 Greek mainland troops and the Greek
National Guard includes 21,000 troops and with reserves reaches 85,000.
Former EOKA members are still in powerful government positions and not
a single Greek Cypriot has been punished for their acts during 1974
Coup. Even Nikos Sampson has been allowed to leave Cyprus, with the
pretext of being treated, and has not returned from France for years
and when he did he was greeted as a "hero". Finally, I am finishing my
article with the words of the Greek Cypriot Defense Minister, Mr.
Alonetis, on 11 March 1989:

"At the first opportunity we get, the Greek Cypriot National Guard will
attack and regain by force of arms our occupied lands."

Therefore, nobody was surprised when Greek Cypriots began moving their
forces to the Turkish Cypriot border during the recent Gulf-Crisis,
hoping that Iraq would attack Turkey.

I believe the latest UN-Resolution in the Cyprus Problem must guide
both Greeks and Turks to the correct path:

Resolution 649, 1990

[...]
"Calls upon the leaders of the two communities to pursue their efforts
to reach freely a mutually acceptable solution providing for the
establishment of a federation that will be BI-COMMUNAL as regards the
constitutional aspects and BI-ZONAL as regards the territorial aspects
in line with the present resolution and their 1977 and 1979 agreements,
and to co-operate, on an EQUAL FOOTING, with the Secretary-General in
completing, in the first instance and on an urgent basis, an outline of
an overall agreement, as agreed in june 1989."
[...]


References

[1] Sir H. Luke, Cyprus Under the Turks, pp. vi-xi.
[2] L. Stern, The Wrong Horse, pp. 160-177.
[3] J. Reddaway, The British Connection with Cyprus Since
Independence, pp. 1-23.
[4] L. Stern, ibid, pp. 92-93.
[5] P. Oberling, The Cyprus Tragedy, pp.4-5.
[6] A. H. Rizvi, Cyprus: The Tale of an Island, pp. 38-39.
[7] R. R. Denktash, The Cyprus Triangle, 1982, pp. 145-148.
[8] R. R. Denktash, ibid, pp. 92-95.


----------------------------------------------------------------------



http://www.turkses.com/index.asp

These people were killed just because they were Turkish Cypriots.

The horrifying fate of a Turkish Cypriot mother, Ülfet Osman (21) and
her daughter and a teenage girl in the hands of a Greek Cypriot driver
who deceived them with a promise to transport them to the Turkish
controlled region of Cyprus on November 12, 1974.

Foreign Journalists at Ayios Vasilios mass grave establishing evidence
of Greek-Greek Cypriot Barbarism

Picture above shows the Turkish Cpriot victims of a mass grave near the
village of Maratha which was discovered by the Turkish authorities on
September 2, 1974

Devastated Turkish Cypriot houses at Omorphita (a suburb of Nicosia)


---------------------------------------






http://www.turkses.com/index.asp




THE CYPRUS QUESTION

by Okan Baysan

As a response to the recent posting concerning Cyprus in this
newsgroup, I would like to present the Turkish Cypriot
perspective
so that one can have the opportunity to listen to both North
and
South Cyprus before reaching a healthy conclusion.


HOW AND WHY DID THE CYPRUS ISSUE START?

Cyprus has been conquered and governed by various nations in
its
history as a result of its strategic location in the eastern
Mediterranean. Among these were the Egyptians, Assyrians,
Byzantines,
Lusignans, Venetians, Ottomans, and the British. When the
island
gained its independence from the British in 1960, a partnership
government was established between the Turkish and Greek
Cypriot
communities of the island.

Since the Greek independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1820's,
the people who call themselves Greek Cypriots today thought
that
they could obtain a similar independece, and eventually annex
the
island to Greece with the hope of resurrecting the once
Byzantine
Empire, by acquiring the permanently 'lost lands' (Megali Idea
=
Great Dream/Idea). This desire of union with Greece, ENOSIS,
constitutes the entire roots of the Cyprus question today and
is
in fact still alive among the majority of Greek Cypriots in
South
Cyprus.

After the British extended their rule to Cyprus, starting in
1878,
the desire for ENOSIS -union of Cyprus with Greece - started
to show its presence among the members of the Greek Cypriots,
and
in late 1940's and early 1950's their struggle became more
obvious
all over Cyprus. Their primary target was the British, and with

the import of guns and weapons from Greece, Greek Cypriot
agitation
for ENOSIS turned into an armed struggle, which resulted in the

killing of scores of innocent lives.


GREEK CYPRIOT ARMED STRUGGLE FOR ENOSIS & INDEPENDENCE FROM
BRITAIN

In 1955, a Greek Cypriot terrorist organization, EOKA, was
established in order to carry out these attacks in a more
organized
manner, and soon, the British realised that the island had to
be
granted to its actual owners, the Turkish Cypriots, whose
origin
dates back to the Ottoman Conquest of the island in 1571, and
the
Greek Cypriots, who have chosen to identify themselves as such
even though their roots do not lie in Greece.

The first president of the Republic of Cyprus was a Greek
Cypriot,
Makarios, who publicly promoted ENOSIS, and the first Vice
president,
a Turkish Cypriot, Fazil Kucuk. United Kingdom, Turkey, and
Greece
signed a Treaty of Guarantee which gave them the obligaton to
protect and defend the island against any external attack that
was
likely to come to Cyprus. The partnership republic also had a
7:3 ratio in its administrative organs, and it appeared to
function well in its early stages. The Greek Cypriot agitation
for ENOSIS, which had never dwindled after the bi-communal
republic was established, became more obvious than before, but
this time, the primary target was the Turkish Cypriots, the
co-partners of the 1960 Republic. With the so-called 13 point
proposals of Makarios, which would alter the 1960 constitution,
remove the Vice President's veto power, take away the rights
of the Turkish Cypriot community, and speed up the annexation
of
Cyprus to Greece, ENOSIS, brought the partnership to an
end, and indeed, the Turkish Cypriots were denied their most
basic rights, and forced to live under inhumane conditions in
their own homeland.

1963-1974 was the worst decade in the history of the island,
and
hundreds of innocent Turkish Cypriots were massacred, taken
away
from their homes never to be seen again, buried in massgraves,
and relentlessly and barbarically attacked by their
co-partners,
the Greek Cypriots and their sponsors, Greeks of mainland
Greece.
And all this was the result of the sheer greed and the
so-called
'civilised' respect of the Greek Cypriots towards their
co-partners
and neighbours. In the meantime, Turkish Cypriots established
their own administration, the Turkish Cypriot transitional
Administra-
tion in late 1960's in order to take care of the urgent needs
of
the Turkish Cypriot community all over the island.


15 JULY 1974 GREEK INVASION & 20 JULY 1974 TURKISH PEACE
OPERATION

Eleven entire years of untold suffering and ethnic cleansing of
the
Turkish Cypriots, just because they constituted a barrier to
the
fulfillment of the Greek Cypriot desires for ENOSIS, reached
its
peak with the invasion of GREECE on 15 July 1974, when the
military
government then ruling Greece finally decided to annex the
island
officially.The colonels of Greece organized a Coup D'etat on
this
day and installed a criminal and a murderer as the puppet
president
of Cyprus, remotely controlled by Athens. This criminal was in
fact
the butcher of many Turkish Cypriots for more than a decade.
Death toll reached unbelievable numbers in Cyprus and hundreds
of
Turkish and Greek Cypriots paid the cost of the Greek invasion
with
their very lives.

Turkey, as one of the Guarantor powers, asked United Kingdom to

act together and bring the order in Cyprus back to what it was
in 1960. Refusing to cooperate, Turkey was forced to act alone
and intervene the situation in order to protect the lives and
rights of the Turkish Cypriots in Cyprus, as well as put an
end to the Greek expansionism and aggression in the island. So
5 days after the Greek Invasion, Turkish Peace Operation of
20 July 1974 was started with the orders of the then prime
minister
of Turkey, Bulent Ecevit. It was the most important day in the
lives of the Turkish Cypriots to see the Turkish Peace troops
coming to their rescue, and it was the most exciting day that
they waited to see during the preceeding 11 entire years of
Greek suppression and aggression. Their dreams came true with
the arrival of Turkish Peace troops on 20 July, and they
regained
their FREEDOM in their own homeland.


DEVELOPMENTS AFTER 1974

When the Peace Operation was victoriously completed and the
Turkish
Cypriots were freed from Greek barbarism during the preceeding
decade, their political evolution started to accelerate. In
1975
the Turkish Federated State of Cyprus was established in the
Turkish Cypriot controlled of northern Cyprus, and the first
Turkish Cypriot national assembly was formed. In the meantime,
various agreements were signed between Turkish Federated State
of
Cyprus and the Greek Cypriot administration in south Cyprus,
which still identified itself as the so-called Republic of
Cyprus
and illegally and unconstitutionally continued to enjoy the
recognition and financial aid of the United Nations even though
this administration should, according to the 1960 constitution,

consist of the Turkish Cypriot members as well. Among these
were the Population Transfer Agreements signed by the leaders
of both communities in order to allow Greek Cypriots in the
north
to move to south, and Turkish Cypriots in the south to move to
north for their own safety and security. This resulted in the
creation of two homogeneous communities each of which had a
different
religion, culture, language, ethnic background, and values.

Continued negotiations to reunite the island and establish a
federal government hopelessly continued during the following
years
despite the fact that the Greek Cypriot claims over the entire
island
have not showed any change whatsoever.


TURKISH REPUBLIC OF NORTHERN CYPRUS

As a result of the failure in the negotiations and the
continued
support of United Nations for the Greek Cypriot demands, and
their
accepting the Greek Cypriot administration as the only
so-called
government in Cyprus, as well as their non-recognition of the
existence of the Turkish Cypriot community in Cyprus, the
national
assembly of the Turkish Federated State in the north
unanimously
voted for the establishment of the TURKISH REPUBLIC OF NORTHERN
CYPRUS on 15 November 1983. This was to assert the Turkish
Cypriots'
existence and their demands in the establishment of a future
just and fair federal republic in Cyprus. Even though TRNC
enjoys
Turkiye's recognition only as of now, it does have trade
relations
with European, Middle Eastern, and Asian countries and it also
maintains consulates or representative offices in various
countries.


INALIENABLE BASIC PRINCIPLES OF TURKISH CYPRIOTS

In order to appreciate fully the Turkish Cypriot position,
it should be noted that the very survival of the Turkish
Cypriots
living as a free people, and in security, in their own
homeland,
depends on adherence to, and respect for, the following
principles:

(a) the equal political status of the two national Communities,

(b) bi-zonality,

(c) the security of the Turkish Cypriot people,

(d) the continuation of the adequate and effective guarantee of

Turkiye, which the Turkish Cypriots regard as teh only
effective
guarantee of their right to live, of their very existence
and
of their security,

(e) the participation of the two peoples, as politically equal
entitites, with equal effectiveness and right of say, in
decisions of the Legislature and the Executive,

(f) the so-called "three freedoms" to be regulated and applied
in
such a way as to ensure that the security of the Turkish
Cypriot
people is not endangered in any way and that the bi-zonal
structure of the proposed federation is not impaired,

(g) the federal government to hav eonly the powers and
functions
agreed to be assigned to it by the federated states, and
the
residual powers to remain within the federated states.

Turkiye has not territorial claims in Cyprus. On the contrary,
it
is Greece, which is expansionist. Greece is the party which
wants
to annex Cyprus, and thereby to condemn the Turkish people of
Cyprus to annihilation.

Turkiye's intention is quite clear: It is to ensure and protect
the
survival and rights of the Turkish Cypriot people. Nobody
should
expect Turkiye to allow the Turkish Cypriot people to be
abandoned
to death and oppresion, once again.


GREEK CYPRIOT POSITION, and their SYSTEMATIC,
DECEIVING and FAKE PROPAGANDA

The Greek Cypriots tried and managed to convince the world with

their relentless political propaganda that the Cyprus issue
started in 1974 with the "invasion", as they call it, of
Turkey.
Somehow, they don't see the FACT that there has been no
gunshot,
no killing, no massacres, and no more massgraves in Cyprus with

the conclusion of Turkish Peace troops.

They also artificially created a "missing people" issue with
the
blame on the Turkish side. In fact, the Greek military regime
who organised the Coup D'etat on 15 July 1974 is responsible
for
the missing and all the unaccounted people. Rumors that Turkey
hold some Greek Cypriot prisoners of war are nothing more than
intentional creations of Greek Cypriot fake propaganda in order
to make political gains in the international arenas against
Turkey
and Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. There are also more
than
800 Turkish Cypriot missing people and the families of those
people came to believe that they will never see their loved
ones
again, and returned to normal lives eventually.

Refugee problem is another artificially created propaganda
material
for the Greek Cypriot politcal gains because all population
transfers
were made based on the international agreements for the safety
and
security of each community. The leaders or both communities
signed
these agreements. Let's also not forget the FACT that one third
of the Turkish Cypriot population also had to move, for their
own
security , but the Turkish Cypriot administrations have never
made
a political propaganda out of this even today.

The Greek Cypriot administration of South Cyprus imposed
political,
cultural, economic and sports embargo on Northern Cyprus and
they are trying to achieve what they could not achieve with
arms,
that is, ENOSIS -union of Cyprus with Greece - at the dawn of
the 21st century.


===== ===== ===== ===== ===== ===== ===== ===== ===== ===== ===== =====
=====
(* (* (* (* (* (* (* (* (* (* (* (*
(*
===== ===== ===== ===== ===== ===== ===== ===== ===== ===== ===== =====
=====


*APPENDICES
(1) Enosis Claims of the Greek Cypriot leaders with their own
words
(2) Greek official's statement on the missing people issue
(3) Population Transfer Agreement
(4) Proof of Greek Invasion on 15 July 1974, with Makarios's
own words.


*(1)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
"The noble struggles of the people never come to an end. These
struggles
although undergo transformation, are never terminated. The struggle of
the
people of Cyprus too will go on.
The Zurich and London Agreements form a landmark in the course of this

struggle, but at the same time, are a starting point and bastion for
further
struggles, with the object of capitalizing on what has been achieved
for
further conquests."
From Makarios's speech delivered on 01/05/1962



"Greek Cypriots must continue to march forward to complete the work
began by
the EOKA heroes... The struggle is continuing in a new form, and will
go
until we achieve our goal..."
From Makarios's sermon at Kykko Monastery on
08/15/1962



"The aim of the Cyprus struggle was not the establishment of a
Republic. These
agreements only laid the foundations."
From Makarios's statement made on 03/13/1963



"Union of Cyprus with Greeceisan aspiration always cherished within the
hearts
of all Greek Cypriots. It is impossible to put an end to this
aspiration by
establishing a Republic."
From Makarios's statement to the correspondent
of London
TIMES on 04/09/1963



"It is true that the goal of our struggle is to annex Cyprus to
Greece."
From Makarios's interview published in the Uusi
Suomi of
Stockholm on 09/05/1963



"... No power is able to close the Cyprus question. We shall keep it
open and
will never close it under any circumstances or conditions... until we
close it
through our union with Greece, a genuine Enosis without exchanges..."
From Makarios's public speech at Larnaca on
05/16/1965



"Either the whole of Cyprus is to be united with Greece or [it will]
become a
a holocaust... The road to the fulfillment of national aspirations may
be
full of difficulties, but we shall reach the goal -which is Enosis-
alive
or dead."
From Makarios's speech, at Rizokarpasso,
05/26/1965



"Freedom for us means only the integration of this southern outpost of
Hellenism into the national entity..."
Tasos Papadopoulos on U.N. day in Limassol,
10/23/1967



"... I shall never violate my oath, and I shall never deviate from my
goal.
I have desired ENOSIS, and I have never struggled for anything else
other
than its achievement."
Makarios, in an interview with Eleftheros Kosmo
and Ta Simerina, Athens, 08/19/1970



"Cyprus is Greek. Cyprus was Greek since the dawn of its history, and
will remain Greek.
Greek and undivided we have taken it over.
Greek and undivided we shall preserve it.
Greek and undiveded we shall deliver it to Greece."
Makarios, in a speech at Yialousa on 03/14/1971




"Greek and undivided we have taken it over. Greek and undivided we
shall
preserve it. Greek and undivided we shall deliver it to Greece."
Makarios, Yialousa, 03/14/1971




"The struggle of Cyprus is the struggle of all Hellenism. Cyprus, where
the
Greek virtue is being tested, is today the place where the Greek
history and
Greek struggle are continuing."
Spyros Kyprianou at a meeting in Limassol on
03/24/1971
to celebrate the Greek Independence Day




"I am in favour of ENOSIS. ENOSIS is the national aspiration of Greek
Cypriots."
Makarios, in an interview withthe ITN
correspondent,
Mr. Robert Southgate, published on 09/21/1971




"If your aim is the launching of a struggle for ENOSIS, then both I and

the people of Cyprus are ready to enter such a struggle provided it is
backed by the Greek Government."
Makarios, in his reply to the Greek
Government's
note of 02/11/1972 as reported in the Greek
Cypriot
press on 03/16/1972




"Those who disagree with the way of handling Cyprus' national problem
and
call themselves ENOSISTS accuse and call the others, the overwhelming
majority of the Greek Cypriot people, anti-ENOSISTS. The charge is
false
and inadmissible. All Greek Cypriots are and will be ENOSISTS.
Makarios, in a speech at the unveiling if the
statue
of EOKA man Michalakis Savva at Akaki village
on
11/05/1972




"I have struggled for union of Cyprus with Greece, and ENOSIS will
always
be my deep national aspiration as it is the aspiration of all Greek
Cypriots. My national creed has never changed and my career as a
national
leader has shown no inconsistency or contradiction. I have accepted
independence instead of ENOSIS because certain external conditions and
factors have not allowed a free choice.
If I had any ambitions, my greatest ambition would be for my name to
be
associated with ENOSIS."
Makarios, in an interview with Mme Maria Rejane
of the French Magazine "Le Point", published on
02/19/1973




"ENOSIS has always been for the Greek Cypriots a deep rooted national
aspiration. To me independence is a compromise. In other words, if I
had
a free choice between independence and ENOSIS, I would support ENOSIS."
Makarios, in an interview with the
correspondent
of Frankfurter Rundshau as published in the
Cyprus
Mail on 05/16/1974



"The Cyprus State should be dissolved only in the event of ENOSIS."
Makarios, in a letter to General Gizikis,
President
of Greece, dated 07/02/1974




"The Greek Cypriot leadership prepared the AKRITAS PLAN in order to
knock the
Turks out and realize ENOSIS -union of Cyprus with Greece- ..."
Aristos Katsis, a Greek historian, in his
article
published by the Greek Cypriot daily
Phileleftheros on
11/10/1979


"My first goal will be to get rid of the concessions and promises given
by
Vasiliou. Our goal is the same. [It is] to liberate Varosha,
Pentadaktylons,
Kyrenia, Morphou, Karpasia, Cyprus."
Glafkos Klerides, Eleftherotipia, 02/13/1993


------------------------------------------------------------------------------

*(2)

Statement of Greek Minister on Greek Cypriot Missing Persons
Source: The Tragedy of Turkish Cypriot Missing Persons in Cyprus -Third
Decade-
June 1989

Mr Evangelos Yannopolos, the then Greek Minister of Maritime
Affairs,
said on 4/7/1988 the following which was published in Eleftherotipia
newspaper in Nicosia.
"The two myths in Cyprus must be exposed as lies. The first
myth
is the case of missing persons and the second is the myth of the
invasion
of Cyprus by Turkey. The Greek Cypriots presented as missing persons
were
actually the victims who were killed during the Sampson Coup. As
regards the
invasion of Cyprus by Turkey, it was the Greek military that staged the

coup and toppled Makarios at a time when he was an internationally
recognized
President of Cyprus. How is it possible to topple Makarios and start
slaughtering the Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots and impose a mad
man
like Sampson to head the Cyprus Government and yet expect no reaction
from
Turkey."

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

*(3)


VOLUNTARY REGROUPING OF POPULATIONS

On 2 August 1975, at the third round of the Vienna Talks, an
Agreement was reached between the representatives of the two
peoples of Cyprus, President Denktas and Mr. Clerides, for the
Voluntary Regrouping of Populations. (U.N. Document, S/11789,
2 August 1975)

This Agreement, reached under the auspices of the U.N.
Secretary
General and implemented in September 1975 under U.N.
supervision,
consolidated the peace reached as the result of the Turkish
Peace
Operation. The voluntary regrouping of populations made it
possible for the two peoples of Cyprus to live in complete
security in their respective zones. No intercommunal fighting
or
acts of violence took place in Cyprus since the implementation
of the Agreement of 2 August 1975. The peace achieved by the
Turkish Peace Operation became a permanent feature in the
Island.

Source: The Crux of the Cyprus Question
Turhan Feyzioglu, Necati M. Ertekun


Population Exchange Agreement
Signed on August 2, 1975.

(1) The Turkish Cypriots at present in the south of the island will be
allowed,
if they want to do so, to proceed north with their belongings under
an
organized programme and with the assistance of the United Nations
Peace
keeping Force in Cyprus.

(2) Mr. Denktas reaffirmed, and it was agreed, that the Greek Cypriots
at
present in the north of the island are free to stay and that they
will be
given every help to lead a normal life, including facilities for
education
and for the practice of their religion, as well as medical care by
their
own doctors and freedom of movement in the north.

(3) The Greek Cypriots at present in the north who, at their own
request and
without having been subjected to any kind of pressure, wish to move
to the
south, will be permitted to do so.

(4) The United Nations will have free and normal access to Greek
Cypriot
villages and habitations in the north.

(5) In connexion with the the implementations of the above agreement,
priority
will be given to the reunification of families, which may also
involve
the transfer of a number of Greek Cypriots, at present in the
south, to
the north.


Source: U.N. Document S/11789

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------


*(4)

MAKARIOS ADDRESSING THE U.N. SECURITY COUNCIL

UNITED NATIONS
SECURITY COUNCIL Official Records

1780th Meeting: 19 JULY 1974
New York

18.
...It is clearly an invasion from outside, inflagrant violation
of the independence and sovereignty of the Republic of Cyprus.
The so-called coup was the work of the Greek officers staffing
and
commanding the National Guard.

19.
... the Greek officers serving with the National guard....
recruited many members of the terrorist organization EOKA-B.

21.
The coup caused much bloodshed and took a great toll of human
lives...
...It was an invasion which violated the independence and
sovereignty of the Republic. And the invasion is continuing
so long as there are Greek officers in Cyprus.

25.
It may be said that it was the Cyprus Government which invited
the Greek officers to staff the National Guard. I regret to say
that it was a mistake on my part...

32. As I have already stated, the events in Cyprus do not
constitute
an internal matter of the Greeks of Cyprus. The Turks of Cyprus
are also affected. The coup of the Greek junta is an invasion,
and
from its consequences the whole people of Cyprus suffers, both
Greeks and Turks.

Source: U.N. Security Council Official Record of the 1780th meeting.
"Makarios' address on 19 July 1974"



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http://www.turkses.com/index.asp



Interview & the Testimony of the Greek Cypriot Priest, Papatsetsos,as
Published in Local Greek Newspaper, Ta Nea on 28 February 1976
PAPATSETSOS:

Two days after the coup, on 17 July, I witnessed something which has
perhaps never been witnessed by any mortal before. I saw a young Greek
Cypriot buried alive. That was when two Junta officers came to my house
and ordered me to accompany them to the cemetery. I taught they were
going to kill me, but they said they only wanted me for burying some
dead people.

In the cemetery there were two open graves and two bodies lying beside
them. I went to see if I could recognise them. One was dead. But the
other, a curly haired, fair-com- plexioned, 18 year-old youth, was
moving. Startled, I turned back and shouted:'But officer, this man is
alive!'

'Shut up you dirty priest, or I will shut you up for good', the officer
retorted. Then the youth was pushed into the open grave which was
filled with earth. I swear to God that they buried this youth while he
was still alive!

[Pointing at the cemetery, Papatsetsos said] Here people were buried
like dogs by the Junta. There were also bodies which had been dumped
outside the cemetery. They were not identified, and not claimed. As a
priest my conscience is troubled, but they were holding a pistol to my
head at the time.

I remember the day they first came to me. They said 'Father, we have
some dead bodies which we want you to bury'. 'Certainly', I replied and
asked how many bodies they had. SEVENTY-SEVEN they said. An hour later
a lorry arrived and I heard someone order: 'Dump them outside.' They
were the dead bodies; they were all put in one common grave, without
waiting for identification by their relatives. The Junta men produced
some small crosses(seven only), wrote some names on them and put them
on the grave.

The Junta men scornfully called persons loyal to Makarios 'Muskos
supporters', and wanted to bury them 'like dogs', in a sheep fold
outside the cemetery. And that is what they did in the end. They dug
two graves with excavators-one inside and the other outside the
cemetery. They buried their own dead (27) inside the cemetery and
others(5) outside.

TA NEA: Father, about the youth man buried alive, could he have been
saved?
PAPATSETSOS: Of course he could have been saved. He had a wound in the
right leg. I went to the hospital and asked a doctor there, if a dead
man could move. The doctor laughed, and said 'No'. But I was not the
one who had buried him alive.
TA NEA: Could you recognise any of the Junta men?
PAPATSETSOS: THEY HAD ALL COME FROM GREECE FOR THE COUP. They were
looting, and even broke into my house. They entered houses on the
pretext of searching for deserters but actually stole valuable articles
from them.
TA NEA: Have you witnessed any other atrocities?
PAPATSETSOS: I listened to telephone conversations between Junta men.
In one case they were talking about the people resisting at Kaimakli
suburb, and saying:'SHOOT THEM ALL, HAVE NO MERCY AT ALL!' I also
noticed that in the hospi- tal they were giving polluted water to the
sick.
TA NEA: Father, could you swear that you have not secretly buried dead
Turks in the cemetery?
PAPATSETSOS: Only about 10. We did not know who they were and where
they were found.
TA NEA: How many bodies did you bury during the coup?
PAPATSETSOS: 127. Fifty of them were collected from the streets and
they were buried outside the cemetery; the other 77 were buried inside.

TA NEA: If the Turkish invasion had not taken place, would more Greek
Cypriots have been killed in the coup?
PAPATSETSOS: OH YES, MANY MORE. They wanted to kill me too. It is
rather a hard thing to say, but it is true, that the Turkish
intervention saved us from a merciless internecine war. They had
prepared a list of all Makarios supporters and they would have
slaughtered them all.
TA NEA: Now, father tell me sincerely, were people brutally killed in
those days?
PAPATSETSOS: YES, MY SON. MASSACRES were committed outside Kykko
Monastery and in Limassol. I heard with my own ears the order. 'ALL OF
THEM, TO THE LAST MAN, MUST BE KILLED TONIGHT.'
THOSE WHO HAVE WITNESSED THESE CRIMES ARE AFRAID TO SPEAK. AS A MATTER
OF FACT MOST OF THEM ARE GRIVAS SUPPORTERS AND THEY WILL NEVER SPEAK.



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Greek's confession of the massacre

The ex-Prime Minister of Greece, Mitsotakis, announced that Cypriot
Greeks had slaughtered Turks mercilessly under Makarios' bad
administration.

Terrible massacres carried out by the Cypriot Greeks against the
Turkish population of the island 26 years ago has been confirmed by
Konstantinos Mitsotakis, the ex-Prime Minister of Greece. The Cypriot
Greeks, who killed Turks brutally at that time, were denying these
massacres on the international arena up till now. Konstantinos
Mitsotakis said that "under Makarios' administration, Cypriot
Greeks carried out killings of Turks to reach the goal of abolishing
the signed agreements". These remarkable statements of the ex-Prime
Minister to the daily Greek newspaper Ta Nae have also been published
on Fileleftheros, the newspaper with the highest circulation in South
Cyprus. In his statements, Mitsotakis accused Archbishop Makarios with
criminal mistakes. Mitsotakis said that Makarios had dragged Cyprus
into bloody events in order to abolish the agreements signed personally
by himself and that this process had led Cypriot Greeks to commit
undeniable murders against the Turkish side. Mitsotakis also criticized
Konstantin Karamanlis, the Greek Prime Minister of the period and said
that "if I were in place of him I would accept the proposals made by
the Turks after the operation of 20th July,1974 and would prevent the
second operation".


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From: WASHINGTON POST, 17.02.1964

"...the fanatic Greeks are gradually approaching to ethnic genocide..."

From: Statement by Archbishop Makarios, August 1964
"...If Turkey comes in order to save Turkish Cypriots, Turkey will find
no Turkish Cypriots to save..."

From: A speech by Makarios made on the occasion of the visit of the
Defense Minister of Greece - on 27 October 1964 - As reported by all
Greek Cypriot newspapers on 28 October 1964

"...Greece has come to Cyprus, and Cyprus is Greece. I firmly believe
that the Pan-Hellenic struggle for the union of Cyprus with motherland
Greece will shortly be crowned with success. this success will be the
beginning of a new era of Greek grandeur and glory."


From: HERALD TRIBUNE, NEW YORK, 16 SEPTEMBER 1964

".....degrading, sub-human standard of life in Cyprus for Turks...",
"....economic restrictions being imposed upon the Turkish community in
Cyprus were in some instances so severe as to be a siege..."

From: UN SECRETARY GENERAL'S REPORT NO.s/610 of 12 December 1964, Annex
II
20. "At present no mail is being delivered to areas under Turkish
Cypriot control..."

From: A statement by Makarios as quoted in the Greek Cypriot Press of
17 March 1965
"...We shall keep the Cyprus question open and will never close it
under any circumstances or conditions...until we close it through union
with Greece, a genuine ENOSIS without exchanges."


From: CYPRUS MAIL - Statement of Makarios on 28 March 1966

"No Greek who knows me can ever believe that I would wish to work for
the creation of a Cypriot national awareness. The Agreements (Referring
to Zurich-Longon Agreements which led for the Creation of the Republic
of Cyprus) have created a State but not a Nation."


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From: DAILY TELEGRAPH (LONDON) 15.02.1964 EDITORIAL
"...If the Turkish Army has not already landed reinforcements to its
Treaty Force in Cyprus, that is simply proof of the patience of Turkey.
Its right to do so cannot be denied. If international treaties mean
anything, Turkey can protect the Turkish Cypriot minority from further
massacre. It is radical discrimination in its most bestial form.
Although there have been efforts to cloud the issue by suggesting that
both Cypriot communities are to blame, by far the heaviest guilt is
that of the Greek Cypriot force known as EOKA or EDMA..."


From: LE FIGARO (PARIS) 15-16.02.1964 REPORT BY MAX CLOS
"...It is a military operation that the Greeks launched against the six
thousand inhabitants of the Turkish quarter yesterday morning. A
spokesman of the Greek Cypriot Government has recognized this
officially... It is hard to conceive, how Greeks and Turks may
seriously contemplate working together after all that has happened.."

From: National Review, 12.06.1995, by Brian Cozier
"Greek Cypriot terrorist movement led by political bandit called George
Grivas had one simple aim: Enosis or union with Greece." ....

"In my view, the Turkish intervention of 1974 was not an invasion, as
widely accepted, but a morally justified rescue operation." .....

"I regret the Greek rejection of a federal solution, which alone makes
sense to me." .....

"Greek Cypriots are trying to make life uncomfortable for Northern
Cyprus by cutting of gas and electricity daily." .....

"There are warning signs today in the Greek Cypriot Republic..."

...for months past, a Russian Mafia and ex-KGB presence has been
building up there. There is a massive arms build-up as well... There
are also reliable reports on a still more sinister development, with
the training of anti-Turkish, leninist terrorists of the PKK in the
South (Greek Cypriot)..."

From: PERIODIKA, 6.2.1994 (Greek Cypriot weekly magazine) From an
interview with Mr. Ayionatitis, the leader of the Greek Political Party
"Ergatikei Demokratika Association"


"Greek Cypriot leadership says that the Cyprus problem began in 1974;
but it began long before this and even before the independence
(1960)...Power-holders on our side were oppressing Turkish Cypriots
before 1974..."


"...We should not forget that before 1974 Turkish Cypriots had been
treated like Negroes...Turks were doing the worst work but receiving
the least money. Turks had not had any control over the island's
economy."


"Reverting to the state of affairs before 1974 would not be a justified
move at all. Turks will never agree to this. And we have to admit one
more thing: If Turkey arrived in 1974 to save the Turkish Cypriots, the
latter were really in need of being saved. No one could know what the
coupists would do if they took over. Turkish Cypriots were concerned
about their fate in case Cyprus was united with Greece and they were
justified with their concern. It is because of this concern that
Turkish Cypriots have been fighting against Enosis since 1945. Under
this climate, there remains to be no justification for refugees to
return to their homes."


From: THE WIND BLOWS MEMOIRS OF SIR ALEC DOUGLAS-HUME, FORMER PRIME
MINISTER OF THE UK
"...I was early convinced that if Archbishop Makarios could not bring
himself to treat the Turkish Cypriots as human beings, he was inviting
the invasion and partition of the island."


From: VOICE OF GERMANY, 30.07.1974
(FROM AN INTERVIEW WITH MS INGRID HEBIL, A GERMAN TOURIST IN CYPRUS)
"...the human mind cannot comprehend the Greeks butchery. Greek
National Guard ... entering the Turkish homes, ruthlessly rained
bullets on women and children, they cut the throats of many Turks;
rounding up the Turkish women, they ... raped them all ..."


From: THE UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL, 20.08.1974
"...Every hour new ditches and numerous corpses are being discovered.
It is very difficult to endure the job..."


From: NBC, NATIONAL BROADCASTING CORPORATION, 29.07.1974 JOHN PALMER
REPORTING:
"...In the Turkish village of Aleminio, the Turks were collected in
front of a wall and the Greek national army shot them all and killed
them indiscriminately..."


From: THE WASHINGTON POST, 23.07.1974
"...In a Greek raid on a small village near Limassol, 36 people out of
the population of 200 were killed. The Greeks said they had been given
orders to kill the inhabitants before the Turkish forces arrived.."


From: UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL (upi), USA, 23.07.1974
"...the Greeks killed many women and children in Limassol. I have seen
the bodies of 20 children lying on the road...some were wounded and
crying...the Greek soldiers are waiting for their turn to enter in the
Turkish homes and kill the women..."

From: THE LONDON TIMES, 22.07.1974
"In the island, thousands of Turks were held as hostages. turkish women
were raped and Turkish children killed on the streets. The Turkish
Quarter in Limassol was burnt down. The incidents have been confirmed
by Greek Cypriots."


From: EVENING STANDARD, 19.07.1974
"...today, early in the morning Greek ships boarded on Famagusta (the
main seaport of Cyprus) port and discharged Greek soldiers fully
furnished with modern arms...soon after the discharge, atrocities
started to take place ... Cyprus is not a soverign state
anymore...Widespread massacre is taking place all over the island..."

"...At the main police station, one witness saw people tied to each
other....they were later executed.."


From: IL GIORNO, 14.1.1964 REPORTED BY GIORGIO BOCCO
"In Cyprus the terror continues. Right now we are witnessing the exodus
of Turks from villages. Thousands of people are abandoning their homes,
lands, herds: Greek terrorism is relentless. This time, the rhetoric of
the Hellens and the busts of Plato do not suffice to cover up their
barbaric and ferocious behavior. At four o'clock in the afternoon
curfew is imposed on the Turkish villages. Threats, shootings, and
attempts of arson start as soon as it becomes dark. After the massacre
during the past Christmas that spared neither women, nor children, it
is difficult to put up any resistance..."


From: A STATEMENT BY MAKARIOS AS QUOTED IN THE GREEK CYPRIOT PRESS OF
17 MARCH 1965
"...We shall keep the Cyprus question open and will never close it
under any circumstances or conditions....until we close it through
union with Greece, a genuine ENOSIS without exchanges."


From: WASHINGTON POST, 16.02.1964 ARTICLE BY ROBERT H. ESTABROOK
"...Archbishop Makarios, robed adn bearded cleric who serves as
President of Cyprus, has a Byzantine talent for equitation....his
Government deliberately provoked the clashes and is bent upon the
extermination of the Turkish population..."


From; EVENING POST, 15.1.1964 REPORTED BY JOHN WHITE FROM NICOSIA,
CYPRUS
Background to the London Conference

"This week 2,000 miles from that dusty Cypriot road, men are meeting
round a table in london to try to sort out the tragedy of Cyprus. Their
aim will be to find a solution to a problem which has produced
wide-spread murder, arson, looting and kidnapping. It is profoundly to
be hoped they discover such a solution. But very few people I met in
Cyprus last week have much faith in this painfully arranged Conference.
As the Greek Cypriot taxi man who drove me around Nicosia said: "The
conference will solve nothing. It is just words."

When I asked him for his solution he said "If the Turks want to stay -
O.K. But they can't have any rights. they should not have the good
jobs. They are the minority and must do what we say."

"Some Greeks are more extremist than the taxi man. They don't merely
wish to deprive the Turks of all rights. They want to deprive them of
the right to live. I have heard men say all Turks should die and these
were men with nervous trigger fingers."

" Many Greek and Turkish Cypriots are embittered - understandably - and
some are apparently resigned to everlasting conflict. 'I would like to
live peaceably with the Greeks' said one Turk, 'But I do not see how it
can be done.' Possibly he spoke for many others."

"The British Army in Cyprus have been playing a most difficult role.
One of their jobs has been to try and build confidence between Greeks
and Turks."

"Last Thursday hundreds of soldiers were drafted into a suburb of
Nicosia to safeguard Turkish families coming back to their homes and
'restore confidence'. I saw more Turks going than coming back. As one
of them said 'My four your old daughter was shot by my next door
neighbor. I don't want to return and be killed.'.."


From: THE GUARDIAN, 02.04.1988 (FROM THE 'SECRET" REPORT OF COMMANDER
PACKARD, WHO WAS A HIGH RANKING BRITISH OFFICER IN CYPRUS DURING
1963-64)
" One of Packard's first tasks was to try to find out what had happened
to the Turkish hospital patients. Secret discussions took place with a
Greek Minister in the collapsed government. After a brief
investigation, he was able to confirm local rumors. it appeared that
greek medical staff had slit the Turkish patients' throats as they lay
in their beds. Their bodies were loaded onto a truck and driven to a
farm north of the city where they were fed into mechanical choppers and
ground into the earth."


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The following is a list of Greek Cypriot Organizations which promoted
ENOSIS -union of Cyprus with Greece- through armed assaults,
killings, and terrorism all over the island.

(Source: The Cyprus Revolt by Nancy Crawshaw)


AKEL Anorthotikon Komma Ergazomenou Laou
Reform Party of the Working People

ANE Alkimos Neolaia Tis EOKA
Valiant Youth of EOKA

AON Anorthotiki Organismos Neolaias
Reform Youth Organisation

EAM Ethnikon Apeleftheritikon Metopon
National Liberation Front

EAS Ethnikos Apeleftherotikos Synaspimos
National Leberation Coalition

EDMA Eniaion Dimokratikon Metopon Anadimiurgias
United Democratic Reconstruction Front

ELAS Ethnikos Laikos Apeleftherotikos Stratos
People's National Liberation Army

EMAK Ethnikon Metopon Apeleftheroseos Kyprou
Cyprus National Liberation Front

EOKA Ethniki Organosis Kyprion Agoniston
National Organization of Cypriot Fighters

KEM Kypriakon Enotikon Metapon
Cyprus Enosis Front

OAE Organosis Aristeron Ethnikophronon
Left-wing Nationalists' Organisation

OAP Organosis Aristeron Patrioton
Left-wing Patriots' Organisation

OHEN Orthodoxos Christianiki Enosis Neon
Orthodox Christian Union of Youth

PEAEK Panellinikos Epiropi Agonos Enoseos Kyprou
Panhellenic Committee for the Struggle for the Union of Cyprus

PEK Panagrotiki Enosis Kyprou
Panagrarian Union of Cyprus

PEKA Politiki Epiropi Kypriakou Agonos
Political Committee of the Cyprus Struggle

PEO Pankyprios Ergatiki Omospondia
Pancyprian Federation of Labour

PEOM Pankyprios Ethniki Organosis Mathiton
Pancyprian National Organisation of Pupils

PEON Pankyprios Ethniki Organosis Neolaisas
Pancyprian National Organisation of Youth

SEK Synomospondia Ergaton Kyprou
Confederation of Cypriot Workers

SEKA Syndonistiki Epitropi Kypriakos Agonos
Coordination Committee of the Cyprus Struggle


AKEL, ANE, AON, EAM, EAS, EDMA,ELAS, EMAK, EOKA, KEM, OAE, OAP, OHEN,
PEAEK, PEK, PEKA, PEO, PEOM, PEON, SEK, SEKA

ANE's wide range of duties included surveillance and intimidation...
Later, on demonstrating proficiency as gunmen, they were promoted to
full membership of EOKA. [p. 255]

AON ... the communist youth organisation... [p. 54]

EAS immediately offered to support the Church plebiscite on condition
that it was a 'genuine' plebiscite for Enosis [p. 47]

EDMA ..., the potential successor to EOKA was formed out of ex-fighters
in support of Makarios [p. 352]

ELAS ... the overwhelmingly superior forces of ELAS... [p.92]

EMAK ... a secret revolutionary organisation, well organised and fully
armed, which aimed at Enosis... [p.111]

KEM... a plot by KEM to assasinate Makarios and start civil war in the
island... [p. 353]

OAE & OAP ... The two new organisations,..., sought to capture the
loyalties of the moderate leftists and claimed to represent
Akelists...[p.306]

OHEN ... had exercised a pernicious influence over Cypriot youth
through OHEN
and had frequently preached sedition in recent years [p. 169]

PEAEK ... This organisation, according to its own accord, had issued
over 3
million anti-British pamphlets printed by departments of the Greek Army
and
Government [p. 219]

PEK ... its subversive activities were in any case notorious and its
links
with Greece essentially political. [p. 128]

PEKA ... [EOKA]'s political wing... [p. 242]

PEON ...since its prescription in 1953, had functioned underground...
[p. 101]

SEKA... pledged to self-determination and Enosis.. [p. 384]


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GREEK CYPRIOTS HAVE ALWAYS HARBOURED PKK AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL
TERROR GROUPS

Greek Cypriot support given to the PKK terrorist organisation, known as
one of the most dangerous international terror groups in the world, has
once been proven, when a Cypriot passport issued by the Greek Cypriot
Administration in South Cyprus was found in the possession of PKK
leader Abdullah OCALAN who was recently captured and arrested by the
Turkish security officers.

The Turkish Government has stated that the passport found in OCALAN's
possession bore the name of LAZAROS MAVROS, the current President of
the Committee for Solidarity with Kurdistan, operating in south Cyprus
with the purpose of securing all sorts of support to PKK in this part
of the island.

Despite the Greek Cypriot sides desperate denials of its role in this
passport issue, its link with PKK in particular and international
terrorism in general has been proven with various reports, press
articles and other official documents.

Indeed, not only the Greek Cypriot officials but also other non- or
semi-official figures or organisations have, at times, been reported to
have been supporting and harbouring morally and materially, PKK and
other terror groups, such as ASALA. The prevailing mentality has always
been The enemy of my enemy is my friend, that has finally backfired, as
seen in the recent Kurdish violence against the Greeks in connection
with the arrest of CALAN and his subsequent bringing to Turkey.

SAMPSON

An ex-EOKA militant and the man installed for a few days as the Greek
Cypriot President in July 1974 by the Greek coupists who toppled over
Makarios Nicos SAMPSON is one of the Greek Cypriot figures who has been
linked to many acts of terrorism after 1974.

During those days when he was in the jail in South Cyprus, he planned a
series of terrorist acts against Turkey. The most striking aspects of
these acts were that their origin was Europe and that third parties
were employed.

Year 1976 was one when the Armenian and Arab terrorists chose France as
a base for their acts. French intelligence agency permitted PLOs
terrorist groups to be settled in France with the condition of not
giving any harm to the French interests both in and outside the
country.

In the years after 1975, during which international terrorism and
terror acts against Turkey were escalating, a report from Cyprus did
not draw much attention. Greek Cypriot President gave partial amnesty
to Nicos Sampson, a cancer patient, to go to France for treatment.
Sampson flew to Paris for treatment.

About four years after Sampsons arrival in Paris, ie. in 1980 when
terror turned Europe into a blood-lake, certain information reached
INTERPOL. The information was about a bomb blast on 3 October 1980 at a
synagogue in Copernicus Street in Paris that caused the death of many
people. Explosives were implanted in a Suzuki 125 model car and was
exploded with an electronic device. The car had been bought from a
used-car gallery for 1000 dollars at Grand Arme Avenue on 23 September.


In his deposition to the police, the gallery owner said that the car
was bought by a short, thin man with a moustache wearing blue jeans and
a leather jacket. For the preparation of the cars documents a Greek
Cypriot passport issued in South Cyprus was used. The passport was
issued under the name of Alexanders Panariou. Embassy of the Greek
Cypriot Administration in South Cyprus in Paris claimed that the
passport was fake.

According to the police Spanish terrorist Ernesto Mila Rodriguez was
behind this incident. Rodriguez had been caught, shortly before this
incident, while trying to smuggle Ingram sub-machine guns.

Names of four other Spanish terrorists were also mentioned in
connection with the synagogue explosion. While the investigation into
the issue was under way, the perpetrators had relations with Nicos
Sampson and some other Greek Cypriots living in Paris and frequently
visited South Cyprus. The passports of these Spanish terrorists caught
by the police contained many entry-exit visa stamps to and from South
Cyprus and Beirut. Also an address reading, Rue de la Pane, 100 was
found in the terrorists possession. This was Nicos Sampsons home
address in Paris.

French police found out that Sampson had occasional meetings with
suspected Greek Cypriots, Greek diplomats, Armenian businessmen and
Arabs. The most striking activity of Sampson was to rent houses and
provide cars for certain Arabs known as terrorists, using Greek Cypriot
names. He especially had very close relations with Syrians and Libyans.
He was supplying them with Greek Cypriot passports to use for their
acts and helping them to leave the country with planes of South Cyprus.


LYSSARIDES

Besides Sampson Dr Vassos Lyssarides, the leader of the Socialist EDEK
Party in South Cyprus, has been actively and seriously involved in
anti-Turkish terrorism both before and after 1974.

Lyssarides is the founder of the the Committee for Solidarity with
Kurdistan, established with the aim of supporting and harbouring PKK in
South Cyprus. His name is also linked with ASALA and other Arab terror
groups. He has constantly worked to bring such terrorist groups to the
island, give them all sorts of support and assistance and unleash them
on to the Turkish targets from their Southern Cyprus base.

In his speeches delivered during anti-Turkish rallies in Athens and
Paris in 1976, Lyssarides openly declared that they were preparing for
a second Vietnam War in order to expel the Turks from the island.

For 40 years, Vassos Lyssarides has been playing the same game over the
island of Cyprus. His relations with certain persons have drawn the
attention of foreign intelligence agencies. He has also served as an
adviser to the Palestinian, Libyan and Syrian terrorists.

Being well aware of the hostile feelings of Greek Cypriots against the
Turks and wishing to exploit this for its own ends, the Syrian
intelligence agency Mukhaberat has managed to turn the island into a
base for international terrorism, by using Lyssarides as a tool. By the
end of 1970s, in more than 30 camps in South Cyprus, Greek, Greek
Cypriot, Armenian, Kurdish, Turkish (Communist militant) terrorists, as
well as terrorists from various other countries were under the training
of Cuban, Libyan, Palestinian and Greek army officers.

That Greece transported arms and ammunition to PKK and ASALA terrorists
through South Cyprus was revealed by the Israeli intelligence agency,
Mossad. Moreover, Israeli patrol ships, at times, searched South Cyprus
and Greece registered ships off the Lebanon to find large quantities of
Kalashnikov guns. In the meantime, it was found out that Lyssarides and
his men often went to Lebanon and Syria and met Majeed Sharar, known as
the coordinator of terrorist acts against Turkey, terrorist leaders
Abou Nidal, and George Habbash.

By 1983, acts by the Greek-Greek Cypriot trio against Turkeys security
have been noticeably intensified. In the meantime, Turkish intelligence
units obtained information to the effect that Greek and Greek Cypriot
agents established contacts with Kurdish and Turkish terrorists who
fled to West Germany, Switzerland and Sweden after committing crimes in
Turkey.

News arriving from South Cyprus also confirmed these reports. It was
also reported that about 50 terrorists who fled Turkey on 20 September
1980 agreed to collaborate with Greece and South Cyprus.

All the contacts and links were forged by Lyssarides and his men.
Lyssarides has a dark past. In his book entitled, AKEL: The Communist
Party of Cyprus (A Stanford University publication), researcher T.W.
Adams gives the following information about Lyssarides:

Lyssarides. He established the Cyprus Representation of Asian-African
Peoples Solidarity Organisation (AAPSO). It was Makarios who wanted
most the establishment of ties with this organisation. He thought
differently from Lyssarides who wished to make Cyprus Communist. His
aim was to infiltrate into the third-world countries in order to gain
strength. Lyssarides who was elected MP and Parliament Speaker in 1981
is so merciless that he had his men kill AAPSOs Secretary General,
during a General Assembly meeting of the organisation in Nicosia, just
because the latter prevented his appointment to a high-level post
within the organisation as he knew his (Lyssaridess) true personality.

Lyssarides has a private armed group that has links with terror groups.
Greek Cypriot press gave, in mid-1980s, introduced Lyssarides as Libyan
leader Qaddafis man and gave interesting information about him. For
instance, it was written that the Cypro-Libya company operating in
South Nicosia was a cover-up firm that laundered the money he was given
to feed terrorist groups. The firm was also used as a base of Libya and
Syria for their acts in Western Europe and the U.S. One of the most
important activities of Cypro-Libya was drugs and arms-smuggling.

Lyssarides still nurtures international and anti-Turkish terrorism and
pursues an adamant and militant policy against Turkey. He has recently
pulled out from a coalition Government under Clerides, because the
latter has agreed not to deploy the S-300 missiles in South Cyprus.

Lyssarides is reported to have lent support to pro-PKK demonstrators in
South Cyprus who carried out a number of frenzied demos in protest of
Abdullah calans capture.

ROLANDIS

Nicos Rolandis, a former Foreign Minister of the Greek Cypriot
Administration in South Cyprus, is among the Greek Cypriot high-ranking
officials who are linked with support to international terrorism.

INTERPOL has found out that business partners of Rolandis, namely
Moassil from Kuwait and Joseph Sambi from Lebanon were involved in arms
and heroin smuggling and supplied arms to separatist terrorist
organisations in South Cyprus. Rolandis, Moassil and Joseph were known,
between 1981-84, as linkages of drug-trafficking to the Middle and
Western Europe via South Cyprus. While drugs were sent to the West
through Cyprus and smuggled arms arriving from the West, to the East.

Rolandis and his partners were loading arms aboard Cyprus-registered
ships at Varna Port in Bulgaria, storing them at Larnaca port in south
Cyprus and there, in return for the drugs they took over, they were
smuggling to the East, through Cyprus, the arms arriving from the West.
The drugs, on the other hand, were being sent to Europe in diplomatic
courier sacks aboard the planes of the national flag carrier Cyprus
Airways.

Concerned about the whole affair, the Greek Cypriot press in the South
occasionally raised the issue and informed the public opinion about the
situation in a way that confirmed the INTERPOL findings. The papers
frequently reported that the then Foreign Minister Nicos Rolandis,
using his diplomatic immunity, sent heroin in diplomatic courier sacks,
in collaboration with his Arab partners. No-one attempted to deny all
this.

BENJAMIN

Christodulos Benjamin is known as an organiser, coordinator and patron
of terror in South Cyprus too. For many years he has served as the
Minister of Interior or Defence and he is known for his close relations
with all the terror groups in the world. Benjamin has never taken the
pains of covering up or denying these dark relations. He was known for
his fanaticism against the Turks before 1974 as well. During the era of
Makarios, he is known to have been securing contacts between KGB and
the Syrian Mukhaberat and South Cyprus.

An incident between Deputy Police Chief Paulos Stokkos and then
Interior Minister Christodulos Benjamin is an example of the latters
role in terrorism.

During those days when ASALA terrorist organisation was assassinating
the Turkish diplomats one after the other, it was Benjamin who
harboured the ASALA terrorists in South Cyprus and kept them away from
sights. There were rational persons who did not welcome Benjamins
turning the island of Cyprus into a base for terrorism and who were
concerned about this. One of these people was Paulos Stokkos, Deputy
Police Chief of the Greek Cypriot Administration in South Cyprus.
Stokkos thought that state protection granted to ASALA that committed
murders in Europe could create serious problems for South Cyprus and
did not want to allow the Armenians to stay in South Cyprus.

Thats why the two men were at loggerheads. He opposed to Benjamins
orders on the issue and resisted the stationing of the Armenian
terrorists in the South.

In order to weaken Stokkos and dismiss him from his post, Benjamin
slandered that he was a spy working for Israel and using his men as
false witnesses accused Stokkos and had him arrested. He was charged of
high treason.

When foreign diplomats in South Cyprus showed considerable interest in
the trial and Stokkos revealed Benjamins entire relations with
international relations, Interior Ministry, headed by Benjamin,
demanded the trial to be held in closed session, on the grounds of
national security. But things revealed with all the legal evidence and
documentation during the open session of the trial revealed that South
Cyprus was a base for international terrorism.

Moreover, in July 1990, it was discovered that a firm named Orbit,
belonging to an Armenian from Limassol, supplied arms to PKK, that the
then Interior Minister Benjamin organised these activities and that
arms and ammunition coming from third countries were packed in Greece
and brought to Limassol in containers belonging to Orbit company.

COMMITTEE ON SOLIDARITY FOR KURDISTAN

It is known by all that ever since 1990, Greek Cypriot administration
in South Cyprus, has been openly harbouring, abetting and accommodating
the PKK terrorist organisation, besides its previous support to other
terror groups. It is especially noteworthy that through certain
associations and organisations that it has established under the cover
of respect and advancement of human rights, the Greek Cypriot
administration has been granting logistic support to PKK.

In order to organise and manipulate these activities the Greek Cypriot
Press and Information Office and EDEK Socialist Party under Vassos
Lyssarides formed the Committee on Solidarity with Kurdistan in 1989.

In a press conference held on 4 February 1990, the then Chairman of the
Committee Theophilos Georghiades, an agent from the Greek national
intelligence agency wearing the mask of a Press and Information
Officer, revealed that the committee also had members from among the
members of parliament from various political parties in South Cyprus.

In yet another meeting organised by the Committee on 19 March 1990,
Georghiades delivered a speech on the Kurdish movement, stating that
they would support the struggle of the Kurdish people on every occasion
and by all means.

Following the Committees formation and the launch of its activities,
financial support to the Kurds has been extended in various ways.

On 12 November 1990, according to a report broadcast by the Greek
Cypriot state TV RIK-1, a group consisting of four MPs from DIKO, AKEL,
EDEK and ADISOK, as well as members of the Committee on Solidarity for
Kurdistan, as well as journalists went to the Beqaa Valley and met
Abdullah calan. RIK-1 also showed scenes filmed from the Beqaa Valley,
headquarters of PKK. Those scenes showing the Greek Cypriot MPs
embracing and kissing the PKK murderers were especially striking.

On 30 November 1990, RIK-1 held an open panel discussion on PKK. The
participants of the programme were the MPs who visited PKKs camp at
Beqaa Valley and the members of the Committee on Solidarity for
Kurdistan. The programme was concluded in the following remarks: PKK
has become a well-organised army and that it was imperative for the
Greek Cypriot administration in South Cyprus to give support to this
struggle if the Turks were to be expelled from Cyprus.

In the meantime, PKK supporters, Greek Cypriots and Armenians, bearing
flags of Kurdistan, Armenia and Greece, began to demonstrate in the
streets.

Yet in another demo, organised in south Nicosia by the Committee on
Solidarity with Kurdistan on 21 February 1991, placards were carried
and slogans were shouted to the effect that Turkey violates the rights
of the Kurdish people.

On 2 March 1991, a club was opened for the PKK militants based in South
Cyprus. Funds necessary for the building the premises of the club were
provided by the National Liberation Front of Kurdistan.

Activities aimed at nurturing PKK in South Cyprus were continued with
the establishment of an Association on the Support for the Kurdish
People by the Committee on Solidarity with Kurdistan and EDEK party.
The fact that EDEK leader Vassos Lyssarides chairs the frequently held
meetings of the Association clearly reveals the identity of the circles
who nurture the subversive activities aimed at Turkey.

One regularly observes that the Greek Cypriot community, bombarded by
the Committees pro-PKK propaganda, is sent to the streets for protests
against Turkey, bearing flags of PKK and Greece and burning the Turkish
national flag.

PKK members based in South Cyprus do not hesitate either in exploiting
the sentiments of the Greek Cypriot people in order to win their
sympathy. Between 21-26 April 1992, ten PKK militants staged a hunger
strike at Eleftheria Square in south Nicosia. This show was organised
by the Committee on Solidarity with Kurdistan. Greek Cypriot
politicians and associations also attended this event that amounted to
a festival. During this show, financial assistance was raised for PKK
and the magazine named the Voice of Kurdistan, published in Greece in
the Greek language as a propaganda material against Turkey and released
free of charge, was sold for money to the passers-by through
compulsion.

A folk-dance troupe from South Cyprus participated in the Kurdistan
Festival held by PKK in Bochum in Germany in August 1992. The troupe
was taken to Germany by Theophilos Georghiades.

Using the events in rnak as a pretext, the Committee had the Kurds in
the island organise a demo against Turkey in South Nicosia in August
1992. This demo was again a stage for collecting funds for PKK, under
the cover of humanitarian assistance. Leaflets were distributed, in
which the Greek Cypriot people were invited to deposit funds at bank
accounts at the Banks of Cyprus and Laiki, to be transferred to PKK.

Meanwhile, a representative of ARGK, the military wing of PKK, took
part in a meeting that was also participated in by Vassos Lyssarides
and Theophilos Georghiades. During the meeting, formation of sabotage
and assassination teams that would operate against the targets in
Turkey and their training and manipulation in South Cyprus were
discussed and decided upon. Georghiades was appointed as the
coordinator of this operation.

GEORGHIADES

Theophilos Georghiades was the founder and first chairman of the
Committee on Solidarity with Kurdistan. He formed a special terrorist
group, consisting of the Kurds chosen from among pro-PKK fugitives
based in Greece and Syria, that would carry out terrorist acts in
Turkey, for South Cyprus.

Eight PKK militants were caught in Turkey a few years ago, who
explained in detail how they had been trained in South Cyprus by the
officers of the Greek Cypriot National Guard to carry out terrorist
acts in Turkey.

Theophilos Georghiades were shot dead in 1994. In contrary to the
claims put forward by the Greek Cypriot administration that he had been
killed by the Turks, the truth into Georghiadess murder finally came to
surface. The truth was much more different than the Greek Cypriot
allegations.

In order for the PKK, an essentially Marxist-Leninist group, to
survive, and thus buy arms, it deals with drug-smuggling and
trafficking. This is a fact known by all.

South Cyprus is a centre from where PKK distributes its narcotics since
1988. It is in the reports of INTERPOL that Greek Mafia, the majority
of whom are ship-owners, carry PKKs drugs to Europe and America and
market them there. The ex-Chairman of the Committee on Solidarity with
Kurdistan Georghiades had established a link between the Greek Cypriot
Mafia and Abdullah calans men for the formers transporting and selling
of PKKs drugs.

In this manner, drugs transported from Syria to South Cyprus were
distributed to the rest of the world from this point. But the amount of
drugs deposited by PKK in South Cyprus rose considerably, requiring the
drop of prices proportionately. Naturally, this angered other Greek
Cypriot drug-smugglers who were dealing with the same business through
different channels. When they began to oppose PKK, Georghiades caused
the Greek and Greek Cypriot intelligence agencies, of whom he was a
member, and the police to confront these traffickers who aimed at
blocking PKKs drug-trafficking. This was a declaration war by
Georghiades on others. But this challenge cost him his life.

Indeed, one year after Georghiadess death, Greek Cypriot leader Glafkos
Clerides himself declared that the Former had been killed by three
Greek Cypriot drug-smugglers who were executed. But for one year,
Turkey was blamed falsely by the Greek Cypriot administration and the
issue was even taken to international platforms and Turkey was tried to
be unjustly cornered.

It was Lyssarides who reacted most strongly to Georghiadess murder. He
asked the Ministry of Interior to pay compensation to his family on the
grounds that he was killed while he was on duty and called on the
parliament to use the issue as a propaganda material against Turkey on
the international arena.

After a few months after Georghiadess death, that was followed by
statements and slogans of revenge on the Turks, a Turkish diplomat
named mer Sipahiolu was killed in Athens. Greek Cypriot press used
headlines reading, the Turkish diplomat was assassinated in retaliation
to Theophiloss murder.

GEORGHIDESS PRESS INTERVIEWS SHEDS AMPLE LIGHT TO GREEK CYPRIOT SUPPORT
TO PKK TERROR

Before his assassination, Theophilos Georghiades was quite active in
promoting the cause of PKK terror group. He has been interviewed by a
number of newspapers and given a considerable idea about the Greek
Cypriot support to PKK.

The Greek Cypriot daily Agon, for instance, published an interview on 2
February 1994 on the issue.

Among other things, Georghiades said: "We have a joint enemy with the
Kurds: the Turks".

The Kurds will not only be able to form their own state but also will
contribute to the solution of the Cyprus problem. Following the defeat
of the Turkish state, the Hellenes can also capitalize on the new
opportunities that would emerge from the readjustment of the
territories in the Asia Minor.

The Kurds are helping enough (South) Cyprus. Turkish armys fight with
the Kurds with 350 thousand troops is an enough help to us (Greek
Cypriots). The Turkish army fully fights the Kurds. This shows that it
cannot dare to start a second war on Greece.

As we (Greek Cypriots) cannot fight (Turkey), we should, at least, help
those who fight for us. If Turkeys problems multiply and the number of
wars she fights increases and thus she extends her battleground, the
Turkish army will either be isolated in Cyprus or will be forced to
withdraw.

The Kurds will continue to strike the Turkish tourism so as to dry up
the economic sources of the country. As far as I see and know, the
Turkish tourism will be razed to the ground in 1994.

OTHER GREEK CYPRIOT ADMIRERS OF PKK AND OCALAN

Retired Greek Army General Matafias has been known so far as PKK leader
Abdullah Ocalan in Greece. Matafias has repeatedly gone to Beqaa Valley
where he has met Ocalan and made joint plans for acts of terrorism and
murders to be committed in Turkey. He has constantly taken part in
meeting and demos held by and for the Kurds in Athens and South Cyprus.
General Matafias is known as an ardent admirer of calan, as the latter
has done to the Turks that Greece has never dared to do: ie killing the
Turks in cold-blood. Meanwhile, a recent report published in the Greek
Cypriot press has written that Retired Greek General Matafias has
become an adviser to Vassos Lyssarides. As their common denominator is
PKK, no-one has been taken surprise by the news. Matafias was among the
participants of Georghiadess funeral.

Greek Navy Retired Admiral Andonis Naksakis is known as Abdullah
Ocalans representative in Greece and his linkage to the Greek
Government. Taking part in Georghiadess funeral, as Abdullah calan,
Naksakis made a speech, saying, Until the Turkish state gives its final
breath and until Cyprus and Kurdistan gains their independence, our
struggle will continue and we will take our revenge on Georghiades.

After the death of Theophilos Georghiades, the Committee on Solidarity
with Kurdistan has been taken over by Lazaros Mavros, a journalist.
Mavros, whose name was found in the passport found in Abdullah calans
possession, is very well-known by its articles praising PKK and
Abdullah calan. While Mavros keeps silent over the passport issue,
another leading member of the Committee Lakis Pigguras are indignant
towards Greece relating to the arrest of calan. In a recent TV
programme, Pigguras accused the Greek Government of treachery for
handing over calan to the Turkish officials for trial.

Vassos Lyssaridess wife Barbara Lyssarides, Communist AKEL party MP
Andreas Philippou, EDEK MP Dimitris Eliades, EDEK official Takis
Christodoulou, former MPs Andreas Panaiotou, Christos Betas and
Georghios Savvides are the main leading figures who have devoted
themselves to the support of the PKK cause and all sorts of assistance
to the PKK terrorists and militants in South Cyprus.


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GREEKS THE DEMOCRATS WHO ARE NOT

Prepared by: K.N. Raif

page 5, Introduction

[...]

During my childhood, our Greek neighbors used to love me as if I was
their own child; and I remember their children playing happily in our
backyard.During my boyhood, I played football with my Greek friends and
at flirting age we ran together after the most alluring girls of our
town.

I remember taking our special dish of "Kadayif" to our Greek neighbors
during our "Bayram" festivities and receiving in reciprocation their
special "Pilavuna" during their "Easter" festivities.

When we grew up we enjoyed many feasts around the same tables and
frequented the same night-clubs. We attended to each other's funerals
and wedding ceremonies so many times that we knew exactly how to behave
on those occasions. And at maturity, we worked together at the same
government offices and jointly attended the same international seminars
and meetings of technical nature. What I mean is, I know Greeks as good
as I know Turks. They are great company, especially when it comes to
enjoy life together.

Then, what makes Greeks the way they are: so unfair, so cruel, so
unjust, so one-sighted and so undemocrat when it comes to politics,
religion and ideologies?

It seems to me that this is in their blood. However, there is no doubt
that the Greek educational structure and the Greek political parties
are highly influential in this regard.

Another factor I know for sure that is responsible for this phenomenon
is the Greek Orthodox Church. I will give an example for this from my
life experience.

One Sunday morning, my Greek friends collected me from my home for a
picnic. We were teenagers then. They said we had to pass by the church
because their parents would not allow them to go for picnic if they did
not attend the morning prayers. So, we went together to the church
which was also within our neighborhood.

The priest was preaching. the final words of the priest are still in my
ears:"...a good Greek is the one who is fortunate enough to kill a Turk
and bring his head to our church-yard. When the time comes you will all
be asked to do so. We will now pray for this time to come...soon..."

"This time" came during the Noel of 1963.

During this Noel, the Turkish community witnessed with great pain and
bewilderement that all their good Greek friends suddenly became
professional fighters running after their heads. Where and when these
people were mentally prepared and physically trained for such a cruel
and inhuman mission? Who were behind this hatred?

One final note for the reader: It is a historical fact that before the
Island entered under the Ottoman rule in 1571, there existed no
influential Greek community in the Island. The Island was then under
the Venecian rule and the Catholic leadership kept under severe
suppression the Greek population which was sparsely scattered on the
Island. After 1571, the Ottomans allowed the construction of new
Orthodox Churches at every settlement and granted autonomy to the Greek
Archbishopship. It is extremely sad that this very Archbishop, in years
to come, professed to its followers the genocide of the Island's Turks.


[...]


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20 July 1974 Turkish Happy Peace Operation

As the 24th anniversary of the Greek Coup d'Etat of 15 July, 1974 and
Turkey's legitimate intervention five days later on 20 July, 1974
approaches, it is important to recall several fundamental points which
reflect the true nature of the Cyprus question.

The enmity and mistrust between the two peoples; Turkish and Greek
Cypriots are rooted in history and are mainly the result of the ethnic
cleansing which the Greek and Greek Cypriots staged against the Turkish
Cypriots between 1963 and 1974 for achieving Enosis (the union of
Cyprus with Greece). These attempts to bring Cyprus under Greek
domination and particularly the coup staged by the Athens Junta on 15
July 1974 compelled Turkey as one of the Guarantor Powers of the Cyprus
settlement under the Treaty of Guarantee to intervene on 20 July 1974
in order to stop the ethnic cleansing of our community.

The Turkish Cypriot people are grateful to Turkey for the effective
security guarantees whiich are vital for the preservation of peace and
stability on the island. The practical consequences of the events of
1963-1974 have been the emergence of parallel administrative, judicial
and legislative organs for each of the two peoples. The institutional
organisation of the Turkish Cypriot people developed through various
stages and culminated in 1983 in the setting up of the Turkish Republic
of Northern Cyprus (TRNC). The Turkish Cypriot people in the meantime,
are leading their own life under their own flag, in peace and security
within the territories of the TRNC. In spite of this, in the
international field the Turkish Cypriots are denied the full exercise
of their basic rights and freedoms.

The Greek Cypriot administration has embarked on a massive propaganda
effort in misleading world public opinion on all aspects pertaining to
the Cyprus issue. By perpetuating the fallacy of treating the illegal
Greek Cypriot regime as the legitimate government under the false
pretence of "Republic of Cyprus", the Greek Cypriot side reaps the
benefits of satehood, engage in inhuman practices of embargoes against
the Turkish Cypriots and benefit from practically all international aid
originally given for both peoples of the island. Naturally they have
shown no real interest in any kind of settlement which should be based
on two sovereign states.

Most recently the efforts to deploy the S-300 missiles, putting into
effect a joint military doctrine, the construction of air and naval
bases for use by the Greek armed forces are the latest examples of
their aggressive move. Despite the warnings of the Turkish Cypriot side
and other countries and the UN, they went ahead and purchased the S-300
missile system from the Russian Federation. The S-300 missiles which
would alter the military balance in the region dramatically, are a
direct threat to the security of the Turkish Cypriot people and to that
of Turkey. Naturally, Turkey as a Guarantor Power and the TRNC will
take all the necessary measures to preserve the military balance.

Consequently, I can say that we as Turkish Cypriot people, are
determined to defend our rights of equality, sovereignty, our
independent state, the TRNC and Turkey's guarantorship no matter what
trick the Greek Cypriots play.



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The Secrets in the Cypriot Graves

When Turkish Peace Force landed on the island not only Cypriot Turks
were being killed. There was a slaughter between Greek Cypriots who are
for a coup supported by Greece and who are for a Cyprus cleansed from
its Turkish population.

Turkish Peace Force brought peace to the whole of the island and to all
groups living there. This peace has been lasting for 25 years.

Southern Cypriot Greek Administration had hastily done away with the
corpses remaining from the war between Cypriot Greeks and for 25 years
he said to the relatives of the victims, who are its own people, that
"they were killed or abducted by Turks".

There were some who knew the reality. But for wearing the common enemy
down they kept themselves silent by burying their sorrow inside. There
was a law of nature which they forgot : Truth certainly comes to light
sooner or later.

For learning the truth please read the below text. If you want to
confirm it, please look at the news article of June, 12, 1999 on The
Guardian's internet site :
(http://www.newsunlimited.co.uk/international/story/0,3604,57601,00.htm)


*****

Cypriot graves reveal secrets

Wives of the 'missing' from the 1974 war have won the right at last to
know what really happened

Helena Smith in Nicosia
Saturday June 12, 1999
The Guardian

The war cemetery of Lakatamia seems to be respectable. For 25 years
Greek Cypriots have visited its precisely aligned rows of graves to
honour those who died fighting to defend their island from the invasion
by Turkish forces in the summer of 1974.

But the well-tended surface of the cemetery conceals a very different
story, as the wives of those missing or dead discovered officially this
week when the graves were exhumed to reveal piles of bodies
unceremoniously buried together.

"If those bones could speak, their stories would send shivers down the
spines of those who live," said Maroulla Siamisi, who lost her husband
Andreas that summer.

She discovered the truth about the cemetery, which is close to the
capital Nicosia, one hot morning in August 1974, 17 days after Andreas
went missing behind enemy lines.

"I got a bulldozer to dig up the graves, and couldn't believe what I
saw. Bodies stacked one on top of another. I went through all of them -
limbs, I'll never forget, dropping off in my hands. I was determined to
find Andreas. I felt I owed it to our children."

She did not find him. Nearly a quarter of a century later she is still
waiting to hear the truth about the 2,000-plus Greek and Turkish
Cypriots who have not been seen since the war.

Although there have been repeated rumours of Greek Cypriot PoWs being
held in Turkish jails and Anatolian salt mines, none has ever been
found.

Mrs Siamisi said: "There were faces there.They could easily have been
identified. Why deny there were lots of bodies in there? Why mock us
for 25 years?"

Mrs Siamisi, 33 when Andreas disappeared, is not alone: an estimated
1,619 Greek Cypriot civilians and soldiers vanished in 1974.

The wives and fiancees left behind are known as Penelopes by a society
that has expected them to remain faithful to their hero-husbands.

But unlike Homer's heroine, who waited for more than 20 years for
Odysseus to return from the Trojan war, these Penelopes have run out of
patience.

"We've lost our womanhood, we've lost our looks, we've lost our years
but my God are we going to get to the bottom of the truth," said
58-year-old Androulla Palma.

She last heard her husband's voice on August 8 1974.

They are angry that since the invasion, which partitioned the island on
religious and ethnic lines, successive Cypriot governments have used
them at huge rallies to denounce the Turks for concealing the fate of
the missing.

They now believe that their own government may have been involved in
the hurried disposal of bodies in the chaotic aftermath of the war.

Last summer Mrs Palma and Mrs Siamisi took pickaxes to one of the
graves. In six hours they dug knee-deep into the tomb.

"We did it in desperation, to put pressure on the government to close
this painful chapter," said Mrs Palma. "We are sure our husbands are
somewhere in there. I was told mine was dead in 1993. If that is the
case I want to see bones."

At last, it seems, that moment may have come. For the first time
President Glafkos Clerides's government seems determined to crack the
mystery of Cyprus's missing.

This week Physicians for Human Rights, a non-governmental organisation
with experience in Rwanda, Somalia, Croatia and Bosnia, began exhuming
bodies from the cemetery's pits. Forensic scientists hope to be able to
identify the remains by DNA testing.

"It's still unclear how many bodies are there but what is sure is that
they were buried very hastily," said William Haglund, who is leading
the team of 20.

"Some bodies were buried very close together and some on top of each
other. None were in coffins or boxes."

Laid out on wooden desks in a laboratory in Nicosia are the skeletal
remains of seven people. Professor Haglund says the relatives will be
brought in to see the remains.

"After 25 years," he said, "it will be a privileged glimpse of the
dead."

The exhumation process is expected to be long and drawn out and it will
not be possible to identify all the bodies.

But it may be embarrassing to the Greek Cypriot government. Many of the
bodies could turn out to be those of men listed as missing. The list
has long been used by the Greek Cypriots to raise sympathy for their
plight.

Greek Cypriot officials hope that by putting their own house in order
the Turkish Cypriots - who claim that 803 of their community
disappeared during the inter-communal strife - will be encouraged to
follow suit.


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ATTEMPTED GENOCIDE AND ETHNIC CLEANSING IN CYPRUS

This article is written for a daily newspaper by former British
Parliamentarian (1992-1997) Michael STEPHEN

Former British Parliamentarian Michael STEPHEN reminds Mr. Michael B.
Christides, The Charge D'affaires of the Greek Embassy in Ankara, and
many others who appear to have forgotten what indeed the case in Cyprus
from 1963 to 1974.

The assertion by Mr. Christides (May 10, 1999) that there was no ethnic
cleansing or attempted genocide of Turkish Cypriots by Greek Cypriots
is ridiculous. Until influential Greek Cypriots come to terms with the
appalling behavior of their community toward the smaller Turkish
Cypriot community and stop trying to persuade themselves and world that
each side was as much to blame as the other, there will be no
reconciliation in Cyprus.

In his memoirs, American Undersecretary of State George Ball said:
"Makarios's central interest was to block off Turkish intervention
so that he and his Greek Cypriots could go on happily massacring
Turkish Cypriots. Obviously we would never permit that." The fact is,
however, that neither the United States, the United Kingdom, nor the
United Nations, nor anyone, other than Turkey ever took effective
action to prevent it. On Feb. 17, 1964 the Washington Post reported
that "Greek Cypriot fanatics appear bent on a policy of genocide."

Former British Prime Minister Sir Alec Douglas Home said, "I was
convinced that if Archbishop Makarios could not bring himself to treat
the Turkish Cypriots as human beings he was inviting the invasion and
partition of the island." On July 28, 1960 Makarios, the Greek
Cypriot president, said: "The independence agreements do not form the
goal - they are the present and not the future. The Greek Cypriot
people will continue their national cause and shape their future in
accordance with THEIR will."

In a speech on Sept. 4, 1962 at Panayia Makarios said, "Until this
Turkish community forming part of the Turkish race that has been the
terrible enemy of Hellenism is expelled, the duty of the heroes of EOKA
can never be considered terminated."

In November 1963 the Greek Cypriots demanded the abolition of no less
than eight of the basic articles that had been included in the 1960
agreement for the protection of the Turkish Cypriots. The Turkish
Cypriots, naturally, refused to agree. The aim of the Greek Cypriots,
was to reduce the Turkish Cypriots people to the status of a mere
minority, wholly subject to the control of the Greek Cypriots, pending
ultimate destruction or expulsion of the Turkish Cypriots from the
island.

When the Turkish Cypriots objected to the ammendment of the
Constitution, Makarios put his plan into effect, and the Greek Cypriots
attack began in December 1963," wrote Lt. Gen. George Karayiannis of
the Greek Cypriot militia ("Ethnikos Kiryx" 15.6.65). The general
was referring to the notorious "Akritas" plan, which was the
blueprint for the annihilation of the Turkish Cypriots and the
annexation of the island to Greece.

On Christmas Eve 1963 the Greek Cypriot militia attacked Turkish
Cypriots communities across the island. Large numbers of men, women,
and children were killed and 270 mosques, shrines and other places of
worship were desecrated.

On Dec. 28, 1963, the Daily Express carried the following report from
Cyprus: "We went tonight into the sealed-off Turkish Cypriot quarter
of Nicosia in which 200 to 300 people had been slaughtered in the last
five days. We were the first Western reporters there, and we have seen
sights too frigthful to be described in print. Horror so extreme that
the people seemed stunned beyond tears."

On Dec. 31, 1963, The Guardian reported: "It is nonsense to claim, as
the Greek Cypriots do, that all casualties were caused by fighting
between armed men of both sides. On Christmas Eve many Turkish Cypriot
people were brutally attacked and murdered in their suburban homes,
including the wife and children of a doctor - allegedly by a group of
40 men, many in army boots and greatcoats." Although the Turkish
Cypriots fought back as best they could and killed some militia, there
were no massacres of Greek Cypriot civilians.

On Jan.1, 1964, the Daily Herald reported: "When I came across the
Turkish Cypriot homes they were an appalling sight. Apart from the
walls they just did not exist. I doubt if a napalm attack could have
created more devastation. Under roofs which had caved in I found a
twisted mass of bed springs, children's cots, and grey ashes of what
had once been tables, chairs and wardrobes. In the neighboring village
of Ayios Vassilios I counted 16 wrecked and burned out homes. They were
all Turkish Cypriot. In neither village did I find a scrap of damage to
any Greek Cypriot house."

On Jan. 2, 1964, the Daily Telegraph wrote: "The Greek Cypriot
community should not assume that the British military presence can or
should secure them against Turkish intervention if they persecute the
Turkish Cypriots. We must not be a shelter for double-crossers."

On Jan. 12, 1964, the British High Commission in Nicosia wrote in a
telegram to London: "The Greek (Cypriot) police are led by extremists
who provoked the fighting and deliberately engaged in atrocities. They
have recruited into their ranks as 'special constables' gun-happy
young thugs. They threaten to try and punish any Turkish Cypriot police
who wishes to return to the Cyprus Government... Makarios assured Sir
Arthur Clark that there will be no attack. His assurance is as
worthless as previous assurance have proved.

On Jan. 14, 1964, the Daily Telegraph reported that the Turkish Cypriot
inhabitants of Ayios Vassilios had been massacred on Dec. 26, 1963 and
reported their exhumation from a mass grave in the presence of the Red
Cross. A further massacre of Turkish Cypriots, at Limasol, was reported
by the Observer on Feb. 16, 1964; and there were many more.

On Feb. 6, 1964, a British patrol found armed Greek Cypriot police
attacking the Turkish Cypriots of Ayios Sozomenos. They were unable to
stop the attack.

On Feb. 13,1964, the Greeks and Greek Cypriots attacked the Turkish
Cypriot quarter of Limassol with tanks, killing 16 and injuring 35. On
Feb. 15, 1964, the Daily Telegraph reported: "It is a real military
operation which the Greek Cypriots launched against the 6,000
inhabitants of the Turkish Cypriot quarter yesterday morning. A
spokesman for the Greek Cypriot government has recognized this
officially. It is hard to conceive how Greek and Turkish Cypriots may
seriously contemplate working together after all that has happened."

On Sep. 10, 1964, the U.N. Secretary-General that, "UNFICYP carried
out a detailed survey of all damage to properties throughout the island
during the disturbances. ...it shows that in 109 villages, most of them
Turkish-Cypriot or mixed villages, 527 houses have been destroyed while
2,000 others have suffered damage from looting. In Ktima 38 houses and
shops have been destroyed totally and 122 partially. In the Orphomita
suburb of Nicosia, 50 houses have been totally destroyed while a
further 240 have been partially destroyed there and in adjacent
suburbs."

The U.K. House of Commons Select Committee on Foreign Affairs reviewed
the Cyprus question in 1987,and reported unanimously on July 2 of that
year that "although the Cyprus Government now claims to have been
merely seeking to 'operate the 1960 Constitution modified to the
extent dictated by the necessities of the situation,' this claims
ignores the fact that both before and after the events of December 1963
the Makarios Government continued to advocate the cause of enosis and
actively pursued the amendment of the Constitution and related treaties
to facilitate this ultimate objective."

The committee continued: "Moreover, in June 1967 the Greek Cypriot
legislature unanimously passed a resolution in favor of enosis, in
blatant contravention of the 1960 Treaties and Constitution." (Art. 1
of the Treaty of Guarantee prohibited any action likely to directly or
indirectly promote union with any other state partition of the island,
and Art. 185 (2) of the Constitution is to similar effect.)

Prof. Ernst Forsthoff, the neutral president of the Supreme
Constitutional Court of Cyprus, told Die Welt on Dec. 27, 1963:
"Makarios bears on his shoulders the sole responsibility for the
recent tragic events. His aim is to deprive the Turkish community of
their rights." In an interview with the UPI press agency on Dec. 30,
1963 he said, "All this happened because Makarios wanted to take away
all constitutional rights from the Turkish Cypriots."

The United Nations not only failed to condemn the forceable usurpation
of the legal order in Cyprus, but actually rewarded it by treating the
by then wholly Greek Cypriot administration as if it were the
government of Cyprus (Security Council Res. 186 of 1964). This
acceptance has continued to the present day, and reflects no credit to
upon the United Nations, nor upon Britain, nor the other countries who
have acquiesced.

On Aug. 12, 1964, the U.K. representative to the United Nations wrote
to his government in London as follows:
"What is our policy and true feelings about the future of Cyprus and
about Makarios? Judging from the English newspapers and many others,
the feeling is very strong indeed against Makarios and his so-called
government, and nothing would please the British people more than to
see him toppled and the Cyprus problem solved by the direct dealings
between the Turks and the Greeks. We are of course supporting the
latter course, but I have never seen any expression of the official
disapproval in public against Makarios and his evil doings. Is there an
official view about this, and what do we think we should do in the long
run? Sometimes it seems that the obsession of some people with 'the
Commonwealth' blinds us to everything else and it would be high
treason to take a more active line against Makarios and his henchmen.
At other times the dominant feature seems to be concern lest active
opposition against Makarios should lead to direct conflict with the
Cypriots and end up with our losing our bases."

Thereafter Turkish Cypriot MPs, judges, and other officials were
intimidated or prevented by force from carrying out their duties.
According to the Select Committee, "The effect of the crisis of
December 1963 was to deliver control of the formal organs of government
into the hands of the Greek Cypriots alone. Claiming to be acting in
accordance with 'the doctrine of necessity,' the Greek Cypriot
members of the House of Representatives enacted a series of laws which
provided for the operation of the organs of governments without Turkish
Cypriot participation."

The report of the Select Committee contiued: "Equally damaging from
the Turkish Cypriot point of view was what they concidered to be their
effective exclusion from representation at and participation in the
international fora where their case could have been deployed... An
official Turkish Cypriot presence in the international political scene
virtually disappeared overnight." It is not therefore surprising that
the world has been persuaded to the Greek Cypriot point of view.

More than 300 Turkish Cypriots are still missing without trace from
these massacres of 1963/64. These dreadful events were not the
resposibility of "the Greek Colonels" of 1974 or an
unrepresentative handful of Greek Cypriot extremists. The persecution
of the Turkish Cypriots was an act of policy on the part of the Greek
Cypriot political and religious leadership, which has to this day made
no serious attempt to bring the murderers to justice.

The U.K. Commons Select Committee found that "there is little doubt
that much of the violence which the Turkish Cypriots claim led to the
total or partial destruction of 103 Turkish villages and the
displacement of about a quarter of the total Turkish Cypriot population
was either directly inspired by, or certainly connived at, by the Greek
Cypriot leadership."

The U.N. secretary-general reported to the Security Council: "When
the disturbances broke out in December 1963 and continued during the
first part of 1964, thousands of Turkish Cypriots fled their homes,
taking with them only what they could drive or carry, and sought refuge
in safer villages and areas."On Jan. 14, 1964, "Il Giorno" of
Italy reported: "Right now we are witnessing the exodus of Turkish
Cypriots from the villages. Thousands of people abandoning homes, land,
herds. Greek Cypriot terrorism is relentless. This time the rhetoric of
the Hellenes and the statues of Plato do not cover up their barbaric
and ferocious behavior."

The Greek Cypriots sometimes allege that it was they who were attacked,
by the Turkish Cypriots, who were determined to wreck the 1960
agreements. However, the Turkish Cypriots were not only outnumbered by
nearly four to one; they were also surrounded in their villages by
armed Greek Cypriots; they had no way of protecting their women and
children, and Turkey was 40 miles away across the sea. The very idea
that in those circumstances the Turkish Cypriots were the aggressors is
absurd.

There were further attacks on the Turkish Cypriots in 1967. In 1971,
General Grivas returned to Cyprus to form EOKA-B, which was again
commited to making Cyprus a wholly Greek island and annexing it to
Greece. In a speech to the Greek Cypriot armed forces at the time
(quoted in "New Cyprus", May 1987) Grivas said: "The Greek forces
from Greece have come to Cyprus in order to impose the will of the
Greeks of Cyprus upon the Turks. We want ENOSIS, but the Turks are
aginst it. We shall impose our will. We are strong, and we shall do
so."

By July 15, 1974, a powerful force of mainland Greek troops had
assembled in Cyprus and with their backing, the Greek Cypriot National
Guard owerthrew Makarios and installed one Nicos Sampson as
"president." On July 22, the Washington Star News reported:
"Bodies littered the streets and there were mass burials... People
told by Makarios to lay down their guns were shot by the National
Guard."

On April 17, 1991, Ambassador Nelson Ledsky testified before the U.S.
Senate Foreign Relations Committee that "most of the 'missing
persons'disappeared in the first days of July 1974, before the
Turkish intervention on the 20th. Many killed on the Greek side were
killed by Greek Cypriots in fighting between supporters of Makarios and
Sampson."

On Nov. 6, 1974, Ta Nea reported that dates from the graves of Greek
Cypriots killed in the five days between July 15-20 were erased in
order to blame these deaths on the subsequent Turkish military action.

On March 3, 1996, the Greek Cypriot Cyprus Mail wrote: "(Greek)
Cypriot governments have found it convenient to conceal the scale of
atrocities during the July 15 coup in an attempt to downplay its
contribution to the tragedy of the summer of 1974 and instead blame the
Turkish invasion for all casualties. There can be no justification for
any government that failed to investigate this sensitive humanitarian
issue. The shocking admission by the Clerides government that there are
people buried in Nicosia cemetery who are still included in the list
of the 'missing' is the last episode of a human drama which has been
turned into a propaganda tool."

On Oct. 19, 1996, Mr Georgios Lanitis wrote: "I was serving with the
foreign Information Service of the Republic of Cyprus in London... I
deeply apologize to all those I told that there are 1,619 missing
persons. I misled them. I was made a liar, deliberately, by the
government of Cyprus... today it seems that the credibility of Cyprus
is nil."

Turkish Cypriots appealed to the guarartor powers for help, but only
Turkey was willing to make any effective response. On July 20, 1974
Turkey intervened under Article IV of the Treaty of Guarantee. The
Greek newspaper Eleftherotipia published an interview with Nicos
Sampson on Feb. 26,1981 in which he said, "Had Turkey not intervened
I would not only have proclaimed enosis, I would have annihilated the
Turks in Cyprus."

The Times and The Guardian reported on Aug. 21, 1974 that in the
village of Tokhni on Aug. 14, 1974 all the Turkish Cypriot men between
the ages of 13 and 74, except for eighteen who managed to escape, were
taken away and shot.

There were also reports that in Zyyi on the same day all the
Turkish-Cypriot men aged between 19 and 38 were taken away and were
never seen again and that Greek-Cypriots opened fire on the
Turkish-Cypriot neighborhood of Paphos killing men, women and children
indiscriminately.

On July 23, 1974, the Washington Post reported that "in Greek raid on
a small Turkish village near Limassol 36 people out of a population of
200 were killed. The Greeks said that they had been given orders to
kill the inhabitants of the Turkish villages before the Turkish forces
arrived." The Times and The Guardian also reported on the killings.

"The Greeks began to shell the Turkish quarter on Saturday, refugees
said. Kazan Dervis, a Turkish Cypriot girl aged 15, said she had been
staying with her uncle. The (Greek Cypriot) National Guard came into
the Turkish sector and shooting began. She saw her uncle and other
relatives taken away as prisoners, and later heard her uncle had been
shot." (Times 23.7.1974)

On July 28, 1974 the New York Times reported that 14 Turkish-Cypriot
men had been shot in Alaminos. On July 24, 1974 France Soir reported
that "the Greeks burned Turkish mosques and set fire to Turkish homes
in the villages around Famagusta. Defensless Turkish villagers who have
no weapons live in an atmosphere of terror and they evacuate their
homes and go and live in tents in the forests. The Greeks' actions
are a shame to humanity."

On July 22, Turkish Prime Minister Ecevit called upon the United
Nations to "stop the genocide of Turkish-Cypriots" and declared,
"Turkey has accepted a ceace-fire, but will not allow
Turkish-Cypriots to be massacred."

The German newspaper Die Zeit wrote on Aug. 30, "The massacre of
Turkish Cypriots in Paphos and Famagusta is the proof of how justified
the Turks were to undertake their intervention." "Turkish Cypriots,
who had suffered from physical attacks since 1963, called on the
guarantor powers to prevent a Greek conquest of the island. When
Britain did nothing Turkey invaded Cyprus and occupied its northern
part. Turkish Cypriots have constitutional right on their side and
understandably fear a renewal of persecution if the Turkish army
withdraws." the Daily Telegraph wrote on Aug. 15, 1996.

Turkey intervened to protect the lives and property of the
Turkish-Cypriots, and to its credit it has done just that. In the 12
years since, there have been no killings and no massacres" Lord
Willis (Labor) told the House of Lords on Dec. 17, 1986. On March 12,
1977, Makarios declared, "It is in the name of enosis that Cyprus has
been destroyed."

The United Nations, the Commonwealth and the rest of the world have put
political expediency before principle and failed to condemn this
appalling behavior.Greek Cypriots are guilty of attempted genocide but
no action has ever been taken against them. Instead they have been
rewarded by recognition as the government of all Cyprus. The Turkish
Cypriots by contrast were frozen out of the United Nations, the
Commonwealth and the almost every other international organization.

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OFFICIAL GREEK CYPRIOT REPORT ON EDUCATION:
SCHOOLS IN SOUTH CYPRUS AIM TO SPUR MILITANCY

Students in South Cyprus are systematically encouraged by Greek Cypriot
authorities to take part in demonstrations against the TRNC along the
borders. Schools officially close in order to allow children to
participate and teachers along with officials typically make speeches
which incite children to acts of violence and hatred. On many occasions
teenager students have clashed with UNFICYP personnel inside the
buffer-zone. They have chanted anti-Turkish slogans and thrown rocks
etc. towards the North.

A recently published report on education in 1997 has revealed that: The
primary aim of education in South Cyprus is to teach children not to
forget the "occupation". One educational programme is entitled "I get
to know, I do not forget, I struggle against the occupation".

The Greek Cypriot government's programme to remember the "invasion" is
the primary objective in schools. The report states that: "The
programme formed the spine of militancy in schools and the route of the
people of Cyprus for achieving its visions."

"The main target is to keep alive the memory of our land still under
occupation, to foster and strengthen optimism, confidence and militancy
for freedom and return to our fatherland."

Greek Cypriot authorities described the aim of the programme as
educating children to "wake up and see Pentadactylos (mountain-range in
Northern Cyprus) and not to forget about their villages in the occupied
areas."

Some examples of text books used in Junior High Schools in South Cyprus
which contain elements inciting enmity are given below:

"Cyprus Geography", Nicosia, 1991, Min. of Education Portrays Cyprus as
an Hellenic island. Urges struggle to liberate the "occupied
territories." There is no mention of the Turkish population on the
island. One photograph depicts "enslaved youth" in 1974. Underneath it
says "the population of Greeks has dropped following the Turkish
occupation resulting in 5000 dead and 1619 missing." (p.24)

Pentadactylos is portrayed as a symbol of the "struggle to return
home."

"It is our primary responsibility to struggle with determination and
vigour in order to remove the danger threatening our Pentadactylos and
other territories under occupation. Only then Pentadactylos will
breathe freely and embrace its own folk." (p.42)

"Byzantine Period-Cyprus History", Nicosia, 1991, Min. of Education
Designed to portray Cyprus as an Hellenistic island populated by
Cypriots of Christian origin.

"Middle Ages-Cyprus History", Nicosia, 1992, Min. of Education Depicts
Turks as Christians who were forced to adopt Islam under pressure. The
book claims that in 1881 an insignificant part of the population spoke
Turkish. EOKA activities are described in detail.


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GREEK CYPRIOT MP DISCLOSES LARGE SCALE ARMS TRANSFERS FROM GREECE TO
SOUTH CYPRUS
It has been reported in the Greek Cypriot press that following a
meeting of the Greek Cypriot House of Representatives Defence
Committee, its Vice- Chairman Mr. Andonis Karas disclosed that lately
Greece has been sending sophisticated weaponry valued at hundreds of
millions of dollars to South Cyprus, including tanks operated by Greek
personnel (Greek Cypriot dailies, Fileleftheros and Simerinidated 8
January, 1999).

The Cyprus Weekly of 8 January 1999 establishes a linkage between the
aforesaid development and the recent decision of the Greek Cypriot
administration regarding the S-300 missiles. The Cyprus Weekly reports
that "in return for taking over the Russian missiles, Greece is said to
have sent ?arge amounts' of modern weapons to the island, worth
millions of pounds".

Meanwhile, the Greek Cypriot Foreign Minister, Mr. Yannakis
Cassoulides, who appeared on Greek Cypriot TV on 7 January made the
following remarks in the light of the systematic implementation of the
Joint Military Doctrine between Greece and the Greek Cypriot
administration, which includes the construction of air and naval bases
in South Cyprus for use by the Greek Armed Forces: "The Greek- Greek
Cypriot Joint Military Doctrine is not confined to the S-300 missiles
alone. Greece has a formidable military presence on the island".


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Greek Cypriot Administration Approves New Arms Purchases
It has been reported in the Greek Cypriot press of 18 December 1998
that the Greek Cypriot Council of Ministers has approved the release of
178 million Greek Cypriot pounds (approximately 350 million U.S
dollars) for a new round of military procurement within the context of
the Joint Military Doctrine between the Greek Cypriot administration
and Greece.

The Greek Cypriot newspaper Mahi (18 December 1998) reports that this
new round of military procurement will include the purchase of at least
a squadron of warplanes, possibly Mirage fighters, and CSH-2 Roovihalk
assault helicopters from South Africa. The Greek Cypriot administration
will also reportedly consult with the Greek naval construction company
Skaramanga', with a view to ordering two warships capable of delivering
Exocet missiles.

This further military build-up comes at a time when tensions are
already high due to the construction of air and naval bases in South
Cyprus for use by Greece and the imminent deployment of the S-300
missile system. Moreover, this decision to expand the Joint Military
Doctrine comes in the wake of the call made upon the two sides by the
UN Secretary-General "to avoid any actions which might increase
tension, including by further expansion of military forces and
armaments"


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LARGE-SCALE ICON THEFT IN SOUTH CYPRUS UNCOVERS GREEK CYPRIOT
HYPOCRISY

The recent discovery of many stolen icons in South Cyprus in the
possession of Greek Cypriot persons has uncovered the true state of
affairs with regard to the protection of cultural heritage in the
island. The Greek Cypriot administration who has made a habit of
falsely accusing the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus of plundering
historical monuments, is now fully answerable for these large-scale
illegal acts taking place in South Cyprus.

According to Greek Cypriot daily Fileleftheros of 23 September 1998,
two Greek Cypriots were taken into custody in connection with the theft
of icons from churches in the Limassol area in South Cyprus. Greek
Cypriot police found 32 icons in a house belonging to one of the
suspects. Cyprus Mail of 24 September reported that a third Greek
Cypriot involved in the same case was arrested by the Greek Cypriot
police. In Paphos, three other Greek Cypriots were remanded in
connection with theft of icons from churches in that area. Police in
South Cyprus will reportedly conduct a further investigation in an
attempt to recover large number of historic icons believed to be in the
possession of certain Greek Cypriots residing in Nicosia and
Peristerona.

The Greek Cypriot side would be well advised to stop exploiting the
issue of preservation of cultural property but rather concentrate its
efforts towards the prevention of theft and smuggling of objects of
archaeological value from its territory. The Turkish Cypriot side
within its limited budget effectively administers measures to control
and preserve the cultural wealth of the island.

(Cyprus Mail 24 Dec 1980) STOLEN MOSAIC RECOVERED IN LONDON;

Cyprus Weekly, 24-30 January 1986 ARREST MADE OVER ICONS -
ANDREAS COSTA KYRIAKOU OF PAPTHOS WAS ARRESTED, AND IS
HELD IN CONNECTION WITH A BREAK IN INTO THE CHAPEL OF ST
GEORGE TERATSIOLIS NEAR AVGOROU.

CYPRUS PLEA TO INTERPOL - INTERPOL IS ASKED TO APPREHEND
YIANGOS SOLOMOU, A GREEK CYPRIOT RESIDENT OF BRITAIN,
RECENTLY LIVING IN AVGTHOROU, IN CONNECTION WITH THE
THEFT OF A NUMBER OF ICONS AND GOLD PLATED OIL CANDLE
HOLDERS FROM A CHAPEL



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They are trying to change the ethnic composition of Cyprus
From the articles appearing on the Southern Cyprus press, it has been
learned that the Greek Cypriot administration is applying all kinds of
methods for changing the ethnic composition in Cyprus and has settled
Russians, who are claimed to be of Greek origin, to Cyprus by bringing
them from Russia and Ukraine.

The number of the Russians, who have brought to Cyprus in this way and
who have been accommodated in the Island after being baptized by the
Greek Cypriot Church, has exceeded 10.000. At present, more than 4.000
Russians are living only in Baf.

On the other hand, the number of those, who came from Greece for not
fulfilling their military service there and who were accepted to the
Greek Cypriot citizenship, has also reached thousands.

At a discussion program, which has been broadcasted by the television
station ANT-1 on October 20, 1999, it has been stated that there are
major problems between the Greek Cypriots living in Baf and the
Russians, who have been settled in the island since 1983, and that
there did not exist safety of life and property anymore.

Again from the Southern Cyprus press it has been learned that a letter
has been left to the Baf television station by an organization called
"Golden Dawn", and on this letter it has been required that "all the
Greek Cypriots, who are living in the same building with the Russians,
should leave all the places they are staying until the year 2000", and
it is added that "otherwise, they will be burnt alive together with the
Russians".

The conclusion which is to be drawn from these news is as follows :

The Southern Cypriot Greek Administration is accepting everyone, who
claims being from Greek descend, to the southern Cypriot citizenship
for altering the ethnic composition in Cyprus in favor of the Greek
Cypriots and for using this as a means to obtain some rights.
If those people, who are brought from Ukraine and Russia, are of Greek
origin, then the organized and illegal activities in Baf should be a
shame for others of Greek origin.
The Island is being made a shelter for those Greeks, who are escaping
the laws in Greece, for the sake of changing the population ratios in
their favor.
The letter, which is left to the Baf television station, is proving
Greek Cypriots' extreme nationalism, racism and intolerance towards
other people who are not from their own ethnic origin; and is
constituting a good example for exposing how Cyprus problem have been
led to the current circumstances. The Turkish inhabitants of the
island, who were living quietly and without any illegal tendencies
unlike the Russian immigrants, were slaughtered by the Greek Cypriot
bands between the years 1960 and 1974, by the same methods which have
been described on the above-mentioned threatening letter.


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Keeping on Enosis


For quarter of a century, Greek Cypriot Representatives have opposed
to every kind of division forming as either a separate state or a
federation or confederation in the international meetings arranged to
solve the Cyprus problem. Have Greek Cypriots opposed to the condition
of being divided of Island with humane sense or by believing that they
can live with Turkish Cypriots together? Of course not. They just
consider running after Enosis (Annexation of Cyprus to Greece as a
whole). They are also under strict control in order to prevent the
divison of Island by Greeks who have the idea of Enosis. Because Enosis
with just Southern Cyprus is not sufficent for Greece. To be reached
the idea of Enosis all at once, Greeks want that Cyprus should
absolutely be stay as a whole.

The below news about the remembrance ceremony of the 26th anniversary
of colonel Grivas's death in which Klerides, the leader of Greek
Cypriot Community, and who charge Mr. Denktas, The President of TRNC,
with stubbornness, also attended proves the evil desire of Greece and
Greek Administration of Southern Cyprus.



The Oath of "Keeping on Enosis"

Lefkose (A.A) - In the ceremony of the 26th anniversary of the death of
Yorgos Grivas Digenis, the founder leader of terror organization-EOKA,
it was taken the oath of "Keeping on Enosis".

In the ceremony arranged in Aya Nikolau Church in Limasol yesterday,
where Glafkos Klerides who is the leader of Greek Cypriot, Archbishop
Hrisostomos, Lieutenent-General Dimitrios Dimu who is the commander of
Greek Cypriot Army, Kiriakos Rodusakis who is the ambassador of Greece
to Southern Cyprus and politicians attended, the oath so-called
"Keeping on struggling to reach of the ideal of Enosis (Annexing Cyprus
to Greece)" was taken.

Avgerinos Papares, secretary general of the "Limasol Eoka Strugglers
Association", pointed out in the ceremony that Grivas's constant ideal
is to annex Cyprus to Greece, and also said "Grivas did not struggle
for the solution suggesting a confederacy or a Turk President. Grivas
struggled to save Cyprus and to become fact the ideal of annexing it to
homeland Greece." Nikos Samson, the leader of the 1974 coup and the
military service friend of Grivas, said that he himself prevented the
corpse of Grivas from taken away to and buried in Greece.

After the ceremony in the church, by going to the shelter where the
tomb of Grivas placed, a ceremony was also arranged in there. Klerides
and other officials placed a wreath on the tomb of Grivas.

Date: 24/01/00

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AKRITAS PLAN


TOP SECRET
HEADQUARTERS

Recent public statements by Archbishop Makarios have shown
the course which our national problem will take in near future.
As we have stressed in the past, national struggles cannot be
concluded overnight; nor is it possible to fix definite
chronological
limits for the conclusion of the various stages of development
in
national causes. Our national problem must be viewed in the
light of
developments which take place and conditions that arise from
time to
time, and measures to be taken, as well as their implementation
and
timing, must be in keeping with the internal and external
political
conditions. The whole process is difficult and must go through
various stages because factors which will affect the final
conclusion
are numerous and different. It is sufficient for everyone to
know,
however, that every step taken constitutes the result of a
study and
that at the same time it forms the basis of future measures.
Also,
it is sufficient to know that every measure now contemplated is
a
first step and only constitutes a stage towards the final and
unalterable national objective which is the full and
unconditional
application of the right of self-determination.

As the final objective remains unchanged, what must be
dwelt
upon is the method to be employed towards attaining that
objective.
This must, of necessity, be divided into internal and external
(international) tactics because the methods of the presentation
and
handling of our cause within and outside the country are
different.

A. METHOD TO BE USED OUTSIDE
In the closing stages of the (EOKA) struggle, the Cyprus
problem
had been presented to the world public opinion and to
diplomatic
circles as a demand of the people of Cyprus to exercise the
right of
self-determination. But the question of Turkish minority had
been
introduced in circumstances that are known, inter-communal
clashes
had taken place and it had been tried to make it accepted that
it
was impossible for the two communities to live together under a

united administration. Finally the problem was solved, in the
eyes
of many international circles, by the London and Zurich
Agreements,
which were shown as solving the problem following negotiations
and
agreements between the contending parties.

(a) Consequently our first aim has been to create the
impression
in the international field that the Cyprus problem has not

been solved and that it has to be reviewed.

(b) The creation of the following impressions has been
accepted
as the primary objective:
(i) that the solution which has been found is not
satisfactory
and just
(ii) that the agreement which has been reached is not the
result of the free will of the contending parties.
(iii)that the demand for the revision for the agreements
is not
because of any desire on the part of the Greeks to
dishonor
their signature, but an imperative necessity of
survival
of them.
(iv) that the co-existence of the two communities is
possible, and
(v) that the Greek majority, and not the Turks,
constitute the
strong elements on which foreigners must rely.

(c) Although it was most difficult to attain the above
objectives,
satisfactory results have been achieved. Many diplomatic
missions have already come to believe strongly that the
Agreements
are neither just nor satisfactory, that they were signed
as a
result of pressures and intimidations without real
negotiations,
and that they were imposed after many threats. It has been
an
important trump in our hands that the solution brought by
the
Agreements was not submitted to the approval of the
people; acting
wisely in this respect, our leadership avoided holding a
referandum. Otherwise, the people would have definitely
approved
the Agreements in the atmosphere that prevailed in 1959.
Generally speaking, it has been shown that so far the
adminis-
tration of Cyprus has been carried out by the Greeks and
that the
Turks played only a negative part acting as a brake.

(d) Having completed the first stage of our activities and
objectives
we must materialize the second stage on an international
level.
Our objective in this second stage is to show:
(i) that the aim of the Greeks is not to oppress the
Turks but
only to remove unreasonable and unjust provisions of
the
administrative mechanism;
(ii) that it is necessary to remove these provisions right
away
because tomorrow may be too late;
(iii)Omitted
(iv) that this question of revision is a domestic issue
for
Cypriots and does not therefore give the right of
intervention to anyone by force or otherwise;
(v) that the proposed amendments are reasonable and just
and
safeguard the reasonable rights of the minority.

(e) Generally speaking, it is obvious that today the
international
opinion is against any form of oppression, and especially
against
oppresion of minorities. The Turks have so far been able
to
convince world public opinion that the union of Cyprus
with
Greece will amount to their enslavement. Under these
circumstances
we stand a good chance of success in influencing world
public
opinion if we base our struggle not on ENOSIS but on self-
determination. But in order to be able to exercise the
right
of self-determination fully and without hindrance, we must
first
get rid of the Agreements (e.g. the Treaty of Gurantee,
the
Treaty of Alliance etc) and of those provisions in the
Constitution which will inhibit the free and unbridled
expression
of the will of people and which they carry dangers of
external
intervention. For this reason, our first target has been
the
Treaty of Guarantee, which is the first Agreement to be
cited
as not being recognized by the Greek Cypriots.

When the Treaty of Guarantee is removed no legal or moral
force
will remain to obstruct us in determining our future through a
plebiscite.

It will be understood from the above explanations that it
is
necessary to follow a chain of efforts and developments in
order
to ensure the success of our Plan. If these efforts and
developments failed to materialize, our future actions would
be legally unjustified and politically unattainable and we
would
be exposing Cyprus and its people to grave consequences.
Actions
to be taken are as follows:

(a) The amendment of the negative elements of the Agreements
and
the consequent de facto nullification of the Treaties of
Guarantee and Alliance. This step is essential because the

necessity of amending the negative aspects of any
Agreement is
generally acceptable internationally and is considered
reasonable
(passage omitted) whereas an external intervention to
prevent
the amendment of such negative provisions is held
unjustified
and inapplicable.
(b) Once this is achieved the Treaty of Guarantee (the right
of
intervention) will become legally and substantially
inapplicable.
(c) Once those provisions of the Treaties of Guarantee and
Alliance
which restrict the exercise of the right of
self-determination
are removed, the people of Cyprus will be able, freely, to
express
and apply its will.
(d) It will be possible for the Force of the State (the Police
Force)
and in addition, friendly military Forces, to resist
legitimately
any intervention internally or from outside, because we
will then
be completely independent.

It will be seen that it is necessary for actions from (a)
to (d)
to be carried out in the order indicated.

It is consequently evident that if we ever hope to have
any chance
of success in the international field, we cannot and should not
reveal
or proclaim any stage of the struggle before the previous stage
is
completed. For instance, it is accepted that the above four
stages
constitute the necessary course to be taken, then it is obvious
that
it would be senseless for us to speak of amendment (a) if stage
(d)
is revealed, because it would then be rediculous for us to seek
the
amendment of the negative points with the excuse that these
amendments
are necessary for the functioning of the State and of the
Agreements.

The above are the points regarding our targets and aims,
and the
procedure to be followed in the international field.

B. THE INTERNAL ASPECT
Our activities in the internal field will be regulated
according
to their repercussions and to interpretations to be given to
them in
the world and according to the effect of our actions on our
national
cause.

1- The only danger that can be described as insurmountable is the
possibility of a forceful intervention. This danger, which
could be
met partly or wholly by our forces is important because of the
political damage that it could do rather than the material
losses
that it could entail. If intervention took place before stage
(c),
then such intervention would be legally tenable at least, if
not
entirely justifiable. This would be very much against us both
internationally and at the United Nations. The history of many
similar
incidents in recent times shows us that in no case of
intervention,
even if legally excusable, has the attacker been removed by
either
the United Nations or the other powers without significant
concessions
to the detriment of the attacked party. Even in the case of the
attack
on Suez Canal by Israel, which was condemned by almost all
members of
the United Nations and for which Russia threatened
intervention, the
Israelis were removed but, as a concession, they continued to
keep
the port of Eliat in the Red Sea. There are, however, more
serious
dangers in the case of Cyprus.

If we do our work well and justify the attempt we shall
make
under stage (a) above, we will see, on the one hand, that
intervention
will not be justified and, on the other hand, we will have
every
support since, by the Treaty of Guarantee, intervention cannot
take
place before negotiations take place between the Guarantor
Powers, that
is, Britain, Greece, and Turkey. It is at this stage, i.e. at
the stage
of contacts (before intervention) that we shall need
international
support. We shall obtain this support if the amendments
proposed by us
seem reasonable and justified. Therefore, we have to be
extremely
careful in selecting the amendments that we shall propose.

The first step, therefore, would be to get rid of
intervention
by proposing amendments in the first stage. Tactic to be
followed:
(Omitted)

2- It is evident that for intervention to be justified there
must
be a more serious reason and a more immediate danger than
simple
Constitutional amendments. Such reasons can be:
(a) The declaration of ENOSIS before actions (a) to (c)
(b) Serious intercommunal unrest which may be shown as a
massacre
of Turks.

The first reason is removed as a result of the Plan drawn
up for
the first stage and consequently what remains, is the danger of

intercommunal strife. We do not intend to engage, without
provocation,
in massacre or attack against the Turks. Therefore, (section
omitted)
the Turks can react strongly and incite incidents and strife,
or falsely
stage massacres, clashes or bomb explosions in order to create
the
impression that the Greeks attacked the Turks and that
intervention
is imperative for their protection. Tactic to be employed: Our
actions
for amending the Constitution will not be secret; we would
always appear
to be ready for peaceful talks and our actions would not take
any
provocative and violent form. Any incidents that may take place
will be
met, at the beginning, in a legal fashion by the legal Security
Forces,
according to a plan. Our actions will have a legal form.

3- (Omitted)

4- It is, however, naive to believe that it is impossible
for us to
proceed to substantial actions for amending the Constitution,
as a first
step towards our more general Plan as described above, without
expecting
the Turks to create or stage incidents and clashes. For this
reason,
the existence and the strengthening of our Organization is
imperative
because: (a) if, in case of spontaneous resistance by the
Turks, our
counter attack is not immediate, we run the risk of having a
panic
created among the Greeks, in towns particular. We will then be
in
danger of losing vast areas of vital importance to the Turks,
while
if we show our strength to the Turks immediately and
forcefully, then
they will probably be brought to their senses and restrict
their
activities to insignificant, isolated incidents. (b) In case of
a
planned or unplanned attack by the Turks, whether this be
staged or not
it is necessary to suppress this forcefully in the shortest
possible
time, since, if we manage to become masters of the situation
within
a day or two, outside intervention would not be possible,
probable or
justifiable. (c) The forceful and decisive suppressing of any
Turkish
effort will greatly facilitate our subsequent actions for
further
Constitutional amendments, and it should then be possible to
apply
these without the Turks being able to show any reaction.
Because they
will learn that it is impossible for them to show any reaction
without
serious consequences for their Community. (d) In case of the
clashes
becoming widespread, we must be ready to proceed immediately
through
actions (a) to (d), including the immediate declaration of
ENOSIS,
because, then, there will be no need to wait or to engage in
diplomatic
activity.

5- In all these stages we must not overlook the factor of
enlightening, and of facing the propaganda of those who do not
know or
cannot be expected to know our plans, as well as of the
reactionary
elements. It has been shown that our struggle must go through
at least
four stages and that we are obliged not to reveal our plans and

intentions prematurely. It is therefore more than a national
duty for
everyone to observe full secrecy in the matter. Secrecy is
vitally
essential for our success and survival. This, however, does not
prevent
the reactionaries and irresponsible demagogues from indulging
in false
patriotic manifestations and provocations. Our Plan would
provide them
with the possibility of putting forward accusations to the
effect that
the aims of our leadership are not national and that only the
amendment
of the Constitution is envisaged. The need for carrying out
Constitutional amendments in stages and in accordance with the

prevailing conditions, makes our job even more difficult. All
this must
not, however, be allowed to drag us to irresponsible demagogy,
street
politics and a race of nationalism. Our deeds will be our
undeniable
justification. In any case owing to the fact that, for
well-known
reasons, the above Plan must have been carried out and borne
fruit long
before the next elections, we must distinguish ourselves with
self-restraint and moderation in the short time that we have.
Parallel
with this, we should not only maintain but reinforce the
present unity
and discipline of our patriotic forces. We can succeed in this
only by
properly enlightening our members so that they in turn
enlighten the
public.

Before anything else we must expose the true identity of
the
reactionaries. These are petty and irresponsible demagogues and

opportunists. Their recent history shows this. They are
unsuccessful,
negative and antiprogressive elements who attack our leadership
like
mad dogs but who are unable to put forward any substantive and

practical solution of their own. In order to succeed in all our

activities we need a strong and stable government, up to the
last
minute. They are known as clamorous slogan-creators who are
good for
nothing but speech-making. When it comes to taking definite
actions
or making sacrifices they are soon shown to be unwilling
weaklings. A
typical example of this is that even at the present stage they
have no
better proposal to make than to suggest that we should have
recourse
to the United Nations. It is therefore necessary that they
should be
isolated and kept at a distance.

We must enlighten our members about our plans and
objectives ONLY
VERBALLY. Meetings must be held at the sub-headquarters of the
Organization to enlighten leaders and members so that they are
properly
equipped to enlighten others. NO WRITTEN EXPLANATION OF ANY
SORT IS
ALLOWED. LOSS OR LEAKAGE OF ANY DOCUMENT PERTAINING TO THE
ABOVE IS
EQUIVALENT TO HIGH TREASON. There can be no action that would
inflict
a heavier blow to our struggle than any revealing of the
contents of
the present document or the publication of this by the
opposition.

Outside the verbal enlightenment of our members, all our
activities, and our publications in the press in particular,
must be
most restrained and must not divulge any of the above. Only
responsible
persons will be allowed to make public speeches and statements
and will
refer to this Plan only generally under their personal
responsibility
and under the personal responsibilty of the Chief of
sub-headquarters
concerned. Also, any reference to the written Plan should be
done only
after the formal approval of the Chief of the sub-headquarters
who will
control the speech or statement. But in any case such speech or

statement MUST NEVER BE ALLOWED TO APPEAR IN THE PRESS OR ANY
OTHER
PUBLICATION.

The tactic to be followed: Great effort must be made to
enlighten
our members and the public VERBALLY. Every effort must be made
to show
ourselves as moderates. Any reference to our plans in writing,
or
any reference in the press or in any document is strictly
prohibited.
Responsible officials and other responsible persons will
continue
to enlighten the public and to increase its morale and fighting
spirit
without ever divulging any of our plans through the press or
otherwise.


NOTE: The present document should be destroyed by burning under
the
personal responsibilities of the Chief of the sub-headquarters
and in
the presence of all members of the staff within 10 days of its
being
received. It is strictly prohibited to make copies of the whole
or any
part of this document. Staff members of sub-headquarters may
have it in
their possession only under the personal responsibility of the
Chief
of sub-headquarters, but in no case is anyone allowed to take
it out
of the office of sub-headquarters.

The Chief
AKRITAS



----------------------------------------------
The author of this article is not correct in his assertion that the
problem with Hellas is cultural. Is there a certain amount of
xenophobia in Hellas? Yes there is; There always has been since
ancient times. However, one cannot attribute Hellenic attitudes
towards the Turks to any kind of perceived cultural notions. Proof of
this is the fact that Hellenes both at the official state level and in
an unofficial capacity enjoy very good relations with many countries of
the Middle East which are predominately muslim. Hellenes typically can
travel freely in countries such as Lebanon, Egypt, Syria, Jordan,
Persia with no problems whatsoever in terms of security or personal
relations with nationals.
The Turks fails to understand or to see things from our perspective;
The perspective of nation who was the victim of Ottoman aggresion and
excesses. The crimes commited by the Ottomans against the Hellenic
race would in today's terms be incomprehensible by our modern standards
of ethics. These crimes are real and not imagined. The horrible
memories and atrocities remain engrained in the Hellenic psyche and
cannot be absolved or brushed over.
The massacre that ensued following the capture of Constantinople on
Tuesday May 29th, 1453 is not a figment of Hellenic imagination. "The
blood flowed through the streets for three days as though it had rained
violently" writes one chronicler of the taking of Constantinople. The
enslavement of our people who lived under the whip of the Ottoman Turk
for 400 years is not fantasy. A period which we associate with pillage,
mass murders and beheadings, mass rape, turkification or conversion to
Islam by force, the kidnapping or forceful taking of all our first born
children (whether male or female) only to be raised as prostitutes
(harems and eunucs), to satisfy the sick and homosexual desires of the
Ottoman court. And let's not forget the fruit of the Ottman army, the
Jannisarries. Christian children removed from their parents (by force)
only to be raised as elite soldiers serving with absolute loyalty and
anserable to the Sultan alone. When these young boys matured they were
let loose to terrorize, like wild animals, the same Christian
populations whom they were descended from.
My grandmother was originally from the city of Smyrna (Izmir) and her
family was uprooted in 1922. Her father and oldest brother were taken
away even though they were not part of Hellenic Army and summarily
executed along with thousands of others. Their crime? They were
Hellenes. She told me of stories of hundreds of Hellenes who were
beheaded or of women having been mutilated by having their breasts cut
off. Men, women, and children were jumping in the harbor of Smyrna,
swimming to the American, English, French, and Italian warships who
were there to evacuate their nationals, in order that they might avoid
the savagery and carnage that was taking place in Smyrna only to have
hot water or oil spilled on them so as to cause them to fall back in
the sea.
In Chania, Crete where I'm from, the oak tree from which the Turks
hanged our bishop, like a dog, is still standing. His crime? The
Cretans revolted against the Turkish yoke so they decided to punish the
"shepard of the flock". Just as in 1821 when the Turks tied a chain
around the neck of the Orthodox Ecumenical Patriarch Gregory E' and
drowned him by tossing him in the sea because he too could not control
the "flock". In 1922 over 1.5 million Hellenes were displaced from
their ancesteral homes on the coast of Asia Minor. In 1955 a state
sponsored pogrom against the Hellenic population of Constantinople
occured. Thousdands of Hellenes were beaten, raped, killed, their
shops, churches destroyed and burned. On the islands of Imbros and
Tenedos the same thing occured. Currently the Hellenic population of
Constantinople is estimated to be around 2,000 - 3,000 down from a high
of 300,000 - 500,000.
The Turks need to understand that we have been wronged by them. Just
as the Nazis came to terms with their crimes against the Jews so they
too need to come to terms with the past. It was stated in a reply that
the Turkish republic has no relation to the Ottomans. This is not
logical; For it would be the same as a criminal changing his name and
clothes and expecting to be absolved of all wrongdoings and crimes
commited by his person.
So in conclusion I shall state the obvious. Hellenes don't hate Turks
on a personal level, but we do hate what has been done to us. It is
not easy to forget centuries of oppression and tyrany by a race of
people who still appear to be in self-denial. To the author of the
article I say this; The answer as to why Hellas is the way it is not
in our cultural differences. The answer will be found when Turks look
deep in their hearts and their past with an objective and sound mind.
Panta Rhei
2005-06-21 18:12:36 UTC
Permalink
Another episode in Mark Rivers', the hapless Turkish spammer's, life:


Mark Rivers Dumped Into Rear of Garbage Truck!

FRAMINGHAM, Mass. - Mark Rivers searching for aluminum cans in a trash bin
was dumped into the back of a garbage truck after the driver emptied the
bin without realizing Rivers was inside, police said.

Mark Rivers avoided major injury after a worker installing carpet nearby
heard his screams and alerted the truck driver, who was about to press the
compacting button, the MetroWest Daily News of Framingham reported.

Mark Rivers, usenet's notorious spammmer, said he's unemployed because of a
bad back and that he doesn't collect cans unless he needs gas money. The
trash bin was nearly empty so Rivers thought there was a low risk it would
be emptied, he said.

Rivers was treated for an ankle injury. He also said he lost a cell phone
in the fall Tuesday morning.

Framingham Police Lt. Vincent Alfano said the driver would not be cited.
Dennis O'Connor, Central Massachusetts district manager for Waste
Management, owner of the trash bin, said Rivers was at fault.

"(The bin) is private property! Mark Rivers was trespassing!" O'Connor
said. "It's kind of ironic, here he is digging for cans in a Dumpster, but
yet he has a cell phone!"

Rivers said he's angry with Waste Management and plans to talk to an
attorney.
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